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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on National Mining Investment Security Analysis for the Overseas Mineral Resources Investment Business
Ko, Eun-Mi ; Choi, Soen-Gyu ; Kim, Chang-Seong ; Kim, Seong-Yong ; Pak, Sang-Joon ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 475~484
In this study, we analyzed national mining investment security and country risk, and suggested a new index for exploration and development investment for mining projects in abroad by an analysis of relationship between these grades and mineral resource development investment. For this, potential risks for mining in mineral-rich countries are assessed, and the risk of the exploration and development investment for mining projects is relatively evaluated by OECD country risk. It is noted that countries of the lower ranks in OECD are consistently good agreement with the high grade in Behre Dolbear Group Inc. for favorable mineral exploitation, whereas the higher ranks have shown diverse and high risks for the mining investigation and development. Consequently, it is necessary that assessment of the relationship between mineral resource index and country risk for mining projects to be investigated and developed in future should be applied before business decision of mineral investigation projects in abroad.
Analysis on Global Coal Industries and Electrical Infrastructures to Determine Target Countries for the Package Deal Project of Coal Resources Development and Power Industry
Jo, Hwan-Ju ; Jo, Ho-Young ; Choi, Seon-Gyu ; Kim, Chang-Seong ; Kim, Seong-Yong ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 485~496
The purpose of this study is to suggest potential target countries for the package deal projects of coal resources development and power industry by analyzing data on global coal demand and supply and electrical infrastructures. Indexes such as coal deposits, types of coal deposits, electrical coal consumptions per capita, and gross domestic products per capita of the countries need to be evaluated for determining the potential target countries for the package deal projects. Based on the evaluation of the indexes of countries, the potential target countries for the package deal project are underdeveloping Asia or Africa countries such as Bangladesh, Mongolia, and Nigeria.
Material Intensity of Korea's Steel and Iron, Using MIPS Methodology
Kim, Yu-Jeong ; Heo, Eunn-Yeong ; Kim, Seong-Yong ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 497~507
This study identified and quantified the hidden flows for steel and iron production in Korea using MIPS (Material Input per Service) methodology. In order to estimate the input orientated impact on the environment caused by the manufacture or services of a product, MIPS indicates the quantity of resources used for this product or service. In 2005, 71 million tons of raw materials were used to produce $17.6 million of added value and 4.8 thousand tons of finished steel. The amount of natural resources extracted from natural environments for the purpose of steel production was 245 million tons of TMR(Total Material Requirement), 1524 million tons of water, and 34 million tons of air. The material intensities for steel production by natural inputs (raw materials and energy) was 4.3 ton/ton of TMR, 28 ton/ton of water, and 0.5 ton/ton of air.
Intensity of Use Applied Domestic Metal Demand
Kim, Dae-Hyung ; Kim, Ji-Whan ; Lee, Je-Hyung ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 509~516
For analyzing resources demand appropriately, corresponding demand data is essential. But it is hard to get the suitable data of each resource demand, because every resources has various type as refined and many kind of alloyed. That reason makes many analyses to employ the data of refined metals as the representative quantity. But those refined metals are factors for producing final goods so those in domestic market are not always meant for producing domestic end goods. Thus in this paper, the domestic demands of refined copper, lead and zinc are analyzed empirically with 'intensity of use' and foreign countries' income variable applied model for recovering the data availability.
The Estimation of Weight of Attributes of Geological & Thematic Maps Using the AHP Method
Kim, Dae-Hyung ; Kim, Ji-Whan ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Heo, Eunn-Yeong ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 517~526
Geological and related thematic maps make various economical and social benefits at many sectors. Recently, development of information managing technology such as GIS, Geographic Information System, enlarges the usage of geological map and information. In this research, using the Analytic Hierarchy Process, we analyzed the weight of attributes which compose value of geological map and information. Results of research are as follows. By the analysis of the weight of attributes, we found that the weight of confidence, upper hierarchy attribute, was above 50%. The weight of convenience and additional effect was about
in the geological map, geophysical map, geochemical map and hydrogeologic map. And the consumption of each maps will increase, especially in large scale map.
