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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Nov 2002
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jul 2002
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Spatio-temporal analysis of land price variation considering modifiable area unit problem
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 185~199
The objective of this study is to investigate the suitable spatio-temporal analysis method considering the zoning effect of spatial analysis termed the modifiable areal unit problem(MAUP). In former studies of spatio-temporal analysis, there were disagreement between attribute data with spatial data, because of variation of administrative district aggregating attribute data. It is need to consider how the analysis zone effects spatial characteristics and spatio-temporal variation of urban region through land price variation analysis. This study considers MAUP through basic mesh system, which is composed of micro grid. Mesh system can solve disagreement of resolution between spatial data and attribute data.
Interpretation of heavy metal elements from the road dusts using GIS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 201~213
Chemical analyzes were carried out the samples from roadsides of the Gwangju city. The purpose of this research is to investigate the concentrations and distribution patterns of heavy metals due to urbanization and industrialization in the Gwangju city This study area is not significantly contaminated based on the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn. However, the concentrations of the chemical elements analyzed are locally higher than those of serious contamination level indicated by Ministry of environment. The dust pH is in the rage of 5.60-7.09 and was generally neutral, and there are no difference in pollution area and nonpollution area. Chemical analyses utilized are dilution by 0.1N HCl. In result of analysis by the method using 0.1N HCl, concentrations of Cd and Cu are a little high in Gwangchondong of Seo-Gu. Concentrations of Mn and Pb are a little high in Buk-Gu and Nam-gu, and Concentrations of Zn are generally higher than average of soils. Zn, in the study area, keeps polluting greatly as Zn concentration of average is 150.9ppm. All of P.I values are lower than 1, it means heavy metal pollution is not serious.
A Study on the Contribution of GIS-Created Neighborhood Quality Variables in Estimating Hedonic Price Models
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 215~232
Variables representing neighborhood quality should be included in hedonic price models to control lfor the influences of negative or positive externalities from the quality of neighborhood on urban housing prices. This study proposes a GIS-based method to effectively measure the neighborhood quality variable when data on the neighborhood quality are aggregated by census sub area. This study also tests the superiority of the proposed neighborhood quality variable created by intensive use of GIS operations to a neighborhood variable not based on GIS operations in explaining the housing price variations by using Seoul＇s apartment sales data. The results from this study show that the neighborhood quality variable based on GIS-based operations shows better performance in explaining the urban housing price variations in Seoul＇s housing market. The implication from the results is that the potentials of GIS-based spatial operations in creating neighborhood quality variables should be well acknowledged by the researchers in the area of urban housing market study and GIS-based spatial operations should be more actively applied to generate better neighborhood quality variables for hedonic price models.
The Measurements of Locational Effects in Land Price Prediction with the Spatial Statistical Analysis
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 233~246
The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively measure the effect of location in evaluating the land value through the implementation of GIS coupled with spatial statistical analysis. We assumed that the hedonic price model, which was commonly used in modelling the land value, could not explain the spatial factor effectively. In order to add the spatial factor, the analysis of the spatial autocorrelation was used. The present project used 54 standard land price samples from 1421 parcel land values and applied Kriging to predict stochastically the unsampled values on the basis of spatial autocorrelation between location of vector data. This study confirms that the spatial variogram analysis has an advantage of predicting spatial dependence process and revealing the positive premium and the negative penality on location factor objectively.
Development and Application of Landslide Analysis Technique Using Geological Structure
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 247~261
There are much damage of people and property because of heavy rain every year. Especially, there are problem to major facility such as dam, bridge, road, tunnel, and industrial complex in the ground stability. So the counter plan for landslide or ground failure must be necessary In the study, the technique of regional landslide susceptibility assessment near the Ulsan petrochemical complex and Kumgang railway bridge was developed and applied using GIS. For the assessment, the geological structures such as bedding and fault were surveyed and the geological structure, topographic, soil, forest, and land use spatial database were constructed using CIS. Using the spatial database, the factors that influence landslide occurrence, such as slope, aspect, curvature and type of topography, texture, material, drainage and effective thickness of soil, type, age, diameter and density of forest, and land use were calculated or extracted from the spatial database. For application of geological structure, the geological structure line and fault density were calculated. Landslide susceptibility was analyzed using the landslide-occurrence factors by probability method that is summation of landslide occurrence probability values per each factors range or type. The landslide susceptibility map can be used to assess ground stability to protect major facility.
