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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Aug 2006
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Jul 2006
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Applications of GPS/Pseudolite Navigation System
Lee Taik-Jin ; Kim kang-Ho ; So Hyung-Min ; Kee Chang-Don ; Noh Kwang-Hyun ; Lee Ki-Duk ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 729~738
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.729
In recent days, navigation technology becomes more important as location based service (LBS) such as E911 and telematics are considered as attractive business fields. Commercial LBS requires that navigation system should be inexpensive and available anytime and anywhere - indoors and outdoors. If we consider these requirements, it is out of question that GPS is the most favorite system in the world. However, GPS has a serious problem. The one is that GPS does not operate indoors well. This is because GPS satellites are about 20,000km above the ground so that indoor signals are too weak to be tracked in GPS receiver. And the other is that vertical accuracy is less than horizontal accuracy, because of GPS satellites` geometry. To solve these problems, many researches have been done around the world since 1990s. This paper is also one of them and we will introduce an excellent solution by use of pseudolite. Pseudolite is a kind of signal generator, which transmits GPS-like signal. So it is same as GPS satellite in ground. In this paper, we will propose the integrated navigation system of GPS and pseudolite and show the flight test results using RC airplane to proof our navigation system. As a result, we could improve the vertical accuracy of airplane into the horizontal accuracy.
Performance Improvement of INS Velocity-aided GPS Carrier Tracking Loop
Kim Jeong-Won ; Lee Sang-Jeong ; Hwang Dong-Hwan ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 739~745
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.739
This paper presents performance improvement of the INS velocity-adided GPS carier tracking loop. To this end, INS velocity-aided GPS carrier tracking loop was modeled as a feedfoward and a feedback loop system. In the phase tracking loop, it was shown that the tracking error caused by the dynamic motion of the vehicle can be compensated with the aiding of the INS information irrespective of the loop order and bandwidth. However, the signal trcking error increases as the INS error increases. It was also shown that in order to remove the tracking error caused by INS bias error, more than or equal to 2nd order PLL should be used. Experiments were carried out and the experimental results were compared with the analysis results.
Vision-Based Indoor Object Tracking Using Mean-Shift Algorithm
Kim Jong-Hun ; Cho Kyeum-Rae ; Lee Dae-Woo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 746~751
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.746
In this paper, we present tracking algorithm for the indoor moving object. We research passive method using a camera and image processing. It had been researched to use dynamic based estimators, such as Kalman Filter, Extended Kalman Filter and Particle Filter for tracking moving object. These algorithm have a good performance on real-time tracking, but they have a limit. If the shape of object is changed or object is located on complex background, they will fail to track them. This problem will need the complicated image processing algorithm. Finally, a large algorithm is made from integration of dynamic based estimator and image processing algorithm. For eliminating this inefficiency problem, image based estimator, Mean-shift Algorithm is suggested. This algorithm is implemented by color histogram. In other words, it decide coordinate of object`s center from using probability density of histogram in image. Although shape is changed, this is not disturbed by complex background and can track object. This paper shows the results in real camera system, and decides 3D coordinate using the data from mean-shift algorithm and relationship of real frame and camera frame.
Algorithm for Improving GPS Performance by Data Pre-processing
Rhee Jae-Hoon ; Hong Won-Chul ; Kim Hyun-Soo ; Jeon Chang-Wan ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 752~758
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.752
A GPS receiver provides much information such as calculated position, speed, heading, status of satellites, current time errors, etc. It is well-known that GPS signals from GPS receiver mounted on moving vehicle are often distorted, contaminated by various noises, and blocked by tunnel or tall buildings. The phenomenon often obstructs correct navigation especially when a vehicle keeps stopping or is moving in low speed. Therefore it is needed to pre-process the signals to adapt it to various applications. In this paper, an algorithm to pre-process the signals is proposed. For this, GPS data obtaining from uNAV GPS receiver are analyzed and classified based on dynamic characteristic. Then, the proposed algorithm is applied to the data and some test results are shown to verify the usefulness of the algorithm.
Proposal of Test Scenario Set for Wireless Location Determination Technologies Performance Evaluation
Son Seok-Bo ; Kim Young-Baek ; Park Chan-Sik ; Lee Sang-Jeong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 759~764
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.759
This paper introduces test plan and scenario sets proposed by CDG(CDMA Development Group)for wireless location determination technologies performance evaluation, and proposes new test criteria and scenario sets which are more suitable in Korea environment. We propose two scenario sets. One is based on wireless network coverage, and another is based on test types. We evaluate the performance of AGPS(Assisted-GPS) receiver designed by Hanyang Navicom Co., ltd. and analyze the results according to proposed test criteria and scenario sets.
