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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 44, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 44, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 44, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 44, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 44, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 44, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Polymetallic Occurrence in Kau Loc Area within Northern Vietnam: Preliminary Study
Heo, Chul-Ho ; Chi, Se-Jung ; Park, Sung-Won ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 345~357
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.345
It was carried out to the survey on the lead-zinc and tungsten occurrences in the Kau Loc mineralized belt within northern Vietnam. The lead-zinc occurrence bear the ore body parallel to the bedding of limestone formation. Assuming the surface grade and geological reserve, Pb+Zn deposit is estimated to the small to medium-sized ore deposit. On the other hand, considering the distribution of small-scale stock intruding the Devonian limestone, it is thought that the tungsten occurrence has the proper geological conditions anticipating the presence of skarn mineralization. However, there is no evidence to recognize economic feasibility in the present situation because of the absence of detailed geology and ore deposit survey on the tungsten occurrence.
Element Dispersion and Wallrock Alteration of TA26 Seamount, Tonga Arc
Yoo, Bong-Chul ; Choi, Hun-Soo ; Koh, Sang-Mo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 359~372
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.359
TA26 seamount, which is located at south part of Tonga arc, occurs widely hydrothermal plume and is area that sampled hostrock, hydrothermal ore and hydrothermal alteration rock for this study. Hostrocks are basalt and basaltic andesite. Altered rocks by hydrothermal solution consists of plagioclase, pyroxene, pyrite, ilmenite, amorphous silica, barite, smectite, iron sulfates, Fe-Si sulfates and Fe silicates. Gains and losses of major, trace and rare earth elements during wallrock alteration suggest that
(-0.46~+17.54 g), S(-0.46~+13.45 g), total S(-0.51~+16.93 g), Ba(-7.60~+185078.62 g), Sr(-36.18~+3033.08 g), Ag(+54.83 g), Au(+1467.49 g), As(-5.80~+1030.80 g), Cd(+249.78 g), Cu(-100.57~+1357.85 g), Pb(+4.91~+532.65 g), Sb(-0.32~+66.59 g), V(-113.58~+102.94 g) and Zn(-49.56~+14989.92 g) elements are enriched from hydrothermal solution. Therefore, gained(enriched) elements((
, S, total S, Ba, Sr, Ag, Au, As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Sb, V, Zn) represent a potentially tools for exploration of sea-floor hydrothermal deposits from the Tonga arc.
Geochemical Characteristics of Black Slate and Coaly Slate from the Uranium Deposit in Deokpyeong Area
Shin, Dong-Bok ; Kim, Su-Jeong ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 373~386
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.373
Geochemical study was performed on black slates and interbedded U-bearing coaly slates in Deokpyeongri area, the representative uranium mineralized district of the Ogcheon Metamorphic Belt, to discuss the genetic environments of the uranium deposit. REE concentration (254 ppm) of the black slates is higher than that (169 ppm) of the coaly slates and NASC-normalized REE patterns of the coaly slates show remarkable positive Eu anomaly. l11e redox-sensitive trace elements such as V, Cr, Co, Ni, Mo and U in the coaly slates are highly enriched compared to the black slates, especially for V of 24 times, Mo of 62 times, and U of 60 times. In additions, Pd and Pt are also enriched in the coaly slates. Positive Eu anomaly and the noticeable enrichment of the elements listed above compared to those of NASC indicate that those elements were not derived from common seawater but deposited under high temperature and reducing environment of submarine hydrothermal activities. Wide compositional ranges of major elements (
: 6.80~46.85) also suggest that the source rocks of the sediments are mixtures of sedimentary rocks and igneous rocks. Higher sulfur contents in the coaly slates, 2.6 wt.%, than those in the black slates, 0.6 wt.% also indicates that the former was influenced by hydrothermal activities containing much sulfur. These geochemical characteristics are similar to the genetic environments of South China type PGE deposits (Mo-Ni-Zn-PGE) which is geotectonically correlated with the Ogcheon Metamorphic Belt and is known as sedimentary-exhalative deposits. In conclusions, the uranium and other metallic elements mineralization seems to have occurred in the sedimentary basin that was affected by submarine hydrothermal activities and rich in organic materials under oxygen-poor environments as well.
