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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on Properties of Torque Control for Wind Turbine
Lim, Chae-Wook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1157~1162
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1157
The aerodynamic torque and power caused by the interaction between the wind and blade of wind turbine are highly nonlinear. For this reason, the overall dynamic behaviors of wind turbine have nonlinear characteristics. The aerodynamic nonlinearity also affects properties of torque control for wind turbine. In this paper, the nonlinear aerodynamic property according to the wind speed below rated power and its effects on the torque control system are investigated. Nonlinear parameter representing change of aerodynamic torque with respect to rotor speed is obtained by linearization technique. Effects of this aerodynamic nonlinear parameter on the closed-loop torque system with PI controller for an 1.5 MW wind turbine are presented.
Flicker Mitigation in a Wind Farm by Controlling a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator
Hoan, Pham Van ; Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Ahn, Jin-Hong ; Kim, Eel-Hwan ; Oh, Seong-Bo ; Kim, Ho-Chan ; Kim, Se-Ho ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1163~1168
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1163
The power quality of wind energy becomes more and more important in connecting wind-farms to the grid, especially weak grid. This paper presents the simulation of a wind farm of a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) and a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). Flicker mitigation is performed by using PMSG as a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) to regulate the voltage at the point of common coupling (PCC). A benefit of the measure is that integrating two function of to control the active power flow and to reduce the voltage flicker in a wind farm. Simulation results show that controlling PMSG is an effective and economic measure in reducing the flicker during continuous operation of grid connected wind turbines regardless of short circuit capacity ratio, turbulence intensity and grid impedance angle.
A Study on Implementable Sun Tracking Algorithm for Mobile Systems
Choi, Ju-Yeop ; Choy, Ick ; Song, Seung-Ho ; An, Jin-Ung ; Lee, Dong-Ha ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1169~1174
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1169
In this paper, a prototype of implementable Sun tracking algorithm for mobile systems powered by alternative energy is proposed. The proposed system uses 2-axis tilt sensor and 3-axis magnetic sensor to measure orientation and posture of the system according to the horizon coordinates system, which are used to compensate tilt effects. Then through astronomical calculation using the present time and position informations obtained from GPS sensors, the calculated azimuth and altitude of the Sun in that location. The position of the Sun is converted to that of the mobile Sun tracking system coordinates and used to control A-axis and C-axis of the system.
Nonlinear Adaptive Control and Stability Analysis for Improving Transient Response of Photovoltaic Converter Systems
Cho, Hyun-Cheol ; Yoo, Su-Bok ; Lee, Kwon-Soon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1175~1183
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1175
In photovoltaic(PV) generator systems, DC-DC converters are significantly considered for control system performance in power quality point of view. This paper presents a novel adaptive control method for DC-DC converters applied in PV generator systems. First, we derive a state-space average model of the converter system and then propose a reset control methodology to enhance transient response performance for time-varying PV systems. For estimating parameters of a reset control, a gradient descent optimization is utilized and an adjustment rule of them are derived respectively. An objective of the optimization is that characteristic equation of an augmented system model which is formed with an converter system model and an reset control is to trace a predefined polynomial given as a reference characteristic model. Next, we accomplish stability analysis by means of a well-known Lyapunov theory for nonlinear converter systems including time-varying voltage excitation from a PV generator. Numerical simulation demonstrates reliability of our control methodology and its superiority by comparison to a traditional control strategy.
Energy Harvesting Framework for Mobile Sensor Networks with Remote Energy Stations
Kim, Seong-Woo ; Lee, Jong-Min ; Kwon, Sun-Gak ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1184~1191
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1184
Energy harvesting from environment can make the energy constrained systems such as sensor networks to sustain their lifetimes. However, environmental energy is highly variable with time, location, and other factors. Unlike the existing solutions, we solved this problem by allowing the sensor nodes with mobilizer to move in search of energy and recharge from remote energy station. In this paper we present and analyze a new harvesting aware framework for mobile sensor networks with remote energy station. The framework consists of energy model, motion control system and data transfer protocol. Among them, the objective of our data transfer protocol is to route a data packet geographically towards the target region and at the same time balance the residual energy and the link connectivity on nodes with energy harvesting. Our results along with simulation can be used for further studies and provide certain guideline for realistic development of such systems.
