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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 60, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 60, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 60, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 60, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
The Ratooning Potential of Several Early-Ripening Rice Cultivar in Korea
Shin, Jong-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Kuk ; Park, Sang-Gu ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 139~145
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.139
Rice ratooning is the production of a second rice crop from the stubble left behind after the main-crop harvest. The main advantage of rice ratooning is that in areas where rice is the main crop, double crop of rice can be grown for additional returns. Eight cultivars of rice were tested for estimation their ratooning ability. The main crop was harvested at mass maturity, after which the tillers were mowed to stubbles of about 10 cm tall. And then left without any further input, until the ratooned plant were ready for harvest. Highly significant variations were detected in the ratoon performance among cultivars, with ratoon ability ranging from 0% (`Unkwang`, `Jopeyong`, `Odae`, `Nokyang`) to 33% (`Jinbuol`) in their grain yield. The maximum grain yield from ratoon rice was 202 and 203 kg/10a for `Jinbuol` and `Joun` followed by `Junamjoseng` 174kg/10a. Protein and amylose contents of ratoon rice were more increased than those of main rice. The platability value of cooked rice of ratoon was lower than that of main crop. Germination rate of the previous year`s harvest of rice was not significantly different between ratoon and main crop. This rice ratooning system requires short duration, creating possibility for growing another crop in the same cropping year and offers an opportunity to increase cropping intensity per unit of cultivated areas.
Evaluation on Early-maturing Korean Japonica Cultivars for High-temperature Tolerance during Grain Filling Stage
Cho, Seong-Woo ; Jeung, Ji-Ung ; Kang, Kyung-Ho ; Kim, Hyun-Soon ; Kim, Bo-Kyeong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 146~152
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.146
Early-maturing Korean Japonica cultivars and Jungmo1024 were used as plant materials to evaluate hightemperature tolerance during grain filling stage. National Institute of Crop Science (NICS) in Korea developed Jungmo1024, a mutant line from Namil (wild type) treated by using sodium azide (SA) as mutagen. To evaluate high-temperature tolerance, all cultivars were exposed to high-temperature (day
) and ordinary temperature (day
) during grain filling stage. In these conditions, we performed compared evaluation of grain shape such as length and width and grain quality by using a 1625 Cervitec grain inspector. High-temperature during grain filling stage caused decrease of grain shape. In grain shape such as length and width, the decrease rate of width (average 6.3%) was higher than the decrease rate of length (average 1.3%). Hence, high-temperature affected width of grain than length of grain. In addition, high-temperature showed a decided difference in rate of head rice between ordinary temperature (average 76.3%) and high-temperature (average 13.3%).As a result, Taebong, Ungwang, Manan, and Jungmo1024 seemed relatively a decent high-temperature tolerance than other cultivars. Especially, Jungmo1024 seemed remarkable rate of head rice (average
) than other cultivars under high-temperature. It is considered that a genetic trait of Jungmo1024 can be useful to improve breeding for high-temperature tolerance.
Variation of Functional Materials and Antioxidant Activity as Affected by Cultivation Environment in Pigmented Rice Varieties
Oh, Sung Hwan ; Choi, Kyung-Jin ; Kim, Sang Yeol ; Seo, Woo Duck ; Han, Sang Ik ; Cho, Jun Hyun ; Song, You Chun ; Nam, Min Hee ; Lee, Chung Keun ; Woo, Sunhee ; Lee, Chulwon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 153~166
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.153
Production of high quality pigmented rice contained with high content of anthocyanin, and polyphenol was significantly influenced by cultivation environments like transplanting date and cultivation location. This study was carried out to establish an optimum transplanting date and cultivation region to produce maximum content of anthocyanin, polyphenol and antioxidant activity of pigmented rice varieties (black, red colored). Three transplanting times (May 20, June 5, June 20) and four different sites (Miryang, Uiseong, Sangju, Bonghwa) were evaluated with five pigmented rice cultivars. Anthocyanin and total polyphenol index to average temperature during 30 days after heading (DAH) of black, red pigmented rice varieties showed that anthocyanin and total polyphenol contents were decreased by 10% and 9%, respectively, with increasing average temperature of
. The optimum ripening temperature of the 30 DAH for the production of high anthocyanin and total polyphenol was 22 to
for early maturity black rice, 21 to
for mid-late maturity of black and red rices, respectively. On the other hand, an estimated heading date of pigmented rices in return according to the optimum ripening temperature of the 30 DAH was ranged Aug. 11 to 17 for early maturity black rice, Aug. 25 for mid-late maturity black, red rice variety in Jecheon, Aug. 27 to Sep. 2 for early maturity type, Sep. 3 to 6 for mid-late type in Daegu. It seemed that Jecheon, Boeun, Mungyeong, and Yeongju were optimum regions for cultivation of pigmented rices. The estimated sowing date of pigmented rices for high anthocyanin and total polyphenol production based on the optimum heading date was May 18 to 26 for early maturity black rice variety, April 11 for mid-late black, red variety in Jecheon, May 23 to 28 for early type, April 9 to 26 for mid-late type in Boeun, respectively.