R&D Application Reinforcement Strategy and System for Public R&D Institute in Geoscience and Mineral Resource Area
Ahn, Eun-Young ; Kim, Seong-Yong ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 527~539
To meet needs of R&D application reinforcement on geoscience and mineral resources area, we suggest public R&D institute's strategies and system for the application including supplement of technology licensing office (TLO). We review the former studies on technology transfer successfulness criteria and difficulties from the viewpoint of korean small&medium size firms and public R&D researchers, and then benchmark a japanese public R&D institute of industrial science and technology, which was newly integrated and developed with Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ). Application analysis index and the reinforcement strategy hierarchy for R&D project are established on geoscience and mineral resources area, and applied on the prioritized research projects of KIGAM. Empirical investigation was carried out on KIGAM researchers with practical studied analysis on questionnaire and intensive interview. Result of the analysis is identified and compared with the case in Japan. It is shown that KIGAM researchers feel their technology transfer activities are not yet integrated with TLO and commercialized R&D are not cooperated with them. This study proposes industrial cooperation coordinators in the categorized R&D divisions of public R&D institute based on the different R&D characteristics and needs in R&D application strategies.
Political Approach to Creative Improvement of Resources Technology: Domestic Resources Development Industry
Lee, Ok-Sun ; Lee, Jae-Wook ; Kim, Seong-Yong ; Choi, Seon-Gyu ; Ahn, Eun-Young ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 541~549
Though the demand of a leading role of resources technology and fosterage of the resources industry has increased in Korea, it is difficult for the existing investment and management of its R&D to lead to be the same level of those in more advanced countries within a short period. Therefore, in order to strengthen the resources technology system it needs to set up systematic plan or strategy, to resolve shortage of professional human forces, and to expand the investment of private technology development. In this study, we suggest the concept redefinition of resources technology and resources development industry, the establishment of expanded R&D investment system, to offer professional human forces and to reestablishment of the infrastructure for creatively improving resources technology.
Applicability of the Real Option Valuation Method to the Economic Analysis of Water Resources Supply Projects
Yu, Soon-Young ; Unger, Andre J.A. ; Kim, Tae-Hee ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 551~562
Option pricing model in finance has been applied to price non-financial options, called real options. The real option valuation method is ideally suited to irreversible decision making under uncertainty, including the need to determine the optimal time to act and even change between alternative courses of action as information is collected. Therefore, the real option valuation method is expected to provide a superior and less subjective approach to determining optimal strategies for water resources supply projects, which have been reported to have huge risks due to uncertainties, and investors and policy makers need to build an optimal strategy - when and if to invest - with uncertainties and managerial flexibilities considered.
Geochemical Exploration for the Bougouni Area in Mali
Kim, In-Joon ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 563~575
The ore depositional and geochemical exploration on Bougouni area in Mali, central-western Africa covering
was conducted for determining the detailed survey area. According to the results of this exploration, the highly potential area for the zinc-tin-gold-silver mineralization was found in Kolani and Riarako areas. The contents of zinc in heavy sand collected in the stream sediments range from 14 to 8,600 ppm, while the mean values of zinc in this area are 543 ppm with threshold(
) of zinc anomalies being 1,000 ppm in Bougouni area. Generally zinc anomalies are associated with the tin and molybdenum anomalies and hence the anomalous area was selected for the detailed survey area for tracing the primary zinc and precious ore deposits related to these anomalies in following project.
Mineral Resources Policy of Ireland
Kim, Eui-Jun ; Heo, Chul-Ho ; Kim, Bok-Chul ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 577~581
Mineral Resources Policy of Botswana, Africa
Heo, Chul-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 583~586
Preliminary Study for the Capim Kaolin Mine in Brazil
Kim, In-Joon ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 587~595
The geology of the Capim region in Brazil is composed of Ipixua Formation in Mesozoic-Tertiary(Miocene), sedimentary rocks in Miocene, Barreiras Formation(sedimentary rocks) in Pleistocene and sediments in Holocene. Kaolin deposit consists of Barreiras Formation(average depth in 120m) composed of sandstone, clay, fine sand of Miocene to Pliocene age. Kaolin of the high grade is white in color and its thickness averages 7m. The orebody formed by kaolinite was confirmed by XRD, is shape of hexagonal, SK is above 33 degree. It is class A also suit for producing a paper without filtration. According to the CPRM report, the reservation of kaolin ore is amounts of 566,819,164 tons.
