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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 43, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Study for the Stabilization of Arsenic in the Farmland Soil by Using Steel Making Slag and Limestone
Lee, Min-Hee ; Jeon, Ji-Hye ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 305~314
The stabilization process using limestone (
) and steel making slag as the immobilization amendments was investigated for As contaminated farmland soils around Chonam abandoned mine, Korea. Batch and continuous column experiments were performed to quantify As-immobilization efficiency in soil and the analyses using XRD and SEM/EDS for secondary minerals precipitated in soil were also conducted to understand the mechanism of Asimmobilization by the amendments. For the batch experiment, with 3% of limestone and steel making slag, leaching concentration of As from the contaminated soil decreased by 62% and 52% respectively, compared to that without the amendment. When the mixed amendment (2% of limestone and 1% of steel making slag) was used, As concentration in the effluent solution decreased by 72%, showing that the mixed of limestone and steel making slag has a great capability to immobilize As in the soil. For the continuous column experiments without the amendment, As concentration from the effluent of the column ranged from 50 to
. However, with 2% limestone and 1% steel making slag, more than 80% diminution of As leaching concentration occurred within 1 year and maintained mostly below
. Results from XRD and SEM/EDS analysis for the secondary minerals created from the reaction of the amendments with
(arsenite) investigated that portlandite (
), calcium-arsenite (Ca-As-O) and calcite (
) were main secondary minerals and the distinct As peaks in the EDS spectra of the secondary minerals can be observed. These findings suggest that the co-precipitation might be the major mechanisms to immobilize As in the soil medium with limestone and steel making slag.
Environmental Contamination and Best Management of Stone-dust from Quarry Mine
Lee, Pyeong-Koo ; Youm, Seung-Jun ; Kang, Min-Ju ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 315~332
All of the water and stone-dust samples with or without flocculant, in and around quarry mines, were analyzed for total concentrations of heavy metals, cyanide(CN), toxic organic compounds and organic phosphorus. Extraction experiments on stone-dust by EDTA and various pH solutions were also carried out, in order to evaluate the contaminant leaching from the long-term heaped stone-dust within quarry mines. The concentrations of
, Hg, CN, TCE/PCE and total phosphorus in all samples (water and stone-dust) were under detection limits, confirming no environmental contamination from stone-dust in quarry mine areas. Lead and cadmium were not detected in all water samples. Copper and zinc were found in some water samples, and arsenic was detected in a few water samples. But they also showed levels much lower than the drinking water standard. Results of the extraction experiments by EDTA and pH solutions showed that Pb, Cr, Cd, Cu and Zn were leached out in less amounts or under detection limits. Arsenic was detected only at pH 3. From above results, we suggested that environmental contamination by quarry mine development is likely to be minor or negligible.
Origin, Age and Sedimentation Rate of Mid-Geum River Sediments
Oh, Keun-Chang ; Kim, Ju-Yong ; Yang, Dong-Yoon ; Hong, Sei-Sun ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Lim, Jae-Soo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 333~341
Fluvial sediments are widely distributed in present and old river-beds of the mid-Keum River, the tributaries of which are the Yugu and Jeongan Rivers. The basement of the mid-Keum River area consists of Mesozoic granites which are easily eroded compared to Precambrian gneisses, which are exposed in the upper-Keum River area. The provenance of the fluvial sediments includes both the Precambrian gneisses and Mesozoic granites, which occur in the catchment of the mid-Keum River. The coarse-grained sediments were probably transported from the river-beds and the overbank floodings of the main Keum River and its tributaries when the climate was warm and wet. The oldest mud deposits were dated at ca. 9,400 yr BP by the radiocarbon method. It has been estimated that the sand deposits below the dated muds were formed in a period from the Late Pleistocene to the Early Holocene. However we have revealed that the major part of the present river-bed sediments was formed at ca. 3,000-6,000 yr BP, i.e., in the mid- to late Holocene, when summer monsoon was very strong due to climatic changes. We have calculated fluvial sedimentation rates of 0.12-0.16 cm/yr and 0.02-0.09 cm/yr for borehole KJ-29 river-bed sediments and borehole KJ-28 floodplain deposits, respectively. We conclude that the sedimentation rate is higher near the present stream channel than near the floodplain.