Effect of Tillage Depths on Methane Emission and Rice Yield in Paddy Soil during Rice Cultivation
Cho, Hyeoun-Suk ; Seo, Myung-Chul ; Park, Tea-Sun ; Kang, Hang-Won ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 167~173
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.167
Green manure crops are organic materials that can supply organic matter and substitute chemical fertilizer, yet emit methane while being decomposed. Therefore, we experimented with different kinds of Green manure crops and tillage depth in order to decrease the amount of methane emitted when utilizing Green manure crops in paddy soil. The amount of methane emitted during the cultivation period of rice started to increase after transplanting and peaked at 63, and 74 days after transplanting, than decreased to almost none starting from 106 days. According to the kind of Green manure crop, it was highest in barley, then hairy vetch and chemical fertilizer. Depending on the tillage depth, the amount of methane emitted decreased by 22.5% in chemical fertilizer, 12.4% in hairy vetch and 11.7% in barley in 20cm tillage compared to 10cm tillage. The air temperature of methane test period was
, and the soil temperature was more than about
lower than the air temperature. Due to the irrigation started before transplanting, the oxidation-reduction potential (Eh) of soil was rapidly reduced, and showed negative (-) values. Eh values mostly kept the range of -300~-500 mV during rice cultivation. It rapidly increased 106 days after transplanting. Rice yield the highest in hairy vetch and did not show differences according to tillage depth. Methane emission could be effectively reduced if the paddy soil was tilled by 20 cm during the application of hairy vetch.
Effect of Feed Value and Fermentative Quality According to Harvesting Time of Barley and Wheat Grain Silage
Song, Tae-Hwa ; Oh, Young-Jin ; Kang, Hyeon-Jong ; Park, Tae-Il ; Cheong, Young-Keun ; Kim, Yang Kil ; Kim, Bo-Kyeong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 174~179
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.174
This experiment was conducted to determine the optimal harvesting time for barley and wheat grain for the production of fermented grain feeds, and to investigate their fermentation quality according to harvesting time. As a result, grain moisture content was decreased with late harvest, whereas spike weight ratio and 1000 grain weight were increased with prolonged period after heading. Grain yielding was increased with late harvesting time significantly at p<0.05. Crude protein content was increased with late harvesting time, but crude fiber content was decreased. Crude fat and ash content were slightly decreased, but not statistically significant. Comparing the effects of fermentation on feed value of winter cereal grain, the approximate compositions were slightly increased after fermentation, but the difference was not significant. Fermentations resulted in increasing the pH value of winter cereal grain silage with late harvesting time, but decreasing the lactic acid content (p<0.05). No significant difference was found in acetic acid, and butyric acid was not detected. Considering the quantity and quality of fermentation, barley and wheat can be used for winter cereal grain silage when they were harvested at 35 days and 40-45 days after heading, respectively.