Mineral Resources Classification Scheme of the Former Soviet Union
Kim, In-Joon ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 597~600
An Introduction on the Mining Law and the Mineral Resources in Kyrgyz Republic
Sung, Kyu-Youl ; Park, Maeng-Eon ; Kim, Moon-Ho ; No, Sang-Geun ; Heo, Bladislav ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 601~608
Analysis on Oil and Gas Development and Business System, Peru
Kim, Young-Woo ; Park, Myong-Ho ; Lee, Seong-Hun ; Shin, Hong-Ja ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 609~615
Peru is located on Andean Range and faced Pacific Ocean and one of the important oil and gas production countries in the South America. Peru's oil business have been invested by foreign oil companies due to the good investment environment, even though the Peru could not be self-sufficiency in oil. Increase in oil price of the world has contributed to the oil and gas developments and productions in the last few years in many oil and gas blocks, such as in the 1-AB blocks and Camisea gas field within the Amazon jungles. Korean oil companies also have obtained several oil and gas blocks in the Peru in last few year, corresponding with the resources diplomacy of Korean government. Investment is strongly expected to be increased in the Peru's oil business due to positive investment environment, such as low royalty rate, tax avoidance, and the favourable terms of the contract to foreign companies etc.
An Analysis on Present State of the Oil and Gas Reserves and Development, Azerbaijan
Kil, Young-Woo ; Park, Myong-Ho ; Lee, Seong-Hun ; Shin, Hong-Ja ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 617~624
Azerbaijan, located on western part of Caspian Sea, has been developed oil and gas exploration and production business from about 200 years ago and once charged of 50% of world oil production in the early 20th century. After Azerbaijan was independent of Soviet Union in 1991, foreign oil companies, including Korean oil companies, have been investing in Azerbaijan oil business on offshore blocks. Productive capacity of downstream in the Azerbaijan is lower than productive capacity of upstream, whereas there are important pipelines, such as BTC, SCP, NREP, and WREP, provide opportunities of the oil and gas exporting to the world. Oil fields in onshore blocks in the Azerbaijan are almost mature oil fields, caused by high recovery rate. Offshore oil blocks are still high potential in oil exploration with high risk.
Nickel Material Flow in Korea
Lee, Hyun-Bock ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 625~633
Uses of nickel have been widened in 20th century thanks to development of steel industry and munitions industry and also the demand from each uses on nickel has grown rapidly. In recent 5 years, the market price of nickel has been in bull market, so the security of supply became a big issue for each nickel user. However the entire material flow of nickel is not completed yet in Korea and not even in advanced countries, so recycling rate of nickel from raw materials to finished goods is not sufficient. Although statistical data and report systems about nickel are unprepared in domestic market, this study is carried out with limited market data for the completed material flow of nickel in domestic market and establishing recycling policies of nickel.
Patent Analysis on Geophysical Prospecting Technologies
Lee, Jae-Wook ; Cho, Seong-Jun ; Son, Jeong-Sul ; Kim, Chang-Ryol ; Park, Sam-Gyu ; Kim, Jung-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 41, issue 5, 2008, Pages 635~644
Geophysical prospecting technologies are employed to environmental site assessments and monitoring, subsurface investigation, geologic hazard monitoring since they are able to provide information and imaging regarding the subsurface. In this study, we carried out several analysis on patent documents for the geophysical prospecting technologies. The patents including abstracts, claims and drawings from 1976 up to 2005 were surveyed and 904 patents were collected finally. The patents were investigated as to countries, years, assignees and technologies. Furthermore, we carried out the comparative analysis for technological level of assignee countries with United States patents. The top 5 assignee countries are United States, United Kingdom, Japan, Norway and France. Especially United States and United Kingdom play important role in this area as holding 663 patents.