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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Geochemistry of the Hydrothermal Chimneys in the Manus Basin, Southwestern Pacific Ocean
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~12
Manus Basin, located in the equatorial western Pacific, is a back arc basin formed by collision between the IndoAustralian and the Pacific Plates. The basin is host to numerous hydrothermal vent fields and ore deposits. The basement rocks of the Manus Basin consist primarily of dacite and basaltic andesite. Some of the minerals that form the hydrothermal chimneys that were dredged on the Manus basin include pyrite, chalcopyrite, marcasite, sphalerite and galena. The chimneys can be classified into chalcopyrite dominant Cu-rich type and sphalerite dominant Zn-rich type. The concentration of Zn shows good positive correlation with that of Sb, Cd and Ag. The content of Cu, on the other hand, positively correlates with that of Mo, Mn and Co. For samples that were taken from Zn-rich chimney, a strong positive correlation is found between Au and Zn contents. The chimney also shows enrichments of Cd, Mn and Sb. On the other hand, the samples from Cu-rich chimney exhibit strong correlation among Au, Zn and Pb, and are enriched in Mo and Co concentration. Average contents of Au in Cu-rich and Znrich chimneys were 15.9 ppm and 29.0 ppm, respectively. Because of high concentration of Au with Ag and Cu, the ore deposit have high economic potential. Homogenization temperatures and salinities of fluid inclusions in anhydrite and amorphous silica from Zn-rich chimney are estimated to be l74-220
C and 2.7-3.6 equiv. wt. % NaCI, respectively. These value suggest that ore forming processes were occurred at around 200
C and that the oxygen fugacity changed from 2: 10
bar to -s: 10
bar and the sulfur fugacity from -s: 10
bar to 10
bar during the process. It appears that the temperature at which the ores formed on Cu-rich chimney was higher than that on Zn-rich chimney.
Estimation of Geochemical Evolution Path of Groundwaters from Crystalline Rock by Reaction Path Modeling
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~23
The chemical compositions of groundwaters from the granite areas mainly belong to Ca-HC0
type, and some of these belong to Ca-(CI+S0
) and Na-(CI+S0
) type. Spring waters and groundwaters from anorthosite areas belong to Ca-HC03 and Na-HC03 type, respectively. The result of reaction path modeling shows that the chemical compositions of aqueous solution reacted with granite evolve from initial Ca-CI type, via CaHC0
type, to Na-HC0
type. The result of rain water-anorthosite interaction is similar to evolution path of granite reaction and both of these results agree well with the field data. In the reaction path modeling of rain watergranite/anorthosite reaction, as a reaction is progressing, the activity of hydrogen ion decreases (pH increases). The concentrations of cations are controlled by the dissolution of rock-forming minerals and precipitation and re-dissolution of secondary minerals according to the pH. The continuous addition of granite causes the formation of secondary minerals in the following sequence; gibbsite plus hematite, Mn-oxide, kaolinite, silica, chlorite, muscovite (a proxy for illite here), calcite, laumontite, prehnite, and finally analcime. In the anorthosite reaction, the order of precipitation of secondary minerals is the same as with granite reaction except that there is no silica precipitation and paragonite precipitates instead of analcime. The silica and kaolinite are predominant minerals in the granite and anorthosite reactions, respectively. Total quantities of secondary minerals in the anorthosite reaction are more abundant than those in the granite reaction.
Hydrogeochemical Characteristics and Contamination of Dissolved Major ions and Heavy Metals in Waters and Sediments from the Tancheon River
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 25~41
In order to investigate the hydrogeochemical characteristics and contamination of dissolved major ions and heavy metals in the Tancheon River, river water and sediment samples were collected at 18 locations, along a distance of 69 km, between Yongin-si in Kyunggi-do and Samsung-dong in Seoul on October in 2000 and April in 2001. After appropriate sample preparation, waters were analyzed for the dissolved constituents and sediments. The pH values of river waters were in the range of 7.0 to 9.3 and could be plotted in the area of surface environment. The level of
, , CI-, sol-, N0
in the Tancheon River were higher than those in world average river water. Most of dissolved constituents in the river waters increased toward downstream from upstream. In particular, high concentrations of Zn2+, Na
and N03- were found near densely residential areas and the Sungnam waste water treatment plant. The relative ion enrichment was caused by the inflow of local domestic and industrial sewages. Also, Ca2+ and HC03- concentrations were enriched in the middle of the Tancheon River due to the dissolution of cements. This indicates that the apartment complexes were built on a large scale in the upriver since these ten years and large amounts of construction materials such as cements were flowed into the Tancheon River. Concentrations of heavy metals (Mn, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn) in sediments from the Tancheon River exceeded the lower limit of tolerence level in bottom sediment established by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (OME) of Canada. In particular, these metals were highly elevated in sediment (TSM-12) collected from near the Sungnam waste water treatment plant. Heavy metals were higher enriched in sediments collected from dry period rather than wet period.
