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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
An Optimal Fixed-lag FIR Smoother for Discrete Time-varying State Space Models
Kwon, Bo-Kyu ; Han, Soohee ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1946
In this paper, we propose an optimal fixed-lag FIR (Finite-Impulse-Response) smoother for a class of discrete time-varying state-space signal models. The proposed fixed-lag FIR smoother is linear with respect to inputs and outputs on the recent finite horizon and estimates the delayed state so that the variance of the estimation error is minimized with the unbiased constraint. Since the proposed smoother is derived with system inputs, it can be adapted to feedback control system. Additionally, the proposed smoother can give more general solution than the optimal FIR filter, because it reduced to the optimal FIR filter by setting the fixed-lag size as zero. A numerical example is presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed smoother by comparing with an optimal FIR filter and a conventional fixed-lag Kalman smoother.
Design of H
Repetitive Control Systems using State Feedback
Doh, Tae-Yong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 6~11
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1963
Repetitive control is a specialized control scheme to track and/or attenuate a periodic reference trajectory and/or disturbance. Most researches about repetitive control have been performed in the frequency domain. Recently, several approaches to deal with repetitive control systems in the state space are developed by representing a q filter as a state-space equation. This paper presents a design method of a repetitive control system in the state space to satisfy
performance. The overall system is composed of a plant, a repetitive controller, and a state-feedback controller, which can be converted to a standard form used in
control. A LMI (Linear Matrix Inequality)-based stability condition is derived for fixed state-feedback gains. Under a given q filter, another LMI condition is derived to improve
performance and is employed to find state-feedback gains by solving an optimization problem. Finally, to verify the feasibility of the proposed method, a numerical example is demonstrated.
Design and Analysis of a Switching State Feedback Controller to Reduce the Measurement Error Effect for a Chain of Integrators System under AC and DC Noise
Oh, Sang-Young ; Choi, Ho-Lim ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 12~17
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1971
In this paper, we propose a controller capable of reducing the effect of measurement errors under AC and DC noise. Typically, the control system measures data through a sensor. If sensor noise is included in a controller via the feedback channel, the signal is distorted and the entire system cannot work normally. Therefore, some appropriate action to counter the measurement error effect is essential in the controller design. Our controller is equipped with a gain-scaling factor and a compensator to reduce the effect of measurement error in the feedback signal. Also, we use a switching control strategy to enhance the performance of the controller regarding convergence speed. Our proposed controller can therefore effectively reduce the AC and DC noise of the sensor. We analyze the proposed controller by Laplace transform technique and our control method is verified via MATLAB simulation.
Fuzzy Observer Design for Traffic Control System
Maeng, Gunpyo ; Choi, Han Ho ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 18~21
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1859
We propose a nonlinear observer design method for traffic control systems based on T-S fuzzy approach. We parameterize the observer gains in terms of the solution matrices of LMIs. We also give a simple algorithm to compute the observer gain matrices. Finally we give simulation results to show the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy observer design method.
Fuzzy Modeling and Robust Stability Analysis of Wind Farm based on Prediction Model for Wind Speed
Lee, Deogyong ; Sung, Hwa Chang ; Joo, Young Hoon ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 22~28
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1958
This paper proposes the fuzzy modeling and robust stability analysis of wind farm based on prediction model for wind speed. Owing to the sensitivity of wind speed, it is necessary to study the dynamic equation of the variable speed wind turbine. In this paper, based on the least-square method, the wind speed prediction model which is varied by the surrounding environment is proposed so that it is possible to evaluate the practicability of our model. And, we propose the composition of intelligent wind farm and use the fuzzy model which is suitable for the design of fuzzy controller. Finally, simulation results for wind farm which is modeled mathematically are demonstrated to visualize the feasibility of the proposed method.
A Study on the Target Tracking Algorithm based on the Target Size Estimation
Jung, Yun Sik ; Lee, Sang Suk ; Rho, Shin Baek ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1896
In this paper, a novel MBE (Model Based target size Estimator) is presented for SDIIR (Strap Down Imaging Infrared) seekers. The target tracking requires the target size information for which residual range between target and missile should be provided. Unfortunately, in general, the missile with passive sensor such as IIR (Imaging Infrared), CCD (Coupled Charging Device) cannot obtain range information. To overcome the problem, the proposed method enables the SDIIR seeker to estimates target size by using target size model and track the target. The performance of proposed method is tested at IIR target tracking of target intercept scenario. The experiment results show that the proposed algorithm has the relatively good performance.
