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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Optimization of Glide Performance using Wind Estimator for Unpowerd Air Vehicle without Pitot-Tube
Kim, Boo-Min ; Jin, Jae-Hyun ; Park, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.001
As designing PID control on aircraft, we consider a gain scheduling on altitude and velocity. If pitot tube is not installed in the unpowered air vehicle, the control performance is reduced by the difference between ground speed and air speed with a wind considered. In this paper, a simple guidance controller (LOS: Line of Sight) and the wind estimator using Kalman filter are designed. And we minimize the wind effect through the estimator. Finally, we perform the 6-DOF nonlinear simulation with the wind model to verify the performance of the controller with the wind estimator.
A Modified Nonlinear Guidance Logic for a Leader-Follower Formation Flight of Two UAVs
Kim, Do-Myung ; Park, Sang-Hyuk ; Nam, Su-Hyun ; Suk, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 8~14
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.008
A formation flight guidance logic that enables the leader-follower station keeping between two UAVs is presented in this paper. The logic is motivated by the investigation of the relation between the proportional navigation and the nonlinear trajectory tracking guidance law, The simplicity of the presented method provides computational efficiency and allows easy implementation. An excellent performance of the proposed logic is demonstrated via various numerical simulations for multiple UAVs environment.
Integrated Guidance and Control Design Based on Adaptive Neural Network for Unpowered Air Vehicle
Kim, Boo-Min ; Sung, Duck-Yong ; Sung, Jea-Min ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.015
The guidance controller of the conventional aircraft consists of inner-loop (autopilot) and outer-loop (guidance). If the guidance controller can be designed as an integrated guidance and control (IGC), the various advantages exist. The integrated guidance and control formulation can compensate for the effect of autopilot lag. An integrated approach also helps avoid the iterative procedure involved in tuning the guidance and autopilot subsystems, if designed separately. Integrated design is also less susceptible to saturation and stability problems. This paper presents an approach to IGC design for the unpowered air vehicle with the only flaperon using a combination of adaptive output feedback inversion and backstepping techniques. Adaptive neural networks are trained online with available measurements to compensate for unmodeled nonlinearities in the design process.
Multi-UAV Formation Based on Feedback Linearization Technique Using Range-Only Measurement
Kim, Sung-Hwan ; Ryoo, Chang-Kyung ; Park, Choon-Bae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.023
This paper addresses how to make a formation of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) using only the relative range information. Since the relative range can easily be measured by an on-board range sensor like the laser range finder, the proposed method does not require any expensive and heavy wireless communication system to share the navigation information of each vehicle. Based on the two-dimensional (2-D) nonlinear equations of motion, we propose a nonlinear formation controller using the typical input-output feedback linearization method. The performance of the proposed formation controller is verified by various numerical simulations.
A Scalar Adaptive Filter Considering Acceleration for Navigation of UAV
Lim, Jun-Kyu ; Park, Chan-Gook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 31~36
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.031
This paper presents a novel scalar adaptive filter, which is reformulated by additional acceleration term. The filter continuously estimates three different kinds of covariance such as the measurement noise covariance, the velocity error covariance and the acceleration error covariance. For estimating three covariances, we use the innovation method for the measurement noise covariance and the least square method for other covariances. In order to verify the proposed filter performance compared with the conventional scalar adaptive filter, we make indoor experimental environment similar to outdoor test using the ultrasonic sensors instead of GPS. Experimental results show that the proposed filter has better position accuracy than the traditional scalar adaptive filter.
A Robust Longitudinal Landing Controller to Datalink Time Delay
Lee, Sang-Hyo ; Rhee, Ihn-Seok ; Kee, Chang-Don ; Koo, Hueon-Joon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.037
This paper deals with designing a ground-based longitudinal landing controller which is robust to datalink time delays. Time delays occur because forward velocity measurements are downlinked and the controller output commands are uplinked. An
controller was designed by using the input/output decomposition where time delay is modeled as a first-order system with Pade approximation. Linear simulations show that the system tracks well the predefined path and is robust to the variation of time delay.
