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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Disaster Information
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
Selecting the target year
Perspective on Bioterrorism in the United States
Kang, Young-Gil ; Kwon, Jeong-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 10~27
The fear briefly became reality in the U.S. after 9/11 , as man-made anthrax spores were found in letters and in east coast post offices on a number of occasions. Anthrax attacks must be related to the terrorist attacks of September 11. These two accidents changed the situation completely. Characteristics are summarized as belows. First, it is necessary for all countries to create each own appropriate countermeasures against bioterrorism. In addition, it is urgent to consider countermeasures focusing on bioterror characteristics that terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several hours to several days. Otherwise, those attacks will also show the panic and very real danger posed by the release of such toxins on an unsuspecting public. Second, it is crucial to manage the result thoroughly. A biological weapon is useful to a terrorist group mainly as a method of creating mass panic and disruption to a society. Because it is not easy to predict and collect information about how terrorists utilize pathogenic microbe as well as terror measures in their activities, more realistic approach should be taken to reduce damage. Third, to expand investment in research and development is necessary. Considering advances in microbiology and genetic engineering lately, it is likely that new pathogenic microbe would be created by the enemy. For that matter, it is imperative that medical countermeasures should be devised.
Statistical Analysis on Lateral Wheel Path Distributions of 2nd and 3rd Traffic Lanes
Kim, Nak-seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 30~44
Asphalt concrete pavements are often destroyed within the intended design life due to the increasement in traffic volume. The most common types of asphalt concrete pavement damages are permanent deformation and fatigue cracking, and so on. In this research, characteristics of traffic loadings and lateral wheel path distributions are analyzed using the field survey on traffic flow. The obtained traffic characteristics can be used to the decision making for the maintenance policy of roads. According to the traffic lane analysis for the 2nd and 3rd lanes, inner lane vehicles tended to pass to the right side to avoid the opposite side vehicles. In addition, the outside lane vehicles were deviated to the left side to avoid passengers. It is also noted that the lateral wheel path distributions was close to the normal distribution.
Against the Effect of Performance Duty Practicing in Psychological Factors of Security Guard
Song, Sang-Wook ; Roh, Jung-Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 48~62
Bodyguards always perform their duty with psychological burdens in their mind, not only because security situations are developed in various forms dependent on the surrounding environments or circumstances, but because bodyguards only take follow-up actions while the criminal decides time , place, and style of every attack. Thus, in the security situation, it is not uncommon for bodyguards to experience muscle rigidity , uncontrollable emotional elevation, difficulty in concentration, negative perception, frustration and enervation, which are caused by continuous physical/mental burdens, stimulations by various interpersonal behaviors or minute environmental stimulants. In conclusion, the result of performing security duties is related in the first place with the degree of the bodyguard's potential, in the second place with the degree of training and efficiency. And the result can also be changed by the way they control their negative psychological state of the moment when they carry out the skills they acquired. Maximizing the performance of the bodyguards by helping them overcome these psychological factors may be facilitated by detecting their psychological factors , understanding the causes, and training them in applying appropriate measures for overcoming these factors. When these measures are applied, the positive perception is indispensable that duties of protecting clients can be carried out successfully. No single measure can be declared to be more effective than the other because the effect of each measure is expressed differently by the individual characteristics of the bodyguards. However, it is important to select and apply the measures most appropriate to the bodyguard. Besides, they should devote themselves to the training with persistence because efficient implement of the measures for overcoming psychological factors takes a lot of time.
Establishment of Performance Based Design Standardization of Fire Protection Systems for High - Rise Buildings
Son, Bong-Sei ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 66~74
As building heights increase, so do these challenges in Korea. High-rise buildings present a variety of challenges to fire safety and protection. The fire protection technology in our country is still on a weak situation which is mainly due to the lack of concerns by the government, companies and citizen. This paper provides general guidance regarding fire-related property protection system for high-rise building performance based design. The importance of high-rise building in of the number of occupants, the value of property, and the a catastrophic loss would have on the community all warrant an increased level of protection and life safety. Because, We have to prepare a new spacial code and standard guidance for fire protection at the stage of the high-rise building design.
