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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Economic and Environmental Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 47, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
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Pedological and Mineralogical Characterizations of Hwangto (Yellow Residual Soils), Naju, Jeollanam-do, Korea
Kim, Yumi ; Bae, Jo-Ri ; Kim, Cheong-Bin ; Roh, Yul ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 87~96
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.87
The objectives of this study were to characterize the physicochemical properties and mineralogy of Hwangto (yellow residual soils) from the southwestern part of Korea and to understand the soil-forming processes of the residual soils from their parent rocks. Both the yellowish residual soils as well as the unweathered and weathered parent rocks were obtained from Jangdong-ri, Donggang-myun, Naju, Jeollanam-do, Korea. The soil samples were examined to analyze the said soil`s physicochemical properties such as color, pH, and particle size distribution. A scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis were performed in order to understand the mineralogy, chemical composition, and morphology of the soils. Two thin sections of a parent rock were analyzed to study its mineral composition. A particle size analysis of the soils indicates that the residual soil consists of mainly silt and clay (approximately 95%) and that soil textures are silty clay or silt clay loam. The soil colors of the residual soil are dark brown (7.5YR 3/4) through yellowish red (5YR 4/6). The pH of the residual soil ranges from 4.3 to 5.1. The major minerals of the parent rocks were quartz, biotite, chlorite, and plagioclase. The mineralogy of the sand fraction of the residual soil was quartz, biotite, muscovite and sanidine. The mineralogy of the silt fraction of the residual soil was quartz, biotite, muscovite, Na-feldspar, K-feldspar, and sanidine. The clay mineralogy of the soil was goethite, kaolinite, ilite, hydroxy-interlayed vermiculite(HIV), vermiculite, mica, K-feldspar and quartz. The mineral composition of the residual soil and the parent rock indicates that feldspar and mica in the parent rock weathered into illite, vermiculite and hydroxy-interlayed vermiculite(HIV), and finally changed into kaolinite and halloysite in the yellowish residual soils.
Occurrence and Morphological Characteristics of the Peperite in Mt. Juwang, Cheongsong
Woo, Hyeon Dong ; Jang, Yun Deuk ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 97~105
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.97
Peperite exposed along the Dajeonsa basalt in Mt.Juwang, Cheongsong emerged as a consequence of the simultaneity of volcano-sedimentary sequences. This study aims to classify peperites as morphological characteristics and infer the formation process by the field investigation, image analysis, X-Ray Diffractometer and polarization microscope for the magma-sediment interaction mechanism and paleoenvironment. As a result of the field investigation globular(fluidal) peperite is the representative feature at the bottom of Dajeonsa basalt, sub-angular peperite at the middle and irregular peperite at the top. Peperite domains range from sheet and pod or feeder conduit. Although the study that the morphologies of peperite are controled by the sorts of sediment and lava or magma has tended to center around the peperite, the study addresses not single mechanism but the multi-stage mechanism because Mt.juwang peperite, under the same conditions, varies in shapes and sizes and also the ratio of sediments that show the most change of the peperite affects to the formation of peperite.
Gravity Exploration Inferring the Source Granite of the NMC Moland Mine, Jecheon, Chungbuk
Shin, Young Hong ; Yoo, Bong Chul ; Lim, Mutaek ; Park, Yeong-Sue ; Ko, In Se ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 107~119
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.107
NMC Moland mine, which is classified as a contact replacement or skarn deposit, has been interpreted to have been formed by Daebo igneous activity which intruded into the Joseon Supergroup, because it is quite closely located to Jecheon granite. However, an alternative interpretation was recently suggested that the mine could be related with the hydrothermal fluid originated from Cretaceous granitic rocks, bringing about skarnization and Mo mineralization. Here we present an interpretation on the source granite of the mine based on the gravity exploration: the gravity anomaly, unlike the surface geology, shows that the Muamsa granite could be the related granite of the mine, because its hidden subsurface structure is expected to be more widely extended to surrounding area of the mine and deeper than the Jecheon granite.
