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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Dec 1969
Volume 6, Issue 1 - May 1969
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1969
Selecting the target year
Studies on Direct Sowing-Dry Paddy Rice Culture in the Middle Part of Korea
Jai-Hyoun Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 1~29
Experiments on rice concerning it s varieties, fertilization, seedling dates and herbicides have been conducted to determine the most desirable method of direct sowing cultivation on dry paddy field land in the middle part of Korea. The results obtained at the Office of Rural Development of Choongnam Province are as follows:. 1. Sixteen different derivatives from the main varieties of low land rice were cultivated on a dry paddy field by the direct sowing method; at the same time, a few varieties were tried adopting the common transplanting cultivation method. The yield and yield factors from these two groups were examined to give the following results: a) Compared to the common transplanting cultivation, the direct sowing method showed remarkably increased number of panicles while the number of flowers per panicle was shown to be significantly decreased. The maturing ratio was detected to be lowered. The yield horn them differed according to the different varieties : good yield was obtained from Hokwang while Norin ＃25 proved poor when compared with the common transplanting cultivation method. b) Among sixteen varieties tested, Sunsou, Norin ＃25, Jaigou, Hokwang, Palkueng and Gosi showed comparatively high yields, their yield being more than 325 kilograms per 10 Are, but Nampoong, Paldal, Nongkwang, Norin ＃29, Eunbangju ＃101 and Shiro gane showed less yield, their yield being less than 271 kilograms per 10 Are, the relations between the yield and the yield factors can be summarized as follows; Number of varieties and their rice yield. 1) The varieties which were great in the, number of panicles and high in yield=Jaigoun, Hokwang Palkueng and Gosi. 2) The varieties which were low in the number of panicles and high in yield=Sounsou and Norin ＃25. 3) The varieties which were great in the number of panicles and poor in yield=Eunbangju ＃101 and Sirogane. 4) The varieties which were poor in the number of panicles and poor in yield: Nampung, Paldal and Norin ＃29. Number of flowers per panicle and yield. 1) The varieties which were great in the number of flowers per panicle and high in yield: Sounsou, Norin ＃25 and Gosi. 2) The varieties which were poor in the number of flowers per panicle and high in yield ; Jaigoun, Hokwang and Palkueng. 3) The varieties which were great in the number of flowers per panicle and poor in yield: Paldal and Nampung. 4) The varieties which were poor in the number of flowers per panicle and poor in yield: Norin ＃29. Eunbangju ＃101 and Sirogane. Maturing ratio and yield. 1) The varieties which were high in the maturing ratio and high in yield: Jaigoun, Sounsou, Norin ＃25 and Palkueng. 2) The varieties which were low in the maturing ratio and high in yield: Hokwang and Gosi. 3) The varieties which were early maturing rat io and low in yield: Hokwang and Gosi. 4) The varieties which were late maturing ratio and poor in yield: Eunbangju ＃101, Nampungand Sirogane 1, 000 grain weight and yield. 1) The varieties which were heavy in 1, 000 grains weight and high in yield=Norin ＃25 and Hokwang. 2) The varieties which were light in 1, 000 grains weight and high in yield=Sounsou and Jaigoun. 3) The varieties which were heavy in 1, 000 grains weight and poor in yield=Nongkwang and Eunbanju. 4) The varieties which were light in 1, 000 grains weight and poor in yield=Norin ＃29 and Sirogane. 2. The experiment on fertilization showed that the most desirable amount to be given per 10 Are was 10 kilograms of Nitrogen, 5 kilograms of phosphate and 6 kilograms of potassium; and when the Nitrogen given exceeded 8 kilograms, its effect was better when given in amsll consecutive (split) amounts, while the maturing ratio and the number of the flowers per panicle increased when Nitrogen was given in large amount during the later stage of growth of rice. 3. The experiment on the date and amount of seedling showed that the tested variety, Sunsou gave the best results when planted on the days between 25 April and 10 May. Eight liters per 10 Are were preferable if planted early and 12 liters per 10 Are if planted late. The reason why the later planting gave a lower yield was that the number of flowers per panicle was fewer. 4. The experiment on the irrigation for rice with direct sowing cultivation immersed in water showed that it was the most satisfactory when irrigated on 25th June, 55 days after its seedling, its plot giving the best yield. The plots 10th June and 15th July showed just as good results. However, irrigated later, than 15th July it showed lower yields. 5. Compared to the yield of the plot controlled by the common method, the yield from the plots treated with chemical herbicide such as LOROX, TOK, PCP, SWEP, Mo-338 on dry condition soil seemed poorer, but significant difference was not found statistically. On the other hand in the case where chemical herbicides such as TOK, Mo-338, Stam F-34 or ORDRAM were used after irrigation, the yield from the ORDRAM and TOK treated plots did not show significant differences compared to the common hand weed controling method, but those treated with chemicals other than the above showed a lower yield.
