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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Robust Control via Peak Control of Sensitivity Function
Suh, Sang-Min ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1071~1075
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1071
This article describes a robust control method by using peak control of a sensitivity function in the state-feedback control systems. This method apparently reduces the peak, and as a result makes closed loop systems more stable. The designed closed loop systems also make the response to an external step disturbance more fast with a lower undershoot. At the conclusion, it is verified that the proposed method enhances robust stability and robust performance to parametric uncertainties through
A Method to Prevent Transfer Device of Image Stabilizer from Blunting by Artificial Vibration
Yeom, Dong-Hae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1076~1079
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1076
This article deals with an optical image stabilizer which moves an image sensor in the direction of cancelling the vibration caused by hand shaking to prevent a photographed image from blurring. The ball-guide way method adopted as a transfer device of the image sensor is easy to be manufactured because of its simple structure and is suitable to minimize the friction between mechanisms, but has weakness of a chance of physical defect such as groove and rising. In case that the movement of the transfer device equipped with the image sensor is blunted because a ball is stuck in defects of guide way, the performance of the image stabilizer falls down drastically. We propose a method to prevent the transfer device from blunting by applying artificial vibration. At this time, the artificial vibration should be designed under consideration of dynamic characteristics and specifications of the system to be discriminated from the vibration caused by hand shaking.
The 3D Geometric Information Acquisition Algorithm using Virtual Plane Method
Park, Sang-Bum ; Lee, Chan-Ho ; Oh, Jong-Kyu ; Lee, Sang-Hun ; Han, Young-Joon ; Hahn, Hern-Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1080~1087
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1080
This paper presents an algorithm to acquire 3D geometric information using a virtual plane method. The method to measure 3D information on the plane is easy, because it`s not concerning value on the z-axis. A plane can be made by arbitrary three points in the 3D space, so the algorithm is able to make a number of virtual planes from feature points on the target object. In this case, these geometric relations between the origin of each virtual plane and the origin of the target object coordinates should be expressed as known homogeneous matrices. To include this idea, the algorithm could induce simple matrix formula which is only concerning unknown geometric relation between the origin of target object and the origin of camera coordinates. Therefore, it`s more fast and simple than other methods. For achieving the proposed method, a regular pin-hole camera model and a perspective projection matrix which is defined by a geometric relation between each coordinate system is used. In the final part of this paper, we demonstrate the techniques for a variety of applications, including measurements in industrial parts and known patches images.
Geometrical Reorientation of Distorted Road Sign using Projection Transformation for Road Sign Recognition
Lim, Hee-Chul ; Deb, Kaushik ; Jo, Kang-Hyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1088~1095
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1088
In this paper, we describe the reorientation method of distorted road sign by using projection transformation for improving recognition rate of road sign. RSR (Road Sign Recognition) is one of the most important topics for implementing driver assistance in intelligent transportation systems using pattern recognition and vision technology. The RS (Road Sign) includes direction of road or place name, and intersection for obtaining the road information. We acquire input images from mounted camera on vehicle. However, the road signs are often appeared with rotation, skew, and distortion by perspective camera. In order to obtain the correct road sign overcoming these problems, projection transformation is used to transform from 4 points of image coordinate to 4 points of world coordinate. The 4 vertices points are obtained using the trajectory as the distance from the mass center to the boundary of the object. Then, the candidate areas of road sign are transformed from distorted image by using homography transformation matrix. Internal information of reoriented road signs is segmented with arrow and the corresponding indicated place name. Arrow area is the largest labeled one. Also, the number of group of place names equals to that of arrow heads. Characters of the road sign are segmented by using vertical and horizontal histograms, and each character is recognized by using SAD (Sum of Absolute Difference). From the experiments, the proposed method has shown the higher recognition results than the image without reorientation.
Implementation of an Embedded System for an Interaction between Robot Arm and Human Arm Based on Force Control
Jeon, Hyo-Won ; Jung, Seul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1096~1101
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1096
In this paper, an embedded system has been designed for force control application to interact between a robot arm and a human operator. Force induced by the human operator is converted to the desired position information for the robot to follow. For smooth operations, the impedance force control algorithm is utilized to represent interaction between the robot and the human operator by filtering the force. To improve the performance of position control of the robot arm, a velocity term has been obtained and tested by several filters. A PD controller for position control has been implemented on an FPGA as well. Experimental studies are conducted with the ROBOKER to test the functionality of the designed hardware.