A Study on Shipborne Gravity Data Correction Using Kalman RTS Filter
Hwang, Jong-Sun ; Han, Hyun-Chul ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 343~348
Gravity anomalies observed in shipborne survey are usually distorted by bad weather conditions and unexpected vessel movement. These distorted data should be removed because they may mislead the data interpretation. However, it is not possible to perfectly remove all erroneous data. Cross-over point correction, which is generally used, only reduces the errors at cross-over points, and thus the data still contain error values. To resolve this drawback, Rauch-Tung-Striebel(RTS) filter was adopted to minimize all errors in the data and at cross-over points. After applying this method, the range of anomaly variation is reduced from 15 mGal to less than 2 mGal, and errors at the cross-over points are minimized from 4.21 mGal to 2.95 mGal. The results imply that RTS filter is very useful to reduce errors in the data and corss-over points.
Prestack Reverse Time Migration for Seismic Reflection data in Block 5, Jeju Basin
Ko, Chin-Surk ; Jang, Seong-Hyung ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 349~358
For imaging complex subsurface structures such as salt dome, faults, thrust belt, and folds, seismic prestack reverse-time migration in depth domain is widely used, which is performed by the cross-correlation of shot-domain wavefield extrapolation with receiver-domain wavefield extrapolation. We apply the prestack reverse-time migration, which had been developed at KIGAM, to the seismic field data set of Block 5 in Jeju basin of Korea continental shelf in order to improve subsurface syncline stratigraphy image of the deep structures under the shot point 8km at the surface. We performed basic data processing for improving S/N ratio in the shot gathers, and constructed a velocity model from stack velocity which was calculated by the iterative velocity spectrum. The syncline structure of the stack image appears as disconnected interfaces due to the diffractions, but the result of the prestack migration shows that the syncline image is improved as seismic energy is concentrated on the geological interfaces.
Characteristics of Aquifer System and Change of Groundwater Level due to Earthquake in the Western Half of Jeju Island
Ok, Soon-Il ; Hamm, Se-Yeong ; Kim, Bong-Sang ; Cheong, Jae-Yeol ; Woo, Nam-Chil ; Lee, Soo-Hyoung ; Koh, Gi-Won ; Park, Yun-Seok ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 359~369
This study characterizes aquifer system and hydrogeologic property in the western half of Jeju Island where wells were drilled for regional water supply in three sub-areas (northwestern, western, and southwestern sub-areas). The aquifer system of the northwestern sub-area is largely composed of upper high-permeability layer, upper low-permeability layer, lower high-permeability layer, and lower low-permeability layer. On the other hand, the aquifer systems of the western and southwestern sub-areas are mostly composed of upper low-permeability layer, high-permeability layer, and lower low-permeability layer. Transmissivity and specific capacity decrease in the order of the northwestern, western, and southwestern sub-areas. The relationship between specific capacity and the top surface of tuff is negative with a high correlation coefficient of -0.848, indicating that the tuff acts as the bottom of the aquifer. Groundwater level change due to the 2004 Sumatra earthquake is an average of 23.74 cm in the northwestern sub-area, an average of 9.48 cm in the western sub-area, and none in the southwestern sub-area. Further, it is found that groundwater change due to the earthquake has a positive relationship with transmissivity and specific capacity.
Fresh Water Injection Test in a Fractured Bedrock Aquifer for the Mitigation of Seawater Intrusion
Shin, Je-Hyun ; Byun, Joong-Moo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 371~379
Fresh water injection test in a fractured bedrock aquifer was applied as an efficient approach to lower saline concentrations in the saltwater-freshwater transition zone formed by seawater intrusion in a coastal area. The methodology and effectiveness of fresh water injection for hydraulically controlling seawater intrusion is overwhelmingly site dependent, and there is an urgent need to characterize the permeable fractures or unconsolidated porous formations which can allow for seawater flow and transport. Considering aquifer characteristics, injection and monitoring boreholes were optimally designed and completed to inject fresh water through sand layer and fractured bedrock, respectively. We devised and used the injection system using double packer for easy field operation and maintenance. Overall fracture distribution was systematically identified from borehole image logs, and the section of fresh water injection was decided from injection test and monitoring. With fresh water injection, the fluid electrical conductivity of the monitoring well started to be lowered by the inflow of fresh water at the specific depth. And this inflow leaded to the replacement of the fluid in the upper parts of the borehole with fresh water. Furthermore, the injection effect lasted more than several months, which means that fresh water injection may contribute to the mitigation of seawater intrusion in a coastal area.
