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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 18, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 18, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 18, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 18, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 18, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 18, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Dynamic Thresholding Scheme for Fingerprint Identification
Kim, Kyoung-Min ; Lee, Buhm ; Park, Joong-Jo ; Jung, Soon-Won ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 801~805
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.801
This paper proposes dynamic thresholding scheme for fingerprint identification. As a user authentication method by fingerprint recognition technology, verification method based on 1:1 matching was mainly used in the past, but identification method based on 1:N matching is generally used recently. The control of the value of FAR is very important in the application areas such as access control and time attendance systems. This paper proposes dynamic thresholding scheme which could properly control the value of FAR according to the field of applications and size of the fingerprints database.
Study for State Analysis of Linear Systems by using Hartley Functions
Kim, Beom-Soo ; Min, Chi-Hyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 806~811
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.806
In this paper Hartley functions are used to approximate the solutions of continuous time linear dynamical system. The Hartley function and its integral operational matrix are first presented, an efficient algorithm to solve the Stein equation is proposed. The algorithm is based on the compound matrix and the inverse of sum of matrices. Using the structure of the Hartley's integral operational matrix, the full order Stein equation should be solved in terms of the solutions of pure algebraic matrix equations, which reduces the computation time remarkably. Finally a numerical example is illustrated to demonstrate the validity of the proposed algorithm.
Asynchronous Behavior Control Algorithm of the Swarm Robot for Surrounding Intruders
Kim, Jong-Seon ; Joo, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 812~818
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.812
In this paper, we propose an asynchronous behavior control algorithm of the swarm robot for surrounding intruders when detected an intruder in a surveillance environment. The proposed method is divided into three parts: First, we proposed the method for the modeling of a state of the swarm robot. Second, we proposed an asynchronous behavior control algorithm for the surrounding an intruder by the swarm robot. Third, we proposed a control method for the collision avoidance with the swarm robot. Finally, we show the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method through some experiments.
On-line Magnetic Distortion Calibration Method for a Magnetometer
Kim, Tae-Yeon ; So, Chang-Ju ; Lyou, Joon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 819~822
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.819
This paper describes an on-line magnetic distortion calibration procedure for a magnetometer. The horizontal magnetic field is calculated through the earth magnetic field sensed by 3-axes magnetometer. The ellipse equation is derived from a set of horizontal magnetic field data using least square method and calibration parameters are determined. The calibration process is performed iteratively until parameters are not renewed, and experimental results show the effectiveness of the devised method.
Kinematic Analysis of Multi Axis Shaking Table for Multi-Purpose Test of Heavy Transport Vehicle
Jin, Jae-Hyun ; Na, Hong-Cheoul ; Jeon, Seung-Bae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 823~829
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.823
An excitation table is commonly used for vibration and ride tests for parts or assemblies of automobiles, aircrafts, or other heavy systems. The authors have analyzed several kinematic properties of an excitation table that is under development for heavy transport vehicles. It consists of one table and 7 linear hydraulic actuators. The authors have performed mobility analysis, inverse kinematics, forward kinematics, and singularity analysis. Especially, we have proposed a fast forward kinematic solution considering the limited motion of the excitation table. On the assumption that the motion variables such as rotation angles and displacements are small, the forward kinematic problem is converted to the observer problem of a linear system. This provides a fast solution. Also we have verified that there are no singularity points in the working range by numerical analysis.
Docking System for Unmanned Underwater Vehicle using Reduced Signal Strength Indicator
Lee, Gi-Hyeon ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 830~836
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.830
According to increasing the importance of underwater environments, the needs of UUV are growing. This paper represents the mechanism and algorithm of UUV docking system with 21-inch torpedo tubes for military submarines as a docking station. To improve the reliability of the docking, torpedo tubes launch a wired ROV and next the ROV combined with UUV is retrieved. For estimating the relative position between the ROV and UUV, in this paper, combining RF sensors and vision system is proposed. The RSSI method of RF sensors is used to estimate the distance and the optical image is combined for the directional information.
Experimental Approach to Hopping Pattern Generation for One-legged Robot
Cho, Baek-Kyu ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 837~844
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.837
We introduce a pattern generation method for a hopping one-legged robot and verify it experimentally. The pattern is derived from the liner and angular momentum of a COM (Center of Mass), which are pre-scheduled. Because of the relation between angular velocities of joints and momemtums of the COM, joint angle trajectories are easily obtained. In addition, the landing impact force is reduced by only adjusting the landing timing. In the experiment, the one-legged robot hops in place with 0.06 s of flying time, and makes continuous hopping. Based on our experimental results, the proposed method can be applied to hopping and running of biped humanoid robots.