Obstacle Avoidance of a Mobile Robot Using Low-Cost Ultrasonic Sensors with Wide Beam Angle
Choi, Yun-Kyu ; Choi, Woo-Soo ; Song, Jae-Bok ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1102~1107
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1102
An ultrasonic sensor has been widely used as a range sensor for its low cost and capability of detecting some obstacles, such as glasses and black surfaces, which are not well detected by a laser scanner and an IR sensor. Although low-cost sensors are preferred for practical service robots, they suffer from the inaccurate and insufficient range information. This paper proposes a novel approach to obstacle avoidance using low-cost anisotropic ultrasonic sensors with wide beam angle. In this paper, obstacles can be detected by the proposed sensor configuration which consists of one transmitter and three receivers. Because even wide obstacles are represented by a point, which corresponds to the intersection of range data from each receiver of the anisotropic sensor, a robot cannot avoid wide obstacles successfully. This paper exploits the probabilistic mapping technique to avoid collision with various types of obstacles. The experimental results show that the proposed method can robustly avoid obstacles in most indoor environments.
Mobility Improvement of a Jumping Robot using Conical Spring with Variable Length Endtip
Kim, Ki-Seok ; Kim, Byeong-Sang ; Song, Jae-Bok ; Yim, Chung-Hyuk ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1108~1114
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1108
Mobility is one of the most important features for a guard robot since it should be operated in rough places. A wheel-based mobile robot capable of jumping is an appropriate structure for a guard robot because it can easily satisfy the requirements for small guard robots. The jumping robot can reach a higher place more rapidly than other locomotion methods. This research proposes a small robot equipped with the jumping mechanism based on the conical spring with the variable length endtip. The variable length endtip enables the independent control of the jump force and jump angle which are related to the jump height and jump distance, respectively. Various experiments demonstrated that the proposed jumping mechanism can provide the independent control of jump force and jump angle, and improve the mobility of a small robot to overcome an obstacle. Furthermore, a combination of the jumping mechanism and the PSD sensor to measure the distance to the step enable the jumping robot to autonomously climb stairs.
The Cognition of Non-Ridged Objects Using Linguistic Cognitive System for Human-Robot Interaction
Ahn, Hyun-Sik ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1115~1121
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1115
For HRI (Human-Robot Interaction) in daily life, robots need to recognize non-rigid objects such as clothes and blankets. However, the recognition of non-rigid objects is challenging because of the variation of the shapes according to the places and laying manners. In this paper, the cognition of non-rigid object based on a cognitive system is presented. The characteristics of non-rigid objects are analysed in the view of HRI and referred to design a framework for the cognition of them. We adopt a linguistic cognitive system for describing all of the events happened to robots. When an event related to the non-rigid objects is occurred, the cognitive system describes the event into a sentential form and stores it at a sentential memory, and depicts the objects with a spatial model for being used as references. The cognitive system parses each sentence syntactically and semantically, in which the nouns meaning objects are connected to their models. For answering the questions of humans, sentences are retrieved by searching temporal information in the sentential memory and by spatial reasoning in a schematic imagery. Experiments show the feasibility of the cognitive system for cognizing non-rigid objects in HRI.
Development of Smart Tape Attachment Robot in the Cold Rolled Coil with 3D Non-Contact Recognition
Shin, Chan-Bai ; Kim, Jin-Dae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1122~1129
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1122
Recently taping robot with smart recognition function have been studied in the coil manufacturing field. Due to the difficulty of 3D surface processing from the complicated working environment, it is not easy to accomplish smart tape attachment motion with non-contact sensor. To solve these problems the applicable surface recognition algorithm and a flexible sensing device has been recommended. In this research, the fusion method between 1D displacement and 3D laser scanner is applied for robust tape attachment about cold rolled coil. With these sensors we develop a two-step exploration and the smart algorithm for the awareness of non-aligned coil`s information. In the proposed robot system for tape attachment, the problem is reduced to coil`s radius searching with laser displacement sensor at first, and then position and orientation detection with 3D laser scanner. To get the movement at the robot`s base frame, the hand-eye compensation between robot`s end effector and sensing device should be also carried out respectively. In this paper, we examine the auto-coordinate transformation method in the calibration step for the real environment usage. From the experimental results, it was shown that the taping motion of robot had a robust under the non-aligned cold rolled coil.