Studies on the Potato Virus X and Potato Leaf Roll Virus for Disease-free Seed Potato Production
Jhung-Il Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 31~63
A series of experiment was carried out to study on the production of disease-free seed potatoes at the Alpine Experiment Station from 1960 to 1968, which initiated a study of comparison on degeneration of plain warm region and high altitude products and the effect of latent potato virus X (PVX) and potato leaf roll virus(PLRV) on degeneration. Particular observations were made on some aspect of the nature of potato virus disease and its control such as concentrations of PVX, range of host plants, physical properties such as concentrations of PYX, range of host plants, physical properties and carrying effect of insects, by investigating 9 different areas of the main potato producing regions (Kimhae, Taegu, Choongju, Taejoen, Suwon, Kwangju, Chonju, Cheju and Chinju). Highly purified anti-serum was separated and tested for control of the virus disease and also various method of prevention and control of PLRV were observed, using cultivation of sprouted seed tubers, early harvesting method, and systemic chemicals. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Potato yield in the plain region decreased by 32.8~66.3% in the first year cultivation of seed potatoes from colder region, and the rate of virus infection was 92.9 to 95.4%. 2. Plants of three families including, 20 species were susceptible to the PVX, and among the plants Salvia officinalis of a habits only was the carrier while the symptom of Digitalis purpurea of Screphulariaceae was masked. Necrosis and ring spot was occurred in most pJants of the Solanaceae and ring spot symptom also was observed in Nicotiana tabacum L. var. White Burley and in N. glutinosa. 3. The 8
strain of virus had the following physical properties; thermal inactivation point, 68-
: dilution inactivation point, above 1, 000, 000 dilution: ageing in vitro, 240-360 days: and ageing in dry plant tissue, 30 days. 4. Myzus persicae and Oxya spp. did not transmit the 8
strain of potato virus. 5. Virus was purified through the ammonium sulphate isolating method, and higher titer value, 1/2048 was obtained through anti-serum test. 6. Inhibition Chenopodiacae on the virus infection of potato was remarkable, and inhibition of local lesion host also was observed. 7, By earlier planting of sprouted seed tubers, growth period could be prolonged by 10 to 12 days. 8. Earlier harvest decreased much the rate of virus infection of seed potatoes. 9. According to the results of aphid control trial using systemic soil insecticides at Kangnung and Taekwanlyung, PSP 204, Disyston and Thimet was effective to aphid control. In particular, control effect of twice treatments of PSP 204 was great. 10. Treatmental effect of those chemicals lasted about 60-70 days. However, single foliar application of emulsified chemicals was not effective to potato virus control. 11. The effect of PSP 204, Disyston, and Thimet on the control of potato leaf roll virus was great, particularly in the case of two treatments of PSP 204, at Kangnung as well as at Taekwanlyung. Higher negative correlationship between the control effect of potato leaf roll virus and potato yield was observed showing the value r=-0.85 at Kangnung, and r=-0.87 at Taekwanlyung. 12. Differences in the control effects among PSP 204, Disyston, and Thimet was not noticed.