Near-Minimum-Time Cornering Trajectory Planning and Control for Differential Wheeled Mobile Robots with Motor Actuation Voltage Constraint
Byeon, Yong-Jin ; Kim, Byung-Kook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 845~853
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.845
We propose time-optimal cornering motion trajectory planning and control algorithms for differential wheeled mobile robot with motor actuating voltage constraint, under piecewise constant control input condition. For time-optimal cornering trajectory generation, 1) we considered mobile robot's dynamics including actuator motors, 2) divided the cornering trajectory into one liner section, followed by two cornering section with angular acceleration and deceleration, and finally one liner section, and 3) formulated an efficient trajectory generation algorithm satisfying the bang-bang control principle. Also we proposed an efficient trajectory control algorithm and implemented with an X-bot to prove the performance.
Optimal Design of Multiperiod Process-Inventory Network Considering Transportation Processes
Suh, Kuen-Hack ; Yi, Gyeong-Beom ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 854~862
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.854
The optimal design of batch-storage network by using periodic square wave model provides analytical lot sizing equations for a complex supply chain network characterized as multi-supplier, multi-product, multi-stage, non-serial, multi-customer, cyclic system including recycling and/or remanufacturing. The network structure includes multiple currency flows as well as material flows. The processes are represented by multiple feedstock/product materials with fixed composition which are very suitable for production processes. In this study, transportation processes that carry multiple materials with unknown composition are added and the time frame is changed from single period into multiple periods in order to represent nonperiodic parameter variations. The objective function of the optimization involves minimizing the opportunity costs of annualized capital investments and currency/material inventories minus the benefit to stockholders in the numeraire currency. The expressions for the Kuhn-Tucker conditions of the optimization problem are reduced to a multiperiod subproblem for average flow rates and analytical lot-sizing equations. The multiperiod lot sizing equations are different from single period ones. The effects of corporate income taxes, interest rates and exchange rates are incorporated.
Track-to-Track Information Fusion using 2D and 3D Radars
Yoo, Dong-Gil ; Song, Taek-Lyul ; Kim, Da-Sol ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 863~870
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.863
This paper presents a track-to-tack information fusion algorithm using tracks of 2D and 3D radars. Before track fusion, it is needed to match the dimension of the tracks, as the tracks generated by 2D and 3D radars have different dimensions. This paper suggests how the 2D tracks are converted to the 3D tracks for track fusion. Through simulation studies, we can verify that the performance of the proposed method.
An Error Analysis of Precise Point Positioning using Ionosphere Free Combination Measurements
Park, Sul-Gee ; Cho, Deuk-Jae ; Shin, Young-Cheol ; Park, Chan-Sik ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 871~877
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.871
An error analysis of PPP (Precise Point Positioning) using IF (Ionosphere Free) combination is given in this paper. It is shown that the performance of the ordinary model with positions, clock bias, integer ambiguities and ionosphere delay as unknowns is equivalent to that of an ionosphere difference combination where ionosphere delay is cancelled out. Furthermore, it is shown that IF combination is an ionosphere difference combination but not unique. It is also proved that all difference models show same performances. The error analysis evaluated with a hardware simulator and real measurements show that the ionosphere delay is effectively eliminated by IF combination or equivalently by the ionosphere difference combination. However, if bias errors such as troposphere, clock bias or multipath are included in the measurements, the performance of the IF combination is degraded because the bias errors are amplified by the ionosphere difference operation.
Implementation of Virtual Instrumentation based Realtime Vision Guided Autopilot System and Onboard Flight Test using Rotory UAV
Lee, Byoung-Jin ; Yun, Suk-Chang ; Lee, Young-Jae ; Sung, Sang-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 878~886
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.878
This paper investigates the implementation and flight test of realtime vision guided autopilot system based on virtual instrumentation platform. A graphical design process via virtual instrumentation platform is fully used for the image processing, communication between systems, vehicle dynamics control, and vision coupled guidance algorithms. A significatnt ojective of the algorithm is to achieve an environment robust autopilot despite wind and an irregular image acquisition condition. For a robust vision guided path tracking and hovering performance, the flight path guidance logic is combined in a multi conditional basis with the position estimation algorithm coupled with the vehicle attitude dynamics. An onboard flight test equipped with the developed realtime vision guided autopilot system is done using the rotary UAV system with full attitude control capability. Outdoor flight test demonstrated that the designed vision guided autopilot system succeeded in UAV's hovering on top of ground target within about several meters under geenral windy environment.
A Directional Feature Extraction Method of Each Region for the Classification of Fingerprint Images with Various Shapes
Jung, Hye-Wuk ; Lee, Jee-Hyong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 18, issue 9, 2012, Pages 887~893
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2012.18.9.887
In this paper, we propose a new approach to extract directional features based on directional patterns of each region in fingerprint images. The proposed approach computes the center of gravity to extract features from fingerprint images of various shapes. According to it, we divide a fingerprint image into four regions and compute the directional values of each region. To extract directional features of each region from a fingerprint image, we spilt direction values of ridges in a region into 18 classes and compute frequency distribution of each region. Through the result of our experiment using FVC2002 DB database acquired by electronic devices, we show that directional features are effectively extracted from various fingerprint images of exceptional inputs which lost all or part of singularities. To verify the performance of the proposed approach, we explained the process to model Arch, Left, Right and Whorl class using the extracted directional features of four regions and analyzed the classification result.