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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Numerical Analysis of Infiltration in Permeable Pavement System considering Unsaturated Characteristics
Kim, Seungbae ; Ahn, Jaehun ; Teodosio, Bertrand ; Shin, Hyunjun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 318~328
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.318
Effective urban flood reduction and restoration of natural water cycle at present include the application of permeable pavements. The application of permeable pavement addresses urban water cycle and disaster related events which gained attention internationally. However, few researches have been conducted to investigate unsaturated behavior and evaluate the water characteristics curves of these type of pavement materials most especially in the unsaturated state. In this study, first the saturated permeability and the soil-water characteristics curve of a pervious concrete are evaluated based on laboratory tests, and, based on experimental results, the infiltration of permeable pavement system is numerically modelled. In the soil-water characteristics curve of a pervious concrete, the volumetric water content drops very steeply after the air entry value with increasing matric suction. From the finite element analyses, the performance of the permeable pavement when compared to impermeable pavement, confirmed that the whole system effectively delayed and reduced runoff.
Strength Characteristics of Mortar with Diatomite Powder as an Admixture
Choi, Jaejin ; Park, Hongtae ; Kim, Jaewoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 329~336
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.329
When diatomite powder was used as an admixture in mortar, its effects on the mortar strength was examined by experimental tests. For the tests, 4 kinds of commercially available diatomite powder were purchased ; one non-calcined product, one calcined product, and flux-calcined product two. The compressive and flexural strength of the mortar according to the increase of added amount of calcined diatomite powder increased at all test ages(7, 28, and 56 days). However, the use of non-calcined diatomite powder worsened the fluidity of mortar severely and that caused much more required water content. And flux-calcined product did not show useful effect on the mortar strength.
Disaster Risk Analysis of Domestic Public Institutions 1 - Focusing on Simulation Training and An Attitude Survey -
Seo, Gwangduck ; Kim, Dongheon ; Choi, Yuncheul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 337~345
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.337
As the modern society becoms industry acceleration and urbanization, disaster and safetry education becoms important to educate and exercise the people for the disaster response and safety. This study suggests safety management method by simulation training and an attitude survey. The researchers of the study suggest as followers: First must be about strengthening eduation that accords to responsibility and part. The second need about manual build and simulation training for expansion disaster and crisis management. The last must be consideration to reconstitute of organization which of be not up to the disaster and crisis management.
A Study on the Evaluation and Improvement of Relief Goods by IPA analysis - Focus on the Flood Victims of Gyeonggi-Do -
Yoon, Sanghoon ; Lee, Seunghee ; Lee, Eunae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 346~355
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.346
The study is to understand the needs of flood victims of Korea through the analysis of relief goods, and to assess extent of support-service efficiencies. According to the analysis, both emergency relief kit and cooking relief kit are possibly labelled `the primary` and `the secondary necessaries` respectively. Here the former includes those items directly related with basic living condition for the victims while the latter does some of items for more convenience lifestyle. The results of the study would be substantial in the sense that they could provide some useful clues upon which improvement policies or programs associated with relief goods for flood victims are derived.
Disaster Risk Analysis of Domestic Public Institutions 2 - Focusing on Analysis of Risk Factors -
Seo, Gwang-Duck ; Kim, Dong-Heon ; Choi, Yun-Cheul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 356~364
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.356
As the modern society becoms industry acceleration and urbanization. Disaster is noticed that loss of life and a huge property loss. In sprit of continuous experience misfortune that reality have nonhigh national consciousness. But government is on the brink of various disaster. Various disaster are becoming larger and larger through industrialization and abnormal climate. The researchers of the study suggest as followers: the selection of a key risk factors throuh vulnerability analysis and risk assessment of disaster. As well suggest as policy direction throuh plan of personalized safety management.