The effect of superphosphate fertilizer and composts enriched with superphosphate on the grain yield and yield components of rice
Chong-Gi kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 65~70
These studies were carried to clarify the application effect of high leveled superphosphate fertilizer and the effect to the yield and growth of rice by the application of composts enriched with superphosphate fertilizer and the results were as follows: 1) Neither statistical significance was convinced between the yield and yield component factor in each treatment in the terms of superphosphate effects, nor the additional application effect of superphosphate fertilizer was appeared. 2) In the terms of grain yield, the statistical significance was not revealed in the plots of composts applied 1000kg per 10a, of superphosphate applied 5kg, 7.5kg and 10kg per 10 a, but grain yield were 220kg in the plot of composts applied 1000 kg per 10 a, 232kg in the plot of superphosphate applied 5 kg per 10 a, 266kg in superphosphate applied 7.5 per 10a, and 243kg of 10kg
per 10a. 3) The methods of applying superphosphate and composts to rice plant making composts enriched with superphosphate fertilizer a few monath before the basal application were recommended to increase grain yield and each factor of grain component. 4) The interaction of applying composts and superphosphate was revealed that applying composts with the
was recommended. 5) Grain yields were higher in the plots of 1, 000kg of composts enriched with 7.5kg of
per 10 a, and 1, 000kg of composts with 5kg of
per 10 a other than the rest of 10 treatments. 6) Appyling composts in the test was convinced as effective results to accelerate the maturing rate.
Studies on the Varietal Variation in Morphology of, the Korean Rice Cutivars -II. Varietal variation in morphology of vegetative organs and in yield components along the periodical changes of the Korean rice varieties-
Eun-Woong Lee ; Kwang-Ho Kim ; Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 71~78
To study the varietal differences of vegetative organs, yield and yield components along the periodical changes of rice variety in korea, this experiment was conducted in 1968. Eighteen used varieties were grouped into 6 varietal groups by the cultivated period as follow.: 1) Group I - Korean local varieties cultivated about 1907, 2) Group II - introduced varieties cultivated in 1907 - 1930, 3) Group III - introduced varieties cultivated in 1930-1960, 4) Group IV - improved varieties cultivated in 1930-1960, 5) Group V - introduced varieties cultivated after 1960 and 6) Group VI - improved varieties cultivated after 1960. 1. Varietal Group I showed the longest leaves, the largest leaf area, the lowest value of leaf area index and the highest value of flag leaf angle. Along the periodical changes of rice varieties the leaf length, the total leaf area and the flag leaf angle were decreased, and the leaf area index was increased. 2. Varietal Group I showed higher value of the length and the weight of leaf sheath than those of Group II, III, IV, V and VI. The length of every internode was longer in Group I than in the other varietal groups. The weight of every internode was shown higher value in Group 1. The length and the weight of every internode were decreased along the periodical changes of rice variety. 3. Varietal Group I and Group III showed the higher value of culm length, panicle length and the number of grain per panicle length and groups. Group IV, V and VI had the higher value of the number of panicle, the maturing rate and the 1, 000 grains weight. Varietal Group V and VI which are cultivated in recent years showed shorter culm and panicle length, higher value of the maturing rate and the 1, 000 grains weight, and intermediate in the number of panicle and the number of grain per panicle. 4. The lowest value of straw weight was found in Group I. The highest value of grain yield was shown in Group VI, intermediate in Group II, III, IV and V and lowest in Group I. Grain-straw ratio was shown highest in Group VI.
Variability of Protein Content in Rice Grown at Several Different Environments
Mun-Hue Heu ; Chung-Yong Lee ; Zhin-Ryong Choe ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 79~84
Protein content of Korean native and currently recommended varieties varied from 5.3% to 9.4%. Higher protein content was shown in Indicas than Japonicas and generally in the earlier varieties than in the latter ones. Additional application of nitrogen significantly increased the protein content, and varietal difference in this response was noticed. Delayed harvesting reduced protein content and denser planting induced higher protein content in the brown rice.