Suggestion of an Evaluation Chart for Landslide Susceptibility using a Quantification Analysis based on Canonical Correlation
Chae, Byung-Gon ; Seo, Yong-Seok ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 381~391
Probabilistic prediction methods of landslides which have been developed in recent can be reliable with premise of detailed survey and analysis based on deep and special knowledge. However, landslide susceptibility should also be analyzed with some reliable and simple methods by various people such as government officials and engineering geologists who do not have deep statistical knowledge at the moment of hazards. Therefore, this study suggests an evaluation chart of landslide susceptibility with high reliability drawn by accurate statistical approaches, which the chart can be understood easily and utilized for both specialists and non-specialists. The evaluation chart was developed by a quantification method based on canonical correlation analysis using the data of geology, topography, and soil property of landslides in Korea. This study analyzed field data and laboratory test results and determined influential factors and rating values of each factor. The quantification analysis result shows that slope angle has the highest significance among the factors and elevation, permeability coefficient, porosity, lithology, and dry density are important in descending order. Based on the score assigned to each evaluation factor, an evaluation chart of landslide susceptibility was developed with rating values in each class of a factor. It is possible for an analyst to identify susceptibility degree of a landslide by checking each property of an evaluation factor and calculating sum of the rating values. This result can also be used to draw landslide susceptibility maps based on GIS techniques.
Study on the Evaluation Standards for the Ranking of the Precise Investigation to Asbestos-Contaminated Abandoned Mines, Korea
Lee, Min-Hee ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 393~400
The Global Trends of the Patents for the Geothermal Energy
Nah, Do-Baek ; Kil, Sang-Cheol ; Oh, Mihn-Soo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 401~416
Paleozoic Strata in the Lankawi Geopark, Malaysia: Correlation with Paleozoic Strata in the Korean Peninsula
Ryu, In-Chang ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 417~427
The Lankawi archipelago is located in 30 km western offshore near the Thailand-Malaysia border in west coast of the Malay Peninsula and consists of 99 (+5) tropical islands, covering an area of about
. Together with biodiversity in flora and fauna, the Lankawi archipelago displays also geodiversity that includes rock diversity, landform diversity, and fossil diversity. These biodiversity and geodiversity have led to the Lankawi islands as a newly emerging hub for ecotourism in Southeast Asia. As a result, the Lankawi islands have been designated the first Global Geopark in Southeast Asia by UNESCO since July 1st, 2007. The geodiversity of Lankawi Geopark today is a result of a very long depositional history under the various sedimentological regimes and paleoenvironments during the Paleozoic, followed by tectonic and magmatic activities until the early Mesozoic, and finally by surface processes that etched to the present beautiful landscape. Paleozoic strata exposed in the Lankawi Geopark are subdivided into four formations that include the Machinchang (Cambrian), Setul (Ordovician to Early Devonian), Singa (Late Devonian to Carboniferous), and Chuping (Permian) formations in ascending order. These strata are younging to the east, but they are truncated by the Kisap Thrust in the eastern part of the islands. Top-to-the-westward transportation of the Kisap Thrust has brought the older Setul Formation (and possibly Machinchang Formation) from the east to overlay the younger Chuping and Singa formations in the central axis of the Lankawi islands. Triassic Gunung Raya Granite intruded into these sedimentary strata, and turned them partially into various types of contact metamorphic rocks that locally contain tin mineral deposits. Since Triassic, not much geologic records are known for the Lankawi islands. Tropical weathering upon rocks of the Lankawi islands might have taken place since the Early Jurassic and continues until the present. This weathering process played a very important role in producing beautiful landscapes of the Lankawi islands today.