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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 55, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 55, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 55, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 55, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Responses of Root Growth Characters to Waterlogging in Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]
Lee, Jae-Eun ; Kim, Hong-Sig ; Kwon, Young-Up ; Jung, Gun-Ho ; Lee, Chun-Ki ; Yun, Hong-Tai ; Kim, Chung-Kon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~7
Stress from excess water is one of the most harmful limiting factor in soybean yield during the wet season under the climate conditions. Soybean is very sensitive to excess water compare to other crops. This experiment was carried out to identify the growth responses for establishing a screening system related to waterlogging tolerance in soybean from 2003 to 2004. The root dry weight accumulation rate of per day for 21 days after waterlogging at V5 stage was the highest in Pungsannamulkong (47~56% of control) and was the lowest in Jangyeobkong (26~27% of control). The nodules dry weight recovery rate was the highest in Pungsannamulkong (83~91% of control), while the lowest in Myungjunamulkong (48~66% of control). After waterlogging, recovery rate of roots was high, which increased the root/shoot ratio of Pungsannamulkong, which also produced significantly more adventitious roots than in Jangyeobkong. The percentage of adventitious roots fresh weight to the total roots fresh weight was the lowest in Myungjunamulkong (14%), while the highest in Pungsannamulkong (38%). This results implies that the water and nutrients absorbing ability of Pungsannamulkong is more higher than that of Myungjunamulkong during late growth period.
Seedling Establishment, Overwintering Ability and Dry Matter Production of Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) in Natural Reseeding Practices
Kim, Sang-Yeol ; Oh, Seong-Hwan ; Lee, Jong-Hee ; Cho, Jun-Hyeon ; Han, Sang-Ik ; Jeong, Jin-Il ; Jeong, Kuk-Hyun ; Choi, Kyung-Jin ; Park, Sung-Tae ; Kim, Jeong-Il ; Lee, Ji-Yoon ; Song, You-Cheon ; Yeo, Un-Sang ; Kang, Hang-Won ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 8~13
Seedling establishment, overwintering ability and dry matter production of Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus L. CMV) in natural reseeding practice were compared with the annual seedling in 2006~2007 and 2007~2008. In natural reseeding, CMV seeds were distributed up to 15 cm soil depth in autumn after rice harvest and the seeds generally emerged from soil at less than 5 cm depth while they all emerged from soil surface in the annual seeding. It took 7-8 d longer in seedling establishment of the natural reseeding practice than the annual seeding. Generally, the natural reseeding practice showed higher seedling stand than the annual seeding because of high seedling survival rate. The high seedling survival rate in natural reseeded plant was attributed to the longer root length than that of the annual-seeded plant. In annual seeding, most of the seeds emerged from the soil surface and the root can not easily penetrate the soil while, in natural reseeding technology, the seeds incorporated into the soil during land preparation emerged from the soil at 0 to 5 cm depths, thereby having longer root length. The long root length contributed to greater ability to survive even under low temperature and low soil moisture conditions during winter. The dry matter production in the natural reseeding practice was also higher than the annual seeding when the temperature is low and soil moisture is not sufficient. This result indicates that natural reseeding technology is more stable and beneficial in seedling establishment and dry matter production as compared with the annual seeding especially under unfavorable environmental condition for CMV growth. This practice could be encouraged in CMV-rice cropping system in the southern parts of Korea.
Effect of High Temperature during Reproductive Growth Period on Soybean Growth, Nitrogen and Cation Content
Park, Kee-Woong ; Ahn, Tae-Hwan ; Cho, Jin-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 14~18
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of high-temperature during the reproductive growth period on the soybean growth and yield. Two soybean cultivars, Hwangkeumkong (HKK) and Pungsannamulkong (PSNK) were used in this study. By high-temperature treatment, plant height was increased in the two soybean cultivars, however, leaf area and dry weight were greatly reduced. Number of pod per plant was not changed by high-temperature treatment. However, number of seeds and 100 seed weight were reduced in two soybean cultivars. As compared with control, yield were decreased by 45% in both HKK and PSNK. It was also appeared that nitrogen contents in leaf, stem, and root of the HKK and PSNK were decreased by high-temperature treatment.
