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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 18, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 18, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 18, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 18, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 18, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 18, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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An Adaptive Fuzzy Control System for the Speed Control of the Autonomous Surface Vehicle with Nonaffine Nonlinear Dynamics
Park, Young-Hwan ; Lee, Jae-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.001
In this paper, an adaptive fuzzy control system is proposed for the speed control of the ASV (Autonomous Surface Vehicle) with nonaffine nonlinear system dynamics. We consider the turning speed of the screw propeller to be the control input instead of thrust so that we do not have to know the exact function between turning speed and thrust. But in this case, the ASV becomes a nonaffine nonlinear system because thrust is a nonlinear function of the turning speed. To solve this problem, we propose a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy-model-based control system and simulation studies are performed. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.
Study on Viewpoint Estimation for Moving Parallax Barrier 3D Display
Kim, Gi-Seok ; Cho, Jae-Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 7~12
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.007
In this paper, we present an effective viewpoint estimation algorithm for the Moving parallax barrier method of 3D display mobile device. Moving parallax barrier is designed to overcome the biggest problem, the limited view angle. To accomplish it, the position of the viewer`s eyes or face should be estimated with strong stability and no latency. We focus on these requirements in the poor performance of mobile processors. We used a pre-processing algorithm in order to overcome the various illumination changes. And, we combined the conventional Viola-Jones face detection method and Optical-flow algorithm for robust and stable viewpoint estimation. Various computer simulations prove the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Marine Engine State Monitoring System using DPQ in CAN Network
Lee, Hyun ; Lee, Jun-Seok ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.013
This paper proposes a marine engine state monitoring system using a DPQ (Distributed Precedence Queue) mechanism which collects the state of bearings, temperature and pressure of engine through the CAN network. The CAN is developed by Bosch Corp. in the early 1980` for automobile network. The data from various sensors attached in the marine engine are converted to digital by the analog to digital converter and formatted to fit the CAN protocol at the CAN module. All the CAN modules are connected to the SPU (Signal Processing Unit) module for the efficient communication and processing. This design reduces the cost for wiring and improves the data transmission reliability by recognizing the sensor errors and data transmission errors. The DPQ mechanism is newly developed for the performance improvement of the marine engine system, which is demonstrated through the experiments.
Energy Efficient Cooperative Foraging Swarm Robots Using Adaptive Behavioral Model
Lee, Jong-Hyun ; An, Jin-Ung ; Ahn, Chang-Wook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 21~27
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.021
We can efficiently collect crops or minerals by operating multi-robot foraging. As foraging spaces become wider, control algorithms demand scalability and reliability. Swarm robotics is a state-of-the-art algorithm on wide foraging spaces due to its advantages, such as self-organization, robustness, and flexibility. However, high initial and operating costs are main barriers in performing multi-robot foraging system. In this paper, we propose a novel method to improve the energy efficiency of the system to reduce operating costs. The idea is to employ a new behavior model regarding role division in concert with the search space division.
Stabilization of a Two-link Inverted Pendulum with a Rate Gyro
Cho, Baek-Kyu ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 28~34
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.028
Human generally uses three methods to keep balance. One of them is using reactive momentum such as swing an upper body or arms. In this study, we proposed a balancing controller for the reactive momentum method using an inverted pendulum. We simplified a human or a humanoid robot as a two-link inverted pendulum having two edges. In addition, we proposed a distinctive condition for controller transition. If a human is pushed, he has to change a balancing controller from using an ankle torque to using a reactive momentum or changing foot placement. When the balancing controller is changed from using an ankle torque to using a reactive momentum, it is required a proper timing to keep a stability and make smooth movement. In the experiment, the proposed controller and distinctive condition were verified.
