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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Heavy Metal Elements in Slime Dump from Dukum Mines, Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 91~100
It has been more than ten years since Dukun mine was abandoned. Tailings of waste deposits and slime dumps in the abandoned Dukum mine have been left to be deserted for fifty years. The results of fifty years of neglecting are nothing short of major environmental problems. Slime dumps have been exposed to air and water in the mine over ten years and then soil profile has been formed well. Soil in the upper layer (A horizon) is the light gray color due to the leaching of cations. Soil in the lower layer (A2 horizon, 0.2∼0.3m)is tinted with reddish brown and yellowish brown color due to the development of iron oxides and iron hydroxides. Soil in the lower part of B horizon of (1.0∼3.0m) with the growth of copper and zinc oxides exposes to the bluish green, light blue, and dark gray. Ranging from 3m to 8m in depth, 85 samples were taken from 22 sampling sites with 50m intervals located on the slime dump area with hand auger and trench (open cut). As tailings was distributed, heavy metal elements extracted by the process of surface water and ground water move and disperse in to the hydrosphere. Waste dumps were distributed in and around the mine and water draining from those dumps be a potential source of contamination. Soils, thus, can be dispersed into downslope and downstream through wind and water by clastic movement. These materials may be deposited in another horizon if the water is withdrawn, or if the materials are precipitated as a result of differences in pH, or other conditions in deeper horizons. These were primarily associated with acid mine drainage. The characteristics and rate of release of acid mine drainage are influenced by various chemical and biological reactions at the source of acid generations. Prolonged extration of heavy metal elements has a detrimental effect on the agricultural land and residental area. Twenty soil samples were collected from the agricultural land in the area (0∼30 cm). Seventeen samples were also taken from the sediment in the stream running alongside the dumps. The dispersion patterns of heavy metal elements are as follows: The content of As ranged 2∼6 ppm in a horizon, 20∼125 ppm in B horizon with large amount of clay mineral is concentrated and the content of Cd ranged 1∼2 ppm in A horizon, 4∼22 ppm in B horizon. Like Cd, the content of As, Cu, Zn, Pb in B horizon is higher than that in A horizon (approximately 5∼100 times). When soil formation proceeds in stages, it is necessary to investicate the B horizon with the concentration of heavy metal and preventive measures will have to established.
A Study on the Crustal Structure Between Pohang, Kongju and Manripo by Gravity Method
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 101~109
The gravity measurement has been carried out to study the deep geologic structure at 331 gravity stations with an interval of 1∼1.5 km along the national road which crosses the southern part of the Korean peninsula from Pohang to Manripo. The Bouguer gravity anomalies were obtained from the observed gravity values, and interpreted by means of upward continuation using FFT (Fast Fourier Transform), Fourier-series method and nonlinear 2-D inversion method to determine the depths of Conrad and Moho discontinuities. The linear regression relations between elevations and gravity anomalies were also obtained to test isostasy in the study area. The depth of Conrad discontinuty is 13km between Pohang and Daegu, 16.5 km between Kimchon and Okchon, 9.7 km between Okchon and Daejeon, and 16.3 km near Manripo. The depth of Moho discontinuty is 32km between Pohang and Daegu, 35 km between Kimchon and Okchon, 28.7 km between Okchon and Daejeon, 40.5 km between Daejeon and Kongju, and 34.5 km between Kongju and Manripo. The result of testing isotasy indicates that the crust of this area seems to be not in perfect isostatic equilibrium but in a little undercompensated sate.
Wavenumber Correlation Analysis of Statellite Geopotential Anomalies
Kim, Jeong-Woo ; Kim, Won-Kyun ; Kim, Hye-Yun ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~116
Indentifying anomaly correlations between data sets is the basis for rationalizig geopotential interpretation and theory. A procedure is presented that constitutes an effective process for identifying correlative features between the two or more geopotential data sets. Anomaly features that show direct, inverse, or no correlations between the data may be separated by applying filters in the frequency domains of the data sets. The correlation filter passes or rejects wavenumbers between co-registered data sets based on the correlation coefficient between common wavenumbers as given by the cosine of their phase difference. This study includes an example of Magsat magnetic anomaly profile that illustrates the usefulness of the procedure for extracting correlative features between the data sets.