Changes of Anthocyanin Contents During Maturity Stages in Black Soybean
Yi, Eun-Seob ; Kim, Yong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~23
This study was performed in order to determine the relationship between anthocyanin generation and seed coat pigmentation in black soybean. Soybean genotypes were analyzed the individual anthocyanin contents by UPLC, which were sampled at 5-day intervals from the 35th day after flowering. Ilpumgeomjeongkong had begun to accumulate anthocyanin on the seed coat previous 35 days after flowering, and in case Heugcheongkong was 30 days. The seed coat coloration in Ilpumgeomjeongkong run on till the 45th day after flowering, and that of Heugcheongkong was between 55 and 60days after flowering. Cyanidin-3-Glucoside (C3G) was formed the earliest and accumulated the greatest among three anthocyanin pigments existed in black soybean. So we could be concluded that C3G affected on seed coat pigmentation greatly than other pigments. The anthocyanin contents at maturity in Ilpumgeomjeongkong was 4.4 times higher than at beginning stage of anthocyanin formation, while those of Heugcheongkong was 2.5 times.
Effect of Nursery Stage and Plug Cell Size on Growth and Yield of Waxy Corn
Kim, Sung-Kook ; Jung, Tae-Wook ; Lee, Yu-Yong ; Song, Duk-Yong ; Yu, Hong-Seob ; Lee, Choon-Woo ; Kim, Yee-Gi ; Lee, Jae-Eun ; Kwak, Chang-Gil ; Jong, Seung-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 24~30
Comprehensive studies on seedling production and transplanting cultivation of waxy corn are necessary to fulfill the comsumer's preference for the high quality whole ear waxy corn and its year-round supply for higher price, and to escape marketing in a short period at harvest season. Two waxy corn hybrids (cv. Chalok# 1 and Chalok# 4) were used to study the effects of seeding date, nursery days and plug cell size on growth and yield of waxy corn, and to clarify the reliable transplanting date at the Experimental Field of the National Institute of Crop Science in 2007. The number of days from seeding to silking was increased as nursery days were extended, but the number of days from transplanting to silking was shortened comparing to the direct seeding. Number of days from seeding to silking was shorter by 9~12 days for Chalok# 1 than for Chalok# 4, while the number of days from seeding to silking was shorter by 12~15 days in the second cropping than in the first cropping. Culm length of transplanted waxy corns was decreased as the nursery days were extended. Culm length of seeded Chaok# 1 and Chaok# 4 were decreased by 17% and 24%, respectively, in the second cropping compared to those in the first cropping. Ear length was somewhat decreased as the nursery days were extended. Chalok# 1 in the second cropping the degree of decrease was much higher in second cropping than in first cropping of Chalok# 1. Comparing to the first cropping, number of marketable ears per 10a of Chalok# 1 decreased as high as 64%, while that of seeded Chalok# 4 decreased mere 12% in the second cropping.
Effects of Tuber Size on Field Growth and Yield of 'Dejima' Potatoes Produced through Wick-based Hydroponics
Kim, Chan-Woo ; Song, Chang-Khil ; Kang, Bong-Kyoon ; Jeun, Young-Chull ; Kang, Young-Kil ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~37
Two field experiments were carried out in 2002 to evaluate effects of the sizes of tubers produced through a wick-based hydroponics on growth and yield of seed potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. 'Dejima'). Nine sizes of seed tubers (<1, 1~3, 3~5, 5~7, 7~10, 10~20, 20~30, 30~50, and 50~80 g) were used in spring crop. In fall crop, however, tubers except for the 1 g and 50~80 g wereused with tubers 7 and 15 g produced through aeroponics. Emergence rate greatly increased as tuber size was increased up to 10~20 g and then leveled off in both croppings. The number of days from planting to emergence in spring crop was about 34 days regardless of tuber size, while that in fall crop decreased from 34 to 16 days as tuber size increased from 1~3 to 30~50 g. The number of stems per plant, stem length and diameter, and leaf size tended to increase with tuber size. As the seed tuber size increased up to 10~20 g, the number of tubers per plant, average tuber weight, total and seed tuber yields linearly increased and then slowly increased with seed tuber size. Total and seed potato yields were not significantly different between tubers produced through a wick-based hydroponics and an aeroponics when similar sized tubers were planted in the fall cropping.
