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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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Reduced Order Observer Design for One-Sided Lipschitz Nonlinear Systems
Lee, Sungryul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 281~284
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1873
This paper describes a reduced observer design problem for one-sided Lipschitz nonlinear systems which are considered as a generalization of Lipschitz systems. The sufficient conditions to ensure the existence of reduced order observer are provided by using linear matrix inequalities. Moreover, it is shown that existence conditions of reduced order observer can be obtained from sufficient conditions on the existence of full order observer. As a result, this fact implies that the existence of full order observer for one-sided Lipschitz systems guarantees that of reduced order observer. Finally, a simulation example is given to verify the validness of the proposed design.
Improvement of the Transient Response by Partially Compensating Initial Values of Digital Controllers
Doh, Tae-Yong ; Ryoo, Jung Rae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 285~289
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1876
In switching from the track-seeking or track-jumping control mode to track-following control mode in hard disk drives or optical disk drives, initial values of the feedback controller are tuned to improve the transient response. In general, all the initial values of the controller have been compensated for this purpose. In this paper, by partially compensating initial values of digital controllers, we achieve a good performance of the transient response. In the proposed method for IVC (Intial Value Compensation), LMIs (Linear Matrix Inequalities) are used, which includes conditions for improving the performance of the transient response such as reducing a tracking error and control efforts. We obtain optimal initial values of the controller by solving an optimization problem with constraints represented by only one LMI. Although initial values of the controller are partially compensated, we can show that not only a sufficient performance of the transient response is obtained but also control efforts are diminished. The feasibility of the method is verified by simulation studies.
Position Estimation Using Magnetic Field Map
Kim, Han-Sol ; Moon, Woo-Sung ; Seo, Woo-Jin ; Baek, Kwang-Ryul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 290~298
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1855
Geomagnetic is refracted by building's wall and pillar. Therefore refracted geomagnetic is able to be used as feature point. In a specific space, a mobile device that is equipped with magnetic sensor array measures 3-axis magnetic field for each point. Magnetic field map is acquired by collecting the every sample point in the magnetic field. The measured magnetic field must be calibrated, because each magnetic sensor has a distortion. For this reason, sensor distortion model and sensor calibration method are proposed in this paper. Magnetic field that is measured by mobile device matches magnetic field map. Result of the matching is used for position estimation. This paper implements hardware system for position estimation method using magnetic field map.
Innovative Model-Based PID Control Design for Bus Voltage Regulation with STATCOM in Multi-Machine Power Systems
Kim, Seok-Kyoon ; Lee, Young Il ; Song, Hwachang ; Kim, Jung-Su ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 299~305
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1856
The complexity and severe nonlinearity of multi-machine power systems make it difficult to design a control input for voltage regulation using modern control theory. This paper presents a model-based PID control scheme for the regulation of the bus voltage to a desired value. To this end, a fourth-order linear system is constructed using input and output data obtained using the TSAT (Transient Security Assessment Tool); the input is assumed to be applied to the grid through the STATCOM (STATic synchronous COMpensator) and the output from the grid is a bus voltage. On the basis of the model, it is identified as to which open-loop poles of the system make the response to a step input oscillatory. To reduce this oscillatory response effectively, a model-based PID control is designed in such a way that the oscillatory poles are no longer problematic in the closed loop. Simulation results show that the proposed PID control dampens the response effectively.
A Study of Image Target Tracking Using ITS in an Occluding Environment
Kim, Yong ; Song, Taek-Lyul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 306~314
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1830
Automatic tracking in cluttered environment requires the initiation and maintenance of tracks, and track existence probability of true track is kept by Markov Chain Two model of target existence propagation. Unlike Markov Chain One model for target existence propagation, Markov Chain Two model is made up three hypotheses about target existence event which are that the target exist and is detectable, the target exists and is non-detectable through occlusion, and the target does not exist and is non-detectable according to non-existing target. In this paper we present multi-scan single target tracking algorithm based on the target existence, which call the Integrated Track Splitting algorithm with Markov Chain Two model in imaging sensor.
