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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Study on expandability and X-ray coherent scattering domain size of bentonite from Gampo and Yonil area, Korea
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~8
This study was performed to measure expandabilities and coherent scattering domain sizes (CSDs) of bentonite samples from Campo and Yonil area, Korea, using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and to compare their experimental data with those of international standard bentonite samples (SAz-1, STx-1, and SWy-2). Most of Gampo and Yonil bentonite samples comprised randomly interstratified illite-smectite (R0 I-S), and their expandabilities ranged over 77-100%S
from the saddle/001 method. The interstratification deformed 001 peaks of EG-solvated samples (Mering's first principle), which prohibited us from adopting these peaks to measure CSDs using BWA (Bertaut-Warren-Averbach) method. CSDs of the bentonite samples with R0 I-S could be measured through dehydration at 30
after K-saturation, where the deformation originated from the interstratification could be removed effectively. Campo and Yonil bentonite samples showed that their mean CSDs ranged over 3.8-5.4 interlayers, and that their CSDs distributions were similar to those of Gonzales (STx-1) and Wyoming (SWy-2) bentonite samples.
Geological and Geochemical Studies on the Late Quaternary Sedimentary Environment of the Southwestern Ulleung Basin, East Sea.
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 9~15
Two piston cores, obtained from the southwestern Ulleung Basin in East Sea, were analyzed to study the geochemical characteristics of the late Quaternary sediments and to detect any changes in sedimentary environment. The results show that the capacity of Total Organic Carbon is remarkably higher (average 1.8%) than that known from general open-sea. According to tephrochronology from known eruption ages, the sedimentation rates are high, ranging from 12.1 to 14.9 cm/kyr. The ratios of nitrogen and TOC (average 6.18-7.42) imply that the organic matter in the study area would be of oceanic origin. The correlation between sedimentation rates and sulfur contents suggests that the study area may be on the whole anoxic and somewhat high in primary productivity. During the Termination 1, inflows of organic matters were high. The sedimentary environments are characterized by rapid rates of sedimentation, and high anoxic values were compatible with accumulation of organic matters.
Contamination of Heavy Metals from Dongmyeong Au-Ag Mine Area
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~25
Researches were carried out to investigate the characteristics and concentration of heavy metal elements of stream water through Dongmyoung abandoned metal mine and soil adjacent to the mine. The pH range of water was 5.9∼7.1 that implies the water environment was acidic to neutral. The contents and distribution aspects of heavy metals in water samples varied with geochemical characteristics of element, but the concentration of heavy metals has the tendency of increase closer to the mine in general. The results of soil analysis show that total heavy metal concentration of agricultural soil near mine was far lower than those of ore tailing and dumping site. Therefore, the effects of the abandoned mine on stream water and agricultural products were supposed to be insignificant, particularly because the portion of absorbed carbonates and reducible fractions among total heavy metal concentration was relatively lower than the other. Since, however total heavy metal concentrations of mining site were relatively higher than those of adjacent region, there is a possibility of heavy metal difussion when the chemical environment of the site changes due to migration of surface and underground water. It is suggested that the preventive measures for water and soil pollution by the heavy metals would be considered around the region.
Mineralogical and chemical characterization of arsenic solid phases in weath-ered mine tailings and their leaching potential
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 27~38
Arsenic contamination around Au-Ag mining areas occurs mainly from the oxidation of arsenopyrite which is frequently contained in mine tailings. In weathered tailings, oxidation of sulfide minerals typically results in the formation of abundant ferric (oxy)hydroxides or (oxy)hydroxysulfates near the tailings surface, and arsenic may be associated with these secondary precipitates. In this study, solid phases of arsenic in weathered tailings of some Au-Ag mines were investigated through the SEM/EDS and sequential extraction analyses. The stability of As solid phases and the leaching potential were assessed with the variation of pH and Eh conditions. Oxidation of sulfides in the tailings samples was indicated by depletion of S molar concentrations compared to As and heavy metals. Under XRD examinations, jarosite as an Fe-oxyhydroxysulfate was found in the tailings of Deokeum, Dongil and Dadeok, and scorodite as an As-bearing crystalline mineral was identified from Dadeok which has the highest concentration of As (4.36 wt.%). Beudantite-like phases and some Pb-arsenates were also found under SEM/EDS analysis, and most of As phases were associated with Fe-(oxy)hydroxides and (oxy)hydroxysulfates despite a few arsenopyrite from Samgwang and Gubong. Sequential extraction analysis also showed that As was present predominantly as coprecipitated with Fe hydroxides from Dongil, Dadeok and Myungbong (72∼99%), and as sulfides (58%) and Fe hydroxide-associated forms (40%) from Samgwang and Gubong. In the tailings leaching experiment, As was released with high amounts by the dissolution of As-bearing Fe(oxy)hydroxysulfates in the lowest pH (2.7) conditions of Deokeum, and by desorption under alkaline conditions of Samgwang and Gubong. Higher leaching rates of arsenite(+3) were found under acidic conditions, which pose a higher risk to water quality. Changes in pH and Eh conditions coupled with microbial processes could influence the stabilities of the As solid phases, and thus, time amendments or landfilling of weathered tailings may result in enhanced As mobilization.
Kinetics and mechanism of chromate reduction by biotite and pyrite
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~48
The removal of chromate from aqueous solution using finely ground pyrite and biotite was investigated by batch experiments and the kinetics and the mechanism of chromate reduction were discussed. The chromate reduction by pyrite was about hundred times faster than that by biotite and was also faster at pH 3 than at pH 4. When pyrite was used, more than 90% of initial chromate was reduced within four hours at pH 4 and within 40 min. at pH 3. However, more than 400 hours was taken for the reduction of 90% of initial chromate by biotite. The results indicate that the rate of chromate reduction was strongly depending on the amount of Fe(II) in the minerals and on the dissolution rate of Fe(II) from the minerals. The reduction of chromate at pH 4 resulted in the precipitation of (Cr, Fe)(OH))
, which is believed to have limited the concentrations of dissolved Cr(III) and Fe(III) to less than expected values. When biotite was used, amounts of decreased Fe(II) and reduced Cr(Ⅵ) did not show stoichiometric relationship, which implying there was not only chromate reduction by ferrous ions in the acidic solution but also heterogeneous reduction of ferric ions by the structural ferrous iron in biotite. However, the results from a series of the experiments using Pyrite showed that concentrations of the decreased Fe(II) and the reduced Cr(Ⅵ) were close to the stoichiometric ratio of 3:1. It was because the oxidation of pyrite rapidly created ferrous ions even in oxygenated solutions and the chromate reduction by the ferrous ions was significantly faster than ferrous ion oxygenation.
Application of SP monitoring to the analysis of anisotropy of aquifer
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 36, issue 1, 2003, Pages 49~58
To analyze the anisotropic characteristics of fractured aquifer, variations of streaming potential were measured during and after pumping over several wells at the two test sites. Surface electrical resistivity survey, normal resistivity logging, and slug test were performed at the wells to identify the hydrogeological structure. Applying the results to the recently suggested model, the aquifer of the two test sites showed confined characteristics. Anisotropic direction appeared in using equi-potential maps from self-potential monitoring results matched well with the results of the hydrogeological test. The self-potential monitoring method adopted in this study would be useful for providing a more reliable information on the anisotropy of aquifer in the pumping test at single well.