System Identification of a Small Unmanned Rotorcraft
Ryu, Seong-Sook ; Song, Yong-Kyu ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 44~53
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.044
In this paper, Recursive Least Squares (RLS) and Fourier Transform Regression (FTR) methods for estimating stability and control derivatives of small unmanned helicopter are evaluated together with MMLE technique. Flight data simulated by using a commercial small-scale helicopter model are exploited to estimate the parameters with accuracies for hover and cruise modes. The performances of the system identification methods are also compared by analyzing the responses of the reconstructed systems using estimated derivatives.
Vision Processing for Precision Autonomous Landing Approach of an Unmanned Helicopter
Kim, Deok-Ryeol ; Kim, Do-Myoung ; Suk, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 54~60
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.054
In this paper, a precision landing approach is implemented based on real-time image processing. A full-scale landmark for automatic landing is used. canny edge detection method is applied to identify the outside quadrilateral while circular hough transform is used for the recognition of inside circle. Position information on the ground landmark is uplinked to the unmanned helicopter via ground control computer in real time so that the unmanned helicopter control the air vehicle for accurate landing approach. Ground test and a couple of flight tests for autonomous landing approach show that the image processing and automatic landing operation system have good performance for the landing approach phase at the altitude of
above ground level.
Sampled-Data Control of Formation Flying using Optimal Linearization
Lee, Ho-Jae ; Kim, Do-Wan ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~66
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.061
This paper proposes an efficient sampled-data controller design technique for formation flying. To deal with the nonlinearity in the formation flying dynamics and to obtain a linear, rather than affine, model, we utilize the optimal linearization technique. The digital redesign technique is then developed based on the optimal linear model and formulated in terms of linear matrix inequalities. Simulation results show the advantage of the proposed methodology over the conventional controller emulation technique.
Multi-Objective Controller Design using a Rank-Constrained Linear Matrix Inequality Method
Kim, Seog-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Moon ; Cheon, Jong-Min ; Kwon, Soon-Mam ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 67~71
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.067
This paper presents a rank-constrained linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach to the design of a multi-objective controller such as
control. Multi-objective control is formulated as an LMI optimization problem with a nonconvex rank condition, which is imposed on the controller gain matirx not Lyapunov matrices. With this rank-constrained formulation, we can expect to reduce conservatism because we can use separate Lyapunov matrices for different control objectives. An iterative penalty method is applied to solve this rank-constrained LMI optimization problem. Numerical experiments are performed to illustrate the proposed method.
Robust Adaptive Control of Autonomous Robot Systems with Dynamic Friction Perturbation and Its Stability Analysis
Cho, Hyun-Cheol ; Lee, Kwon-Soon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 72~81
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.072
This paper presents a robust adaptive control method using model reference control strategy against autonomous robot systems with random friction nature. We approximate a nonlinear robot system model by means of a feedback linearization approach to derive nominal control law. We construct a Least Square (LS) based observer to estimate friction dynamics online and then represent a perturbed system model with respect to approximation error between an actual friction and its estimation. Model reference based control design is achieved to implement an auxiliary control in order for reducing control error in practice due to system perturbation. Additionally, we conduct theoretical study to demonstrate stability of the perturbed system model through Lyapunov theory. Numerical simulation is carried out for evaluating the proposed control methodology and demonstrating its superiority by comparing it to a traditional nominal control method.
Development of a Zero Velocity Detectable Sensor Algorithm with Dual Incremental Encoders
Lee, Se-Han ; Kim, Byoung-Chang ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 82~88
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.082
The output of the encoder is a digital pulse, which is also easy to be connected to a digital controller. There are various angular velocity detecting methods of M, T, and M/T. Each of them has its own properties. There is a common limitation that the angular velocity detection period is strongly dependent on the destination velocity magnitude in case of ultimate low range. They have ultimately long detection period or cannot even detect angular velocity at near zero velocity. This paper proposes a zero velocity detectable sensor algorithm with the dual encoder system. The sensor algorithm is able to keep detection period moderately at near zero velocity and even detect zero velocity within nominal period. It is useful for detecting velocity in case of changing rotational direction at which there occurs zero velocity. In this paper, various experimental results are shown for the algorithm validity.
Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm using Stereo
Kim, Se-Sun ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Ha, Jong-Eun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 89~93
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.089
This paper deals with obstacle avoidance for unmanned vehicle using stereo system. The "DARPA Grand Challenge 2005" shows that the robot can move autonomously under given waypoint. RADAR, IMS (Inertial Measurement System), GPS, camera are used for autonomous navigation. In this paper, we focus on stereo system for autonomous navigation. Our approach is based on Singh et. al. `s approach that is successfully used in an unmanned vehicle and a planetary robot. We propose an improved algorithm for obstacle avoidance by modifying the cost function of Singh et. al. . Proposed algorithm gives more sharp contrast in choosing local path for obstacle avoidance and it is verified in experimental results.
Face Recognition using Emotional Face Images and Fuzzy Fisherface
Koh, Hyun-Joo ; Chun, Myung-Geun ; Paliwal, K.K. ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 94~98
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.094
In this paper, we deal with a face recognition method for the emotional face images. Since the face recognition is one of the most natural and straightforward biometric methods, there have been various research works. However, most of them are focused on the expressionless face images and have had a very difficult problem if we consider the facial expression. In real situations, however, it is required to consider the emotional face images. Here, three basic human emotions such as happiness, sadness, and anger are investigated for the face recognition. And, this situation requires a robust face recognition algorithm then we use a fuzzy Fisher`s Linear Discriminant (FLD) algorithm with the wavelet transform. The fuzzy Fisherface is a statistical method that maximizes the ratio of between-scatter matrix and within-scatter matrix and also handles the fuzzy class information. The experimental results obtained for the CBNU face databases reveal that the approach presented in this paper yields better recognition performance in comparison with the results obtained by other recognition methods.
Analysis on Stable Grasping based on Three-dimensional Acceleration Convex Polytope for Multi-fingered Robot
Jang, Myeong-Eon ; Lee, Ji-Hong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 99~104
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.099
This article describes the analysis of stable grasping for multi-fingered robot. An analysis method of stable grasping, which is based on the three-dimensional acceleration convex polytope, is proposed. This method is derived from combining dynamic equations governing object motion and robot motion, force relationship and acceleration relationship between robot fingers and object`s gravity center through contact condition, and constraint equations for satisfying no-slip conditions at every contact points. After mapping no-slip condition to torque space, we derived intersected region of given torque bounds and the mapped region in torque space so that the intersected region in torque space guarantees no excessive torque as well as no-slip at the contact points. The intersected region in torque space is mapped to an acceleration convex polytope corresponding to the maximum acceleration boundaries which can be exerted by the robot fingers under the given individual bounds of each joints torque and without causing slip at the contacts. As will be shown through the analysis and examples, the stable grasping depends on the joint driving torque limits, the posture and the mass of robot fingers, the configuration and the mass of an object, the grasp position, the friction coefficients between the object surface and finger end-effectors.
Mobile Robot Navigation Using Circular Path Planning Algorithm
Han, Sung-Min ; Lee, Kang-Woong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 105~110
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.105
In this paper, we proposed a navigation algorithm of the mobile robot for obstacle avoidance using a circular path planning method. The proposed method makes circular paths in order to avoid obstacles in the front side of the mobile robot. An optimal path for approaching to the target is selected and the linear and angular speeds for stable moving of the mobile robot are controlled. Obstacles are detected by image processing which reduce image data obtained from a web camera. Performance of the proposed algorithm is shown by experiments with application to the Pioneer-2DX mobile robot.
Spatiotemporal Grounding for a Language Based Cognitive System
Ahn, Hyun-Sik ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 111~119
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.1.111
For daily life interaction with human, robots need the capability of encoding and storing cognitive information and retrieving it contextually. In this paper, spatiotemporal grounding of cognitive information for a language based cognitive system is presented. The cognitive information of the event occurred at a robot is described with a sentence, stored in a memory, and retrieved contextually. Each sentence is parsed, discriminated with the functional type of it, and analyzed with argument structure for connecting to cognitive information. With the proposed grounding, the cognitive information is encoded to sentence form and stored in sentence memory with object descriptor. Sentences are retrieved for answering questions of human by searching temporal information from the sentence memory and doing spatial reasoning in schematic imagery. An experiment shows the feasibility and efficiency of the spatiotemporal grounding for advanced service robot.