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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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Petrochemicla Study on the Granitic Gneiss in the Gurye-Suncheon , Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 173~180
Main aims of this study are to clarify petrochemistry of the granitic gneiss in the Durye-Suncheon area. The origin of the metamorphic rock is evaluated from the abundance of
ratios, the Harker variation diagram and
+ CaO) ratios of the major elements. and the frequency distribution and average abundance of the trace elements . The trace elements of the granitic gneiss in the studied area are compared with those of the granitic rocks with shales in the other areas. The abundance of
is lower than 3.27% and the
ratio is 0.04. Also the Harker's variation diagram indicate this granitic gneiss correspond to sedimentary origin or S-type granite. The average abundance for trace elements of the granitic gneiss is similar to that of the shale, and the frequency distribution shows extensive distribution and irregularly . But xenolith are observed in the field survey, it is evidence of igneous origin , and then origin of the granitic gneiss in studied area is S-type granite.
Hydrogeochemistry of Supply Water in the Daedeok Campus of Chungnam National University, Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 181~193
This study was undertaken to evaluate the drinking water quality based on physicochemical properties and chemical compositions of the supply water in the Daedeok Campus, and to verify the analytical reliabilities of ICP-MS and IC equipped in the Central Research Facilities at Chungnam National University , Korea. The supply water belongs to
type, whereas the original water from the Daecheong lake belongs to
type. Generally, temperature (14.1
), pH (6.95), Eh (0 mV), electrical conductivity (117
S/cm) and TDS (86.975mg/l) of supply water were higher than those of original lake water . Results using WATEQ4F revealed that potentially toxic ions of the supply water might exist mainly as free metals (
) and a small amount as
complexes. Also, the water composition belongs to the kaolinite field. Calculated average enrichment indies of the supply water normalized to lake water for anions, mamor cations, toxic cations and total ions are 1.05 , 1.56, 13.05 and 1.17 , respectively. Those values of the ground water in the Daedeok Campus showed 1.71, 4.78, 5.71 and 2.49 , respectively. However , contents of all constituents of these water are within the drinking water standard. All samples were filtered before the chemical analysis. Pale yellow or yellowish brown colored materials of colloidal particles coated the filter paper to thickness of 0.02 to 0.2mm. these are mainly Fe-Cy-Zn compounds with traces of Ni and Pb, the net weights of which compounds range from 0.01to 3.20mg/l. Most elements did not show any conceivable filtering effect of Cu, Fe and Zn. Especially, mean concentration of total Fe decreased considerably from 168.52
/l by filtering .
Characteristics of Particles Size and Element Distribution in the Coastal Bottom Sediments in the Vicinity of Youngkwang Nuclear Power Plant
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 195~204
order to investigate physical characteristics and element concentrations of sediments, coastal bottom sediments were collected at 20 stations in the vicinity of Youngkwang Nuclear Power Plant. After air drying of samples in the laboratory. article size distribution was examined by Master sizer (X-350F), radio-activity by HPGe
-spectrphotometer, and element concentrations by ICP-AES and AAS. According to particle size analysis , sediments are mainly composed of silt fraction weith 23% of sand, 65% of silt and 12% of clay on average. Most sediments are derived from muddy environment that silt dominates with the characteristics of 5.3
mean particle size, poorly sorted, very fine skewed and lepto-kurtic. Only two sediments are well sorted with sandy silt owing to wind, winnowing action, tide and current andits complex reactions. Element concentrations in the coastal bottom sediments are relatively high at finer sediment and show significant relationship with grain size. Index of geoaccumulation by heavy metals at every sampling station is classified as practically unpolluted. The radioactivities of the sediments were measured for 15 isotope elements, and 2 elements of K-40 and Cs-137 were detected in most sediments. The K-40 is the natural nuclide and the artificial nuclide of Cs-137 was thought to be derived from the fallout of past nuclear weapon test. The results of correlation coefficient between grain size and radioactivity shows that the activity of Cs-137 significantly increases in finer grain.