Position-Based Force Control Application of a Mobile Robot with Two Arms
Ahn, Jae Kook ; Jung, Seul ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 315~321
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1843
This paper presents the position-based force control application of a mobile manipulator. The mobile manipulator consists of two six DOF manipulators and a mobile robot. Kinematics of the robot is analyzed and simulated to validate the analysis. A position-based force control technique is applied to the robot by adding an outer loop to interact with the environment. Experimental studies of force control applications of robot arm and interaction with a human operator are conducted. Experimental results show that the robot arm is well regulated to follow the desired force.
Development of a Direct-Vapor Heating Inhalator
Jeon, Chang-Wan ; Kang, Taesam ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 322~327
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1861
Recently many people have been troubled with perennial allergic rhinitis. But there is no way to cure for root of it until now. Therefore many medical treatments to release symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis have been researched. One of them is localized aerosol hyperthermia, which injects
vapor into nasal cavity. Vapor inhalator for localized aerosol hyperthermia has been researched in foreign country. But on the other hand it has rarely been researched inside of the country. Since most clinics and hospitals have used imported vapor inhalator, it is needed to develop domestic vapor inhalator. In the paper, a superior vapor inhalator compared to former developed one is developed. The superiority of it comes from direct-vapor heating instead of water heating to control vapor temperature. The developed vapor inhalator has shorter rising time than the existing one because of direct-vapor heating. Furthermore vapor generation part and control part of the vapor inhalator developed as one piece mock-up. It enables the vapor inhalator to have smaller size. Many laboratory tests are performed and compared to existing results to prove its performance.
Reliability Analysis of Redundant Architecture of Dependable Control System
Noh, Jinpyo ; Park, Jaehyun ; Son, Kwang-Seop ; Kim, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 328~333
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1857
Since a slight malfunction of control systems in a nuclear power plant may cause huge catastrophes, such control systems usually have multiple redundancy and reliable features, and their reliability and availability should be analyzed and verified thoroughly. This paper performed the reliability analysis of the SPLC (Safety Programmable Logic Controller) that is under developed as the control systems for the next generation nuclear power plant. One of the key features of SPLC is that it has multiple redundancy modes as faults happen, which means the reliability analysis for one fixed redundant model is not enough to analyze the reliability of SPLC. With considering this reconfigurable concept, FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) was used to capture fault-relationship among sub-modules. The analysis results show that MTTF (Mean Time to Fault) of SPLC is 45,080 hours, which is a about 4.5 times longer than the regulation, 10,000 hours.
Step Length Estimation on a Slope Using Accelerometers and a Barometer
Hung, Tran Nhat ; Suh, Young Soo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 334~340
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1818
Using a relationship between step length and accelerometer output, step length can be estimated. In this paper, we propose a new step length estimation algorithm, which can be used both for the plane and the slope by compensating the slope angle. The slope angle is estimated using a barometer and the slope angle is compensated by observing how the slope affects the step length estimation. The proposed algorithm is verified using five adult man walking data, where the average length error is about 3% regardless of the slope.
Estimated Position of Sea-Surface Beacon Using DWT/UKF
Yoon, Ba-Da ; Yoon, Ha-Neul ; Choi, Sung-He ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 341~348
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1824
A location estimation algorithm based on the sea-surface beacon is proposed in this paper. The beacon is utilized to provide ultrasonic signals to the underwater vehicles around the beacon to estimate precise position of underwater vehicles (ROV, AUV, Diver robot), which is named as USBL (Ultra Short Baseline) system. It utilizes GPS and INS data for estimating its position and adopts DWT (Discrete Wavelet Transform) de-noising filter and UKF (Unscented KALMAN Filter) elaborating the position estimation. The beacon system aims at estimating the precise position of underwater vehicle by using USBL to receive the tracking signals. The most important one for the precise position estimation of underwater vehicle is estimating the position of the beacon system precisely. Since the beacon is on the sea-waves, the received GPS signals are noisy and unstable most of times. Therefore, the INS data (gyroscope sensor, accelerometer, magnetic compass) are obtained at the beacon on the sea-surface to compensate for the inaccuracy of the GPS data. The noises in the acceleration data from INS data are reduced by using DWT de-noising filter in this research. Finally the UKF localization system is proposed in this paper and the system performance is verified by real experiments.
