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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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The Parameter Identification for Localization Scheme of the Optics-Based Micro Sensor Node
Jeon, Ji-Hun ; Lee, Min-Su ; Park, Chan-Gook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 81~86
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.081
In this paper, the parameter identification for localization scheme for the optics-based micro sensor node is conducted. We analyzed short measurement range problem which can be occurred in optical based micro sensor node localization method using a time of flight. And we set up the theory for distance and maximum reflected laser power to overcome the problem by identifying hardware parameters like laser power, effective area of MEMS CCR, sensitivity of photodetector, and so on. Experimental results of measurement of maximum reflected laser power were compared with results of the theory. By using the theory, we can identify hardware parameters of localization scheme to measure particular position of the optics-based micro sensor node.
Modified UKF Considering Real-Time Implementation of the Multi-Rate INS/GPS Integrated Navigation System
Cho, Seong Yun ; Enkhtur, Munkhzul ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.087
UKF (Unscented Kalman Filter) has been used in the nonlinear systems without initial accurate state estimates instead of EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) of the last decade because the UKF has robustness to the large initial estimation error. In the multirate integrated system such as INS (Inertial Navigation System)/GPS (Global Positioning System) integrated navigation system, however, it is difficult to implement the UKF based navigation algorithm in the mid-grade micro-processor due to the large computational burden. To overcome this problem, this paper proposes a MUKF (Modified UKF) that has a reduced computation burden using the basic idea that the change of the provability distribution for the state variables between measurement updates is small in the multi-rate INS/GPS integrated navigation filter. The performance of the proposed MUKF is verified by numerical simulations.
INS/Vision Integrated Navigation System Considering Error Characteristics of Landmark-Based Vision Navigation
Kim, Youngsun ; Hwang, Dong-Hwan ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.095
The paper investigates the geometric effect of landmarks to the navigation error in the landmark based 3D vision navigation and introduces the INS/Vision integrated navigation system considering its effect. The integrated system uses the vision navigation results taking into account the dilution of precision for landmark geometry. Also, the integrated system helps the vision navigation to consider it. An indirect filter with feedback structure is designed, in which the position and the attitude errors are measurements of the filter. Performance of the integrated system is evaluated through the computer simulations. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm works well and that better performance can be expected when the error characteristics of vision navigation are considered.
A Cooperative Navigation for UAVs with Inertial Sensors and Passive Sensor Using Wireless Communication
Seong, Sang Man ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 102~106
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.102
A cooperative navigation method for cooperative flight of UAVs is proposed. The commonly used navigation method for UAVs is based on GNSS measurements. However, when it is not available by jamming or other causes, an alternative method is needed. In this paper, it is shown that UAVs equipped with inertial sensors, passive sensor and wireless communication link can perform accurate navigation through sharing information with each other. Firstly, the appropriate roles for sensors and wireless communication link are assigned. Secondly, a filter to perform navigation cooperative is constructed. Finally, the boundedness of estimation error of the filter under small initial estimation error is analyzed. The simulation results show that the proposed method can reduce navigation errors effectively.
Development of 3-Dimensional Sensor Nodes using Electro-magnetic Waves for Underwater Localization
Kwak, Kyung Min ; Kim, Jinhyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.107
In this paper, we discuss a 3-dimensional localization sensor node using EM waves (Electromagnetic waves) with RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator). Generally EM waves cannot be used in underwater environment, because the signal is highly attenuated by the water medium according to the distance. Although the signal quickly reduces in underwater, the reducing tendency is very clear and uniform. Hence EM waves have possibility as underwater distance sensors. The authors have verified the possibility by theory and several experiments, and developed calibration methods in case of linear and planer environment. For 3-dimensional localization in underwater, it must be known antenna`s radiation pattern property in electric plane(called E-plane). In this paper, we proceed experiments to verify attenuation tendency with z axis movement, PLF (Polarization Loss Factor) and ILF (Inclination Loss Factor) with its theoretical approach.
