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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Disaster Information
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
The Comparative Study on the Perception of Business Activities about Disaster Preparedness between Korea and Japan
Kwon, YungTaek ; Yoon, MyungO ; Choi, HeeCheon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 383~391
This study surveyed the perception differences of business activities about disaster preparedness between Korea and Japan's companies. In Korea, the perception of disaster risk, existence of disaster plan, emergency support to staffs, and support willingness to local society are much lower than Japan's responses. But, Korean companies' planning rate about staffs' refuge and their returning to companies are higher than Japans'. The reason is seemed to be resulted from Korean 'civil defense' codes that define the composition of 'civil defense corps'. Japan has very highly specific guidelines and has continuous improvements about disaster preparedness plan. It seemed that these differences are resulted form the difference of both governments' perception about importance of business part in disaster preparedness.
Test on the strengthening effects and behavior of Roll beam with Stiffened carbon-plate
Sung, IkHyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 392~399
The use of advanced composite materials in strengthening and repair of existing structures is increasing rapidly. One specific area in which the technique has been introduced lately is the strengthening of metallic structures with bonded carbon-fibre laminates. In this paper, the behaviors of composite steel-CFRP members is studied experimentally. A new type of test specimen has been developed for this purpose. By examining different combination of CFRP-laminates and adhesives, different types of fracture mode could be examined. The tested composite elements also displayed different behavior and a large difference in strength and ductility could be observed.
Experimental and Analytical studies on Failure Behavior of Stud Shear Connectors in CFT Structures
Lee, Sangyoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 400~412
For the composite behavior of steel tube and inner concrete, the shear connectors should be applied to the CFT structures. However, the present design codes don't provide the design criteria that can be applied on shear connectors in the CFT structures typically filled with plain concrete. This study has been carried out to propose design criteria (shear strength and resistance factor) for the stud shear connectors in CFT structures. Experimental tests using the push-out specimens with the plain concrete blocks and finite element analysis were conducted for the purpose of verifying the main failure mode to propose the shear strength of studs in CFT structures. From the results of this study, the main failure mode of studs in CFT structures is splitting crack of concrete and this failure mode reduces shear strength of studs in CFT structures relatively to those embedded in RC blocks.
Performance Analysis and Improvement of National Fire Safety Code elements of Sprinkler System
Oh, Taekhum ; Lee, Jungil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 413~422
This study evaluated the fire safety code elements through analyze the loss of life when the fire occurred in the facility sprinklers installed evaluated. And through comparison with national fire safety code elements and standards of NFPA 13 in the United States, Was looking for ways to improve for Life and property damage. In the United States, in some cases, if you do not install the sprinkler are installed as per the fire death rate compared to 83 % lower. By contrast, If the domestic rate of 280 % fatalities were 3.37 times than the United States. This lack of fire performance were analyzed uniform occupancy classification, the amount of source of water supply, live not consider the density according to the standard number and the horizontal distance that causes the installation of sprinkler facilities were analyzed.
A Countermeasure to Terrorism of Japanese Governmental Organization and Implication to Korea
Kwon, JeongHoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 423~428
This study aims at countering terror. So, this study explores an implication to Korea through the countermeasure of Japanese organizational direction to countermeasure. As a result, first, some countermeasures on IED need to be sought. Second, a chance of domestic terrorism growing should be checked. Third, safety of major facilities needs to be saught. Finally, Public Service System on Education and Information for Counterterrorism must be built.
A study on the Comparison of High-rise building Egress Safety Rule in Countries for improvement of High-rise evacuation safety design criteria
Hwang, EunKyung ; Park, SuRoh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 429~438
In this study, compare and analyze for high-rise evacuation safety design criteria improvement about internal high-rise building egress safety rule. To the result, high-rise evacuation safety design criteria improvement data can be summarized as follows. First, should compute the evacuation capacity about the number of persons and when more than 2 exits are requested, over 50% of evacuation capacity must be satisfied even approaching to 1 exit is unable. Second, 2 ways of evacuation can be made smoothly by the stair or exit separation-distance standard regulation. Third, regulate the length limitation of dead-end corridor or passageway and it should give grades in limitation of whether the spring-cooler has been installed. Fourth, must secure the evacuation way and do the evacuee guidance when it's safety area and elevator or stair. Also needs to provide extra safety area to secure horizontal direction Escape Safety except fire escaping floor.