A Comparison of Laser Flash and the Divided-bar Methods of Measuring Thermal Conductivity of Rocks
Oh, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Hyoung-Chan ; Park, Jeong-Min ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 387~397
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.387
In this study, we conducted the study of the merits and demerits of the laser flash and the divided-bar methods for measuring the thermal conductivity of rocks and investigated applicability of the divided-bar apparatus which was developed by KIGAM. The laser flash method can measure thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, and thermal conductivity of rocks with even small thickness (< ~3 mm) in the high temperature range(
) in non-contact mode. For the laser flash method, samples must be uniform and homogeneous. In the case of the divided-bar method, the apparatus measures only thermal conductivity of rock samples at the room temperature. We measured thermal conductivities of 12 rock samples with low density and high porosity using two methods. In the laser flash method, there exist potential errors caused by the effect of pulse dispersion and reflection by various minerals and porosity in rock samples; the difference in thermal conductivity values measured on the front surface and the opposite surface ranges from 0.001 to 0.140 W/mK with the standard deviation of 0.003~0.089 W/mK, which seems to be caused by heterogeneity of rock samples. On the contrary, the divided-bar apparatus shows stable thermal conductivity measurements and relatively small measurement errors; the difference in thermal conductivity values, just as we applied to the laser frash method, is 0.001~0.016 W/mK with the standard deviation 0.001~0.034 W/mK. In turn, the divided-bar method can be applied to more thick samples that are more representative of bulk thermal conductivity.
Case Study of Fault Based on Drainage System Analysis in the Namdae Stream, Uljin Area
Han, Jong-Gyu ; Choi, Sung-Ja ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 399~412
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.399
A DEM (digital elevation model) is produced using a digital topographic map and is now a commonly used tool in geologic surveys. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between knickpoints and faults in the Namdae stream by analyzing a DEM of the area. The Namdae drainage basin was divided into three subbasins (S1, S2 and S3) and their knickpoints developed for the middle to mid-upper regions were extracted from the DEM. The relative steepness Ks and concavity depending on the incision rate was higher in S1 than in S2 and S3 regions. We assumed that the incision rate caused by active erosion resulted from several faults crossing the basins rather than differences in rock types. There are 77 knickpoints in the Namdae drainage area, including the low-ranking branch, and 24 of thses are on the main river system (S1, S2, S3). Of these 77 knickpoints, 27 (38%) are matched by faults, and from the three basins, 13 (54%) correspond with faults, indicating that the knickpoints are connected closely with the faults. For example the average Ks (relative steepness), was 38.8, but in the overlapping area of the Samdang and Doocheon faults the Ks value was 42.99~43.39. We suggest that the faults resulted in geomorphic deformation such as the high-Ksn knickpoints. There was little evdence of relationship between the knickpoints and rock boundaries, with 54% of the knickpoints distributed on the S1, S2, and S3 subbasins. We concluded that the drainage basin knickpoints are the result of fault movement and are a type of geomorphologic deformation that could be useful for surveying Quaternary faults or fault extension.
Geological Structure of the Moisan Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralized Zone, Haenam and its Tectonic Environment at the Time of the Mineralization
Kang, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, Deok-Seon ; Ryoo, Chung-Ryul ; Koh, Sang-Mo ; Chi, Se-Jung ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 413~431
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.413
An Epithemal Au-Ag mineralized zone is developed in the Moisan area of Hwangsan-myeon, Haenam-gun, Jeol-lanam-do, Korea, which is located in the southwestern part of the Ogcheon metamorphic zone. It is hosted in the Hwangsan volcaniclastics of the Haenam Formation of the Late Cretaceous Yucheon Group. This research investigated the characteristics of bedding arrangement, fold, fault, fracture system, quartz vein and the time-relationship of the fracture system to understand the geological structure related to the formation of the mineralized zone. On the basis of this result, the tectonic environment at the time of the mineralization was considered. Beds mainly trend east-northeast and gently dip into north-northwest or south-southeast. Their poles have been rearranged by subhorizontal-upright open fold of (east)-northeast trend as well as dip-slip fault. Fracture system was formed through at least 6~7 different deformation events. D1 event; formation phase of the main fracture set of EW (D1-1) and NS (D1-2) trends with a good extensity, D2 event; that of the extension fracture of NW trend, and conjugate shear fracturing of the EW (dextral) and NS (sinistral) trends, D3 event; that of the extension fracture of NE trend, and conjugate shear refracturing of the EW (sinistral) and NS (dextral) trends, D4 event; that of the extension fracture of NS trend showing a