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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 9, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 9, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 9, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 9, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 9, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 9, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
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Adaptive Backstepping Controller Design for a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor using Speed Observer
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 347~353
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.347
A nonlinear speed controller for a surface mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) based on a newly developed adaptive backstepping approach is presented To compensate parameter uncertainties and load torque disturbance, a nonlinear adaptive backstepping control law and adaptive law are derived systematically through virtual control input and suitable Lyapunov function. Also, speed observer without using costly speed sensor is presented. Simulation results show that the proposed controller can observe the speed and track the reference speed signal generated by a reference model.
Design of the Unified Peripheral Device with Advanced Functions for Motor Control using VHDL
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 354~360
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.354
For the convenient use of high performance microprocessor in motor control, peripheral devices are needed for converting its control signals to compatible ones for motor drive. Customized devices are not plentiful far these purposes and their functions do not usually satisfied designers specification. The designers used to implement these functions on FPGA or CPLD using hardware description language. Then, in this case unessential programs are needed for control the peripherals. In this paper, a unified device model that links peripheral devices, including especially the pulse width modulation controller and the quadrature encoder interface device, to an interrupt controller is proposed. Advanced functions of peripherals could be achieved by this model and unessential programs can be simplified. Block diagrams and flowcharts are presented to illustrate the advanced functions. This unified device was designed using VHDL. The simulation results were presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Face Region Detection Using a Variable Ellipsoidal Mask and Morphological Features
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 361~367
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.361
We propose an algorithm to detect the face region using a variable ellipsoidal mask and a neural network. Since outlines of human faces are similar to ellipsoid, the ellipsoidal mask that has the fixed ratio of major and minor axis can be used to detect the candidate area. The positions of eyes and lips are extracted in this candidate area, and then the morphological analysis is applied to make features which are consist of six parameters, such as the geometrical ratio of eyes and lips. A back-propagation neural network is used as a classifier to determine the most possible face region. The experimental result is conducted to verify its efficiency compared with those of previous works.
Development of a Noncontact Three Dimensional Foot Form Measurement System with Optical Triangulation
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 368~373
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.368
This paper presents a cost-effective 3D foot scanner system that provides the 3-dimensional point cloud foot data to design the custom footwear. To measure the 3-dimensional point cloud data of the foot, a CCD camera, a Non-Gaussian laser line projector and optical triangulation method are employed. Furthermore, the integrated system employs a measurement base, a frame grabber, a CCD moving cart, a stepping motor and a computer. The measurement result is saved as 3D dxf format and it could be converted to 2D essential data fer a shoe design. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system have the decent resolution of 1mm which is enough for last and shoe design.
Discrete-Time Output Feedback Control of Nonlinear Systems with Unknown Time-Delay : Fuzzy Logic Approach
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 374~378
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.374
A new discrete-time fuzzy output feedback control method for nonlinear systems with unknown time-delay is proposed. Ma et al. proposed an analysis and design method of fuzzy controller and observer and Cao et al. extend this result to be applicable fir the nonlinear systems with known time-delay. For the case of unknown time-delay, we derive the sufficient condition f3r the asymptotic stability of the equilibrium Point by applying Lyapunov-Krasovskii theorem and convert this condition into the LMI problem.
Design of Parallel Type Fuzzy Controller Using Model Reference Plant
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 379~383
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.379
Parallel type fuzzy controller is designed by using a hybrid connected type fuzzy-PID controller and a model reference fuzzy controller. The first controller, consists of a fuzzy-PI and a fuzzy-PD making a hybrid type fuzzy-PID controller, plays a role as firstly reaching stable responses and secondly overcoming disturbance in plants. The second controller, model reference fuzzy controller, plays a role as reaching faster responses than other controllers. We have confirmed that the controller produces rapid and stable responses and overcomes disturbance by using parallel type fuzzy controller in a DC motor application.
Development of hierarchically structured control algorithm of a mobile robot
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 384~389
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.384
We propose a hierarchically structured navigation algorithm for multiple mobile robots under unknown dynamic environment based on fussy-neural algorithm. The proposed algorithm consists of two basic layers. The lower layer consists of two parts such as fuzzy algorithm for goal approach and fuzzy-neural algorithm for obstacle avoidance. The upper layer which is basically fuzzy algorithm adjusts the magnitude of the weighting factor depending on the environmental situation. In addition, The proposed algorithm provides an efficient method to escape local mimimum points as shown in the simulation result. The efficacy of the proposed method is demonstrated via some simulations.
Humanoid Active Audition System Using the Fuzzy Logic System
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 390~397
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.390
We propose a humanoid active audition system which detects the direction of sound using just three microphones. Compared with previous researches, this system which has a simpler algorithm and less microphone shows better performance. Moreover, it uses the fuzzy logic system to remove the reflective sound and makes the resultant improvement of confidence. In order to verify our system's performance, we install the proposed active audition system to the home service robot, called hombot II, which has been developed at the KIST(Korea Institute of Science and Technology), and confirm its excellent performance through the experiment.
Loadability Analysis of Modular Fixtures based on a Configuration Space Approach
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 398~406
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.398
In modular fixturing systems, a given part or a subassembly is fixed by placing fixture elements such as locators and clamps adequately on a plate with a lattice of holes. It is known that the minimal number of point contacts to restrict translational and rotational motions on a plane is four and the type of three locators and a clamp(3L/1C) is the minimal future. Brost and Goldberg developed the complete algorithm to automatically synthesize 3L/1C types of fixtures which satisfy the condition of form closure. Due to the nature of the fixture, the clearance between the fixture and the part is extremely small. It is hard to load the part repeatedly and accurately for human as well as for robot. However the condition of loadability has not been taken into account in the B&G algorithm. In this paper, a new method to decide a given fixture to be loadable by using configuration space is proposed. A method to plan for a part to be loaded by using compliance safely even in the presence of control and sensing uncertainty is proposed is well.
Optimal Design of Nonsequential Batch-Storage Network
Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems, volume 9, issue 5, 2003, Pages 407~412
DOI : 10.5302/J.ICROS.2003.9.5.407
An effective methodology is .reported for determining the optimal capacity (lot-size) of batch processing and storage networks which include material recycle or reprocessing streams. We assume that any given storage unit can store one material type which can be purchased from suppliers, be internally produced, internally consumed and/or sold to customers. We further assume that a storage unit is connected to all processing stages that use or produce the material to which that storage unit is dedicated. Each processing stage transforms a set of feedstock materials or intermediates into a set of products with constant conversion factors. The objective for optimization is to minimize the total cost composed of raw material procurement, setup and inventory holding costs as well as the capital costs of processing stages and storage units. A novel production and inventory analysis formulation, the PSW(Periodic Square Wave) model, provides useful expressions for the upper/lower bounds and average level of the storage inventory hold-up. The expressions for the Kuhn-Tucker conditions of the optimization problem can be reduced to two subproblems. The first yields analytical solutions for determining batch sizes while the second is a separable concave minimization network flow subproblem whose solution yields the average material flow rates through the networks. For the special case in which the number of storage is equal to the number of process stages and raw materials storage units, a complete analytical solution for average flow rates can be derived. The analytical solution for the multistage, strictly sequential batch-storage network case can also be obtained via this approach. The principal contribution of this study is thus the generalization and the extension to non-sequential networks with recycle streams. An illustrative example is presented to demonstrate the results obtainable using this approach.