A Review of 'Continuous Harassment' Provisions under Misdemeanor Punishment Act for Stalking Control
Kim, CheongHa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 439~448
The Amendment of Misdemeanor Punishment Act which has been enforced since March 22, 2013 contains Section 3. 1. 41 (titled "Continuous Harassment") which provides that stalking is one's act of "attempt to continuously approach other person or persons against the latter's express intent and thereby demand interviews or associations to them, or commit behaviors such as monitoring, following (shadowing) and ambush over and over again." In South Korea, any wrongdoer who does such act of stalking shall be fined 80,000 Korean won under the Enforcement Decree of Misdemeanor Punishment Act. However, in view of the seriousness of ever-diversified and skillful stalking crimes, we have a question of whether the application of current Misdemeanor Punishment Act would be effective in reality.In order to get over current limitations of Misdemeanor Punishment Act as a part of direct regulatory control over stalking crimes and more properly cope with stalking crimes, this study give the following suggestions.
Study on the Consequence Effect Analysis & Process Hazard Review at Gas Release from Hydrogen Fluoride Storage Tank
Ko, JaeSun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 449~461
As the hydrofluoric acid leak in Gumi-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do or hydrochloric acid leak in Ulsan, Gyeongsangnam-do demonstrated, chemical related accidents are mostly caused by large amounts of volatile toxic substances leaking due to the damages of storage tank or pipe lines of transporter. Safety assessment is the most important concern because such toxic material accidents cause human and material damages to the environment and atmosphere of the surrounding area. Therefore, in this study, a hydrofluoric acid leaked from a storage tank was selected as the study example to simulate the leaked substance diffusing into the atmosphere and result analysis was performed through the numerical Analysis and diffusion simulation of ALOHA(Areal Location of Hazardous Atmospheres). the results of a qualitative evaluation of HAZOP (Hazard Operability)was looked at to find that the flange leak, operation delay due to leakage of the valve and the hose, and toxic gas leak were danger factors. Possibility of fire from temperature, pressure and corrosion, nitrogen supply overpressure and toxic leak from internal corrosion of tank or pipe joints were also found to be high. ALOHA resulting effects were a little different depending on the input data of Dense Gas Model, however, the wind direction and speed, rather than atmospheric stability, played bigger role. Higher wind speed affected the diffusion of contaminant. In term of the diffusion concentration, both liquid and gas leaks resulted in almost the same
and ALOHA AEGL-3(Acute Exposure Guidline Level) values. Each scenarios showed almost identical results in ALOHA model. Therefore, a buffer distance of toxic gas can be determined by comparing the numerical analysis and the diffusion concentration to the IDLH(Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health). Such study will help perform the risk assessment of toxic leak more efficiently and be utilized in establishing community emergency response system properly.
Eco-Moving Wall for a Preventing Floods using Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite
Yun, Youngman ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 462~468
Walls for preventing floods using overturning or buoyancy method have been developed as replacement construction for preventing floods in and outside country. However, as they have some problems with pre-inspection and maintenance control, Eco-moving wall structure for preventing floods was studied and first developed using Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite which has not only light weight but outstanding strength. The developed wall structure for preventing floods offering structural stability and field applicability through numerical analysis was confirmed to reduce construction expenses by around 87~95% and secure waterproof property with the inside of the wall installed rubber water stopper.
Compressive Strength and Resistance to Freezing and Thawing of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Containing Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag
Bae, Suho ; Jeon, Juntai ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 469~475
The purpose of this experimental research is to estimate compressive strength and resistance to freezing and thawing of recycled aggregate concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag. For this purpose, concrete specimens according to substitution ratio of recycled aggregate were made for different replacement ratio of ground granulated blast furnace slag(GGBFS), and then compressive strength and resistance to freezing and thawing were evaluated for those. It was observed from the test results that compressive strength at 28 days of recycled aggregate concrete containing GGBFS of 20% was much more excellent than plain concrete and when air content of concrete was maintained 4 to 6%, influence of substitution ratio of recycled aggregate and replacement ratio of GGBFS on resistance to freezing and thawing was little up to 300 cycles of freezing and thawing.
A Study on Fatigue Characteristics and Economic Analysis of Discharged Nylon Fiber-Reinforced Asphalt Concrete
Baek, Ingyu ; Park, Kisun ; Kim, Nakseok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 476~483
In this study, discharged nylon fibers were added to asphalt concretes to be compared with fatigue life and analyzed in economic point of view. A four point bending fatigue test was conducted, and as a result, nylon fiber reinforced asphalt concretes that showed a 10percent increase in fatigue life compared to ordinary asphalt concrete. The economic analysis confirmed that the maintenance cost was decreased by 540 million won throughout the analyzing period. It is thought discharged nylon fiber reinforced asphalt will cause more economic and social effects than was shown by life cycle cost analysis.