Formation Algorithm with Local Minimum Escape for Unicycle Robots
Jung, Hahmin ; Kim, Dong Hun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 349~356
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1844
This paper presents formation control based on potential functions for unicycle robots. The unicycle robots move to formation position which is made from a reference point and neighboring robots. In the framework, a local minimum case occurred by combination of potential repulsed from neighboring robots and potential attracted from a formation line is presented, in which the robot escapes from a local minimum using a virtual escape point after recognizing trapped situation. As well, in the paper, potential functions are designed to keep the same distance between neighboring robots on a formation line, i.e. the relative distance between neighboring robots on a formation line is controlled by a potential function parameter. The simulation results show that the proposed approach can effectively construct straight line, V, and polygon formation for multiple robots.
Design of Six-Axis Force/Moment Sensor for Ankle-Rehabilitation Robot
Kim, Yong-Gook ; Kim, Gab-Soon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 357~363
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1865
Most serious patients who have the paralysis of their ankles can't use of their feet freely. But their ankles can be recovered by an ankle bending rehabilitation exercise and a ankle rotating rehabilitation exercise. Recently, the professional rehabilitation therapeutists are much less than stroke patients in number. Therefore, the ankle-rehabilitation robot should be developed. The developed robot can be dangerous because it can't measure the applied bending force and twisting moment of the patients' ankles. In this paper, the six-axis force/moment sensor for the ankle-rehabilitation robot was specially designed the weight of foot and the applied force to foot in rehabilitation exercise. As a test results, the interference error of the six-axis force/moment sensor was less than 2.51%. It is thought that the sensor can be used to measure the bending force and twisting moment of the patients' ankles in rehabilitation exercise.
Physiological Responses-Based Emotion Recognition Using Multi-Class SVM with RBF Kernel
Vanny, Makara ; Ko, Kwang-Eun ; Park, Seung-Min ; Sim, Kwee-Bo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 364~371
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1879
Emotion Recognition is one of the important part to develop in human-human and human computer interaction. In this paper, we have focused on the performance of multi-class SVM (Support Vector Machine) with Gaussian RFB (Radial Basis function) kernel, which has been used to solve the problem of emotion recognition from physiological signals and to improve the accuracy of emotion recognition. The experimental paradigm for data acquisition, visual-stimuli of IAPS (International Affective Picture System) are used to induce emotional states, such as fear, disgust, joy, and neutral for each subject. The raw signals of acquisited data are splitted in the trial from each session to pre-process the data. The mean value and standard deviation are employed to extract the data for feature extraction and preparing in the next step of classification. The experimental results are proving that the proposed approach of multi-class SVM with Gaussian RBF kernel with OVO (One-Versus-One) method provided the successful performance, accuracies of classification, which has been performed over these four emotions.
Extended Kalman Filter-based Localization with Kinematic Relationship of Underwater Structure Inspection Robots
Heo, Young-Jin ; Lee, Gi-Hyeon ; Kim, Jinhyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 372~378
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.12.1837
In this paper, we research the localization problem of the crawler-type inspection robot for underwater structure which travels an outer wall of underwater structure. Since various factors of the underwater environment affect an encoder odometer, it is hard to localize robot itself using only on-board sensors. So in this research we used a depth sensor and an IMU to compensate odometer which has extreme error in the underwater environment through using Extended Kalman Filter(EKF) which is normally used in mobile robotics. To acquire valid measurements, we implemented precision sensor modeling after assuming specific situation that robot travels underwater structure. The depth sensor acquires a vertical position of robot and compensates one of the robot pose, and IMU is used to compensate a bearing. But horizontal position of robot can't be compensated by using only on-board sensors. So we proposed a localization algorithm which makes horizontal direction error bounded by using kinematics relationship. Also we implemented computer simulations and experiments in underwater environment to verify the algorithm performance.
Localization of a Mobile Robot Using Multiple Ceiling Lights
Han, Yeon-Ju ; Park, Tae-Hyoung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 379~384
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2013.13.1863
We propose a new global positioning method for the indoor mobile robots. The multiple indoor lights fixed in ceiling are used as the landmarks of positioning system. The ceiling images are acquired by the fisheye lens camera mounted on the moving robot. The position and orientation of the lights are extracted by binarization and labeling techniques. Also the boundary lines between ceiling and walls are extracted to identify the order of each light. The robot position is then calculated from the extracted position and known position of the lights. The proposed system can increase the accuracy and reduce the computation time comparing with the other positioning methods using natural landmark. Experimental results are presented to show the performance of the method.