Effects and Future Prospect of the Cooperative Culture of Low-land Rice in Korea
Min-Shin Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 85~92
The goal for the improvement of rice culture in our country is to increase the rice yield per unit area, and that thoroughly, to equalize the rice yield per unit are highly by adaptation of high technique, while on the side of the efficiency, to increase the productivity of the labour through the cooperative work. And then, the theory for execution of the cooperative rice culture which is the productive system embodying the goal above and the expected effects as well as the future prospect for the development of the cooperative rice culture must be studied and defined. The results studied up to now are summarized as follows: 1. The cooperative rice culture is one of the most effective ways to execute highly efficient farm management and to supply the technical details on the cultivation for equalized high yield per unit area in the rice cultivating districts. 2. For the most effective accomplishment of the cooperative rice culture, the water control, and soil and variety of rice must be investigated in advance an then the basic technical details for the rice culture must be defined. 3. The rice cultivation calender is drawn up with the main technical details of rice culture by the mutual agreement of all farmers belong to the cooperative farm. All technical details for the rice cultivation in the cooperative farm are standardized by the rice cultivation calendar and the main technical operations should be worked together and the other operations executed individually. 4. The technique for rice cultivation, which was difficult to be introduced in the individual farm management, could be introduced easily to the cooperative rice culture, and the rice yield of the cooperative farm was increased 23.3% compared to that of common farm in 1968. 5. At present, the type of the cooperative rice culture is a primary type of the agreement for farm management, rarely including the associated operation type and the contracted operation type for a part of operation, However, for stabilized high yield through the mechanization of the cultivation system, the cooperative farm must be developed for a course promoting the associated operation type including the technique trust type and the contracted operation type according to the condition of location.
Effect of Low-land Rice Seedling Preservation on the rice Yield and Growth
Min-Shin Cho ; Deok-Hyeong Han ; Sun-Mok Keun ; Jae-Chul Kang ; Jae-Seong Jo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 93~96
1. This experiment has been conducted to determine the most desirable method of the low-land rice seedling preservation for long defered transplanting and its results obtained are as follows: 1. On a viewpoint of the management, any method of seedling preservation was not effective when the seedling was transplanted after 20th, July. 2. Vegetative growth after transplanting was shown the most desirable at the plot of the seedling from direct-sowing dry paddy rice culture and next at the plot of the seedlings preserved on the vinyl seed bed. On the other hand, the leaf-cutting or the thinning out of seedling was not effective for the prevention of the seedling decrepitude. 3. On the case of transplanting on 20th July, the seedling from the direct sowing on dry paddy rice culture showed the best yield(378kg/10a) and the seedling preserved on the vinyl seed-bed showed the next (280kg/10a), however, on the case of transplanting on 30th July, the seedling from the direct sowing on dry paddy rice culture showed the best yield(222kg10a), but the yield of other preservation treatment was shown below 90kg/10a.
Competition Responses between Two Different Growth Type Varieties of Barley
Min-Shin Cho ; Deok-Hyeong Han ; Sun-Mok Keun ; J. D. Lee ; J. C. Kang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 97~101
The experiment about the mixed sowing of two different growth type varieties of barley-Buheung and Suwon＃18-has been conducted to determine the competition effect between two varieties, and its results are as follows: 1. Buheung-long stem variety-showed higher survived ratio than Suwon＃18-short stem variety- and that tendency was significant under the high fertilized condition. 2. When tow varieties-Buheung and Suwon＃18-were sowed together, the culm length of Buheung was shorter than the single planted Buheung and that of Suwon＃18 was onger than the single planted Suwon＃18, however, the panicle length showed the opposite tendency to the culm length variation. 3. The number of panicles and the number of grains did not show any differences among the treatments. 4. In case of the single sowing, Suwon＃18 showed higher grain yield under the common fertilized condition but Buheung showed significantly increased grain yield under the heavy fertilized condition, however, in case of the mixed towing of two varieties, the grain yield was significantly increased in heavy fertilized plots than standard fertilization. 5. The competition power was significantly superior in Buheung to Suwon＃18 and this tendency was rather definite according to the fertilizer application.
Studies on the Influence of the Time of Nitrogen Top-dressing and Top dressing Method to the Yields and the Various Factors concerned with Yields in Wheat
Jae-Young Cho ; Dong-Woo Lee ; Chang-Hwan Cho ; Byong-Hee Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 103~115
A study has been made on the time of nitrogen top-dressing and the method of top-dressing to establish the higher yielding cultural method for wheat at Suwon. In this experiment, it was observed that the application of nitrogen top-dressing with urea leaf spray as spike fertilizer increased the yield by 4~6 percent over nitrogen top-dressing of equal quantity only. Considering the yield and various factors concerned, it is reasonable to apply top-dressing on mid and late of March in Suwon area.
