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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 6, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 6, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 6, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 6, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 6, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 6, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 6, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Control with Performance for Uncertain Linear Interconnected Systems with Time Delay
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 333~338
This paper considers the decentralized control problem of linear time-invariant interconnected systems with delays. A decentralized output-feedback controller to obtain both stability and performance of the interconnected system is designed using the standard
control theory, This paper provides sufficient conditions for such a controller to exist and provides an output feedback controller.
Simplification of Linear Time-Invariant Systems by Least Squares Method
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 339~344
This paper is concerned with the simplification of complex linear time-invariant systems. A simple technique is suggested using the well-known least squares method in the frequency domain. Given a high-order transfer function in the s- or z-domain, the squared-gain function corresponding to a low-order model is computed by the least squares method. Then, the low-order transfer function is obtained through the factorization. Three examples are given to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed method.
Depth Controller Design for Underwater Vehicles
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 345~355
In this paper, the depth controller of an underwater vehicle based on an
servo control is designed for the depth keeping of the underwater vehicle under wave disturbances. The depth controller is designed in the form of the
servo controller, which has robust tracking property, and an
servo problem is considered for the
servo controller design. In order to solve the
servo problem for the underwater vehicle, this problem is modified as an
control problem for the generalized plant that includes a reference input mode, and a suboptimal solution that satisfies a given performance criteria is calculated with the LMI (Linear Matrix Inequality) approach. The
servo controller is designed to have robust stability about the perturbation of the parameters of the underwater vehicle and the robust tracking property of the underwater vehicle depth under wave force and moment disturbances. The performance, robustness about the uncertainties, and depth tracking property, of the designed depth controller is evaluated by computer simulation, and finally these simulation results show the usefulness and applicability of the proposed
depth control system.
Control of the Parallel Flexible Inverted Pendulum Connected by a Spring
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 356~366
In this paper, a nonlinear
control for the flexible inverted pendulum of a parallel type with Coulomb friction is presented. The dynamic equation for this system is derived by the Hamilton's principle and assumed-mode method. This hard nonlinear system can be modeled by a the quasi-linear state space model using the REF method. It is shown that the
control can be applied to the nonlinear controller design of the system having Coulomb frictions if the proper LTR conditions are satisfied. In order to present the usefulness of the suggested control method, the nonlinear
controller is designed to control the Position of the end point of the flexible inverted pendulum that has Coulomb frictions present in actuator parts. The results are given via computer simulations.
Rotor Time Constant Compensation of Vector Controlled Induction Motor Using Stator Current and Flux Error
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 367~375
It is proposed that the rotor time constant and inductance are compensated at the same time in the indirect vector control method of an induction motor. The proposed scheme compensates the rotor time constant using the difference between the Q-axis real stator current and estimated current that is calculated from the terminal voltage and current, and compensates inductance by using the difference between the D-axis real stator flux and estimated stator flux in the synchronous rotating reference frame. Although the rotor time constant and inductance vary at once, the proposed method compensates the rotor time constant and inductance with accuracy. In addition to, two variables can be compensated not only at the steady state condition, but also at the transient state, where the torque varies in a rectangular pulse waveform. Therefore, the performance of vector control is greatly improved as verified by experiment.
Application of the Genetic Algorithm to the Layout Problem of the Pane Considering Rotation
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 376~382
A problem of relevant interest to some industries is that of the optimum two-dimensional layout. In this problem, one is given a number of rectangular sheets and an order for a specified number of each of certain types of two-dimensional regular and irregular shapes. The aim is to cut the shapes out of the sheets in such a way as to minimize the amount of waste produced. In this paper, we propose a genetic algorithms using rotation parameters by which the best pattern of layout is found.
A Novel Image Sensing System for 3D Reconstruction
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 383~389
This paper presents a stereo camera system that provides a Pair of stereo images using a Biprism. The equivalent of a stereo Pair of images is formed as the left and right halves of a single CCD image. The system is therefore cheap and extremely easy to calibrate since it requires only one CCD camera. An additional advantage of the geometrical set-up is that corresponding features lie on the same scanline automatically, The single camera and Biprism have led to a simple stereo system for which correspondence is very easy and which is accurate for nearby objects in a small field of view. Since we use only a single lens, calibration of the system is greatly simplified. Given the parameters in the Biprism-stereo camera system, we can reconstruct the 3-D structure using only the disparity between the corresponding points.