An Analysis of Spoofing Effects on a GNSS Receiver Using Real-Time GNSS Spoofing Simulator
Im, Sung-Hyuck ; Im, Jun-Hyuck ; Jee, Gyu-In ; Heo, Mun-Beom ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 113~118
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.113
In this paper, spoofing effects on a GNSS receiver were analyzed. The spoofer (spoofing device) was classified to two categories. One is an active spoofer and the other is a passive spoofer. The active spoofer was considered for analysis. For the analysis of spoofing effects on a GNSS receiver, a real-time GNSS spoofing simulator was developed. The simulator was consisted with two parts which are a baseband signal generation part and a RF up-conversion part. The first GNSS baseband signal was generated according to spoofing parameters such as range, range rate, GNSS navigation data, spoofing to GNSS signal ratio, and etc. The generated baseband signal was up-converted to GNSS L1 band. Then the signal transmitted to a GNSS signal. For a perfect spoofing, a spoofer knew an accurate position and velocity of a spoofing target. But, in real world, that is not nearly possible. Although uncertainty of position and velocity of the target was existed, the spoofer was operated as an efficient jammer.
Error Correction Algorithm of Position-Coded Pattern for Hybrid Indoor Localization
Kim, Sanghoon ; Lee, Seunggol ; Kim, Yoo-Sung ; Park, Jaehyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 119~124
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.119
Recent increasing demand on the indoor localization requires more advanced and hybrid technology. This paper proposes an application of the hybrid indoor localization method based on a position-coded pattern that can be used with other existing indoor localization techniques such as vision, beacon, or landmark technique. To reduce the pattern-recognition error rate, the error detection and correction algorithm was applied based on Hamming code. The indoor localization experiments based on the proposed algorithm were performed by using a QCIF-grade CMOS sensor and a position-coded pattern with an area of
. The experiments have shown that the position recognition error ratio was less than 0.9 % with 0.4 mm localization accuracy. The results suggest that the proposed method could be feasibly applied for the localization of the indoor mobile service robots.
A Two-Way Ranging WPAN Location System with Clock Offset Estimation
Park, Jiwon ; Lim, Jeongmin ; Lee, Kyujin ; Sung, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 125~130
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.125
Compared to OWR (One-Way Ranging) method that requires precise network time synchronization, TWR (Two-Way Ranging) method has advantages in building an indoor WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) location system with lower cost. However, clock offsets of nodes in WPAN system should be eliminated or compensated to improve location accuracy of the TWR method. Because conventional clock offset elimination methods requires multiple TWR transactions to reduce clock offset, they produce network traffic burden instead. This paper presents a clock offset estimation method that can reduce clock offset error with a single TWR transaction. After relative clock offsets of sensor nodes are estimated, clock offsets of mobile tags are estimated using a single TWR communication. Simulation results show that location accuracy of the proposed method is almost similar to the conventional clock offset elimination method, while its network traffic is about a half of the conventional method.
Profile-based TRN/INS Integration Algorithm Considering Terrain Roughness
Yoo, Young Min ; Lee, Sun Min ; Kwon, Jay Hyun ; Yu, Myeong Jong ; Park, Chan Gook ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 131~139
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.131
In recent years alternative navigation system such as a DBRN (Data-Base Referenced Navigation) system using geophysical information is getting attention in the military navigation systems in advanced countries. Specifically TRN (Terrain Referenced Navigation) algorithm research is important because TRN system is a practical DBRN application in South Korea at present time. This paper presents an integrated navigation algorithm that combines a linear profile-based TRN and INS (Inertial Navigation System). We propose a correlation analysis method between TRN performance and terrain roughness index. Then we propose a conditional position update scheme that utilizes the position output of the conventional linear profile type TRN depending on the terrain roughness index. Performance of the proposed algorithm is verified through Monte Carlo computer simulations using the actual terrain database. The results show that the TRN/INS integrated algorithm, even when the initial INS error is present, overcomes the shortcomings of linear profile-based TRN and improves navigation performance.
A Study on GPS/INS Integration Considering Low-Grade Sensors
Park, Je Doo ; Kim, Minwoo ; Lee, Je Young ; Kim, Hee Sung ; Lee, Hyung Keun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 140~145
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.140
This paper proposes an efficient integration method for GPS (Global Positioning System) and INS (Inertial Navigation System). To obtain accuracy and computational conveniency at the same time with low cost global positioning system receivers and micro mechanical inertial sensors, a new mechanization method and a new filter architecture are proposed. The proposed mechanization method simplifies velocity and attitude computation by eliminating the need to compute complex transport rate related to the locally-level frame which continuously changes due to unpredictable vehicle motions. The proposed filter architecture adopts two heterogeneous filters, i.e. position-domain Hatch filter and velocity-aided Kalman filter. Due to distict characteristics of the two filters and the distribution of computation into the two hetegrogeneous filters, it eliminates the cascaded filter problem of the conventional loosly-coupled integration method and mitigates the computational burden of the conventional tightly-coupled integration method. An experiment result with field-collected measurements verifies the feasibility of the proposed method.