The Research on the Influence of the Mobbing by Forming on Alienation in Job Attitude of the Private Security Guards and Control of Self-esteem : focused on Seoul-Kyunggi area
Kim, Yonghak ; Park, Seungbyeol ; Kim, Taebock ; Kim, Hyunmi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 365~375
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.365
This study is significant in the sense that it minimize the negative effect of workplace bullying, ultimately it maximize organizational performance and keep private security guards physical and mental health. We tested the hypothesis that workplace bullying negatively impacts private security guard`s office attitude, but there will be significant difference in influence with their level of self-esteem scale. First of all, as the result of the correlation analysis of each of variables, a positive correlation was found between self-esteem and job satisfaction but negative correlation between self-esteem they have, the more job satisfaction they get, the lower turnover intention they have. Second, we tried to find out how self-esteem affect them on their job satisfaction. Using regression analysis, we can see that job satisfaction is affected by age, workplace bullying, relational aggression and self-esteem. For example, job satisfaction is increased as they get old and self-esteem is improved, on the other hand, workplace bullying and relational aggression is decreased. Third, to find out how self-esteem affects their turnover intention, we did regression analysis. The result shows that turnover intention is affected by age, working period, workplace bulling, relational aggression and self-esteem. For example, turnover intention if higher as working period, workplace bullying, relational aggression is increased while age and self-esteem is decreased.
A Study of the stockpile and mobilization framework for the disaster management resources
Lee, Changyeol ; Kim, Taehwan ; Park, Giljoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 376~384
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.376
It needs a framework to minimizing the damage using the just-time just-resources strategy. But it is not easy to put `what kinds of resources`, `how many resources`, `from where institutions`, and `how much money for the reimbursement`. So most of the local government depends on the field manager. In this study, we analysed the conventional system and provides the efficient methodology to the stockpiling and mobilizing against to the disaster. The study does not provide the stockpile amount for the local governments, because the stockpile amounts must consider the local diverse situations.
Improvement Study abroad School Safety Analysis
Kim, Teahwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 385~392
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.385
In hosting outdoor activities and school trips, safety issues are gaining serious attention lately. In addition to Sewol ferry tragedy and an incident at Kyungjoo Mauna Resort, there have been grown problems related to this crucial factor. This research analyzes negligent accidents occurred from domestic and foreign schools and aims to provide effective safety education and policy through comparative analysis between domestic and foreign cases. We mainly relied on documents such as newspapers, internet articles and legal papers to investigate cases and cooperated with relevant government departments for collecting references and setting agenda for safety supervision. The analysis on both domestic and foreign cases revealed that students abroad receive opportunities for first-hand experience regarding safety and systematic education, as safety maintenance is prioritized. Based on this culture, safety education should be habituated domestically, while participatory safety programs that students can actively involve must also be devised. Moreover, through preparation of entertaining contents such as SNS game programs, skits and activities employing multiple facilities and vehicles at school safety education, we must induce students to actively participate in the program with interests.
A Preliminary Study on the Improvement of Safety Level from Disasters in Rural Area
Koo, Wonhoi ; Shin, Hojoon ; Baek, Minho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 393~399
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.393
In this study, the history of disaster occurrence in rural area was reviewed and damage characteristics were analyzed in order to improve the safety level according to the occurrence of disasters in non-urban area (rural area). Also, the concept of regional disaster prevention was adopted to rural area and the basic direction for establishing a disaster safe village in rural area was set. Due to the characteristics of rural area, the population and the number of households in the rural area were small, and the rural area showed lack of various disaster safety facilities and infrastructures and limitation in the access to the outside due to its geographical characteristics. Therefore, the matters regarding the direction for establishing and operating a regional disaster safe village reflecting humanities, facilities, infrastructures, and geographical and environmental characteristics were summarized.