Robust yaw Motion Control of Unicycle Robot
Lim, Hoon ; Hwang, Jong-Myung ; Ahn, Bu-Hwan ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1130~1136
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1130
A new control algorithm for the yaw motion control of a unicycle robot has been proposed in this paper. With the increase of life quality, there are various transportation systems such as segway and unicycle robot which provide not only transportation but also amusement. In most of the unicycle robots share the same technology in that the directions of roll and pitch are controlled by the balance controllers, allowing the robots to maintain balance for a long period by continuously moving forward and backward. However, one disadvantage of this technology is that it cannot provide the capability to the robots to avoid obstacles in their path way. This research focuses to provide the yawing function to the unicycle robot and to control the yaw motion to avoid the obstacles as desired. For the control of yawing motion, the yaw angle is adjusted to the inertia generated by the velocity and torque of a yawing motor which is installed in the center axes of the unicycle robot to keep the lateral control simple. Through the real experiments, the effective and robustness of the yawing control algorithm has been demonstrated.
Implementation of Efficient Exponential Function Approximation Algorithm Using Format Converter Based on Floating Point Operation in FPGA
Kim, Jeong-Seob ; Jung, Seul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1137~1143
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1137
This paper presents the FPGA implementation of efficient algorithms for approximating exponential function based on floating point format data. The Taylor-Maclaurin expansion as a conventional approximation method becomes inefficient since high order expansion is required for the large number to satisfy the approximation error. A format converter is designed to convert fixed data format to floating data format, and then the real number is separated into two fields, an integer field and an exponent field to separately perform mathematic operations. A new assembly command is designed and added to previously developed command set to refer the math table. To test the proposed algorithm, assembly program has been developed. The program is downloaded into the Altera DSP KIT W/STRATIX II EP2S180N Board. Performances of the proposed method are compared with those of the Taylor-Maclaurin expansion.
Improvement of Time Synchronization over Space Wire Link
Ryu, Sang-Moon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1144~1149
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1144
This paper deals with the time synchronization problem over SpaceWire links. SpaceWire is a standard for high-speed links and networks between spacecraft components, which was invented for better, cheaper, faster on-board data handling in spacecraft. The standard defines Time-Code for time distribution over SpaceWire network. When a Time-Code is transmitted, transmission delay and jitter is unavoidable. In this paper, a mechanism to remove Time-Code transmission delay and jitter over SpaceWire links is proposed and implemented with FPGA for validation. The proposed mechanism achieves high resolution clock synchronization over SpaceWire links, complies with the standard and can be easily adopted over SpaceWire network.
U-LBS : Precise Location Data Through a Car Crash Location System
Moon, Seung-Jin ; Lee, Yong-Joo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 11, 2009, Pages 1150~1156
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.11.1150
The spread of wireless Internet technology development and applications with location information in the form of location-based services are more varied. In particular, where you recognize the location of objects such as people and things, and to provide valuable services based on ubiquitous, location-based services (Ubiquitous Location Based Services: u-LBS) is emerging as an important service. In this paper precise location data to the car crash through the location and offers related service system. In this paper the precise location tracking proposed by the concept of the Rail, road, to extract the location Data Matching Data and the current location is obtained. System used in GPS Packet and information about the location of the vehicle collision and the collision time, the vehicle consists of NodeID is about. Using these data, a packet is to be created when the conflict between vehicles in the vehicle will be sent to Gateway. Gateway to the packets that were sent from the Server to determine whether the conflict is that in an emergency situation, Emergency Center for location information and let me know whether or not the conflict will be measured. Also, for those on the outside of an emergency such as a family related to the wireless terminal wireless (PDA, cell phone) is to let me know. Server get into the conflict that was configured to store information on the Database. Additionally, the proposed u-LBS system to verify the validity of the experiment was performed.