Antioxidative and Anti-diabetic Activity of C3GHi, Novel Black Rice Breed
Kim, Hwa-Young ; Kim, Joong-Hark ; Lee, Sung-Ae ; Ryu, Su-Noh ; Han, Sang-Jun ; Hong, Seong-Gil ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 38~46
C3GHi, a novel black rice variety developed by conventional breeding has more high contents of cyanidine-3-glucoside (C3G) and a more strong antioxidant than normal black rice. In this study, we investigate the antioxidative potential and anti-diabetic activity of C3GHi and extract of it for the purpose of development of functional materials or replacement meal for diabetic patients. Using in vitro antioxidative activity assay system such as DPPH radical quenching assay, superoxide anion radical scavenging assay, inhibition of lipid peroxidation and DNA breakage assay, C3GHi extract was observed to have more high antioxidative activity than normal black rice breed. The glycemic index of a freeze dried powder of C3GHi brown rice showed
, which belonged to low GI food (GI of 55 or less). Using in vivo diabetic model such as db/db mice model and streptozotocininduced diabetic model, C3GHi rice extract decrease blood glucose level and inhibit oxidative stress in blood. From the results, we think that the C3GHi varieties have a potential for the functional materials or ingredient of meal replacement for diabetic patients.
Agronomic Characteristics of Squash Germplasm with a low viability in National Agrobiodiversity Center, Korea
Kim, Jeong-Soon ; Na, Young-Wang ; Lee, Woo-Moon ; Gwag, Jae-Gyun ; Kim, Chung-Kon ; Shim, Chang-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~57
More than 2,500 accessions of squash germplasm are preserved in the National Agrobidiversity Center of RDA, Korea. We investigated the ecological and morphological characteristics on 100 accessions of the squash germplasms with a low viability. Two typical types of oriental squash (Cucurbita moschata) and western squash (Cucurbita maxima) are possessed 89 and 11 accessions, respectively. The origin of 100 accessions was divided into three groups, group I (Korea landraces with 81 accessions), group II (Nepal with 15 accessions) and group III (Russia, Uzbekistan, Laos, and Mexico with each one accession). Seventy eight accessions germinated at
in growth chamber. Days to first flowering of the female and male flower ranged from 32 days to 67 days and 24 days to 55 days after planting, respectively. Vine length showed the largest variation ranging from 357.8 cm to 1,465 cm, also the average length of ten stem node range has a variable ranges from 92 cm to 217.5 cm. All regenerated squash accessions have an only collided tendril and have three to seven lateral shoots. The flattened globe-shaped squash is the most predominant and exhibited ordinarily round shaped, ball shaped, long oblong-shaped, elongated shape, and pear shape. The average weight of fruit ranged from 1.33 kg to 7.95 kg. Sugar contents showed 5.4~12.6
without ripening period.
Occurrence of Insect Pest from Organic Seed Producing Field of Minor Grain Germplasms
Kim, Jeong-Soon ; Ko, Ho-Cheol ; Yoon, Sung-Tag ; Cho, Yang-Hee ; Kim, Jung-Gun ; Shim, Chang-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 58~64
This study was carried out to screen the occurrence of insect pest on the organic seed producing field of minor grain germplasms, Pearl millet (Setaria italic L.), Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), and Common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) in Gangwon-do from 2008 to 2009. The artificial pheromone traps successfully attracted an Oriental corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee) on Pearl millet, but the Army worm, Pseudaletia separata, was not attracted in all of the minor grain fields. The ratio of damaged plants of Oriental corn borer and Army worm were appeared in order with Pearl millet, Common millet, and Sorghum. The morphological diversities of plant bug were shown as four kinds of species, Eastern green stinkbug (Nezara antennata), Brown-marmorated stinkbug (Halyomorpha halys), Sloe bug (Dolycoris baccarum), and Bean bug (Riptortus clavatus), on the organic seed producing field of minor grain. The average occurrence density of Eastern green stinkbug was the highest level in the three kind of minor grains, Pearl millet, Common millet, and Sorghum in 2008 and 2009. The dominant species are the Eastern green stinkbug and the Bean bug in Pearl millet and Common millet. The Sloe bug and the Bean bug possessed the highest population density in Sorghum.
