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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 10, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 10, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 10, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 10, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 10, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
FDI considering Two Faults of Inertial Sensors
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.001
Inertial navigation system with hardware redundancy must use FDI(Fault Detection and Isolation) method to remove the influence of faulty sensors. Until now, several FDI methods such as PSA(Parity Space Approach), GLT(Generalized Likelihood ratio Test) and OPT(Optimal Parity vector Test) method are generally used. However, because these FDI methods only consider the situation that the system has one faulty sensor, these methods cannot be directly adapted for the system with two faulty sensors. To solve this problem, in this paper, PSA method is analyzed and based on this result, new FDI method called EPSA is proposed to consider a detection and an isolation of two faulty sensors in inertial navigation system.
Robust Predictive Control of Robot Manipulators with Uncertainties
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 10~14
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.010
We present a predictive control algorithm combined with the robust robot control that is constructed on the Lyapunov min-max approach. Since the control design of a real manipulator system may often be made on the basis of the imperfect knowledge about the model, it is an important trend to design a robust control law that guarantees the desired properties of the manipulator under uncertain elements. In the preceding robust control work, we need to tune several control parameters in the admissible set where the desired stability can be achieved. By introducing an optimal predictive control technique in robust control we can find out much more deterministic controller for both the stability and the performance of manipulators. A new class of robust control combined with an optimal predictive control is constructed. We apply it to a simple type of 2-link robot manipulator and show that a desired performance can be achieved through the computer simulation.
Asymptotic Stabilization of Linear Systems with Time-Varying Input Disturbances Using Disturbance Observer Techniques and Min-Max Control Method
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 15~21
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.015
This paper deals with asymptotic stabilization problems for linear systems with time-varying input disturbances. In order to eliminate the influence of a disturbance on the system, a disturbance observer is designed and the time-varying disturbance can be rejected using its estimated value. Since the disturbance observer is kind of low-pass filter, it has inevitably estimation errors. To eliminate the inflences on the performance due to these errors, the additional control is designed based on these estimation errors using a well-known min-max control method. It is shown that the asymptotic stability of the closed-loop system is guaranteed. In general, the min-max control method requires the switching of control inputs and the switching magnitude of the control input is determined by the disturbance estimation error bounds. As the error bounds can be made arbitrarily small by choosing the high gain for the disturbance observer, the control method suggested in this paper can reduce the chattering phenomena as small as possible. Therefore, it has superior performance to the existing ones.
Robust Control of Trajectory Tracking for Hydraulic Excavator
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 22~29
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.022
This paper studies the coordinated trajectory control of an excavator as a kind of robotic manipulators driven by hydraulic actuators. Hydraulic robot system has many non-linearity in dynamics and kinematics, and strong coupling among joints(or hydraulic cylinders). This paper proposes a combined controller frame of the adaptive robust control(ARC) and the sliding mode control(SMC) for the trajectory tracking control of the excavator to preserve the advantages of the both methods while overcoming their drawbacks, namely, asymptotic stability of adaptive system for parametric uncertainties and guaranteed transient performance of sliding mode control for both parametric uncertainties and external disturbance. The suggested control technique is applied for the tracking of a straight-line motion of end-effector of manipulators, and through computer simulations, its trajectory tracking performances and the robustness to payload variation and uncertainties are illustrated.
A Study on the Controller Design for Active Vibration Control of flexible Cantilever Beam using Electromagnetic Actuators.
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 30~41
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.030
This paper is concerned with the active vibration control of flexible cantilever beam system using electromagnetic farce actuator. The main objective of this paper is to propose the control algorithms and to implement the experimental setups for active vibration control. Dynamic equations of the electromagnetic actuator and the beam are combined to find the transfer function from the electromagnetic actuator to the laser sensor. The final transfer function is determined by considering only the first and second modes, and experiments confirm that this model works well. Several control algorithms are proposed and implemented on the experimental setups to show their efficacy. These include a PID control design, an optimal H
control design, and a fuzzy PID control design. Effectiveness and performance of the designed controller were verified by both simulation and experiment results.
Study on Application of Iterative Learning Control to 2-Mass Resonant System
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 42~46
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.042
A 2-mass resonant system is one that has a flexible coupling between a load and a driving motor. Due to this flexibility, the system often suffers vibration especially when the motor is controlled for higher speed command. In order to suppress such a vibration, an iterative learning control is applied to the 2-mass resonant system in this paper. The motor speed is controlled according to the relation with the load speed. The desired speed trajectories are derived under the condition for no vibration. The simulation result suggests that the proposed method effectively suppresses the vibration even when there exist model uncertainties.
Compliance Control of a 6-tink Electro-Hydraulic Manipulator
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 47~53
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.047
An electro-hydraulic manipulator using hydraulic actuators has many nonlinear elements, and its parameter fluctuations are greater than those of an electrically driven manipulator. So it is quite difficult to obtain stable control performance. We have applied a disturbance estimation and compensation type robust control to all the axes in a 6-link electro-hydraulic manipulator. It was confirmed that the performance of trajectory tracking and attitude regulating was greatly improved by the disturbance observer. For autonomous assembly tasks, it is said that compliance control is one of the most popular methods in contact task. We have proposed a compliance control based on the position control by a disturbance observer for our manipulator system. To realize more stable contact work, the states in the compliance loop are feedbacked, where not only displacement but also the velocity and acceleration are considered. We have also applied this compliance control to the Peg-in-Hole insertion task and proposed new methods of (1)rotating of the end-effector periodically in order to reduce the friction force, (2)random searching for the center of a hole and (3)trajectory modification to reduce the impact force. As a result of these new methods, it could be experimentally confirmed that the Peg-in-Hole insertion task with a clearance of 0.007 [mm] could be achieved.
