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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 8, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 8, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 8, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 8, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 8, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 8, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
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PD+I Fuzzy Controller Using Error-Accumulating Applying Factor
Chun, Kyung-Han ; Lee, Yun-Jung ; Park, Bong-Yeol ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 193~198
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.193
In this paper, we Propose a PD+I fuzzy controller using an error-accumulating applying factor. In fuzzy control, analytical study was done formerly, in which fuzzy control can be classified by PD type and PI type, and also the study for getting merits of both types was done, too. But the mixed type has a complex structure and many parameters. The proposed fuzzy controller is 2-input 2-out-put and PD type fuzzy control is used as a basic structure. And the proposed controller annihilates a steady-state error and improves transient responses because of using the error-accumulating applying factor which is determined in the real time along the current state of controlled process. Futhermore it is easy to tune the system because of decreasing the number of scaling factors and the I type controller with resetting resolves the integral wind-up problem. Finally we apply the proposed scheme to various plants and show the performance betterment.
Self-Tuning Gain-Scheduled Skyhook Control for Semi-Active Suspension Systems: Implementation and Experiment
Hong, Kyung-Tae ; Huh, Chang-Do ; Hong, Keum-Shik ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 199~207
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.199
In this paper, a self-tuning gain-scheduled skyhook control for semi-active suspension systems is investigated. The dynamic characteristics of a continuously variable damper including electro-hydraulic pressure control valves is analyzed. A 2-d.o.f. time-varying quarter-car model that permits variations in sprung mass and suspension spring coefficient is considered. The self-tuning skyhook control algorithm proposed in this paper requires only the measurement of body acceleration. The absolute velocity of the sprung mass and the relative velocity of the suspension deflection are estimated by using integral filters. The skyhook gains are gain-scheduled in such a way that the body acceleration and the dynamic tire force are optimized. An ECU prototype is discussed. Experimental results using a 1/4-ear simulator are discussed. Also, a suspension ECU prototype targeting real implementation is provided.
Measurement Method for Fine 6-DOF Displacement of Rigid Bodies
Park, Won-Shik ; Cho, Hyung-Suck ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 208~219
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.208
A novel measurement method to obtain the 6-DOF motions of arbitrary rigid bodies is proposed in this paper. The method adopts a specially fabricated mirror called 3-facet mirror, which looks like a triangular pyramid haying an equilateral cross-sectional shape. The mirror is mounted on the objects to be measured, illuminated by a laser beam having circular profile, and reflects the laser beam in three different directions. Three PSDs(position sensitive detector) detect the three beams reflected by the mirror, respectively. From the signals of the PSDs, we can calculate the 3-dimensional position and orientation of the 3-facet mirror, and thus enabling us to determine the 3-dimensional position and orientation of the objects. In this paper, we model the relationship between the 3-dimensional position and orientation of an object in motion and the outputs of three PSDs. A series of experiments are performed to demonstrate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method. The experimental results show that the proposed sensing system can be an effective means of obtaining 3-dimensional position and orientation of arbitrary objects and provide resonable measurement accuracy.
Radial Type Locomotive Mechanism with Worm for Robotic Endoscope
Kim, Kyoung-Dae ; Lee, Seunghak ; Kim, Byungkyu ; Park, Jong-Oh ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 220~225
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.220
In this paper, we suggest a new locomotive mechanism fur self-propelling robotic endoscope which could substitute conventional endoscope. Many researchers proposed inchworm-like mechanism for self-propelling robotic endoscope. But it could not be commercialized because they did not solve the limitation caused by clamping. Therefore, we suggest a new radial-type locomotive mechanism with worm. It can propel itself in any situation and take passive-steering because of radial type. In addition, it can be miniaturized with worm. In this paper, we evaluate the mechanism in the dead pig colon as well as under various environments, and verify the performance fur robotic endoscope.
Quasi-Static Crawling System Using a Four Bar Mechanism
Kim, Hae-Soo ; Kim, Min-Gun ; Yim, Nam-Sik ; Kim, Wheekuk ; Yi, Byung-Ju ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 226~232
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.226
In this work, the quasi-static crawling of the four-bar mechanism is investigated. Since the crawling of the mechanism is based on sliding of contact points of the mechanism with the ground, interaction forces and friction forces at contact points of the mechanism with the ground should be computed. For this purpose, we introduce the concept of imaginary joints to find these forces and treat the closed mechanism as a serial one. Lastly, the required torques for the mechanism to crawl with respect to various configurations of the mechanism on a flat ground with uniform friction coefficient, based on sliding conditions of the mechanism in quasi-static equilibrium, are investigated.
Kinematic Modeling of Mobile Robots by Transfer Method of Augmented Generalized Coordinates
Kim, Wheekuk ; Kim, Do-Hyung ; Yi, Byung-Ju ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 233~242
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.233
A kinematic modeling method is proposed which models the sliding and skidding at the wheels as pseudo joints and utilizes those pseudo joint variables as augmented variables. Kinematic models of various type of wheels are derived based on this modeling method. Then, the transfer method of augmented generalized coordinates is applied to obtain inverse and forward kinematic models of mobile robots. The kinematic models of five different types of planar mobile robots are derided to show the effectiveness of the proposed modeling method.