In vitro Biological Activities of Anthocyanin Crude Extracts from Black Soybean
Lee, Hye-Jeong ; Do, Wan-Nyeo ; Kim, Yong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 65~69
This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity of crude anthocyanin compounds extracted from black soybean. The crude anthocyanin compounds were extracted with 80% methanol and concentrated to powder. The most abundant compound isolated from the extract was C3G(cyanidin-3-glucoside). The superoxide dismutase (SOD) assay was conducted to assess the antioxidative activity of the crude extract. SOD, which catalyzes the dismutation of the superoxide anion into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen, is one of the most important antioxidative enzymes. The black soybean anthocyanin extracts inhibited more than 90% of the superoxide radical at a concentration of 0.1% and 100% at a concentration of 0.5%, indicating that this extract displayed excellent antioxidative activity. To assess the anti-inflammatory activity of the extract, a NO(Nitric oxide) production assay in RAW 264.7 cells was performed. NO is an important physiological messenger and effector molecule in many biological systems, including immunological, neuronal and cardiovascular tissues. In this assay, the anthocyanin extracts showed a high anti-inflammatory potential, where the inhibitory potency for NO production was similar to the positive control, particularly for EGCG(epigallocatechin-3-gallate), which is known to have excellent anti-inflammatory activity. Thus, it can be concluded that the anthocyanin extracts from black soybean have distinctive pharmaceutical activities and may be used as an excellent source materials to supplement the health benefits of various food products.
Nitrogen Application Method for High Quality and Labor Saving in Rice Production under Amended Standard N Application Level
Lee, Chung-Kuen ; Kim, Jun-Hwan ; Choi, Min-Kyu ; Kwak, Kang-Su ; Shin, Jin-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 70~75
In Korea, standard N application level was amended from 110 to 90kg per ha for high quality rice production in 2005. So far, N application method, however, has not been considered for yield and quality based on changed standard N application level. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to find out more efficient N application method for improving rice quality or labor saving under the amended standard N application level with several varieties at three site (Suwon, Iksan, and Milyang) for two years from 2005 to 2006. Top dressing of N at 15 days before heading compared to the standard (25 days before heading) showed improved rice qualities such as 1000 grain weight and head rice ratio without changing rice yield and protein content of brown rice. In addition, there were no significant differences in yield and quality between different N split application of 70-0-30% and 50-30-20%, indicating that the former would be useful for labor saving without yield decrease and quality deterioration.
Change of Seed Dormancy and Viability of Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) in Rice Field
Kim, Sang-Yeol ; Hwang, Woon-Ha ; Lee, Jong-Hee ; Oh, Seong-Hwan ; Cho, Jun-Hyeon ; Han, Sang-Ik ; Jeong, Kuk-Hyun ; Park, Sung-Tae ; Choi, Kyung-Jin ; Kim, Jeong-Il ; Lee, Ji-Yoon ; Song, You-Cheon ; Yeo, Un-Sang ; Kang, Hang-Won ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 76~82
Experiments were conducted to investigate seed persistence of Chinese milk vetch(CMV) in naturally reseeded rice field in 2007~2009. The seed and pods with seeds were buried in rice field at 0, 5 and 10 cm depths and retrieved from the field at one to three month intervals from July to the following year March and determined change of seed dormancy and viability. In the second experiment, persistence of the CMV seeds in the naturally reseeded rice field at different tillage methods and soil depths were also investigated after rice harvest in autumn. Burial depths and durations affected recovery rate, dormancy and viability of CMV seed. The viability loss was faster and greater in the seed than the pod with seeds and on the soil surface than the 5 or 10 cm burial depths. The recovery rate of CMV seed was decreased starting from one month as seed burial and it was significantly decreased to 52~65% for the seed in September. However, unlike the seed burial, the nearly 100% CMV seeds were recovered for burial as pod with seeds even after