3D Vision Inspection Algorithm using Geometrical Pattern Matching Method
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 54~59
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.054
We suggest a 3D vision inspection algorithm which is based on the external shape feature. Because many electronic parts have the regular shape, if we have the database of pattern and can recognize the object using the database of the object s pattern, we can inspect many types of electronic parts. Our proposed algorithm uses the geometrical pattern matching method and 3D database on the electronic parts. We applied our suggested algorithm fer inspecting several objects including typical IC and capacitor. Through the experiments, we could find that our suggested algorithm is more effective and more robust to the inspection environment(rotation angle, light source, etc.) than conventional 2D inspection methods. We also compared our suggested algorithm with the feature space trajectory method.
Distributed Flexible Tactile Sensor
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 60~65
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.060
A flexible tactile sensor away with 8 H 8 tactile elements is designed and fabricated. The material of the sensor is PVDF(polyvinylidene fluoride) film and flexible circuitry is used in the fabrication fur the flexibility of the sensor The experimental results on static and dynamic properties of the sensor are obtained and examined. The signals of a contact pressure to the sensor are sensed and processed in the DSP system in which the signals are digitalized and filtered. The processed signals of the sensor outputs are visualized in a personal computer for illustrating the shape and force distribution of a contact object. The reasonable performance for the detection of contact state is verified through sensing examples.
Development of Inspection System for Crack on the Lining of Concrete Tunnel
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 66~72
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.066
To assess tunnel safety, cracks in tunnel lining are measured by inspectors, who observe cracks with their naked eyes and record them. But manual inspection is slow, and measured crack data is subjective. Therefore, this study proposes inspection system fur measuring cracks in tunnel lining and providing objective crack data to be used in safety assessment. The system consists of On-vehicle system and Laboratory system. On-Vehicle system acquires image data with line CCD camera on scanning along the tunnel lining. Laboratory system extracts crack information from the acquired image using image processing. Measured crack information is crack thickness, length and orientation. To improve accuracy of crack recognition, the geometric properties and patterns of cracks in concrete structure were applied to image processing. The proposed system was verified with experiments in both laboratory environment and field environment such as subway tunnel.
Development of a General Purpose Motion Controller Using a Field Programmable Gate Array
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.073
We have developed a general purpose motion controller using an FPGA(Field Programmable Gate Array). The multi-PID controllers and GUI are implemented as a system-on-chip for multi-axis motion control. Comparing with the commercial motion controller LM 629, since it has multi-independent PID controllers, we have several advantages such as space effectiveness, low cost and lower power consumption. In order to test the performance of the proposed controller, motion of the robot hand is controlled. The robot hand has three fingers with 2 joints each. Finger movements show that tracking was very effective. Another experiment of balancing an inverted pendulum on a cart has been conducted to show the generality of the proposed FPGA PID controller. The controller has well maintained the balance of the pendulum.
Self-Localization of Autonomous Mobile Robot using Multiple Landmarks
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 81~86
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.081
This paper describes self-localization of a mobile robot from the multiple candidates of landmarks in outdoor environment. Our robot uses omnidirectional vision system for efficient self-localization. This vision system acquires the visible information of all direction views. The robot uses feature of landmarks whose size is bigger than that of others in image such as building, sculptures, placard etc. Robot uses vertical edges and those merged regions as the feature. In our previous work, we found the problem that landmark matching is difficult when selected candidates of landmarks belonging to region of repeating the vertical edges in image. To overcome these problems, robot uses the merged region of vertical edges. If interval of vertical edges is short then robot bundles them regarding as the same region. Thus, these features are selected as candidates of landmarks. Therefore, the extracted merged region of vertical edge reduces the ambiguity of landmark matching. Robot compares with the candidates of landmark between previous and current image. Then, robot is able to find the same landmark between image sequences using the proposed feature and method. We achieved the efficient self-localization result using robust landmark matching method through the experiments implemented in our campus.
Efficiency Analysis of Scheduler based on the Division Scheduling Algorithm
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.087
We proposed the division algorithm that was aimed at dividing system models. It used a transitive matrix to express the relation between place and transition. And the division algorithm was applied to the scheduling problem, with the division-scheduling algorithm. The division-scheduling algorithm was able to calculate the divided subnet table. And it is able to reduce the analysis complexity. In this study, we applied the proposed division algorithm and division-scheduling algorithm to flexible manufacturing system models. We compared the efficiency and performance of the division-scheduling algorithm with the Hillion algorithm, Korbaa algorithm, and Unfolding algorithm proposed in previous researches.
An Efficient Assisted-GPS Acquisition Method in Weak Signal Environment
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 96~102
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2004.10.1.096
For sensitivity enhancement, the general assisted-GPS acquisition method adopts not only the coherent accumulation technique but also the non-coherent accumulation technique since the long coherent accumulation period increases the number of frequency search cells. But the non-coherent accumulation technique causes tile squaring loss, which is a dominant factor among the acquisition losses of assisted GPS dealing with weak GPS signals. This paper derives the squaring loss of the previous assisted-GPS acquisition method and proposes an assisted-GPS acquisition method for solving the problem of squaring loss in weak signal environment. In this paper, it is explained that the proposed assisted-GPS acquisition method prevents the squaring loss using a coupled coherent accumulation technique and the number of search cells of the proposed assisted-GPS acquisition method is much smaller than that of the previous assisted-GPS acquisition method. Finally, through the simulation by the GPS simulator, the acquisition success rate of the proposed assisted-GPS acquisition method is compared with that of the previous assisted-GPS acquisition method and the acquisition improvements are shown in weak signal environment.