Comparisons of Pericarp Thickness And Sugar Content on New Waxy Corn Hybrids
Lee, Moon-Sub ; Na, Wong-Hyeun ; Ha, Ji-hyung ; Yang, Jae-Hyeon ; Lee, Hee-Bong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 180~184
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.180
For waxy corn hybrid development, 23 waxy corn hybrids were planted and surveyed in both pericarp thickness and sugar content. Pericarp thickness showed average 50 to
in field and greenhouse. Results like these advanced than previous other hybrids. Also, sugar content in developed waxy corn evaluated as 13.6 to 15.3 brix. Here, we concluded that edible quality of waxy corn depended on combing of two factors. Especially, CNU11H8 hybrid at field and CNU11H-38 at greenhouse were good in both factors. Accordingly, these hybrids will be planted in next time for productivity and area adaptation.
Analysis on Antioxidant Activity of the New Developed Waxy Corn Hybrids
Lee, Moon-Sub ; Yang, Jae-Hyeon ; Lee, Gyeong-Eun ; Lee, Hee-Bong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 185~189
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.185
A total of CNU 28 colored hybrids developed at the Chungnam National University were evaluated to identify new cultivars with functionality. These color waxy corn hybrids appeared to have high antioxidant activity. The SOD activity in the developed color waxy corn was high; CNU13H-3, in white hybrid, and CNU13H-44, in yellow hybrid, was 5% and 27% higher than the Yeonnong and Daehakchal Gold 1 of control hybrids, respectively. The DPPH activity in CNU13H-44, of yellow hybrid, and CNU13H-75 of purple hybrid were high as 32.6 mg/g and 40.1 mg/g, respectively. We have already reported that color hybrids have high antioxidant activity. In this study also was same results. On the basis of our findings, these hybrids will be planted in next time to compare their productivity and area adaptation.
Analysis of Morphological Characteristics Among Super Sweet Corn Inbred Lines
Ko, Woo Ri ; Choi, Hong-Jib ; Sa, Kyu Jin ; Cho, Jin-Woong ; Lee, Ju Kyong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 190~196
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.190
We evaluated the morphological characteristics in 100 super sweet corn inbred lines, which were developed to breeding super sweet corn variety at Gyeongsangbuk-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services, by examining six quantitative and two qualitative characteristics. On the result of evaluation of two qualitative traits, most of inbred lines showed yellow (91 inbred lines) at seed color (QL1) and weak (68 inbred lines) at seedling vigor (QL2). In the survey of six quantitative traits, the average value for each trait indicated as follows: days of tasseling (QN1, 41.0 to 55.0 days), days of silking (QN2, 44.0 to 59.0 days), anthesis-silking interval (QN3, 2.0 to 7.0 days), tillering (QN4, 0.0 to 2.0), plant height (QN5, 96.0 to 187.0 cm) and ear height (QN6, 30.0 to 86.0 cm). In PCAs (principal component analysis) for 8 morphological characteristics, seedling vigor (QL2) and tillering (QN4) greatly contributed in negative direction and the days of tasseling (QN1) and days of silking (QN2) greatly contributed in positive direction on the first principal component. While, ear height (QN6) and plant height (QN5) contributed in positive direction on the second principal component. Thus these morphological traits, which were greatly contributed in the first and second principal components, might be considered to be useful for discrimination in 100 super sweet corn inbred lines. In our study, the results of morphological variation and PCAs for 100 super sweet corn inbred lines will be helpful for super sweet corn breeding programs such activities as planning crosses for hybrid and line development.