Effects of Sprouting Treatment with Gibberellin to Germination and the Growth of Spring Barley
Won-Jong Ik ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 117~121
Germination and field test were made with the spring barley sprouted with gibberellin solution of 5 levels from 5 to 100 ppm. Temperatures of room for germination were classified as ordinary and low. Results obtained will be summarized as follows: 1. Sprouting with Gibberellin promoted the germination by two days in ordinary and three days in low temperature without reducing the germination rate. 2. The higher concentration of gibberellin showed the more promotion of growth in early stage. 3. No retardation of root-growth was found by gibberellin sprouting. 4. No promoting effects to germination by gibberellin sprouting was found in field tests. In high concentration, percentage of germination, number of spike and grain yields reduced remarkably. 5. More remarkable tendency of weak growth and longer duration of recovery were found in the higher concentration of gibberellin, but all plots recovered from weak growth at middle stage of plant growth. 6. In gibberellin concentration of 5 to 10 ppm, retardation of germination, weakness of early growth and reducing of spike number were not remarkable while length of spike and 1000 grain weight were increased. Therefore grain yields showed increasing tendency. 7. Promoting the germination may be expected but hastening of heading and maturing may not be available by gibberellin treatment in sprouting.
Studies and on relationship between Amylase activities winter hardiness of germinating seeds in winterwheat varieties
Won-Jong Ik ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 123~127
The studies were conducted to know the relationship between
-amlyase activities and hardiness for the germinated seedlings of, winter wheat varieties which were classified with eye estimated cold resistance in field as, susceptible, moderate and resistant. These varieties were tested in continued five days from germination in four replicated split plot design. For the measurement of
-amylase, improved A. K. Balls method (2) was employed. Result obtained will be summarized as follows. 1. Tested varieties showed highly significant differences in
-amylase activity, while no differences were obtained between dates after germination. 2. Winter hardy varieties, Yukseung ＃3, Chin Kwang and Suwon＃85 showed higher amylase activities than the moderate hardy varieties, Jukdalma, Kangdosinryuk and Norin ＃4, while lower activities were measured in susceptible varieties, Norin ＃6, Kangdo and Norin＃12. 3. With measurement of
-amylase activity, rurther detail classification to cold resistance is seemed available than eye-estimating in the field condition. 4. In accordance with testing dates, amylase activities were not so clear on 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th days from germination, while clear differences were found on 3rd day from germination. 5. Amylase activity obtained on 3rd day after germination is considered easy and effective method to estimate cold resistance of wheat varieties with a classification standard.
Variation in Flowering Time of Soybean after Irradiation
E-Hun Kim ; Byong-Ho Chang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 129~132
The polygenic variation in flowering time of soybean irradiated with Co
gamma ray evaluated in the R
generation. The genetic variance in the irradiation treatment was about four times that of the control. The basic possibility of selection for the early and the late in flowering time of soybean after irradiated with Co
was suggested in this paper.
The effect of plant spacing on several agronomic traits of a soybean variety under the tropical environment
Shin-Han Kwon ; NGUYEN H. QUTEN ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 133~137
This experiment was conducted to determine the optimum row width and plant spacing within row under the tropical environment for a leading soybean variety Palmetto and it was carried out at Eakmat Experiment Station in Vietnam. The experiments were arranged in a split plot design with four replications and the test was repeated twice in two years. Variations for seed yield due to the distance between rows were significant at 1 per cent level in 1967 test(dry season growing) and at 5 per cent level in 1968 test. Significant differences for plant height, lodging, maturity, number of branches per plant, and number of pods per plant due to the row width were not found in both tests, while significant differences in difference spacing within row was found in all traits studied. Interaction between width of row and spacing within row for seed yield and plant height were found at five percent level in 1967 test. These results indicate that close planting may increase in seed yield and plant height in both seasons, and decrease in loadging. From these studies, one could be understood that the plant population, particularly in dry season, plays decisive roles on seed yield in soybean culture, and the maximum plant height and minimum value of lodging index were also observed in closest spacing plots. The highest soybean yield in late planting would be expected by a combinations of 30 cm(between rows)
5cm(between hills) plot, while 40cm
5cm planting method would be suggested for rainy season growing. Highest seed yield was obtained at closet spacing in both dry and rainy season, and these results led to drilling method in seeding where about 20 seeds per meter of row could be recommended. Besides the seed yield, the close planting may produce some advantages, such as increase plant height and decrease lodging, weeds and erosion of surface soil.