GPU Accelerating Methods for Pease FFT Processing
Oh, Se-Chang ; Joo, Young-Bok ; Kwon, Oh-Young ; Huh, Kyung-Moo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 37~41
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1960
FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) has been widely used in various fields such as image processing, voice processing, physics, astronomy, applied mathematics and so forth. Much research has been conducted due to the importance of the FFT and recently new FFT algorithms using a GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) have been developed for the purpose of much faster processing. In this paper, the new optimal FFT algorithm using the Pease FFT algorithm has been proposed reflecting the hardware configuration of a GPGPU (General Purpose computing of GPU). According to the experiments, the proposed algorithm outperformed by between 3% to 43% compared to the CUFFT algorithm.
Adaptive Neural Control for Output-Constrained Pure-Feedback Systems
Kim, Bong Su ; Yoo, Sung Jin ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 42~47
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1972
This paper investigates an adaptive approximation design problem for the tracking control of output-constrained non-affine pure-feedback systems. To satisfy the desired performance without constraint violation, we employ a barrier Lyapunov function which grows to infinity whenever its argument approaches some limits. The main difficulty in dealing with pure-feedback systems considering output constraints is that the system has a non-affine appearance of the constrained variable to be used as a virtual control. To overcome this difficulty, the implicit function theorem and mean value theorem are exploited to assert the existence of the desired virtual and actual controls. The function approximation technique based on adaptive neural networks is used to estimate the desired control inputs. It is shown that all signals in the closed-loop system are uniformly ultimately bounded.
A Mobile Robot Estimating the Real-time Moving Sound Sources by using the Curvature Trajectory
Han, Jong-Ho ; Park, Sook-Hee ; Lee, Dong-Hyuk ; Noh, Kyung-Wook ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 48~57
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1910
It is suggested that the curvature trajectory be used to estimate the real-time moving sound sources and efficiently the robot estimating the sound sources. Since the target points of the real-time moving sound sources change, the mobile robot continuously estimates the changed target points. In such a case, the robot experiences a slip phenomenon due to the abnormal velocity and the changes of the navigating state. By selecting an appropriate curvature and navigating the robot gradually by using it, it is possible to enable the robot to reach the target points without having much trouble. In order to recognize the sound sources in real time, three microphones need to be organized in a straight form. Also, by applying the cross-correlation algorithm to the TDOA base, the signals can be analyzed. By using the analyzed data, the locations of the sound sources can be recognized. Based on such findings, the sound sources can be estimated. Even if the mobile robot is navigated by selecting the gradual curvature based on the changed target points, there could be errors caused by the inertia and the centrifugal force related to the velocity. As a result, it is possible to control the velocity of both wheels of the robot through the velocity PID controller in order to compensate for the slip phenomenon and minimize the estimated errors. In order to examine whether the suggested curvature trajectory is appropriate for estimating the sound sources, two mobile robots are arranged to carry out an actual experiment. The first robot is moved by discharging the sound sources, while the second robot recognizes and estimates the locations of the discharged sound sources in real time.
Real-Time Prediction of Optimal Control Parameters for Mobile Robots based on Estimated Strength of Ground Surface
Kim, Jayoung ; Lee, Jihong ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 58~69
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1921
This paper proposes a method for predicting maximum friction coefficients and optimal slip ratios as optimal control parameters for traction control or slip control of autonomous mobile robots on rough terrain. This paper focuses on strength of ground surface which indicates different characteristics depending on material types on surface. Strength of various material types can be estimated by Willoughby sinkage model and by a developed testbed which can measure forces, velocities, and displacements generated by wheel-terrain interaction. Estimated strength is collaborated on building improved Brixius model with friction-slip data from experiments with the testbed over sand and grass material. Improved Brixius model covers widespread material types in outdoor environments on predicting friction-slip characteristics depending on strength of ground surface. Thus, a prediction model for obtaining optimal control parameters is derived by partial differentiation of the improved Brixius model with respect to slip. This prediction model can be applied to autonomous mobile robots and finally gives secure maneuverability on rough terrain. Proposed method is verified by various experiments under similar conditions with the ones for real outdoor robots.