Kinematic Analysis of Plane Failure for Rock Slope Using GIS and Probabilistic Analysis Method
Lee, Seok Hwan ; Park, Hyuck Jin ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 121~131
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.121
The stability of rock slope is mainly controlled by the orientation and shear strength of discontinuties in rock mass. Therefore, in kinematic analysis, the orientation of the combination of discontinuities and slope face is examined to determine if certain modes of failure can be occurred. In previous kinematic analysis, a representative orientation of the slope face and mean orientation of discontinuity set were used as input parameters. However, since the orientations of slope face varies according to locations of measurement, the representative slope face orientation could cause misunderstanding for kinematic instability. In addition, since the orientations of each discontinuity are scattered in the same discontinuity set, there is the possibility that uncertainties are involved in the procedure of kinematic analysis. Therefore, in this study, the detailed digital topographic map was used to obtain the orientation of slope face. In addition, the probabilistic analysis approach was utilized to deal properly with the uncertainties in discontinuity orientation. The proposed approach was applied to steep slopes in mountain road located in Baehuryeong, Chunncheon city, Gangwon-Do. The analysis results obtained from the deterministic and probabilistic analysis were compared to check the feasibility of proposed the analysis.
Research Methodology for the Economic Impact Assessment of Natural Disasters and Its Applicability for the Baekdu Mountain Volcanic Disaster
Jiang, Zhuhua ; Yu, Soon-Young ; Yoon, Seong-Min ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 133~146
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.133
There are many studies for the economic impact assessment of natural disasters, but there are few for volcanic disasters. Domestic academic research is not under active discussion because of the lack of national and social interest for volcanic eruption. This study investigated the research methodology for the economic impact assessment of natural disasters and discussed whether these can be applied to the economic impact analysis for the Baekdu Mountain volcanic disaster. The main findings are as follows: Firstly, Asia-Pacific region is the most affected by natural disasters and has the largest scale of damage. Asian and American Continent have the most economic damage. Secondly, Considering the types of damage caused by natural disasters and its complex structure, several methodologies that could be possible to estimate economic consequential damages have been compared. When applying each methodology to the Baekdu Mountain volcanic disaster, the scale of damage is likely to be over-estimated or under-estimated because of model-specific features. Thus, estimated values should be compared to each other after calculating the damage results. Thirdly, Japanese academic research on the volcanic disaster will be used as the starting point of the economic impact assessment studies for Baekdu Mountain. Using computer SW such as Hazus which is used in United States and RiskScape from New Zealand is also a good method to predict economic impact of the Baekdu Mountain volcanic disaster.
Geochemical Exploration for Tri Le REE Occurrence in Nghe An Province within Northern Vietnam
Heo, Chul-Ho ; Ho, Tien Chung ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 147~168
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.147
The soil geochemical exploration was carried out targeting around Tri Le area far from about 30 km with northwestern direction from Que Phong within Nghe An province. The interval of sampling are horizontal 200 m interval with 23 line and longitudinal 300 m with 10 line, resulting in 228 soil samples. Based on the result of the soil geochemical exploration, the detailed pitting survey was carried out targeting the grid point with high TREO content, resulting in 75 soil samples within 7 pits. The geology of survey area are consisted of Ban Chieng biotite granite complex and granitic gneiss intruding Ban Khang formation comprising of quartz schist and marble. Main mineralization in the study area have the characteristics of occurrence with tin, ruby and REE-bearing monazite and xenotime to be thought as occurring at the alteration zone of granite complex. In order to elucidate the source rock of monazite and xenotime confirmed from heavy sand, soil geochemical exploration was carried out. As a analysis result with ICP-MS on the soil samples from the soil geochemical exploration, total REE oxide content of background amount to about 2 times of crustal abundance, enriching the heavy rare earth(about 2 times) and light rare earth(about 1.5 times). As a analysis result with ICP-MS on the soil samples from the soil detailed pit survey, we only identified outcrop considering as economic weathered granite body at the grid point 1-10 pit among 7 pits. As a synthetic consideration on the soil geochemical exploration and detailed pit survey, we tentatively designated Tri Le area as no promising target for REE. In 2014, we have the plan to carry out the soil geochemical exploration targeting the extended economic REE ore body in Quy Chau as project area from 2011 to 2012.