The State and Sources of Contamination with BOD, COD, T-N and T-P in Stream Within Chonju City
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 43~54
The Chonju and Samchun streams are palling though Chonju City and several contamination sources are located along these streams. The Samchun stream joins the Chonju stream in the Gosapyeong waste disposal site and the Chonju stream finally joint to the Mankyeong River. The Chonju and Samchun streams are now contaminated with BOD, COD, T-N and T-P and the amounts of each contamination are increasing from upper stream to downstream. At the downstream the amounts of COD. T-N.T-P are several times higher than fifth grade of water quality thor lacustrine. Sewage from Chonju provides BOD, COD,T-N and T-P into the Chonju and Samchun streams and Chonju Waste Water Treatment Plant il a main source of COD, T-N and T-P contamination. Gosapyeong waste disposal site may be the source of BOD and COD contamination. T-N is higher than fifth grade of water quality for lacustrine at the upper stream indicationg that the rivers are contaminated with T-N before inflowing into Chonju by agricultural activity. The Chonju stream asffects the contamination of the Mankyeong river with BOD. COD, T-N,T-P. Other branch steams of the Mankyeong river also affects the contamination of the Mankyeong river by BOD, COD, T-N and T-P, Among the branch streams, the Ikasn stream is a main contamination source. Amounts of concentrations inflowing from the Chonju and Sanchun Streams on Aug. 1999 are calculated by using yeasured flow rate find concentrations of contaminants The result are as fikkiws; 1) the amounts of influent from the Gosan Stream are 0.49, 0.86, 1.61 and 0.01 ton/day for BOD, COD, T-N and T-P, respectively, 2) compared to the amounts of influent from the Gosan Stream, BOD, COD,T-N,T-P supplied from the Chonju river are higher by about 5, 7, 7. 36 times, respectively, and those supplied from the Iksan stream are higher by about 13, 10, 10, 147 times, respectively.
Variations in Geochemical characteristics of the Acid Mine Drainages due to Mineral-Water Interactions in Donghae Mine Area in Taebaek, Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 55~66
There are several abandoned coal mines around Donghae mine area in the Taebaek coal field. Two major creeks, Soro and Sanae, are contaminated with the colored precipitates formed from the coal mine drainages. Bed rocks of the study area consist of limestone, shale, and sandstone. Limestone consisted mainly of calcite and dolomite, and shale of quartz, pyropyllite and chlorite, and sandstone of quatz and illite. Coal coal spoil dumps composed mainly of pyrite and chlorite. The oxidative dissolution of sulfide minerals leads to acid mine drainage and adds the metal ions in the stream water. The ion concentrations of Fe, Ca, Mg, Al, Si, SO
in the stream polluted by AMD are generally higher than those in the unpolluted stream water. High concentrations of Ca and Mg, Al and Si can be resulted from dissolution of carbonate minerals such as calcite, dolomite and aluminosilicates such as chlorite, pyrophyllite. Although the Fe, Al, Si, SO
contents are considerbly high in the acid water released from the mine adits, they become decreased downstream due to dilution of unpolluted water and precipitation of oxide/hydroxide and sulfate minerals on the bottom of stream.
Weight Determination of Landslide Factors Using Artificial Neural Networks
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 67~74
The purpose of this study is to determine the weights of the factors for landslide susceptibility analysis using artificial neural network. Landslide locations were identified from interpretation of aerial photographs, field survey data, and topography. The landslide-related factors such as topographic slope, topographic curvature, soil drainage, soil effective thickness, soil texture, wood age and wood diameter were extracted from the spatial database in study area, Yongin. Using these factors, the weights of neural networks were calculated by backpropagation training algorithm and were used to determine the weight of landslide factors. Therefore, by interpreting the weights after training, the weight of each landslide factor can be ranked based on its contribution to the classification. The highest weight is topographic slope that is 5.33 and topographic curvature and soil texture are 1 and 1.17, respectively. Weight determination using backprogpagation algorithms can be used for overlay analysis of GIS so the factor that have low weight can be excluded in future analysis to save computation time.
Reversely Zoned Compositional Variations and their Origins of the Andong Pluton, Andong Batholith, Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 35, issue 1, 2002, Pages 75~95
The Andong pluton in the Andong Batholith is composed of comagmatic plutonic rocks, in which the lithofacies comprise hornblende biotite tonalite in the central paft biotite granodiorite in the marginal paft and porphyritic biotite granite at the topside (noJthea~tern paft) of the pluton. The pluton is petrographically and petrochemically zoned, having more mafic center than margin and topside. Distribution pallern of the lithofacies represents a reverse zoning in the pluton. Modal and chemical data in the pluton show progressive and gradual compositional variations from the centrer via the margin to the topside. Quartz and K-teldspar increase toward the topside of the pluton, whereas hornblende, biotite and color index increase toward the center. The bulk composition in the pluton is also reversely zoned, with high
in the topside facies, and high MnO, CaO,
t, MgO and
in the central facies. The reverse zoning is also evident in higher Cr. V, Ni, Sc and Sr of the more mafic tonalite in the interior. The reversely zoned pluton results from remobilization (resurgence) of the lower more mafic compositional zone into the upper more felsic zones of the pluton modified by thennogravitational diffusion and fractional crystallization. In the initial stages of evolution, the pluton was a petrochemical system that fonned chemical compositional zonation with mafic tonalitic magma in the lower. granodioritic one in the middle and granitic one in the upper paft of the magma chamber. Periodic influxes of more mafic magma from the ba~e resulted in mingling of liquids and redistribution of minerals, and may have triggered the remobilil.ation of the lower compositional zone into the upper more felsic zones.