Enhanced Indoor Positioning Algorithm Using WLAN RSSI Measurements Considering the Relative Position Information of AP Configuration
Kim, A Sol ; Hwang, Jungyu ; Park, Joongoo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 146~151
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.146
With the development of mobile internet, requirements of positioning accuracy for the LBS (Location Based Service) are becoming more and more higher. The LBS is based on the position of each mobile device. So, it requires a proper acquisition of accurate user`s indoor position. Thus indoor positioning technology and its accuracy is crucial for various LBS. In general, RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator) measurements are used to obtain the position information of mobile unit under WLAN environment. However, indoor positioning error increases as multiple AP`s configurations are becoming more complex. To overcome this problem, an enhanced indoor localization method by AP (Access Point) selection criteria adopting DOP (Dilution of Precision) is proposed.
Performance Evaluation of Vector Tracking Loop Based Receiver for GPS Anti-Jamming Environment
Song, Jong-Hwa ; Im, Sung-Hyuck ; Jee, Gyu-In ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 152~157
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.152
In this paper, we represent the implementation and performance analysis of vector tracking loop based GPS receiver for jamming environment. The vector tracking loop navigation performance is compared by simulation with conventional tracking loop. The simulation results shows that vector tracking loop is more robust than conventional tracking loop in jamming environment. The vector tracking loop can gain 2dB in jamming performance capability over a conventional GPS receiver. Also, Anti-jamming performance of INS Doppler aiding and deep integration method are compared.
Precise Positioning Algorithm Development for Quadrotor Flying Robots Using Dual Extended Kalman Filter
Seung, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, Deok-Jin ; Ryu, Ji-Hyoung ; Chong, Kil To ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 158~163
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.158
The fusion of the GPS (Global Positioning System) and DR (Dead Reckoning) is widely used for position and latitude estimation of vehicles such as a mobile robot, aerial vehicle and marine vehicle. Among the many types of aerial vehicles, grater focus is given on the quad-rotor and accuracy of the position information is becoming more important. In order to exactly estimate the position information, we propose the fusion method of GPS and Gyroscope sensor using the DEKF (Dual Extended Kalman Filter). The DEKF has an advantage of simultaneously estimating state value and a parameter of dynamical system. It can also be used even if state value is not available. In order to analyze the performance of DEKF, the computer simulation for estimating the position, the velocity and the angle in a circle trajectory of quad-rotor was done. As it can be seen from the simulation results using own proposed DEKF instead of EKF on own fusion method in the navigation of a quad-rotor gave better performance values.
Design of Lateral Fuzzy-PI Controller for Unmanned Quadrotor Robot
Baek, Seung-Jun ; Lee, Deok-Jin ; Park, Jong-Ho ; Chong, Kil-To ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 164~170
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.164
Quadrotor UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is a flying robotic platform which has drawn lots of attention in the recent years. The attraction comes from the fact that it is able to perform agile VTOL (Vertical Take-Off Landing) and hovering functions. In addition, the efficient modular structure composed of four electric rotors makes its design easier compared to other single-rotor type helicopters. In many cases, a quadrotor often utilizes vision systems in order to obtain altitude control and navigation solution in hostile environments where GPS receivers are not working or deniable. For carrying out their successful missions, it is essential for flight control systems to have fast and stable control responses of heading angle outputs. This paper presents a Fuzzy Logic based lateral PI controller to stabilize and control the quadrotor vehicle equipped with vision systems. The advantage of using the fuzzy based PI controller lies in the fact that it could acquire a desired output response of a heading angle even in presence of disturbances and uncertainties. The performance comparison of the newly proposed Fuzzy-PI controller and the conventional PI controller was carried out with various simulation results.
Type Classification and Shape Display of Brazing Defect in Heat Exchanger
Kim, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 171~176
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.19.2.171
X-ray cross-sectional image-based inspection technique is one of the most useful methods to inspect the brazing joints of heat exchanger. Through X-ray cross-sectional image acquisition, image processing, and defect inspection, the defects of brazing joints can be detected. This paper presents a method to judge the type of detected defects automatically, and to display them three-dimensionally. The defect type is classified as unconnected defect, void, and so on, based on location, size, and shape information of defect. Three-dimensional display which is realized using OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) will be helpful to understand the overall situation including location, size, shape of the defects in a test object.