Studies of Soybean Improvement by
-ray and Chemical Mutagens -I. Comparison of the effects of EMS, Ei, and
-rays in soybean(preliminary report)
Shin-Han Kwon ; Kun-Hyuk Im ; Cheong-Yeol Sohn ; Jong-Sun Eun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 139~144
1. In order to obtain useful mutants such as early maturity, resistance to lodging, high protein and oil content, and capability of high yield, dormant seeds of two soybean varieties, Jang Dan Baik Mok and Clark, were treated with
-ray, Ethyl Methane Sulfonate(EMS), Ethylene Imine(EI)and combinations of
-ray and EMS or EI. 2. The germination rate and survival rate in a variety Jang Dan Baik Mok were significantly decreased with
-ray treatment while it was not the same in the Clark variety. A significant decrease for seedling height measured at 14 and 21 days after sowing was found with the increase of
-ray dose in both varieties. 3. Germination rates in both varieties were significantly decreased as EI concentration increases, particularly severe damage in germination was observed at 0.008 Mo. concentration. Germination rate damages were found with EMS concentration increases in the variety Jang Dan Baik Mok while no regular responses in seedling height were observed in the variety Clark. 4. Germination rate was significantly lowered with the combined treatment of EMS and
-ray 24KR than that of EMS alone. In the treatments of
-ray with three levels of EI concentration, the combined treatments except 24KR+EI 0.002 Mol. resulted in better germination than of EI alone. In both varieties, significant reduction in seedling height was observed in the combined treatments of
-ray with various concentrations of EMS, whereas stimulation effect on seedling height was found with treatment of
-ray EI +0.08Mol. 5. Germination rate, survival rate, and plant height as criteria of radio sensitivity, variety Jang Dan Baik Mok is moze sensitive to
-ray, EMS, and EI than the variety Clark, and the varietal difference in responsibility to mutagen may be due to the genetic-constitution of the varieties.
Cytological studies on Asiatic Cotton Varieties Cultivated in Korea -II. Korean Asiatic Cultivars
Gossypium herbaceum testers
Mun-Hue Heu ; Young-Am Chae ; Soon-Jai Park ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 145~151
To make clear the species of Korean Asiatic cotton, 21 Asiatic cotton varieties collected from China, Manchuria, Japan and Korea and preserved at suwon Crop Experiment Station were crossed to the tester stocks and cytological studies were made for their
pollen mother cells. The results were summarized as follows: 1. In the all
hybrids between the 21 collections and G. herbaceum tester stocks always one ring-four association was observed. 2. In the
hybrids between additional 5 collections and G. arboreum tester stock ring-four or chain-four was not observed. 3. In the
hybrids between G. herbaceum tester stocks and between G. arboreum tester stocks no ring-four or chain-four was observed, while in the
hybrids between G. herbaceum tester stock and G. arboreum tester stock always one ring-four was observed. In the
hybrids between collections also no ring-four or chain-four was observed. 4. From above results and together with the results reported in previous paper the species of Asiatic collections was inferred to the D.U. Gerstel's G. arboreum and their race was inferred to the J. Hutcinson's G. arboreum L. race sinense.
Effects of Row Width and Plant Spacing Within Row on Yield and its Components in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers)
Se-Ho Son ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 153~160
Experiments on sweet sorghum(sorgo) with different population per unit area were conducted from 1966 to 1968 for the first time in Korea. By increasing plant population stalk weight, refinable sugar and seed weight per plot were increased, but stalk weight per plant, brix percentage, sugar content, stem diameter and 1, 000 seed weight were decreased. Plant height, maturity and lodging were not affected by the treatments. The result obtained has suggested that the effects of plant spacing within row on the characteristics of plant growth and on yields were greater than those of row width. Negative correlations existed between sugar content and sugar yield, and seed weight per plant and seed yield. The optimal plant population in this study ranged from 16, 700 to 22, 200 plants per 10a, row width of 60cm and plant spacing in row of 15 to 20cm resulted in the highest sugar and seed.
STUDIES ON THE ANTHER CULTURE OF CROP PLANTS
Chang-Yawl Harn ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1969, Pages 161~165
Since Guha and Maheshwari's works on the induction of haploid plant from the cultured anther of Datura innoxia an her culture has become a big topic among geneticists and breeders. Presen paper is the summarized report on the anther culture method based on the author's recent researches.