A Study on Development Plan of Design and Operation for Education Training of Disaster & Safety Field Workers with the Amendment of Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety
Nam, Sangwhun ; Park, HaeJung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 484~492
The purpose of this study is to propose development plan for systematic design and management of disaster and safety education curriculum in accordance with the revision of Framework act on the management of disasters and safety. The curriculum is intended for current disaster management professionals. Prior to analysis, disaster and safety professionals were classified into three categories: disaster practitioner, disaster manager, and disaster higher manager. And based on 24 disaster safety functions and 13 disaster management competence items, priorities of their task ability were derived. Considering practical effect of disaster and safety education, the course curriculum is divided to target groups of disaster practitioner, disaster manager, and disaster higher manager. Disaster management education curriculum and its design are based on the results of disaster prevention education contents development planning to reflect the elements of advanced disaster management education and to consider brand making of the curriculum and operation pattern.
Drying Shrinkage and Durability of Concrete Using Fine River Sand
Bae, Suho ; Jeon, Juntai ; Kwon, Soonoh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 493~502
The purpose of this research is to estimate the drying shrinkage and durability of concrete using the fine river sand to utilize it actively as an alternative aggregate for concrete. For this purpose, the fine river sand samples were collected at the mid and down stream of main stream of Nakdong-River, and then the concrete specimens using the fine river sand were made according to strength level. After obtaining relation equation between compressive strength and cement-water ratio from the mix experiment result, the concrete specimens using different fine river sand were made for the specified concrete strength of 35MPa, and then their drying shrinkage and durability such as the resistance to freeze and thaw and carbonation were evaluated. It was observed from the test result that the durability of concrete using fine river sand was similar to that of concrete using reference sand, but the drying shrinkage of concrete using the fine river sand with small fineness was comparatively larger than that of concrete using reference sand.
A Study on The Awareness of Standard Operating Procedure For The Preparation in Landslide
Koo, WonHoi ; Shin, HoJoon ; Woo, ChoongShik ; Baek, MinHo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 503~510
Recently, localized heavy rain is increased by climatic changes and landslide is increased. Also, because of landslide occurred in urban area, life and property damages are increased. Therefore, standard operation procedure of disasters should be established by steps and institutions so as to respond landslide. This thesis investigated application of current disaster manual so as to write SOP of landslide for disaster prevention related experts and accepted opinion for responding necessaries by using landslide SOP and important matters by step of disaster management. As the result of investigation, application of manual was low during the current response to disasters and application was the highest in responding step among the steps of disaster management. In case of landslide, they responded that response with SOP is necessary. During the organization of landslide SOP, they responded that training and education for landslide disaster are important at the step of prevention, conduction of landslide disaster broadcasting and provision of information are important at the step of preparation, guidance for evasion and behavior methods is important at the step of response and investigation of landslide disaster damages and reflection of record and evaluation are important at the step of recovery. In addition, for the requests for landslide SOP application, there was an importance of secondary factors such as expansion of professional manpower, strengthening of law and institution, education and training for SOP acquisition, etc.
Development of the Disaster Nursing Competency Scale for Nursing students
Lee, YeongRan ; Lee, MyungHa ; Park, SookKyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 511~520
The purpose of this study was to develop a disaster nursing competency scale for nursing students. 23 preliminary items were selected by classifying 44 disaster nursing core concepts extracted via literature review. Content validity was done by expert panel. In order to verify the reliability and validity of the preliminary instrument, data were collected from 270 nursing students in 2 colleges of nursing in Korea. One factor 11 items in disaster nursing skills and one factor 11 items in disaster nursing knowledges were extracted by factor analysis. This instrument may be useful to identity a disaster nursing competency and its related factors for nursing students.
A Study on the Design of Emergency Response Scenario Using Temporary Residential Housing System of Disaster
Ham, Eun-Gu ; Koh, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Disaster Information, volume 9, issue 4, 2013, Pages 521~531
Temporary residence in disaster scenarios emergency response system designed for utilizing emergency incident types identified through the rapid emergency response procedures and proper application of the resulting accident is very important in order to minimize the damage. In this study, emergency disaster expected to analyze the potential for accidents, the possible accident scenarios emergency disaster preparedness These were derived on the basis of temporary residence in the emergency scenario, the scenario for the emergency response and recovery measures were derived. In addition, each event of an emergency response scenario to be taken during the emergency response requirements for emergency response to a step-by-step behavior was defined by the subject. In addition, subject-specific, step-by-step emergency disaster scenarios emergency response is quick and can be done in a comprehensive foundation was laid.