Contrast Analysis for CBRN attacks on educational research and best practices
Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Park, Dae-Woo ; Hong, Eun-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 78~100
This study is to protect peoples' life, minimize the property damage by coping with threats quickly and take more preventive measures in advance against nuclear bomb, CBR, and potential explosive. For this, CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive) program research was used. Thanks to advance in technology, terrorist groups and even individuals make or keep nuclear and CBR weapons. And also it's likely that disaster and threats from a toxic gas, acute pathogens, accidents in the nuclear power plants and a high explosive could be happened a lot. Recently more organized terrorist groups maintain random attacks for unspecified individuals and also it's highly likely that a large-scale terrorist attack by WMD and CBRNEwill be done. To take strict measures against CBRNE attacks by terrorists is on the rise as an urgent national task. Moreover biological weapons are relatively easy and inexpensive to obtain or produce and cause mass casualties with a small amount. For this reason, more than 25 countries have already possessed them. In the 21 st century, the international safety environment marks the age of complicated threats transnational threats such as comprehensive security and terror, organized crime, drug smuggling, illegal trade of weapons of mass destruction, and environmental disruption along with traditional security threats. These cause military threats, terror threats, and CBRNE threats in our daily life to grow. Therefore it needs to come up with measures in such areas as research development, policy, training program. Major industrial nations on CBRNE like USA, Canada, Switzerland, and Israel have implemented various educational programs. These researches could be utilized as basic materials for drawing up plans for civil defense, emergency services and worldwide countermeasures against CBRNE.
A Study of Job Involvement and oranization Commitment on Job Form of Security Guard
Yang, Dok-Yeol ; Lee, Hyun-Hee ; Park, Jun-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 104~119
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of job involvement and organization commitment on job form of security guard. The total 260 subjects are composed of 50 women and 210 men who work at security company for security guards in Seoul and Gyonggi province. First, according to the populational and social character, job involvement was higher in women security guards than men, higher in 'above 41' for age, higher in 'university' for educational level, and higher in '300-400' for incomes. Second, according to the populational and social character, organization commitment was higher in men security guards than women, higher in 'above 41 ' for age, higher in 'graduate school of university' for educational level, and higher in '300-400' for incomes. Third, according to the form of the job, the job involvement was higher in 'under 10' for their career, higher in 'manager' for their responsibilities of work, higher in 'afternoon working' for the time schedules, and higher in 'field service' for the kind of working. Fourth, according to the form of the job, the organization commitment was higher in 'under 10' for their career and higher in 'field service' for the kind of working. However, there was no difference between the responsibilities of work and the time schedules. Fifth, it increases the organization, when the job involvement of the security guards such as work attachment, active performance, and the pursuit of job achievement.
A study of the disaster management model based on USN
Lee, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Tae-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 122~139
USN Middleware plays roles of broker between sensors and applications. It collects sensor data, decides the situation and sends the result to the applications. It is not good to decide the situation from one sensor data, because it may error data or reflect small part of all. In this paper, we propose the disaster management model based on the concept 'group' and 'semantic information' from the sensing data. Group is the primary unit to decide the situation. It consists of several sensors which were installed in the same place and had the same pre-defined condition to act. For example, all fire sensors in the room simultaneously trigger the ring when the same pre-defined temperature is recorded. Then, the all fire sensors are included to the same one sensor group. All operations of the intelligent USN middleware are based on the 'group' unit. Disaster information is the result of the interpretation of the sensing data. based on the 'group', the disaster meaning is processed.
민간경호원의 근무 자세에 관한 - 선자세로 인한 요통의 예방과 관리를 중심으로 -
Song, Sang-Wook ; Roh, Jung-Gu ; Lee, Sang-Bin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 5, issue 1, 2009, Pages 142~158
The increasing number of crimes in rapidly changing modern society is enhancing people's desire for safety. As of 2008, 2,900 private security businesses with 133,000 employees operated in the private security industry which emerged in response to growing demands from society and people. Of the employees, bodyguards (hereinafter referred to as "private security guard") accounted for about 10% or 13,000. Most private security guards were suffering from various occupational diseases. Especially as they needed to guard their clients many hours a day and worked in a standing position for a long time, private security guards often complained of low back pain. Under the pain, they were hardly expected to perform their tasks efficiently. There are several causes of low back pain. The most prevalent cause is muscle weakness and imbalance around low back. Especially because private security work often requires security guards to maintain a standing position for a long time, many of them are suffering from low back pain. This study pursued the following purposes. First, it tried to identify the pathogenesis of low back pain caused by muscle weakness and imbalance around low back. Second, it tried to provide private security guards, who can hardly have personal time at work, with an easy method to prevent and manage low back pain any time by researching an effective therapy for low back pain caused by muscle weakness and imbalance around low back.