four months burial in both 0 and 5 cm depths. However, the recovery rate was sharply declined to below 30% at October in 2007 in both seed and pods with seeds and in the 2008/2009 experiment. the 15~47% of CMV seeds still remained even after October. The CMV had high seed dormancy of 95%, showing only 4~5% germination at the beginning in June but the seed germination increased to 25 to 35% in seed and 55 to 61% in pod with seeds in September due to breakage of hard seed dormancy. The viability loss was faster in the seed than in the pod with seeds regardless of depths of placement in the soil base on decayed seeds. Also the seed placed on the soil surface lost viability faster than the 5~10 burial depths. On the other hand, field observation in the naturally reseeded CMV rice field showed that as many as 917~2,185 CMV seeds
were from the 0~15 cm soil depth in the rotary tillage and 250~10,105 CMV seeds in minimum tillage treatmints. The recovered seed germinated 25~33%, 23~43% but still had high percentage of hard seed having 64~72% and 51~77% even after rice harvest in autumn. These results indicate that freshly harvested CMV seeds had high level of primary dormancy and the dormancy was gradually broken in soil with time during rice cultivation periods and appreciable number of CMV seeds remained even 4 month after burial in soil. CMV plant regenerated naturally from the remained seed bank at rice harvest time in autumn. The CMV seedling still emerged even after 2 years of continuous destructive killing of emerged CMV plant by rotary tillage in naturally reseeded CMV plant in rice field, indicating that CMV seeds do persistent as least two years in soil.
Agronomic Characteristics of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Germplasm
Yoon, Seong-Tak ; Xu, Zhen Yu ; Zhang, Qing-Yu ; Kim, In-Sook ; Kim, Tae-Ho ; Nam, Jung-Chang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 55, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~90
Crop characteristics of 179 sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) resources collected in Korea were investigated in order to establish basic data for the improvement of crop breeding. Spike types of 179 sorghum resources were classified as 5 types of open-loose type, broom-tillering type, half broom-tillering type, extreme-compact type and compact type, of which broom-tillering type was the highest ratio of 38.0% (68 plant resources) of 179 germplasm. In the existence and nonexistence of spike awn in 179 sorghum resources, 28.5% (51 plant resources) showed existence of spike awn, whereas the rest of 71.5% (128 plant resources) had no spike awn. Seed type was classified as 5 types, of which circle-shape showed the highest ratio of 43.0% (77 plant resources) and the lowest was inclined-circle shape by 7.3% (13 plant resources). Seed color was classified as 4 colors of brown, white, whitish brown, and yellowish brown, of which yellowish brown was the highest ratio of 84.4% (151 plant resources) among them. Days from seeding to heading date showed the range from 67 to 88 days with the average of 77.4 days and the highest frequency proportion of it was the group from 76 to 80 days, which occupied 37.4% (67 plant resources) of 179 germplasm. 179 sorghum resources showed high variation in the range of culm length with the average of 253.8 cm and group from 92 cm to 360 cm of culm length showed the highest frequency proportion of 20.6% (37 plant resources). Spike length showed the range from 15 to 49 cm with the average of 28.8 cm and the highest frequency distribution of it was the group from 31 to 35 cm with the proportion of 26.3% (47 plant resources), whereas the lowest was below 15 cm with the proportion of 0.6%. Days from seeding to physiological maturity showed the range from 110 to 146 days with the average of 125.5 days and the highest frequency proportion (39.7%) of it was the group from 111 to 115 days, while there were also occupied with 2 plant resources below 110 days and 23 plant resources over 141 days among 179 germplasm. Number of grains per spike showed the range from 163 to 4,532 grains with the average of 2,068.6 grains and group from 1,601 to 2,000 grains per spike was the highest frequency distribution with the proportion of 25.7% (46 plant resources). 1000 grains weight showed the range from 10.6 to 38.1g with the average of 25.6g and group from 26.0 to 30.0g was the highest frequency distribution with the proportion of 44.1% (79 plant resources).