The Fast Signal Acquisition Scheme for a GPS Ll/L2C Correlator
Lim Deok-Won ; Moon Sung-Wook ; Park Chan-Sik ; Lee Sang-Jeong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 765~772
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.765
The L2 Civil Signal (L2CS) will be transmitted by modernized IIR(IIR-M), IIF and all subsequent GPS satellites. It contains two codes of different length; CM code contains 10,230chips, repeats every 20milliseconds and is modulated with message data, and CL code contains 767,250chips, repeats every 1.5second Z-count and has no data modulation. And the message data is encoded for Forward Error Correction(FEC). The long code length is useful for weak signal, but it also requires very long acquisition time. Therefore, the structure of GPS Ll/L2C Correlator and the fast acquisition scheme are proposed in this paper.
Performance Investigation of GPS/INS Ultra-tightly integration for Navigation of Unmanned Expedition Vehicles
Chung ,Kwang-Youn ; Cho Young-Seok ; Shim Duk-Sun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 773~779
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.773
GPS/INS integration is widely considered as main navigation systems of vehicles since GPS(Global Positioning System) and INS(Inertial Navigation System) have their own strength and weakness, respectively. Accuracy, continuity, integrity, and availability should be provided in navigation systems of vehicles. Ultra-tightly integration can improve these capacities, expecially availability of GPS. Unmanned Expedition Vehicles(UEV) must be robust against Jamming and external impact because UEV have to substitute for a man when they are in the place where they can not be controlled by a man. This paper analyzes the performance of Ultra-tightly integration and compares it with those of loosely integration and tightly integration for some trajectories
A Performance Comparison of Extended and Unscented Kalman Filters for INS/GPS Tightly Coupled Approach
Kim Kwang-Jin ; Yu Myeong-Jong ; Park Young-Bum ; Park Chan-Gook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 780~788
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.780
This paper deals with INS/GPS tightly coupled integration algorithms using extend Kalman filter (EKF) and unscented Kalman filter (UKF). In the tightly coupled approach, nonlinear pseudorange measurement models are used for the INS/GPS integration Kalman filter. Usually, an EKF is applied for this task, but it may diverge due to poor functional linearization of the nonlinear measurement. The UKF approximates a distribution about the mean using a set of calculated sigma points and achieves an accurate approximation to at least second-order. We introduce the generalized scaled unscented transformation which modifies the sigma points themselves rather than the nonlinear transformation. The generalized scaled method is used to transform the pseudo range measurement of the tightly coupled approach. To compare the performance of the EKF- and UKF-based tightly coupled approach, real van test and simulation have been carried out with feedforward and feedback indirect Kalman filter forms. The results show that the UKF and EKF have an identical performance in case of the feedback filter form, but the superiority of the UKF is demonstrated in case of the feedforward filer form.
An Indoor Positioning System Using Time-Synchronized Switching GPS Repeater
Im Sung-Hyuck ; Jee Gyu-In ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 789~797
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.789
A new method for the GPS repeater based indoor positioning is proposed and its feasibility is verified by experiments in previous paper. But the problems how can identify switching GPS repeater`s ID and when switching will be occurred are remained. To solve the problem faced with, we propose the time synchronized switching GPS repeater and the methods of the detection of switching time and the estimation of TDOA. First, switching GPS repeater retransmits the signals synchronized on GPS time, sequentially. Always, first switching time is synchronized with 1 PPS. Second, we formulate the detection of switching time and the estimation of TDOA and propose the various methods. No method is existed absolutely superior to others in any conditions but the method is existed superior to others in specific condition. Finally, feasibility of indoor positioning using time-synchronized switching GPS repeater is evaluated through experiments in anechoic chamber and general environment with multipath.