Resource Estimation of Actosity Gold Mineralized Belt, Uzbekistan
Chi, Se-Jung ; Park, Sung-Won ; Kim, In-Joon ; Heo, Chul-Ho ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 169~180
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.169
Surface geological and trench surveys and drilling exploration (total length, 1,100 m; 9 drill holes) were carried out to secure new Au ore bodies in the area(
) of Actosity gold field, where is located at the western Kuldjuktau mineralized district in the middle territory of Uzbekistan. Several Au ore bodies occurring as tabular or lens shapes with thickness of 0.5~35 m were newly discovered on the outcrops and extended to
direction with dipping of
SW or NE. Indicated ore resource of gold with Au grade of 0.25~3.52 mg/kg was newly estimated by 2,382 t(gold resource of 2.5 t) as a result of 9 drilling exploration in 2010~2012 from the Actosity gold field. Judging from the ore resources and Au grade of the Actosity gold field, economic potentiality of mining development seems to be low. Because of high possibility to secure new ore resources through more detailed exploration works from the Actosity area, the growth of econonic value will be expected by a mine of middle scale.
Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Carbonate Minerals from the Olon Ovoot Gold Mine, Mongolia
Yoo, Bong Chul ; Tungalag, Naidansuren ; Sereenen, Jargalen ; Heo, Chul-Ho ; Ko, Sang-Mo ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 181~191
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.181
Olon Ovoot gold mine, Mongolia, is located in the Omnogobi province which is south 500 km from Ulaanbaatar. The mine area consists of the Devonian Bot-Uul khudag formation, the Upper Devonian intrusions, and the Upper Devonian or the Early Jurassic quartz veins. The quartz veins contain from 1 to 32 g/t gold with an average of 5 g/t gold. The quartz veins vary from 0.2 m to 25 m and are concordant or discordant with foliation of the green-schist. The mineralogy of the quartz veins is simple and consists of mainly of white massive quartz with partly transparent quartz in cavity. Quartz, sericite, chlorite, pyrite and carbonates(ankerite, dolomite and siderite) were observed in the alteration zone. Carbonate minerals occur as disseminated, coarse or fine grains with quartz, sericite, chlorite and pyrite near vein margin or within wall-rock xenoliths in quartz vein. Ankerite is present as later dark grey ankerite(13.51 to 16.89 wt.% FeO) and early white grey ankerite(16.67 to 19.90 wt.% FeO). The FeO contents of early ankerite are higher than those of later ankerite. Dolomite contains from 3.89 to 10.44 wt.% FeO and from 0.10 to 0.47 wt.% MnO. Dolomite is present as dark grey dolomite(4.06 to 6.87 wt.% FeO), light white grey dolomite(6.74 to 7.58 wt.% FeO) and grey white dolomite(7.33 to 10.44 wt.% FeO). The FeO contents of white grey dolomite are higher than those of dark grey dolomite. Siderite contains from 34.25 to 48.66 wt.% FeO, from 6.79 to 14.38 wt.% MgO, from 0.06 to 0.26 wt.% MnO and from 2.08 to 8.08 wt.% CaO.
Global Trends of Shale Gas Development Information
Koo, Young Duk ; Kim, Young-In ; Park, Kwan Soon ;
Economic and Environmental Geology, volume 47, issue 2, 2014, Pages 193~204
DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2014.47.2.193
Shale gas has caused a change in the dynamics of gas market since development of horizontal drilling technic and hydraulic fracturing technic caused its commercial production. The commercial amount of shale gas is 187.5 trillions
so human can use it for 59 years and the amount will increase in the future. Several nations such as USA, Canada, China and Russia have more and more interested in shale gas as a futuristic major energy source. In accordance with this trend in the world, the amount of studying theses for development of shale gas have increased so their theses became important increasingly. The number of searched theses (1986 ~ The first half of 2013) is 3,468 and has increased recently. Among 89 nations studying shale gas, USA has 637 theses as No.1 in the world. 1,813 global studying institutes have studied shale gas; in the analysis result of several studying institutes, US geological survey institute was ranked as No.1 for the quality level of shale gas study and intensity of global cooperation.