Geochemical Characteristics of Bottom Sediments of the Anyang River and the Influence on the Stream Water Contamination
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 205~215
The Anyang River runs through highly industrialized area and joins the lower part of the Han River. loading out large amounts of potential pollutants. Attempts were made to understand geochemical behavior of trace elements in the stream sedimens collected from the bottom of the river and the stream water. Bottom sediments, suspended solids and stream waters were collected and analysed for the chemical and mineralogical composition. Heavy metals including Cr, Zn, Ni, and Co in the sediments were enriched appeared to reflect anthropogenic input. Pb, Cu, As were also enriched between several to 10 times , compared to background levels. Although some heavy metals were derived from anthropogeic input, geochemical associations seem to implyh much of the elements are originated from natural sources as well, mainly from granitic rocks . This is also supported by the mineralogical composition of the suspended solids, which are mainly composed of quartz, feldspar and mica. Most of the elements are associated with total carbon and clay sized fractions, with high values of correlation coefficient. Most of the elements are associated with total carbon and clay sized fractions , with high values of correlation coefficient. It was noteworthy that Hg was detected between 2 and 4 ppb in the stream water.
Geologic Structure of Euiseong Sub-basin from Spectrally Correlated Geopotential Field Anomalies
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 217~228
We use spectral correlation method to analyze gravity and magnetic anomalies of Euiseong Sub-basin for distribution of rock facies and gelogic structures. The analysis reveals distinct polarity between gravity and magnetic anomaly correlation ; intermediate to mafic intrusives, extrusives, and the Tertiary basin shows positive gravity (+G) and positive magnetic (+M) correlation. Granitic gneiss and felsic volcanics negative gravity 9-G) and negative magnetic (-M) correlation. The Palgongsan granite, felsic to mafic extrusives and Mesozoic granites are characterized by -G and + M correlation. +G and -M correlations in the sedimentary formations are interpreted by uplift of pre-Cretaceous basement rocks . The + G and + M correlation characteristics in northeastern part of Euiseong Sub-basin including the Tertiary sedimentary basin result from the uplift of crustal materials. Major axes of spectrally correlated amomalies have mostly NW-SE or NE-SW directions. The former is due to the intrusives along strike-slip faults, and the latter which is observed in sedimentary formations is related to geological structures of basement associated new insight into the boundary between Euiseong and Milyang Sub-basin.
Geologica Structure of the Euiseong Sub-basin by Anlaytic Aeromagentic Anomaly Data
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 229~237
The structure of Euiseong Sub-basin and boundary of sub-basins were examined by analytical aeromagentci anomaly data. Magnetic lineaments have trends of NE-SW, NWW-SEE and NEE-SWW. The NE-SW lineaments in the sedimentary formations and pre-Cretaceous basement are assoicated with the direction of expansion of basin and the lineaments in the volcanic rocks and intrusives indicate the direction of structural weakness ones such as fault, which were major gateways of igneous activities. Euiseong Subbasin is bounded by pre-existing Andong Fault, pre-Cretaceous basement in the west, NE-SW lineament from Jyungsan to Angang, and NW-SE lineament connecting southwestern boundary of Palgongsan Granite and Jeokje Fault. In particular , the NW-SE lineament , which caused upheavel of pre-Cretaceous rocks, on Jeokje Fault is inferred as a boundary between Euiseong and Milyang Sub-basins.
3.5kHz seismic images of the gas-charged shallow sediment at Kwangyang Bay and the Yeosu Sound on the southern coast of Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 239~246
The 3.5kHz sub-bottom profiling was carried out over both Gwangyang Bay and the Yeo Sound . High -resolution digital images of uppermost sediment layers are obtained from the field data which were originally recorded in analog mode. Most prominent feature along the acoustic profiles is the chaotic reflections which imply the presence of shallow gas within the silty sediments. In the western part of Gwangyang Bay, the gas-charged sediments are assoicated with the acoustic turbidity of the blanket type. Across the Seomjin Delta in the eastern part of Gwangyang Bay, the gas-charged seismic facies are observed just beneath the sea bottom. In the western Yeoul Sound , the gassy seiments occur widely , whereas it is rare in the eastern counterpart with the <30-m-deep channel. We postulate that this gas was biogenetically produced within the organic-rich deposits.