Integrated Driver for the Full Rotation Using Six-axial Forces by the Induction Type of Axial-gap Motor
Jung Kwang-Suk ; Lee Sang-Heon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 798~804
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.798
To overcome the limited relative uncertainty and work range of the existing planar stage and the bulk structure of the contact-less motor for rotation, the novel operating principle to realize the precise rotation is suggested. It uses the two-axial vector forces, normal force and thrust force, of three-induction type of axial motors located
apart, resulting in the contact-free rotation of the mover. Firstly in this paper, the magnetic forces across the air gap are modeled and simulated under the various conditions. It clarifies the feasible range of the derived solution. And the algorithm compensating the strong cross couple between the forces and the control inputs; generally AC magnitude and slip frequency, is given to realize the independent control of six axes. Finally, for the successfully implemented system, the round test and the micro step test results are given.
A Development of Ultrasonic Communication Algorithm Using the Combination of FSK and ASK
Kim Young-Jin ; Huh Kyung-Moo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 805~809
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.805
To secure resources, submarine environment should be firstly explored. On that occasion, the withdrawal of the instrument is important and the submarine ultrasonic wave should be stably identified regardless submarine environment and passive factor. In the existing control methods, the control informations, received from an observation instrument, are identified used by hardware and repeatedly compared with standard information. Hereupon, a marine observation instrument remote control system using the combination of FSK and ASK that was improved its controllability and movability was presented in this paper. Likewise, the logicality of communication algorithm were ascertained by experiments.
A Stabilization Method for Rotated and Translated Images
Seok Ho-Dong ; Lyou Joon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 810~817
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.810
This paper presents a rotational motion estimation and correction technique for digital image stabilization. An equivalent rotation model is derived so as to accommodate a combined rotational and the translational motion. Thanks to this simplification, the suggested estimation algorithm can directly find the rotational center using geometric characteristic of local motion vectors instead of using searching method. And we also present recursive version of frame to reference algorithm(FRA) for the real time implementation. The proposed DIS system does not require time consuming parameter searching process, while showing comparatively good performance compared with the previous ones. To show the effectiveness of the DIS scheme, the algorithm has been implemented on the DSP based hardware system and experimental results are also discussed.
Development of Standard Calibration System for the Rain Gauges by Weighting Method
Shin Gang-Wook ; Hong Sung-Tack ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 818~823
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.818
Because the rain gauges of tipping bucket type can easily use the digital signal, the rain gauges are widely used for the meteorological observation. In general, the resolution of rain gauges of tipping bucket type can be categorized by the 0.1mm, 0.5mm, and 1.0mm classes. But, the error of the tipping bucket rain gauges is made by the intensity of rainfalls and is expected to make the standard calibration method for error measurement. Thus, we developed the hardware of standard calibration facility for rain gauges by weighting measurement method and proposed the standard procedure by rainfall intensity in this study Also, we calculated the uncertainty for the rainfall intensity and obtained useful result through the proposed calibration method.
A Measurement Error Correction Algorithm of Road Image for Traveling Vehicle`s Fluctuation Using V.F. Modeling
Kim Tae-Hyo ; Seo Kyung-Ho ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 824~833
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.824
In this paper, the image modelling of road`s lane markings is established using view frustum(VF) model. From this model, a measurement system of lane markings and obstacles is proposed. The system also involve the real time processing of the 3D position coordinate and the distance data from the camera to the points on the 3D world coordinate by virtue of the camera calibration. In order to reduce their measurement error, an useful algorithm for which analyze the geometric variations due to traveling vehicle`s fluctuation using VF model is proposed. In experiments, without correction, for instance, the
of pitching rotation gives the error of
at the distance of 10m, but the more far distance cause exponentially the more error. We con finned that this algorithm can be reduced less than 0.1m of error at the same condition.
Validation of the Control Logic for Automated Material Handling System Using an Object-Oriented Design and Simulation Method
Han Kwan-Hee ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 12, issue 8, 2006, Pages 834~841
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2006.12.8.834
Recently, many enterprises are installing AMSs(Automated Manufacturing Systems) for their competitive advantages. As the level of automation increases, proper design and validation of control logic is a imperative task for the successful operation of AMSs. However, current discrete event simulation methods mainly focus on the performance evaluation. As a result, they lack the modeling capabilities for the detail logic of automated manufacturing system controller. Proposed in this paper is a method of validation of the controller logic for automated material handling system using an object-oriented design and simulation. Using this method, FA engineers can validate the controller logic easily in earlier stage of system design, so they can reduce the time for correcting the logic errors and enhance the productivity of control program development Generated simulation model can also be used as a communication tool among FA engineers who have different experiences and disciplines