Localization using Ego Motion based on Fisheye Warping Image
Choi, Yun Won ; Choi, Kyung Sik ; Choi, Jeong Won ; Lee, Suk Gyu ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 70~77
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1935
This paper proposes a novel localization algorithm based on ego-motion which used Lucas-Kanade Optical Flow and warping image obtained through fish-eye lenses mounted on the robots. The omnidirectional image sensor is a desirable sensor for real-time view-based recognition of a robot because the all information around the robot can be obtained simultaneously. The preprocessing (distortion correction, image merge, etc.) of the omnidirectional image which obtained by camera using reflect in mirror or by connection of multiple camera images is essential because it is difficult to obtain information from the original image. The core of the proposed algorithm may be summarized as follows: First, we capture instantaneous
panoramic images around a robot through fish-eye lenses which are mounted in the bottom direction. Second, we extract motion vectors using Lucas-Kanade Optical Flow in preprocessed image. Third, we estimate the robot position and angle using ego-motion method which used direction of vector and vanishing point obtained by RANSAC. We confirmed the reliability of localization algorithm using ego-motion based on fisheye warping image through comparison between results (position and angle) of the experiment obtained using the proposed algorithm and results of the experiment measured from Global Vision Localization System.
Person-following of a Mobile Robot using a Complementary Tracker with a Camera-laser Scanner
Kim, Hyoung-Rae ; Cui, Xue-Nan ; Lee, Jae-Hong ; Lee, Seung-Jun ; Kim, Hakil ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 78~86
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1954
This paper proposes a method of tracking an object for a person-following mobile robot by combining a monocular camera and a laser scanner, where each sensor can supplement the weaknesses of the other sensor. For human-robot interaction, a mobile robot needs to maintain a distance between a moving person and itself. Maintaining distance consists of two parts: object tracking and person-following. Object tracking consists of particle filtering and online learning using shape features which are extracted from an image. A monocular camera easily fails to track a person due to a narrow field-of-view and influence of illumination changes, and has therefore been used together with a laser scanner. After constructing the geometric relation between the differently oriented sensors, the proposed method demonstrates its robustness in tracking and following a person with a success rate of 94.7% in indoor environments with varying lighting conditions and even when a moving object is located between the robot and the person.
Design of a Two-wheeled Balancing Mobile Platform with Tilting Motion
Kim, Sangtae ; Seo, Jeongmin ; Kwon, SangJoo ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 87~93
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1962
Conventional two-wheeled balancing robots are limited in terms of turning speed because they lack the lateral motion to compensate for the centrifugal force needed to stop rollover. In order to improve lateral stability, this paper suggests a two-wheeled balancing mobile platform equipped with a tilting mechanism to generate roll motions. In terms of static force analysis, it is shown that the two-body sliding type tilting method is more suitable for small-size mobile robots than the single-body type. For the mathematical modeling, the tilting-balancing platform is assumed as a 3D inverted pendulum and the four-degrees-of-freedom equation of motion is derived. In the velocity/posture control loop, the desired tilting angle is naturally determined according to the changes of forward velocity and steering yaw rate. The efficiency of the developed tilting type balancing mobile platform is validated through experimental results.
Aiming Point Correction Technique for Ship-launched Anti-air Missiles Considering Ship Weaving Motion
Hong, Ju-Hyeon ; Park, Sanghyuk ; Park, Sang-Sup ; Ryoo, Chang-Kyung ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 94~100
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1870
In order to intercept anti-ship missiles, it is important to accurately predict the aiming point. The major factor for degrading the accuracy of the aiming point is the motions of the warships due to waves. Therefore, a stage of correcting the aiming point is required to compensate for such motions of warships. The proposed aiming point correction technique treats the changes in positions and velocity of naval guns by considering changes in the positions and velocities of the anti-ship missiles. In this paper, a ship motion estimation filter was also constructed to predict the motions of warships at the firing time of naval guns. In the simulation part, finally, the distance errors before and after aiming point corrections were compared through 6-DOF simulations.
Hybrid TDOA/AOA Localization Algorithm for GPS Jammers
Lim, Deok Won ; Kang, Jae Min ; Heo, Moon Beom ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 101~105
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2014.13.1943
For a localization system, the TDOA (Time Difference of Arrival) measurement and AOA (Angle of Arrival) measurement are often used for estimating target`s positions. Although it is known that the accuracy of TDOA based localization is superior to that of AOA based one, it may have a poor vertical accuracy in bad geometrical conditions. This paper, therefore, proposes a localization algorithm in which the vertical position is estimated by AOA measurements and the horizontal one is estimated by TDOA measurement in order to achieve high 3D-location accuracy. And this algorithm is applied to a GPS jammer localization systems because it has a large value of the DOP (Dilution of Precision) when the jammer is located far away from the system. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid TDOA/AOA location algorithm gives much higher location accuracy than TDOA or AOA only location.