poor extensity, D5 event; that of the extension fracture of NW trend, and conjugate shear refracturing of the EW (dextral) and NS (sinistral) trends, D6 event; that of the extension fracture of EW trend showing a poor extensity. Frequency distribution of fracture sets of each deformation event is D1-1 (19.73 %)> D1-2 (16.44 %)> D3=D5 (14.79 %)> D2 (13.70 %)> D4 (12.33 %)> D6 (8.22 %) in descending order. The average number of fracture sets within 1 meter at each deformation event is D6 (5.00)> D5 = D4 (4.67)> D2 (4.60)> D3 (4.13)> D1-1 (3.33)> D1-2 (2.83) in descending order. The average density of all fractures shows 4.20 fractures/1 m, that is, the average spacing of all fractures is more than 23.8 cm. The frequency distribution of quartz veins at each orientation is as follows: EW (52 %)> NW (28 %)> NS (12 %)> NE (8 %) trends in descending order. The average density of all quartz veins shows 4.14 veins/1 m, that is, the average spacing of all quartz veins is more than 24.2 cm. Microstructural data on the quartz veins indicate that the epithermal Au-Ag mineralization (ca. 77.9~73.1 Ma) in the Moisan area seems to occur mainly along the existing D1 fracture sets of EW and NS trends with a good extensity not under tectonic stress but non-deformational environment directly after epithermal rupture fracturing. The D1 fracturing is considered to occur under the unstable tectonic environment which alternates compression and tension of NS trend due to the oblique northward subduction of the Izanagi plate resulting in the igneous activity and deformation of the Yucheon Group and the Bulguksa igneous rocks during Late Cretaceous time.
Estimating Exploitable Groundwater Amount in Musimcheon Watershed by Using an Integrated Surface Water-Groundwater Model
Chung, Il-Moon ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Kim, Nam-Won ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 433~442
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.433
In Korea, groundwater management has been conducted based on the estimation of annual average of groundwater recharge. Since groundwater recharge and surface water-groundwater interactions show spatiotemporal variation, continuous monitoring and dynamic analysis must be carried out to evaluate the sustainability of groundwater resources. In this study, SWAT-MODFLOW, an integrated surface water-groundwater model was used to analyze surface-groundwater interactions for various groundwater pumping scenarios in Musimcheon watershed. When current usage is applied, the baseflow reduction is about 16%, and annual averaged storage reduction is about 27 mm for whole watershed. As a holistic approach to groundwater sustainability considers the hydrological, ecological, socioeconomic, technological aspects of groundwater utilization, the exploitable groundwater should be determined by physical analysis as well as social compromise in a community.
A Study on Enhancing Brand Recognition in the Research Agency of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
Kim, Chan-Souk ; Kim, Seong-Yong ; Park, Eun-Sook ; Choi, Byung-Kwan ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 443~449
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.443
In this study, we carried out a survey on the degree of recognition for the brand of the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) to contribute to reestablishing the status and role of KIGAM as an institution that people proud of by effectively delivering KIGAM's various research activities and achievements to people. About 49.9% of external publics recognized that there was relevance between research achievements of geo-technology and national brand. On the contribution of research achievements of geo-technology to promoting Korea's power of science and technology, 42.3% gave positive answers. On research achievements of mineral resources technology, just 14.4% replied they saw such results. As alternatives to promote the degree of recognition for brand, we suggested development of beneficial message, operation of brand management committee, promotion of involvement of research achievements of mineral resources technology about people-friendly subjects, development and distribution of "board game for education on mineral resources technology" for youths, activation of location PR, activation of online Q&A bulletin board, finding out star researchers, and president's PI activities.
The Patent Analysis of the Treatment Technology of Asbestos Wastes
Kim, Jong-Heon ; Cho, Jin-Dong ; Lee, Sang-Kwon ; Cha, Seong-Ki ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 44, issue 5, 2011, Pages 451~462
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2011.44.5.451
Asbestos or its applications have been used for long times and for various purposes in our life because of their merits, namely fire resistance, electric insulation and chemical resistance capacity etc. Despite of theses many merits, one of the problems of asbestos is shown toxicity according to its fiber type. So we need data to solve about this problem. In this paper, we study on the technical method of asbestos waste treatment and on the trends of asbestos researches and developments by the analysis of its patents and DWPI database materials. As a result, the asbestos-waste treatment data in the its related patents is used 267 cases to analyze. These data are divided into 86(32.5%) cases of solid waste disposal(B09B). 41(16.6%) cases of separation(B01D) and 27(10.2%) of lime, magnesia, slag, cement and their composites(C04B).