Analysis on Mobility of Planar Mobile Robots
Kim, Wheekuk ; Lee, Seung-Eun ; Yi, Byung-Ju ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 243~248
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.243
In this paper, mobility of planar mobile robots is discussed. Firstly, simplified joint models for four typical wheels of the mobile robots are described including both rotational and translational friction parameters. Then, based on these joint models and through the inclusion of the additional imaginary joint particularly to the mobile robots which lack geometric generality, mobility analysis of various types of planar mobile robots is performed.
Initial Alignment Algorithm for the SDINS Using an Attitude Determination GPS Receiver
Kim, Young-Sun ; Oh, Sang-Heon ; Hwang, Dong-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Jeong ; Jeon, Chang-Bae ; Song, Ki-Won ; Park, Chan-Ju ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 249~255
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.249
Since the stationary alignment process of the SDINS is not completely observable, some furls of the aided alignment have been applied. The purpose of this paper is to propose a new initial alignment algorithm, which utilizes the attitude output from the AGPS(Attitude Determination GPS) receiver and to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed algorithm with several experimental results. A Kalman filter is designed for utilizing the attitude output as well as the zero velocity information. Also analyzed is the observability of the SDINS error model. To show the feasibility of the proposed scheme, we implement an alignment system where HG1700AE IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) from Honeywell and an AGPS receiver designed at Chungnam National University are used. Test trials are done to evaluate the performance of the proposed alignment scheme. The proposed algorithm provides as good initial alignment performance as a high accurate navigation system, MAPS(Modular Azimuth Positioning System) INS.
Analytical Diagnosis of Single Crosstalk-Fault in Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks
Kim, Young-Jae ; Cho, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 256~263
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.256
Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks(OMINs) comprising photonic switches have been studied extensively as important interconnecting building blocks for communication networks and parallel computing systems. A basic element of photonic switching networks is a 2
2 directional coupler with two inputs and two outputs. This paper is concerned with the diagnosis of cross-talk-faults in OMINs. As the size of today's network becomes very large, the conventional diagnosis methods based on tests and simulation have become inefficient, or even more, impractical. In this paper, we propose a simple and easily implementable algorithm for detection and isolation of the single crosstalk-fault in OMINs. Specifically, we develope an algorithm fur the isolation of the source fault in switching elements whenever the single crosstalk-fault is detected in OMINS. The proposed algorithm is illustrated by an example of 16
16 banyan network.
Dual LAN Topology with the Dual Path Ethernet Module
Park, Ji-Hun ; Park, Jong-Gyu ; Han, Il-Seok ; Kim, Hak-Bae ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 264~269
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.264
A Dual-Path Ethernet Module(DPEM) is developed to improve Local Area Network (LAN)'s performance, High Availability(H/A) and security. Since a DPEM simply locates at the front end of any network device as a transparent add-on, it does not require sophisticated server reconfiguration. Our evaluation results show that the developed scheme is more efficient than conventional LAN structures in various aspects.
Teleoperation System of a Mobile Robot over the Internet
Park, Taehyun ; Gang, Geun-Taek ; Lee, Wonchang ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 270~274
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.270
This paper presents a teleoperation system that combines computer network and an autonomous mobile robot. We control remotely an autonomous mobile robot with vision over the Internet to guide it under unknown environments in the real time. The main feature of this system is that local operators need a web browser and a computer connected to the communication network and so they can command the robot in a remote location through the home page. The hardware architecture of this system consists of an autonomous mobile robot, workstation, and local computers. The software architecture of this system includes the client part for the user interface and robot control as well as the server part for communication between users and robot. The server and client systems are developed using Java language which is suitable to internet application and supports multi-platform. Furthermore. this system offers an image compression method using JPEG concept which reduces large time delay that occurs in network during image transmission.
Gradual Scene Change Detection Using Variance of Edge Image
Ryoo, Han-Jin ; Yoo, Hun-Woo ; Jang, Dong-Sik ; Kim, Mun-Hwa ;
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 8, issue 3, 2002, Pages 275~280
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2002.8.3.275
A new algorithm for gradual scene change detection in MPEG based frame sequences is proposed in this paper. The proposed algorithm is based on the fact that most of gradual curves can be characterized by variance distributions of edge information in the frame sequences. Average edge frame sequences are obtained by performing "sober" edge detection. Features are extracted by comparing variances with those of local blocks in the average edge frames. Those features are further processed by the opening operation to obtain smoothing variance curves. The lowest variance in the local frame sequences is chosen as a gradual detection point. Experimental results show that the proposed method provides 85% precision and 86% recall rate fur gradual scene changes.