Growth and Yield Characteristics of Foxtail Millet, Proso Millet and Sorghum According to Sowing Date in Middle Area in Korea
Yoon, Seong-Tak ; Jae, Eun-Kyeong ; Kim, Young-Jung ; Jeong, In-Ho ; Han, Tae-Kyu ; Kim, Tae-Yun ; Cho, Young-Son ; Kang, Hang-Won ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 197~211
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.197
In order to investigate optimum and marginal sowing date of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum in middle area (Anseong, Gyeonggi province) of korea, four levels of sowing date [(May 15(1st), June 6(2th), June 26(3th), July 13(4th)] with mulching and non-mulching were treated in this experiment. We used three crops of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum with four varieties of Samdachal, Samdamae, Kyeongkwan1, Hwanggeumjo in foxtail millet, Leebaekchal, Manhongchal, Hwangsilchal, Hwanggeumgijang in proso millet and Nampungchal, Hwanggeumchal, DS202, Moktaksusu in sorghum achieved from RDA. In culm length, sowing date of June 26 was the highest in all varieties of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum. Sowing date of May 15 showed the highest ear length in foxtail and proso millet, whereas the highest ear length was obtained from sowing date of June 26 in sorghum. In numbers of leaf, sowing date of May 15 showed the highest in all three crops of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum. Days from sowing to heading date were reduced in Samdamae, Kyeongkwan1 and Samdachal as sowing date was late. In Hwanggeumjo it was reduced from the sowing date from May 15 to June 26, but it was same days was taken between June 26 and July 13 sowing date. Days from sowing to heading date of four varieties in proso millet were reduced as sowing date was late. Days from sowing to heading date in sorghum were reduced as sowing date was late, whereas it was increased the
sowing date of July 13. There were no significant differences in growth and yield characteristics between mulching and non-mulching in four varieties of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum with four varieties. The highest grain numbers per panicle, 1000 grain weight and yield per 10a were obtained from sowing date of June 26 in four varieties of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum. In sowing date of July 13, all varieties of foxtail millet, proso millet and sorghum were not able to be ripened because of late sowing except Hwnaggeumjo, Manhongchal and Hwanggeumgijang.
Effects of Polyethylene Film Mulching and Planting Densities on Growth and Yield of Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.)
Jung, Ki-Youl ; Jo, Su-Min ; Kang, Hang-Won ; Cho, Young-Son ; Yoon, Dong-Kyung ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 212~216
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.212
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of planting densities (
) and PE mulching (polyethylene film mulching, non-mulching) on growth and yield of proso millet in drained paddy field for 2 years. In PE plots, culm length, culm diameter and fresh weight were higher than non-mulching plot. Additionally, spike length and seed weight per hill were also higher in PE plot but thousand seed weight was weightier in non-mulching plot. The yield of proso millet were increased with 10.0% and 15.5% at PE plot in 1st and 2nd, respectively. Culm diameter was thickest at
plot with 8.43 mm in 2nd however, culm length was longest at
plot with 130, 142 cm in 1st and 2nd, respectively. Plant height was higher by the increase of planting density. As plant density decreased, that spike length and seed weight per hill were increased. Yield of planting density were highest at
yearly, respectively that it were in order of
Effects of Ridge Width on Growth and Yield of Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) in Paddy-Upland Rotation Field
Yoon, Dong-Kyung ; Oh, Seung-Ka ; Lee, Byung-Jin ; Chun, Hyun-Sik ; Jung, Ki-Youl ; Kang, Hang-Won ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Cho, Young-Son ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 217~223
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.217
This study was conducted to serve as a basis for establishing a stable production of proso millet on the rotational paddy-upland field by looking out the physicochemical and moisture characteristics of soil and the growth characteristics of proso millet by ridge width. Plant height showed Manhongchal was the smallest 71.3 cm in 240 cm wide of ridge in the first year, Ibeakchal was the highest 69.7 cm in 60 cm wide in the second year, Hwanggeumchal was the highest 72.8 cm in 60 cm wide in the first year. The retention time of the excess water in the soil during cultivation was extended wider the width of ridge. The variation width of the water content was higher by the wider the width of ridge. Yield components showed the longest ear length were 35.1 cm of Manhongchal, 34.8 cm of Ibeakchal in 60 cm wide of ridge in the first year. As the width of ridge extended, ear weight of all variety increased. 1,000 seed weight of the 60 cm wide of ridge was Manhongchal 6.8%, Ibeakchal 46.2% heavier than the 240 cm wide of ridge. Yield showed Manhongchal 221, Ibeakchal 223, Hwanggeumchal
in 60 cm wide of ridge in the first year. The similar pattern of amount showed Manhongchal 278, Ibeakchal 221, Hwanggeumchal
in 60 cm wide of ridge in the second year. This showed Manhongchal 103%, Ibeakchal 119%, Hwanggeumchal 85.2% was more than the 240 cm wide of ridge.