A Study on the Planning of Civil Defense Shelter and Design 4 - Focusing on the Applicability of Existing Facility -
Park, Namkwun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 400~405
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.400
Operating system of CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and High-yield explosive)) weapon in North Korea has reached an internationally significant level. In preparation against the CBRNE weapon attack, the US is securing various forms of defense shelters and operating it based on classification by disaster characteristics. However, it is currently difficult to expect an efficient protective ability from South Korea due to the reckless designation of defense shelters without consideration of disaster characteristics. At this, this study examined the present condition of formerly used facilities, analyzed the characteristics of each facilities for the sorting of defense shelters that are possible of conversion into shelter against CBRNE weapon, and presented results and proposals gained through this study research.
Generation of Korean artificial earthquakes for Fragility curve
Nam, Youngyoon ; Lee, Jongheon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 406~412
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.406
Recently, frequent earthquakes can cause serious damage to the bridge. So newly constructed bridge is considered earthquake resistant design, and for the existing old bridge evaluation of damage state is needed. In this paper, replacement of US-artificial earthquakes which are used for the construction of fragility curve for evaluating damage state to Korean artificial earthquakes to meet the Korean specifications is studied. For the generation of artificial earthquakes, the fragility curves are constructed for the PGA, for the cases of having isolated bearing and not having that.
Analysis of Principle of Law of the Disaster of Rural Region in Korea Legislation
Park, Sungje ; Lee, YoungKune ; Ryu, Sisaeng ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 413~420
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.413
This study analyzes the current status of Korea`s legal system was a disaster in the rural region and to identify problems. There are many problems in rural region despite the specificity and uniqueness of the area significantly as compared to the city did not receive such consideration as to distinguish the area as part of the institutional election strategy. Through this study, we analyze the problem more effectively and to respond proactively to the disaster in the rural region. And it sought a solution to the problem and its legal system.
A Research on the On-Site Inspection to Establish Safety Village in Rural Areas
Koo, Wonhoi ; Shin, Hojoon ; Baek, Minho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 421~428
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.421
This study reviewed the occurrence and cases of disasters in the rural areas with an aim to establish safety village in rural areas. It also identified the occurrence of disasters and problems with on-site inspections of 6 villages which had suffered from disaster, and figured out people`s awareness of and requirements for disaster and safety in rural areas by conducting surveys on the awareness of the residents. The research concluded as follows: First, it is required to come up with the measures to increase the interest of the rural residents in disaster and safety. Second, it is required to develop customized content to improve the residents` awareness of disaster prevention through continued education and trainings. Third, it is required to have legal/institutional grounds for continuous budget support and maintaining the continuity of business. Fourth, it is required to equally establish the structural and non-structural measures to make safety village.
An analysis of Changes of International Terrorisms of IS
Oh, Seiyouen ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 429~435
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.429
This study analyzes the changes of international terrorisms which are caused by IS through literature investigation, statistics and case analysis, and gives an understanding about recent trend of the terrorisms and aggressive method. Moreover, this study is for presenting a basic standard about an effective counterplan of the terrorisms. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First of all, there is a change of terrorism that homegrown terrorism grows into wolf-pack terrorism. Second, the terrorists show psychological terror by expanding their targets and using brutal and indiscriminate terrorism attacks. Third, the terrorists use networks of internet and SNS as a resource and as a tool for publicity activities of their groups. Forth, the terrorists have form of global organization through ties of other terrorists like middle-east or Africa.
Development of a Flood Loss Estimation Tool within GIS software
Yu, Soonyoung ; Lee, Sunju ; Kim, Sungwook ; Choi, Eunkyeong ; Lee, Kilha ; Choi, Bonghyuck ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 11, issue 3, 2015, Pages 436~445
DOI : 10.15683/kosdi.2015.11.3.436
A flood loss estimation toolbox was developed within GIS software. This toolbox is for anyone who is interested in the flood loss estimation, and uses data accessible to public. In particular, the loss estimation framework in the toolbox is distinct in that the inventory items are individually dealt with. The toolbox was applied to estimate the economic loss from a levee failure event in 2002. The estimated loss was a little larger than the reported value. The difference is probably due to the asset values and the damage functions for each inventory item, which have to be updated.