A Study on the Development of Power Control Wireless Interface Module for Demand_Response using IEEE1451.5
Lee, Joung-Han ; Choi, In-Ho ; Ryu, Joong-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1192~1196
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1192
Recently, the environment contamination problem and energy saving are the social issues. So, the Green IT based Smart Grid was suggested. The smart grid will let rates fluctuate even more dynamically, depending on conditions using energy. Thus, green IT includes the dimensions of environmental sustainability and the economics of energy efficiency. The smart controller in which it is controlled by DR in order to manage the energy consumption by using AMI is needed in order to apply its technology to the real life. In this paper, DR_WTIM of the IEEE1451.5 base which has the DR function for connecting to AMI of the wireless base is developed. By using this apparatus for the power control system, the energy saving effect is shown. Moreover, by using the IEEE1451.5 technology, the problem of energy consumption is solved in order to apply to power controller designed for efficient use energy.
A Research of Power-Efficient Driving Scheme for Auto-Focus on Image Sensor Module
Cha, Sang-Hyun ; Park, Chan-Woo ; Lee, Yuen-Joong ; Hwang, Byoung-Won ; Kwon, Oh-Jo ; Park, Deuk-Hee ; Kwon, Kyoung-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Shin ; Hwang, Shin-Hwan ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1197~1202
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1197
We present a power-efficient driving scheme that consists of piezoelectric actuator and driver IC for AF (Auto-Focus) on ISM (Image Sensor Module). The piezoelectric actuator is more power-efficient than conventional voice coil motor actuator. And high power-efficiency driver IC is designed. So the proposed driving scheme using designed piezoelectric actuator and driver IC is more close to recent trend of green IT. The diver IC should guarantee fast and accurate performance. So, the optimum driving method and high accurate frequency synthesizer are proposed. The die area of designed driver IC is
and power consumption is 2.8mW.
Intelligent Speech Recognition System based on Situation Awareness for u-Green City
Cho, Young-Im ; Jang, Sung-Soon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1203~1208
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1203
Green IT based u-City means that u-City having Green IT concept. If we adopt the situation awareness or not, the processing of Green IT may be reduced. For example, if we recognize a lot of speech sound on CCTV in u-City environment, it takes a lot of processing time and cost. However, if we want recognize emergency sound on CCTV, it takes a few reduced processing cost. So, for detecting emergency state dynamically through CCTV, we propose our advanced speech recognition system. For the purpose of that, we adopt HMM (Hidden Markov Model) for feature extraction. Also, we adopt Wiener filter technique for noise elimination in many information coming from on CCTV in u-City environment.
Analysis of Application Message Protocol for Control Network in Green Power Systems
Kwon, Ki-Hyup ; Kim, Dong-Sung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1209~1215
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1209
This paper discusses a common message protocol for green power systems such as tidal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar systems. For this investigations and analysis, existing protocols such as ELCOM-90, TASE.1, ICCP/TASE.2 and SCADA were analyzed for the application of green power systems in view of real-time property and reliability. For the analysis, the practical example of green power system using SACADA and ICCP are investigated and discussed. As a future direction of this investigations, the feasibility analysis of manufacturing message specification(ISO-9560) for green power system is discussed.
Analytic Solution for Stable Bipedal Walking Trajectory Generation Using Fourier Series
Park, Ill-Woo ; Back, Ju-Hoon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1216~1222
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1216
This article describes a simple method for generating the walking trajectory for the biped humanoid robot. The method used a simple inverted model instead of complex multi-mass model and a reasonable explanation for the model simplification is included. The problem of gait trajectory generation is to find the solution from the desired ZMP trajectory to CoG trajectory. This article presents the analytic solution for the bipedal gait generation on the bases of ZMP trajectory. The presented ZMP trajectory has Fourier series form, which has finite or infinite summation of sine and cosine functions, and ZMP trajectory can be designed by calculating the coefficients. From the designed ZMP trajectory, this article focuses on how to find the CoG trajectory with analytical way from the simplified inverted pendulum model. Time segmentation based approach is adopted for generating the trajectories. The coefficients of the function should be designed to be continuous between the segments, and the solution is found by calculating the coefficients with this connectivity conditions. This article also has the proof and the condition of solution existence.