Distribution of Genetic Variants in Korean Soybeans
Song, Kitae ; Kim, Jeong Hoon ; Yoon, Gi Yong ; Kim, Hyo Chul ; Shin, Seungho ; Yim, Won Cheol ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Byung-Moo ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 224~230
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.224
Next generation sequencing technologies provide opportunities to reveal the genetic variants and differentially expressedgenes. The genetic variants are closely relevance to understanding of genes and phenotypic differences related to agronomic characteristics among cultivars. In this study, we conducted RNA-seq using two Korean soybean accessions, including Daewon and Hwangkeum, by using next generation sequencing against Williams 82 genome as reference. A number of variants such assingle nucleotide variants (SNV), multiple nucleotide variants (MNV), insertion/deletion (InDel) and replacement, was 34,411 and 55,544 in Daewon and Hwangkeum, respectively. Among these variants, 9,611 nonsynonymous variants were detected within 4,290 genes in Daewon and 13,225 non-synonymous variants were located on 5,672 genes in Hwangkeum. The distribution of nonsynonymous variants and expression values of genes can serve as invaluable resource for genotyping and study of traits within genes for soybean improvements.
Growing Environment Influence the Anthocyanin Content in Purple- and Red-Fleshed Potatoes During Tuber Development
Jeong, Jin-Cheol ; Kim, Su-Jeong ; Hong, Su-Young ; Nam, Jung-Hwan ; Sohn, Hwang-Bae ; Kim, Yul-Ho ; Mekapogu, Manjulatha ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 231~238
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.231
This study was carried out to determine environmental factors affecting the anthocyanin content of color-fleshed potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. After planting of two color-fleshed potato cultivars of `Hongyoung` and `Jayoung` in different 14 locations, their soil chemical properties and meteorological data were evaluated, and anthocyanin contents of tubers were analyzed after harvest, additionally their relationship among them was analyzed through correlation analysis. In comparison with two cultivars, purple-fleshed `Jayoung` potatoes showed higher anthocyanin content than red-fleshed `Hongyoung` in almost locations. When locations were divided to three categories (highland, sub-highland and lowland) according to altitude, in general, highland-grown tubers had the higher content of anthocyanin compared to those grown in lowland. An analysis of the results of chemical components of soil showed that anthocyanin content of color-fleshed potato tubers was negatively correlated with the pH of soil. In addition, mean temperature and minimum temperature from 80 to 100 days after planting most significantly affected on the accumulation of anthocyanin in color-fleshed potato tubers, that is, higher content of anthocyanin was observed in tubers produced in locations with lower mean temperature and minimum temperature from 80 to 100 days after planting. This information can be useful to producers and industries in selection of proper fields for the production of color-fleshed potato tubers having high quality in Korea.
Evaluation of Cytotoxicity, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Diploid and Tetraploid Platycodon grandiflorum
Boo, Hee-Ock ; Kim, Young-Sun ; Kim, Hag-Hyun ; Kwon, Soo-Jeong ; Woo, Sun-Hee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 239~247
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.239
This experiment was conducted to obtain the have higher contents of pharmaceutical constituents as well as higher yield from colchicine induced diploid and tetraploid extracts of Platycodon grandiflorum. In order to determine the biological activity, this study was focused to evaluate the cytotoxicity, antimicrobial on the bronthus disease bacteria, antioxidant enzyme activity of diploid and tetraploid extracts in P. grandiflorum. The activities of antioxidant enzyme according to different solvent extracts were measured as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). The cytotoxicity of methanol extracts of P. grandiflorum showed significant differences between tetraploid and diploid. That is, the cytotoxic effect against human cancer cell was higher in tetraploid than in diploid. At all extracts concentration, tetraploid samples showed high toxicity and the
(concentration causing 50% cell death) value showed the highest on HCT-116 cell (
), and exhibited significant activity against the Hep 3B cell (
), SNU-1066 cell (
), Hela cell (
), SNU-601 cell (
), Calu-6 cell (
), MCF-7 cell (
). Antimicrobial activities of diploid P. grandiflorum were relatively low compared to tetraploid P. grandiflorum on most of the bacterial strains. In tetraploid P. grandiflorum, K. pneumoniae showed the clear zone formation (18~19 mm) of growth inhibition, followed by the clear zone formation of 13~15 mm on C. diphtheria and S. pyogenes. The antimicrobial activities in diploid P. grandiflorum were the highest on K. pneumonia (14~15 mm), and showed the clear zone formation of 11~12 mm on C. diphtheria and 12~13 mm on S. pyogenes. The antimicrobial activity is thought to look different depending on the bacterial strains and the polyploidy of P. grandiflorum. The root extract of P. grandiflorum had the highest (97.2%) SOD enzyme activity in ethyl acetate partition layer of tetraploid while water partition layer of diploid showed the lowest (48.6%) SOD enzyme activity. The activity of CAT showed higher values in the root of tetraploid than in the diploid of P. grandiflorum in all partition layers except butyl alcohol. The activities of APX and POD showed higher values in the root of tetraploid than in the diploid of P. grandiflorum in all fraction solvents except water layer. These results indicate that the tetraploid P. grandiflorum can be used as a source for developing cytotoxic agent and antimicrobials which can act against bronchus diseases bacterial strains.
