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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
A plan to Improve the Ratio of CPR done by the General Public using Smart-phone Location-Based Service APPs
Han, Seungtae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 183~190
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.183
When patients have acute cardiac arrest before they are hospitalized, the ratio of CPR done by the general public is directly related to patient survival ratio. However, compared with that of advanced nations, our nation has low patient survival ratio due to its low ratio of CPR done by the general public. To improve this situation, the current study conducted a pre-survey targeting 3,800 general public to find how to apply an emergent medical system using smart phone location-based service. According to its outcome, first, they have a high level of CPR experience while their recognition of CPR generality is low. Second, their self-confidence in doing CPR significantly differ according to their age, academic achievement and occupation yet with generally low self-confidence. Third, their participation in the emergent medical system using location-based service APPs is high, and has co-relation to their will for CPR, self-confidence in CPR and experience in CPR training.
Impact of Disaster Perception and Satisfaction on the Continuity of Volunteering in Volunteer Fire-fighters
Lim, Seyoung ; Lee, Hyeonji ; Choi, Miyoung ; Hwang, Jeonghyeon ; Kim, Munui ; Moon, Taeyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 191~202
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.191
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the disaster perception and satisfaction level of volunteer fire-fighters on the continuity of their volunteering. The 163 subjects in this study were selected from male and female volunteer fire-fighters who resided in urban and rural regions in Gangwon Province. After a this survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed by a statistical package SPSS WIN 20.0, and frequency analysis, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were made. The level of statistical significance was all set at p<.05. The findings of the study were as follows: First, as for the correlation of disaster perception, satisfaction and volunteering continuity, perception of disaster countermeasures, satisfaction and the level of participation were negatively correlated with one another, and there was a positive correlation among disaster training, disaster preparation, regional disaster, the period of volunteering, and will of persistent volunteering. Second, as for perception of disaster, the volunteer fire-fighters were asked a question about disaster countermeasures, and the largest group replied they were partially aware of the countermeasures. Concerning questions about disaster training/education experience and triage, the biggest group replied they underwent the training and knew about triage on the whole. Regarding questions on the emergency contact system and emergency work schedule, they knew about the two in general. As to a question on the occurrence of human disaster, the greatest group answered that they knew about it yet not well. Third, in regard to the impact of satisfaction level on volunteering continuity, the period of volunteering was affected by needs for experience, social contact and social recognition among the subfactors of satisfaction level, and will of persistent volunteering was under the influence of social contact and achievement needs. The level of persistent volunteering was affected only by needs for experience and achievement needs.
Study on the Operation Characteristics of Heat Detectors through Fire and Wind Tunnel Experiment
Ryu, Hocheol ; Kim, Doohyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 203~209
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.203
The heat detector detects heat in the fire and is an important core element of the automatic fire alarm system used generally for every fire prevention objects. The heat detector is distinguished in spot type and spread type and in spot type, there are differential and thermistor types. These heat detectors give a great influence on the loss of people and property according to the sensitivity of response such as operation time and operation temperature in actual fire and in overseas people apply it for the development of products that can be operated in the early stage of fire including certification, quality management, and comparison standard by introducing response time index through the theory of heat balance that considers the heat loss and ventilation tests. In Korea, the response time index is introduced and used in the head of sprinkler products, but it is not applied to the heat detector at present. It is necessary to introduce the response time index that shows the sensitivity of response of the heat detector the installation standard for the heat detector that the response time index is applied should be different according to the fire weight, danger degree of fire, and shape of buildings. Through this study, it tries to help reduce lives and property of people through the swift warning by installing detectors suitable for the building structure.
