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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 9, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 9, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 9, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 9, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 9, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 9, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
A Variable Dimensional Structure with Probabilistic Data Association Filter for Tracking a Maneuvering Target in Clutter Environment
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 747~754
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.747
An enhancement of the probabilistic data association filter is presented for tracking a single maneuvering target in clutter environment. The use of the variable dimensional structure leads the probabilistic data association filter to adjust to real motion of a target. The detection of the maneuver for the model switching is performed by the acceleration estimates taken from a bias estimator of the two stage Kalman filter. The proposed algorithm needs low computational power since it is implemented with a single filtering procedure. A simple Monte Carlo simulation was performed to compare the performance of the proposed algorithm and the IMMPDA filter.
Robust Fault-Tolerant Control for a Robot System Anticipating Joint Failures in the Presence of Uncertainties
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 755~767
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.755
This paper proposes a robust fault-tolerant control framework for robot manipulators to maintain the required performance and achieve task completion in the presence of both partial joint failures and complete joint failures and uncertainties. In the case of a complete joint failure or free-swinging joint failure causing the complete loss of torque on a joint, a fully-actuated robot manipulator can be viewed as an underactuated robot manipulator. To detect and identify a complete actuator failure, an on-line fault detection operation is also presented. The proposed fault-tolerant control system contains a robust adaptive controller overcoming partial joint failures based on robust adaptive control methodology, an on-line fault detector detecting and identifying complete joint failures, and a robust adaptive controller overcoming partial and complete joint failures, and so eventually it can face and overcome joint failures and uncertainties. Numerical simulations are conducted to validate the proposed robust fault-tolerant control scheme.
A Study on Fuzzy Temperature Control for the Barrels of Injection Molding Machine using PC based PLC
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 768~773
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.768
Injection molding has been widely used for the mass production of a plastic product. With the development of the relative technique, various injection molding techniques have been developed and we could get more precise plastic product. The temperature of a melting resin is an important factor in the injection molding and this temperature has direct influence on the quality of a plastic product. In the present injection molding machine, the deriation of a temperature controlled by PID control method is within 2
in the injection molding machine but PID control method takes too much time to stabilize after preheating and its overshoot is so big. We applied fuzzy control to alleriate the problem. In this research, we experimented the fuzzy temperature control with the usage of PC based PLC.
Correction of Position Error Using Modified Hough Transformation For Inspection System with Low Precision X- Y Robot
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 774~781
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.774
The important factors that cause position error in X-Y robot are inertial force, frictions and spring distortion in screw or coupling. We have to estimate these factors precisely to correct position errors, Which is very difficult. In this paper, we makes systems to inspect metal stencil which is used to print solder paste on pads of SMD of PCB with low precision X-Y robot and vision system. To correct position error that is caused by low precision X-Y robot, we defines position error vector that is formed with position of objects that exist in reference and camera image. We apply MHT(Modified Hough Transformation) for the aim of determining the dominant position error vector. We modify reference image using extracted dominant position error vector and obtain reference image that is the same with camera image. Effectiveness and performance of this method are verified by simulation and experiment.
Fuzzy Rulebase Application for Estimation of Snow Accretion on Power Lines and Deicing Countermeasure Plan
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 782~788
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.782
Making deicing countermeasure plan against snow accretion on power line is a very complicated problem, which should take into account both the possibility of accidents due to snow accretion on power line and the stable operation of power system. As knowledge engineering can be a good solution to this field of problems, a prototype expert system to assist power system operators in forecasting snow accretion on power lines and making a list of all the feasible and effective deicing countermeasures has been developed. The system has been remodelled into a fuzzy expert system by adopting fuzzy rulebase and fuzzy inference method to systematically process the fuzziness included in the heuristic knowledges. Simulation results based on the past snow accretion accident data show that the proposed system is very promising.
A Study on the Distributed Real-time Mobile Robot System using TCP/IP and Linux
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 789~797
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.789
An implementation scheme and some improvements are proposed to adopt public-licensed operating system, Linux and de-facto world-wide network standard, TCP/IP into the field of behavior-based autonomous mobile robots. To demonstrate the needs of scheme and the improvement, an analysis is performed on a server/client communication problem with real time Linux previously proposed, and another analysis is also performed on interactions among TCP/IP communications and the performance of Linux system using them. Implementation of behavior-based control architecture on real time Linux is proposed firstly. Revised task-scheduling schemes are proposed that can enhance the performance of server/client communication among local tasks on a Linux platform. A new method of TCP/IP packet flow handling is proposed that prioritizes TCP/IP software interrupts with aperiodic server mechanism as well. To evaluate the implementation scheme and the proposed improvements, performance enhancements are shown through some simulations.