Moving Object Detection Using SURF and Label Cluster Update in Active Camera
Jung, Yong-Han ; Park, Eun-Soo ; Lee, Hyung-Ho ; Wang, De-Chang ; Huh, Uk-Youl ; Kim, Hak-Il ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 35~41
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.035
This paper proposes a moving object detection algorithm for active camera system that can be applied to mobile robot and intelligent surveillance system. Most of moving object detection algorithms based on a stationary camera system. These algorithms used fixed surveillance system that does not consider the motion of the background or robot tracking system that track pre-learned object. Unlike the stationary camera system, the active camera system has a problem that is difficult to extract the moving object due to the error occurred by the movement of camera. In order to overcome this problem, the motion of the camera was compensated by using SURF and Pseudo Perspective model, and then the moving object is extracted efficiently using stochastic Label Cluster transport model. This method is possible to detect moving object because that minimizes effect of the background movement. Our approach proves robust and effective in terms of moving object detection in active camera system.
Depth Estimation for Image-based Visual Servoing of an Under-actuated System
Lee, Dae-Won ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Kim, H.-Jin ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 42~46
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.042
A simple and accurate depth estimation algorithm for an IBVS (Image-Based Visual Servoing) is presented. Specifically, this algorithm is useful for under-actuated systems such as visual-guided quadrotor UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles). Since the image of a marker changes with changing pitch and roll angles of quadrotor, it is difficult to estimate depth. The proposed algorithm compensates a shape of the marker, so that the system acquire more accurate depth information without complicated processes. Also, the roll and pitch channels are decoupled so that the IBVS algorithm can be used in an under-actuated quadrotor system.
Performance Analysis of Residual Frequency Estimator in WiBro Geo-location System
Park, Ji-Won ; Im, Jeong-Min ; Sung, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 47~53
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.047
In cellular geo-location systems, positioning performance is influenced by hearability of receivers. Hearability can be enhanced by using long integration at the receiver. When unknown residual frequency remains in baseband signals, however, the coherent integration loss increases as the residual frequency becomes larger. Consequently, length of coherent integration is determined by the residual frequency. By precise estimation and compensation of the residual frequency, integration length can be enlarged. This paper presents a residual frequency estimator for WiBro geo-location and analyzes its performance in multipath environment. By computer simulation, an optimal receiver structure to enhance the hearability of WiBro geo-location is proposed.
Pose Estimation of Ground Test Bed using Ceiling Landmark and Optical Flow Based on Single Camera/IMU Fusion
Shin, Ok-Shik ; Park, Chan-Gook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 54~61
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.054
In this paper, the pose estimation method for the satellite GTB (Ground Test Bed) using vision/MEMS IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) integrated system is presented. The GTB for verifying a satellite system on the ground is similar to the mobile robot having thrusters and a reaction wheel as actuators and floating on the floor by compressed air. The EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) is also used for fusion of MEMS IMU and vision system that consists of a single camera and infrared LEDs that is ceiling landmarks. The fusion filter generally utilizes the position of feature points from the image as measurement. However, this method can cause position error due to the bias of MEMS IMU when the camera image is not obtained if the bias is not properly estimated through the filter. Therefore, it is proposed that the fusion method which uses the position of feature points and the velocity of the camera determined from optical flow of feature points. It is verified by experiments that the performance of the proposed method is robust to the bias of IMU compared to the method that uses only the position of feature points.
Pedestrian Safety Road Marking Detection Using LRF Range and Reflectivity
Im, Sung-Hyuck ; Im, Jun-Hyuck ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Jee, Gyu-In ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 1, 2012, Pages 62~68
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.1.062
In this paper, a detection method of a pedestrian safety road marking was proposed. The proposed algorithm uses laser range and reflectivity of a range finder (LRF). For a detection of crosswalk marking and stop line, the DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) of reflectivity and cross-correlation method between the reference replica and the measured reflectivity are used. A speed bump is detected through measuring an altitude difference of two LRFs which have the different tilted angle. Furthermore, we proposed a velocity constrained a detection method of a speed bump. Finally, the proposed methods are tested in on-line, on the pavement of a road. The considered road markings are wholly detected. The localization errors of both road markings are smaller than 0.4 meter.