Organic fiber reinforcement for Performance improvement of Blast resistance and Flexural Performance Evaluation of Fiber reinforced concrete using organic fiber reinforcement
Jeon, Chanki ; Jeon, Joongkyu ; Kim, Sungil ; Kim, Kihyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 211~218
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.211
This study propose the organic fiber reinforcement for performance improvement of blast resistance. Proposed fibers are polyamide fiber, PET fiber and aramid fiber and fiber reinforcements were produced by ATY method. To evaluate strain energy absorption capacity of organic fiber reinforced concrete using organic fiber reinforcement, 4-point bending test and 3-point bending tests on notched beam were performed. Test results show that PET fiber reinforced concrete has outstanding performance. It is thought that the PET fiber is effective for the performance improvement of blast resistance.
Investigation Study of Information Improvement in Chemical Accident by Extraordinary Chemical Reaction
Kim, Sungbum ; Lim, Myunghee ; Park, Joongdon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 219~225
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.219
Hydrofluoric acid leakage accident was occurred on Dec. 2012 in Hube Global. That accident has bought many changes of response in national organizations. Chemical companies respond quickly even when small quantities leakage of chemicals and response agencies were put a lot of manpower and equipment in incident response. Incident response to the response activities of the agents is difficult if the accident substance was not identified. Unknown chemicals can be generated by the water for fire-fighting during the emergency response process. In this case, an additional information was needed for response of chemical accident to prevent of great damage. In this study, we investigated the improvement of chemical accident information by extraordinary chemical accident.
A Basic Study for Securing the Business Continuity of Local Governments in the Event of Earthquake and Tsunami
Shin, Hojoon ; Koo, Wonhoi ; Baek, Minho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 227~234
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.227
In this study, the theoretical review was carried out on the concepts regarding the continuity of operation plan and business continuity management plan, international standard ISO22301 and common required functions for disaster response, and the business continuity guideline of local governments in Japan and establishment cases were analyzed to draw matters to be reflected for establishing the business continuity plan of local governments according to the occurrence of earthquake and tsunami. In conclusion, the standard guideline of central government should be prepared for establishing the business continuity plan of local governments and the foundation to establish the plan smoothly based on such guideline should be provided. Also, the business continuity plan should be prepared based on the previous established safety management plans by reflecting the regional characteristics of local governments. And, in order to establish the business continuity plan that fits the region, proper investigations can be carried out to examine the characteristics of each organizations, resources, facilities and environments. Lastly, detailed scenario on the scale of earthquake and tsunami occurrence and damages is prepared to establish the business continuity plan of local governments and conditions for prompt countermeasures according to the scale.
Basic Study on Fiber Composite Panel Production for Impact·Blast Resistant
Kim, Woonhak ; Kang, Seokwon ; Yun, Seunggyu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 235~243
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.235
The methods to improve the protection and explosion-proof performance of concrete structures include the backside reinforcement or concrete material property improvement and the addition of structural members or supports to increase the resistance performance, but they are inefficient in terms of economics and structural characteristics. This study is about the basic study on the fiber composite panel cover, and the nano-composite material and adhesive as the filler, to maximize the specific performance of each layer and the protection and explosion-proof performance as the composite panel component by improving the tensile strength, light weight, adhesion and fire-proof performances. The fiber composite panel cover (aramid-polyester ratios of 6:4 and 6.5:3.5) had a 2,348 MPa maximum tensile strength and a 1.8% maximum elongation. The filler that contained the nano-composite material and adhesive had a 4 MPa maximum tensile shear adhesive strength. In addition, the nano-composite filler was 30% lighter than the normal portland cement
A empirical study on the Employee's Workplace Satisfaction for Insurance Claim adjusting company
Kim, Jaetae ; Yoo, kyungjin ; Choi, Youngjin ; Kim, Jongwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 245~252
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.245
Employee's workplace satisfaction of claim adjusting company, who assesses the loss of catastrophe, have a direct influence on the loss evaluation job. Eventually their satisfaction would affect the compensation satisfaction of victims, therefore it is one of important factors for victims's compensation satisfaction. This paper analyzes empirically the determinants of employee's satisfaction to their firm for a claim adjusting company. As a result of the empirical research, it is found that the statistically significant determinant are the psychological factor, the organizational factor, and the individual factor. Among the significant factors, the psychological factor has the biggest positive factor. And the organizational factor and the individual factor is next with similar positive measurement. But the cognitive factor is not statistically significant. A claim adjusting company may use the research result for the improvement of employee's workplace satisfaction.