Fingerprint Classification and Identification Using Wavelet Transform and Correlation
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 390~395
We present a fingerprint identification algorithm using the wavelet transform and correlation. The wavelet transform is used because of its simple operation to extract fingerprint minutiaes features for fingerprint classification. We perform the rowwise 1-D wavelet transform for a
fingerprint image to get a
column vector using the Haar wavelet and repeat 1-D wavelet transform for a 1
256 column vector to get a
feature vector. Using PNN(Probabilistic Neural Network), we select the possible candidates from the stored feature vectors for fingerprint images. For those candidates, we compute the correlation between the input binary image and the target binary image to find the most similar fingerprint image. The proposed algorithm may be the key to a low cost fingerprint identification system that can be operated on a small computer because it does not need a large memory size and much computation.
Implementation of a Thermal Imaging System with Focal Plane Array Typed Sensor
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 396~403
A thermal imaging system is implemented for the measurement and the analysis of the thermal distribution of the target objects. The main part of the system is a thermal camera in which a focal plane array typed sensor is introduced. The sensor detects the mid-range infrared spectrum of target objects and then it outputs a generic video signal which should be processed to form a frame thermal image. Here, a digital signal processor(DSP) is applied for the high speed processing of the sensor signals. The DSP controls analog-to-digital converter, performs correction algorithms and outputs the frame thermal data to frame buffers. With the frame buffers can be generated a NTSC signal and transferred the frame data to personal computer(PC) for the analysis and a monitoring of the thermal scenes. By performing the signal processing functions in the DSP the overall system achieves a simple configuration. Several experimental results indicate the performance of the overall system.
A Study on Humanoid Robot Hand System and Real-Time Grasp Motion Control
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 404~414
This paper addresses the development of a 3-fingered humanoid robot hand system and a real-time grasp synthesis of multifingered robot hands to find grasp configurations which satisfy the force closure condition of arbitrary shaped objects. We propose a fast and efficient grasp synthesis algorithm for planar polygonal objects, which yields the contact locations on a given polygonal object to obtain a force closure grasp by the multifingered robot hand. For an optimum grasp and real-time computation, we develop the preference and the hibernation process and assign physical constraints of the humanoid hand to the motion of each finger. The preferences consist of each sublayer reflecting the primitive preference similar to the conditional behaviors of humans for given objectives and their arrangements are adjusted by the heuristics inspired from human's grasping behaviors. The proposed method reduces the computational time significantly at the sacrifice of global optimality, and enables the grasp posture to be changable within two-finger and three-finger grasps. The performance of the presented algorithm is evaluated via simulation studies to obtain the force-closure grasps of polygonal objects with fingertip grasps. The architecture suggested is verified through experimental implementation to our robot hand system by solving the 2- or 3-finger grasp synthesis.
A PC-Based Open Robot Control System : PC-ORC
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 415~425
An open architecture manufacturing strategy intends to integrate manufacturing components on a single platform so that a particular component can be easily added and/or replaced. Therefore, the control scheme based upon the open architecture concept is hardware-independent. In this paper, a modular and object oriented approach for a PC-based open robot control system is investigated. A standard reference model for robot systems, which consists of three modules; hardware module, operating system module, and application software module, is first proposed. Then, a PC-based Open Robot Controller(PC-ORC), which can reconfigure robot control systems in various production environments, is developed. The PC-ORC is built upon the object-oriented method, and allows an easy implementation and modification of various modules. The PC-ORC consists of basic softwares, application objects, and additional hardware device on the PC Platform. The application objects are: sequencer, computation unit, servo control, ancillary equipment, external sensor control, and so on. In order to demonstrate the applicability of the PC-ORC, the proposed PC-ORC configuration is applied to an industrial SCARA robot system.
Efficient Scheduling Algorithm for Sequential Multipurpose Batch Processes
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 6, issue 5, 2000, Pages 426~432
A novel mixed-integer linear programming model for the short-term scheduling of a sequential multipurpose batch plant is addressed. First, a time slot domain to each unit is introduced. By assigning each time slot to a product, we obtain the production sequence that minimizes makespan. For multiple-unit assignment problem where a few parallel units with the same function exist, production paths are defined for the distinction of the same stage with a different unit. As a second issue, the model adapted for sequence dependent changeover is presented. For a time slot of a unit, if a product is assigned to the time slot and a different product is assigned to the adjacent time slot, the changeover time considering this situation is included. The performance of the proposed models are illustrated through two examples.