Force Control of a Blind Mobile Robot: Analysis, Simulations and Experiments
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 798~807
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.798
We propose a blind mobile robot force control algorithm that uses force information as a guidance toward to the goal position. Based on the mobile robot dynamics, the control law is formed from explicit force errors. Simulation studies are conducted based on the kinematics and the dynamics of the mobile robot. Simulation results show that good force tracking can be achieved. In order to confirm simulation results, experiments are performed. The robot is commanded to follow unknown environment with maintaining a certain desired force. Experimental results show that the blind mobile robot successfully maintains contact with a regulated desired force and arrives at the goal position.
A Study on the Implementation of Air flow Control System using Profibus and Inverter
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 808~815
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.808
Fieldbus technology is having a massive impact on the development of faster, smarter and less expensive industrial networking systems. However, there have been a few of practically applied cases and channels for obtaining technical advices. Moreover, the users in the industry don't trust the Fieldbus technology like they didn't trust PLC control system in 1970s. Therefore, in this paper, Air flow control system is constructed by Fieldbus technologies, Profibus and Inverter that controls the motor speed. With the features of the motor control, the amount of electric power consumption by the speed control of motor is measured by the constructed control system. From this measured result, the effectiveness of the airflow control system and Feasibility to the practical industry field is demonstrated To improve the confidence of Fieldbus technology, practically embodied cases and technical methods are presented.
Development of Real time Linux-based Open Architecture Controller
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 816~821
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.816
In the manufacturing industries, agility and flexibility are the key issues to meet the various market demands. From this point of view, open architecture control has many advantages. This paper suggests a real-time Linux-based open architecture controller. Linux-based and windows-based controllers are compared in several aspects, and Linux is shown to be advantageous over the windows. With the user friendly GUI, the suggested controller is applied to the X-Y stage which is made of two linear motors. Path following and repeatability performances are successfully observed, which shows the validity of the suggested controller.
Development of Pipe Fault Inspection System using Computer Vision
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 822~831
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.822
A computer-vision based pipe-inspection algorithm is developed. The algorithm uses the modified Hough transformation and a line-scanning approach to identify the edge line and the radius of the pipe image, from which the eccentricity and dimension of the pipe-end is calculated. Line and circle detection was performed using Laplace operator with input image, which are acquired from the front and side cameras. In order to minimize the memory usage and the processing time, a clustering method with the modified Hough transformation is introduced for line detection. The dimension of inner and outer radius of pipe is calculated by the proposed line-scanning method. The method scans several lines along the X and Y axes, calculating the eccentricity of inner and outer circle, by which pipes with wrong end-shape can be classified and removed.
Automatic Synthesis of Chemical Processes by a State Space Approach
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 832~835
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.832
The objective of this study is to investigate the possibility of chemical process synthesis purely based on mathematical programming when given an objective, feed conditions, product specifications, and model equations for available process units. A method based on a state space approach is proposed, and applied to an example problem with a reactor, a heat exchanger, and a separator. The results indicate that a computer can automatically synthesize an optimal process without any heuristics or expertise in process design provided that global optimization techniques are improved to be suitable for large problems.
Automatic Train Control (ATC) System Development through Application of Reverse and Re-Systems Engineering Process
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 836~843
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.836
The automatic train control (ATC) system development project for the Automated Guideway Transit (AGT) system has high technical risk because the system is unmanned train control system using wireless technology which was unprecedented in train control industry of Korea. To overcome the technical risk during concept design phase of the ATC system development project, the integrated product team(IPT) carried out a reverse and reengineering process using a systems engineering design model. The generic systems engineering process is incorporated in the both reverse and reengineering process. As a result of the systems engineering effort, the IPT has built top layer systems engineering design model of the ATC subsystem. The purpose of this paper is to deliver the reverse and reengineering process which was used to develop the systems engineering design model of ATC system using a computer aided systems engineering tool. This study also shows that the model based reverse and reengineering process can reduce the technical risk by identifying the differences of requirement, functional and physical architecture between a reference system and a target system.
Development of Semi-Automatic Karyotyping System Using Image Processing
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 844~851
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.844
We introduces a development result of semi-automatic karyotyping system using image processing method to improve a long time working of the manual method and 5% error of traditional automatic karyotying system for analyzing karyotying. The karyotyping procedures have many routine tasks such as searching metaphases, taking pictures, developing, editing, etc. There are several automatic karyotyping systems in order to reduce the task in advanced countries. However, they are very expensive, applicable to only human chromosome, and have too many functions to use easily. This paper takes aim at high quality image resolution and development of interface that can adjust brightness and contrast of image on-line. The system can be applied to animal and plants as well as human's chromosome. The system developed in this paper is applied to pig and human. The effectiveness of the system is proved by hospitals in Korea.
Equivalent Error Model for Spacecraft Attitude Determination System
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 10, 2003, Pages 852~860
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.10.852
We introduce the error models for an attitude determination system(ADS) with gyroscopes and stellar sensor. The ADS error models are derived according to the definition of the reference frame and of the attitude error. The equivalent error models applicable to the attitude determination system with large attitude errors are presented. The simulation results show that the proposed error models improve performance of the attitude determination system.