A Study on the Allowable Crack Width of RC Beam with Corrosive Environment
Kim, Dongbaek ; Kwon, Soondong ; An, Kwanghee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 253~261
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.253
Deterioration of reinforced concrete structures in corrosive environment is tend to be accelerated due to ingress of aggressive ion such as chloride ion. Chloride-induced corrosion is affected by various factors such as cover concrete qualities, width of existing cracks, and cover depth of concrete. However, the allowable crack width of RC structure in design code does not consider the concrete material properties and conditions of construction except the cover depth. In this paper, an equation for allowable crack width is proposed to consider the cover concrete quality, crack width, and cover depth. Crack width, cover depth, and water-cement ratio of concrete are selected as influencing factors on corrosion of reinforcement for rapid chloride tests. From test results, the relationships between the factors and corrosion are derived. Finally, the equation for allowable crack width is derived in terms of concrete compressive strength and cover depth. The presented equation is verified by comparative calculations with design code variables.
Security Improvement Plan for Nationwide Key Energy Facilities
Chung, Taehwang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 263~267
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.263
This study shows the result of the security assessment of the nationwide key energy facilities and suggests the ways of improving the security level. According to the study, most of the energy facilities are adequately equipped with physical security factors such as security personnel, security systems, fences, and guard posts, but lack of awareness is pervasive among those concerned, so the security operation is inefficient. In other words, inefficient deployment of security personnel, lack of the fundamental knowledge of the security systems, excessive dependence on surveillance cameras' functions such as Pan/Tilt/Zoom, misplaced cameras, low efficiency of monitoring, and irrelevant security plans. To solve these problems, above all, the authority concerned need to develop professional training programs to secure certified security mangers, and need to standardize security process to ensure consistency and to harness the standardization as a source of self assessment to improve security level.
A Service Platform Development on the GIS-based Analysis and Management of the Fire-fighting Vulnerable Areas
Song, Wanyoung ; Cho, Kwanghyun ; Cho, Myeongheum ; Kim, Seonggon ; Kim, Sungjae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 269~278
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.269
Developed a service platform technology for automated that analyze the fire-fighting vulnerable area and equipped a map online. As a result, it is possible to provide the information necessary for the vulnerable area of the fire-fighting activity online. If progress on the study of the utilized service, it is possible to reduce the Golden Time of the fire fighting field. In this study, Confirmed the technical viability satisfactory to the management and service expansion improvements to fire-fighting vulnerable area.
A Study on the Awareness of Foreigners in the Country for the Occurrence of Disasters
Koo, Wonhoi ; Park, Jinchan ; Baek, Minho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 279~286
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.279
In this study, the current status of foreigners living in the country was examined and the problems and demands regarding the occurrence of disasters from various nationalities who are actually living in the country were investigated. The result showed that it would be necessary to secure various channels for them to receive information regarding the disaster and safety service and provide information they want continuously with great interest. Also, it would be necessary to prepare institutional measures to solve the language barrier and difficulties in the way of reporting at the national level.
A study of the Domestic Trend in the law and institutions of International Standard Disaster Management -Focusing on ISO/TC 292-
Yun, Junyoung ; Min, Geumyoung ; Jung, Dukhoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 287~296
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.2.287
In this study, international standards in disaster management and the management of the relevant International Standards Organizations(ISO), in particular ISO / TC 292 (Security- Safety) research subcommittee to look at international standards of relevant international standards for disaster management trends, each international domestic law related to the standard were researched. National Disaster Management Authority as a Ministry of Public Safety and Security (formerly the National Emergency Management Agency) has continued to prepare a plan for applying national disaster management relevant to the international standards. As the disaster management international standard continues to be established, disaster management agencies need to continue to keep pace with the international community to find ways to introduce international standards.