Regional Comparison of Physiochemical Properties of Codonopsis lanceolata
Kwon, Soo Jeong ; Park, Tae Yeon ; Lee, Moon Soon ; Boo, Hee Ock ; Cho, Gag Yeon ; Woo, Sun Hee ; Cho, Jin Woong ; Lee, Hee Doo ; Cho, Seong-Woo ; Kim, Hag Hyun ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 248~252
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.248
This study was conducted to compare the growth, inorganic components, and proximate components of Codonopsis lanceolata grown in 10 regions of Korea for selecting superior species and breeding by crossing. Among the all tested lines, the shortest plant height (217.12 cm) was observed from the Ulleungdo region line (No. 4) while the longest (273.9 cm) was observed from Hwasun region line (No. 9). In addition, the lines of central and northern region (No. 1~No. 7) tend to have shorter plant height than those of southern region (No. 8~No. 9) except Jejudo region line (No. 10). Flowering tends to be late towards southern region, and lines in central and northern regions were started flowering about 2 weeks earlier than those in southern regions. However, the heaviest root weight was 13.1 g, found in only Jejudo line (No. 10) whereas there was no significant difference found in the other regions which have a range of 8.3~11.0 g. The inorganic components were varied in each line, however, proportion of macroelements, such as K, Ca, and P, was the largest for every line. Especially for Heongseong region line (No. 2), had larger proportion of macroelements than the others. There was a difference of proximate compositions of Codonopsis lanceolata, except the moisture content, among all regions, however, it was generally shown that the content of crude protein (1.31~3.76%) and crude fiber (2.18~3.12%) was the highest.
Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Inorganic Components Between Korean and Japanese Codonopsis lanceolata
Kwon, Soo Jeong ; Park, Tae Yeon ; Lee, Moon Soon ; Boo, Hee Ock ; Cho, Gag Yeon ; Woo, Sun Hee ; Cho, Jin Woong ; Lee, Hee Doo ; Cho, Seong-Woo ; Kim, Hag Hyun ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 60, issue 2, 2015, Pages 253~256
DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.253
This study was performed to investigate the growth characteristics and inorganic components of Codonopsis lanceolata regarding regional differences. The plant height of Japanese Codonopsis lanceolata was 373.6 cm, so it`s revealed that it has more vigorous growth than Korean won. The flowering time of Korean Codonopsis lanceolata was 2 weeks faster than Japanese one. Total fresh weight of root was 41.0 g and 39.0 g for Korean and Japanese respectively, thus, no significance difference was found. However, regarding fresh weight, Korean one had a more fresh weight (35.4 g) of main root parts, but Japanese one had a more fresh weight (9.6 g) of the lateral root part. Each inorganic component was found more in the aboveground parts, regardless of the region and the content of K was the largest. Regarding the content of macroelements for each part of Codonopsis lanceolata, the content of Na, Mg, P, S, and Ca in Korean Codonopsis lanceolata was found the highest on the leaf, followed by stem and root. In the case of Japanese Codonopsis lanceolata, same result was found on the content of Mg and Ca, however, the highest content of Na and P was found in the stem.