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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 46, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Development of Designing and Performing Procedure for Well Test in Coalbed Methane(CBM) Reservoir
Park, Jinyoung ; Lee, Jeonghwan ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 279~289
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.279
The most critical factor in developing coalbed methane(CBM) reservoir is absolute permeability. Both productivity and economics of the CBM depend on the absolute permeability. The methods to estimate it are core analysis and well test. However, absolute permeability determined by core analysis cannot be a good representative of CBM reservoir. Therefore, it is generally estimated by well test. In this study, well test methods applicable of CBM reservoir were classified with their characteristics. Merits and demerits of each well tests were also analyzed. Based on those parameters, design considerations and procedures of well test were derived. After each well tests was performed, the procedure of well test interpretations to estimate reservoir properties such as absolute permeability and skin factor was presented.
Status of Mineral Resources and Mining Development in North Korea
Koh, Sang Mo ; Lee, Gill Jae ; Yoon, Edward ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 291~300
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.291
The potential mineral resources in North Korea are magnesite, limestone, coal, graphite, iron, gold, silver, lead, and zinc. North Korea is mainly exporting coal and iron to China(70%) and EU countries. Gold ore reserves(or resources) in North Korea are about 2,000 tons and annual production is 2 tons based on metal. Major gold mines are Sooan, Holdong, and Daeyoodong mines and six smelters are operating. Fe ore reserves (or resources) are 4.3 billion tons and annual production is about 5 million tons based on 63.5% Fe. Major iron mines are Moosan, Leewon, Eunryul, Shinwon, and Jaeryong and 7 smelters are operating. Pb and Zn ore reserves(or resources) are Pb 470,000 tons and Zn 15 million tons, and annual productions are about Pb 26,000 tons and Zn 50,000 tons based on metal respectively. Major Pb-Zn mines are Gumdock and Seongcheon mines. Magnesite ore reserves(or resources) are 2.8 billion tons (95% MgO) and annual production is about 150,000 tons. Major magnesite mines are Ryongyang, Daeheung Youth and Ssangryong mines, and 5 magnesium refractory factories are operating. Apatite ore reserves(or resources) are 340 million tons(30%
) and annual production is about 300,000 tons(crude ore). Major apatite mines are Daedaeri, Dongam and Poongnyen mines. Coal is established as an important strategic fuel mineral resources and is a major energy source in North Korea. Coal ore reserves(or resources) are 18.6 billion tons and annual production is about 20 million tons. The main coal fields is located in southern Pyongan and the Jigdong mine is the biggest in North Korea.
A Comparative Study of Fuzzy Relationship and ANN for Landslide Susceptibility in Pohang Area
Kim, Jin Yeob ; Park, Hyuck Jin ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 301~312
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.301
Landslides are caused by complex interaction among a large number of interrelated factors such as topography, geology, forest and soils. In this study, a comparative study was carried out using fuzzy relationship method and artificial neural network to evaluate landslide susceptibility. For landslide susceptibility mapping, maps of the landslide occurrence locations, slope angle, aspect, curvature, lithology, soil drainage, soil depth, soil texture, forest type, forest age, forest diameter and forest density were constructed from the spatial data sets. In fuzzy relation analysis, the membership values for each category of thematic layers have been determined using the cosine amplitude method. Then the integration of different thematic layers to produce landslide susceptibility map was performed by Cartesian product operation. In artificial neural network analysis, the relative weight values for causative factors were determined by back propagation algorithm. Landslide susceptibility maps prepared by two approaches were validated by ROC(Receiver Operating Characteristic) curve and AUC(Area Under the Curve). Based on the validation results, both approaches show excellent performance to predict the landslide susceptibility but the performance of the artificial neural network was superior in this study area.
A Characterization of Oil Sand Reservoir and Selections of Optimal SAGD Locations Based on Stochastic Geostatistical Predictions
Jeong, Jina ; Park, Eungyu ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 313~327
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.313
In the study, three-dimensional geostatistical simulations on McMurray Formation which is the largest oil sand reservoir in Athabasca area, Canada were performed, and the optimal site for steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) was selected based on the predictions. In the selection, the factors related to the vertical extendibility of steam chamber were considered as the criteria for an optimal site. For the predictions, 110 borehole data acquired from the study area were analyzed in the Markovian transition probability (TP) framework and three-dimensional distributions of the composing media were predicted stochastically through an existing TP based geostatistical model. The potential of a specific medium at a position within the prediction domain was estimated from the ensemble probability based on the multiple realizations. From the ensemble map, the cumulative thickness of the permeable media (i.e. Breccia and Sand) was analyzed and the locations with the highest potential for SAGD applications were delineated. As a supportive criterion for an optimal SAGD site, mean vertical extension of a unit permeable media was also delineated through transition rate based computations. The mean vertical extension of a permeable media show rough agreement with the cumulative thickness in their general distribution. However, the distributions show distinctive disagreement at a few locations where the cumulative thickness was higher due to highly alternating juxtaposition of the permeable and the less permeable media. This observation implies that the cumulative thickness alone may not be a sufficient criterion for an optimal SAGD site and the mean vertical extension of the permeable media needs to be jointly considered for the sound selections.