Three-Dimensional Pose Estimation of Neighbor Mobile Robots in Formation System Based on the Vision System
Kwon, Ji-Wook ; Park, Mun-Soo ; Chwa, Dong-Kyoung ; Hong, Suk-Kyo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1223~1231
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1223
We derive a systematic and iterative calibration algorithm, and position and pose estimation algorithm for the mobile robots in formation system based on the vision system. In addition, we develop a coordinate matching algorithm which calculates matched sequence of order in both extracted image coordinates and object coordinates for non interactive calibration and pose estimation. Based on the results of calibration, we also develop a camera simulator to confirm the results of calibration and compare the results of simulations with those of experiments in position and pose estimation.
Efficient Exploration for Room Finding Using Wall-Following based Path Planning
Park, Joong-Tae ; Song, Jae-Bok ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1232~1239
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1232
This paper proposes an exploration strategy to efficiently find a specific place in large unknown environments with wall-following based path planning. Many exploration methods proposed so far showed good performance but they focused only on efficient planning for modeling unknown environments. Therefore, to successfully accomplish the room finding task, two additional requirements should be considered. First, suitable path-planning is needed to recognize the room number. Most conventional exploration schemes used the gradient method to extract the optimal path. In these schemes, the paths are extracted in the middle of the free space which is usually far from the wall. If the robot follows such a path, it is not likely to recognize the room number written on the wall because room numbers are usually too small to be recognized by camera image from a distance. Second, the behavior which re-explores the explored area is needed. Even though the robot completes exploration, it is possible that some rooms are not registered in the constructed map for some reasons such as poor recognition performance, occlusion by a human and so on. With this scheme, the robot does not have to visit and model the whole environment. This proposed method is very simple but it guarantees that the robot can find a specific room in most cases. The proposed exploration strategy was verified by various experiments.
Throughput Analysis for Dual Blade Robot Cluster Tool
Ryu, Sun-Joong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1240~1245
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1240
The throughput characteristics of the cluster tool with dual blade robot are analyzed. Using equipment's cycle time chart of the equipment, simple analytic form of the throughput is derived. Then, several important throughput characteristics are analyzed by the throughput formula. First, utilization of the process chamber and the robot are maximized by assigning the equipment to the process whose processing time is near the critical process time. Second, rule for selecting optimal number of process chambers is suggested. It is desirable to select a single process chamber plus a single robot structure for relatively short time process and multi process chambers plus a single robot, namely cluster tool for relatively long time process. Third, throughput variation between equipments due to the wafer transfer time variation is analyzed, especially for the process whose processing time is less than critical process time. And the throughput and the wafer transfer time of the equipments in our fabrication line are measured and compared to the analysis.
The Development of a Map Building Algorithm using LADAR for Unmanned Ground Vehicle
Lee, Jeong-Yeob ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Jung-Ha ; Han, Chang-Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1246~1253
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1246
To be high efficient for a navigation of unmanned ground vehicle, it must be able to distinguish between safe and hazardous regions in its immediate environment. We present an advanced method using laser range finder for building global 2D digital maps that include environment information. Laser range finder is used for mapping of obstacles and driving environment in the 2D laser plane. Rotary encoders are used for localization of UGV. The main contributions of this research are the development of an algorithm for global 2D map building and it will turn a UGV navigation based on map matching into a possibility. In this paper, a map building algorithm will be introduced and an assessment of algorithm reliability is judged at an each environment.
Characteristics of the Float Solutions in Epoch-by-epoch GNSS Precise Positioning
Han, Deok-Hee ; Park, Chan-Sik ; Hwang, Dong-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Jeong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 15, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1254~1257
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2009.15.12.1254
This paper describes characteristics of the float solutions of epoch-by-epoch GNSS precise positioning. It is shown that the accuracy of the floating solutions which are obtained using both code and carrier phase measurements are same as that of the code measurements only solution. It implies that to get more accurate floating position, the quality of code measurements are more important than that of carrier phase measurements. The results are expanded to multiple frequencies applications to get the same conclusions.