Regional Evaluation of Slope Stability by Using GIS and Geostatistics Around the Southern Area of Chungju Lake
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 117~128
Regional evaluations of slope stability by the failure criterion and by environmental geological factors were conducted. The failure criterion is the general conditions for plane failure which consider the geometrical conditions between geological discontinuities and topographical slope planes. The factor focused in this condiction is dip and dip direction. Geostatics, named semivariogram was used for establishing structural domains in slope stability evaluation by the failure criterion. The influential range was calculated to 6 km in the case of dip direction of dominant joint set and 7 km in the case of dip of the same dominant joint set. Then applying this failure criterion to the study area produced a slope stability map using the established domains and slopes generated by TIN module of ARC/INFO GIS. This study considered another regional slope stability analysis. 5 failure-driven factors 9the unstable slope map, geology, engineering soil, groundwater, and lineament density) were selected and used as data coverages for regional slope stability evaluation by geoenvironmental factors. These factors were weighted and overlayed in GIS. From the graph of cumulatave area (%) and instability index, finding critical points classified the instability indices. The most unstable slopes are located in the southern area of Mt. Eorae, Dabul-ri, and the eastern area of Junkok-ri in the first area is plane failure. Also, the expected orientations of failure are 59/338 and 86/090 (dip/dip direction).
A Study on the Creation of Slope Instability Map Using Geographic Information Systems.
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 129~138
The various types of geohazards like landslides resulted from civil construction (i.e. highway construction) must of analysed considering all the possible influential factor systematically. Thus, by using GIS, slope stability can be evaluated, and it can be used as a data for further detailed investigation. So the aim of this study is to present a data for decision making in selecting suitable point for remediation. For analysing slope instability, through appropriate definition and classification, landslide mechanism must be understood. In building GIS model, the selection of appropriate factors and their rating system should be made. For this, the characteristics and the mechanism of landslide have to be understood. And suitable coverage should be chosen for the model considering the slope conditions. In this study, field investigation in lst and 2nd Section, Chung-ang highway was carried out. From the field data, GIS model on slope instability was created. 5 coverages were used for it. From the result of this study, 12 unstable sections were found out and more detailed investigation is needed there.
A Study on Development of a Liner Manufactured by Mine Wastes and Polymer
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 139~146
Development of an effective liner by utilization of the tailings frm the Imcheon mine and polymer has been tried. The tailings piled in the Imcheon mine, whose true specific gravity is about 2.86, are composed mainly of quartz, alkali-feldspar, muscovite and pyrite, and mostly (93.7% in volume) coarser than sand grain size (50
). Strength, leaching and permeability tests have been performed on the test specimens of polymer concrete manufactured with various mixing proportions of tailings, unsaturated polyester resins(UPR), calcium carbonates, stone powder sludges and granite soils. Polymer concrete specimens with stone powder sludges or granite soils as fillers and aggregates indicate 2.5 to 3 fold higher flexural and compressive strengths and lower permeabilities than those with calcium carbonates, which shows their usability as a waterproof liner. Also, the polymer concrete liner with stone powder sludge fillers is more advisable in aspects of utilization of waste sludges than that with other fillers.
Spatial Compositional Variations and their Origins in the Buseok Pluton, Yeongju Batholith
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 147~163
The Buseok pluton in the Yeongju Batholith is a comagmatic plutonic rocks which haveconcentrically compositional zoning. The lithofacies of the Buseok pluton comprise hornblende biotite tonalite in the southern part of the pluton, porphyritic and equigranular biotite granodiorite in the northern part and biotite granite in the north-central part. The compositional variations change gradually with continuity both within and between the lithofacies. The concentrically zoned pattern is relatively mafic rocks composed of high-temperature mineral assemblages in margin of the southern part, passing inward and northward gradually to more felsic rock in core of the north-central part. Changes in the textures and microstructures, as well as in the mineral content, take place between rock types of the plutons. Darker colored, generally coarse-grained, well foliated tonalite pass inward to light colored, coarse-grained, poorly foliated granodiorite, and finally give way to lighter colored, medium-grained, nearly nonfoliated granite. The foliation are best developed in the marginal part of the tonalite. Here, the regional myolitic foliation in the tonalite is steep northward and parallels to its southeastern contact with the country rock, but the magmatic foliation from disc-shaped mafic microgranitoid enclaves is subvertical and parallels the contacts with the country rock. As the tonalite approaches biotite granite in composition, the foliation is indistinct. Modal and chemical data for the pluton show quantitative compositional variation from the margin of the southern part to the core of the north-central part. Quartz and K-feldspar increase toward the core of the pluton, whereas hornblende, biotite and color index decrease. /Abundances of
O increase toward the core according to the variation in quartz and K-feldspar, whereas those of MnO, CaO,
, MgO and
decrease corresponding to the variation in mafic and accessaries. The compositional zonation resulted from fractional crystallization involving downward settling of earlier crystals, accompanied by upward movement of melt and volatiles, and followed by accessary marginal accretion of crystalline material in the magma to the marginal part. Although a little crustal contamination by the wall rock is recognized from the isotope data, the contamination is not only dominated over but also appropriate for forming the compositional variation in the pluton.