Contents and Seasonal Variations of Arsenic in Paddy Soils and Rice Crops around the Abandoned Metal Mines
Kwon, Ji Cheol ; Jung, Myung Chae ; Kang, Man Hee ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 329~338
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.329
The objective of this study is to investigate the contents and seasonal variation of arsenic in soils and crop plant(rice) in paddy fields around the abandoned metal mines in Korea. The soils were extracted by various methods including aqua regia, 1 M
, 0.01 M
and 0.05 M EDTA to evaluate the relationships between soils and crop plants(rice). According to correlation analysis, statistically significant correlation with the four methods(p<0.01) were found in soils extracted by various chemical solutions and arsenic contents in soils were decreased in the order of 1M
> 0.05 M EDTA. Biological accumulation coefficients(BACs) of rice stalks were higher than those of rice grain, and the coefficients under reducing(August) environment were higher than those under oxidizing conditions(October). Assuming the rice consumption of 315 g/day by farm households in Korea, the amount of daily intake of arsenic were estimated to be 77.8
. The daily intake of arsenic from the rice estimates up to 65% of ADI(acceptable daily intake) that the FAO/WHO Joint Food Additive and Contaminants Committee has set to evaluate their safeties.
Moisture Transport Observed by Water Vapor Isotopes in the Vicinity of Coastal Area, Incheon, Korea
Lee, Jeonghoon ; Choi, Heejin ; Oh, Jinman ; Na, Un-Sung ; Kwak, Hoje ; Hur, Soon Do ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 339~344
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.339
Water vapor isotopes can be excellent tools for understanding complex mechanisms in the water cycle and atmospheric hydrological cycle and they can be applied to various fields of paleoclimatology, atmospheric science, hydrogeology, oceanography, and ecohydrology. Thus, studies of global or local transport of water vapor may be able to provide a very useful clue to better understand the movements of water and energy in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. In this study, the isotopic compositions of water vapor have been observed for moisture transport during the passage of Typhoon Bolaven at Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI), Incheon, in the western part of Korea, from August 27 to August 29, 2012. In the clear sky, the isotopic compositions of water vapor at KOPRI exhibited relatively higher isotopic ratios, which were near isotopic equilibrium with sea surface water (
=-14‰). On the other hand, a largely depleted isotopic ratios in surface water vapor were observed in association with the passage of Typhoon Bolaven (approximately 10‰ depleted compared to the clear sky). The fact that the isotopic minima in water vapor are encountered during the onset period of the Typhoon Bolaven with increases of relative humidity, which is consistent with, so called, "the amount effect".
Characterization of Water Quality and Bacteria of Leachate from Animal Carcass Disposal on the Disposal Lapse Time
Choi, Nag-Choul ; Choi, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Bong-Ju ; Park, Jeong-Ann ; Kim, Song-Bae ; Park, Cheon-Young ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 345~350
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.345
In this study, the physicochemical properties of leachate and the bacteria existence in leachate using molecular biology methods for 4 animal carcass disposals on the disposal lapse time was analyzed. The result of leachate physicochemical analysis in the middle stage (been buried 20 months) showed higher EC, DO,
, TOC, T-N and
concentration compared to the first stage data (been buried 5 months). For identification of leachate using 16S rRNA method, Lysinibacillus sphaericus, Bacillus pumilus, Pseudoclavibacter helvolus, Pseudochrobactrum saccharolyticum and Corynebacterium callunae in the first stage, Bacillus cereus, Lysinibacillus sphaericus, Bacillus circulans and Corynebacterium glutamicum in the middle stage was observed, while there were detections of pathogenicity bacteria such as B. cereus and L. sphaericus. This study improves our knowledge of the fate and transport in geologic media, treatment, risk analysis on the leachate from animal carcass disposal sites.
Global Trends of Unconventional CBM Gas Science Information
Cho, Jin-Dong ; Kim, Jong-Hyun ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 351~358
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.351
Methane burns more clearly than any other fossil fuels. Coalbed methane(CBM) is natural gas contained in coal beds. This gas is usually producted from coal that is either too deep or too poor-quality to be mined commercially. While global coalbed methane resource estimates are rough, they indicate between 84 and 377tcm, which compares with proven natural gas reserves of 180tcm. Coalbed methane resources are currently only produced on a major scale in the United States, Canada, Australia and China. In this study, we analysed total 109 published papers for the CBM during the 1990~2012 periods by the programs of 'web of science'. The results of analysis, the CBM study led by the United States, the follow India and Australia. In subject area(web of sciences), Energy Fuels is 57, Engineering 58 and Geology 41 papers, respectively.
Geochemical Evaluation and Characterization of the Shale Gas Resources
Lee, Young-Joo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 46, issue 4, 2013, Pages 359~373
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.359
Shale is considered as a source rock for conventional oil and gas exploration and development because shale is fine-grained detrital sedimentary rock which can preserve the organic matter better. Shale has a good sealing capacity for the petroleum trap due to its low permeability. Commercial recoveries of gas from shale in the North America based on the development of technologies of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing reveal that shale also function as a effective reservoir rock. Geochemical techniques to evaluate generation potential of the hydrocarbons from organic matter in the source rocks can be applied for the exploration of the shale gas resources. To evaluate shale gas resources, it is important to understand various geochemical processes and shale characteristics controlling generation, storage and estimation of shale gas reserves. In this paper, the generation mechanism of the oil and gas from organic matter is reviewed, and geochemical techniques which can be applied for the evaluation and characterization of shale gas are introduced.