A Study on the Estimation of Pollutant Runoff using GIS data and Application to the Closed Watershed
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 263~273
This paper presents desirable water environmental management to a closed watershed. In order to obtain spatially distributed environmental information, GIS data have been used. Elevation data are used to extract stream channels automatically and to divide networks of a watershed. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) has been developed, validated, and adopted to estimate the runoff of total nitrogen pollutant from watershed. This GIS-linked model can be applied effectively to the watersheds with many sub-streams, and for the estimation of pollutant runoff considering land use change.
Rainfall-Runoff Analysis in the Whangryong River Basin Using HEC-HMS and HEC-GeoHMS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 275~287
Rainfall-Runoff Analysis in Whangryong River Basin was made using HEC-HMS and HEC-GeoHMS. The Basin was divided into three sub-basins using HEC-CeoHMS and GIS. Then, GIS input data were derived from each sub-basins. SCS CN runoff-volume model, Snyder's UH direct-runoff model, exponential recession baseflow model and Muskingum routing model in HEC-HMS were used to simulate the runoff volume using selected rainfall event and the parameters were optimized. Peak flowrate calculated using optimized parameters was compared to the observed flowrate in the basin. The result proved to be good agreement with each other. Optimized parameters in this local basin can be used to calculate the peak flowrate in the future.
A Study on the Development and Application of GIS-based Stream Water Quality Management System
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 289~299
Recently, as the social interest about environmental problems is increased and the importance is highlighted, the related information and the demand of information are increased. and, the Total Pollution System will be executed soon. Therefore, the information management system which can manage and analysis related information efficiently and systematically become required. Especially, the development and application of GIS which can effectively manage and analyze information using spatial data have been processing by government, private institute, and related academic institute of all over the world. also their potentiality of application have been recognizing. The main purpose of this study is to develop the stream water quality management system which can simulate future water quality using water quality model(QUAL2E) and be integrated the whole step from calculating pollutant load divided by administrative district and watershed to displaying the result of modeling visually.
The Determination of Resolution for Quantification of Soil Loss in GIS Environment
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 301~316
Soil Loss by outflow of water or rainfall has caused many environmental problems as declining agricultural productivity, damaging pasture and preventing flow of water. Also, validity pondage of reservoir or dam is decreased by rivers inflow of eroded soil. Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation(RUSLE) is mainly used to presume soil loss amount of basin using GIS. But, because comparison with survey data is difficult, it is no large meaning that estimate calculated soil loss amount as quantitative. This research used unit sediment deposit survey data of Bo-seong basin for quantitative conclusion of soil loss amount that calculate on RUSLE. Through comparison examination with unit sediment yield that calculate on RUSLE and unit sediment deposit survey data, we can estimate resolution far RUSLE Model. As a result, cell size of 150m was estimated by thing which is most suitable.
The Measurement of Coastal Sand Dune's Height using Digital Photogrammetry
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 317~329
Coastal landforms such as sand beach and coastal sand dune are changing dynamically, and the research about them is being conducted. Conventionally the leveling method has been applied to measuring heights of dynamic morphological surface in coastal landforms. We applied the photograrmmetric method which was not considered to measure the heights on coastal sand dune’s profile to calculating the heights of coastal sand dune; that is, the heights of unknown points on coastal sand dune’s profile was reckoned from the digital photographs’stereo pairs through bundle adjustment and backward transform of collinearity condition equation. we used six GCPs to perform bundle adjustment. After backward transform the error of heights between surveyed value and computed value was estimated around 10cm. In general, the pole is not adamantly fixed on the surface of coastal sand dune because of its softness, and then the disturbance of coastal sand dune adjoining surveyed area can be made in small area. Digital photogrammetry can solve the problem which conventional leveling method has, and be replaced it.
Comparative Analysis of Land-use thematic GIS layers and Multi-resolution Image Classification Results by using LANDSAT 7 ETM+ and KOMPSAT EOC image
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2002, Pages 331~343
Recently, as various fields of applications using space-borne imagery have been emphasized, interests on integrated analysis or fusion using multi-sources are also increasing. In this study, to investigate applicability of multiple imageries for further regional-scaled application, DN value analysis and multi-resolution classification by using KOMPSAT EOC imagery and Landsat 7 ETM+image data in the Namyangju-city area were performed, and then this classified results were compared to land-use thematic data at the same area. In case of classified results by using muff-resolution image data, it is shown that linear-type features can be easily extracted. furthermore, it is expected that multi-resolution classified image can be effectively utilized to urban environment analysis, according to results of similar pattern by comparative study based on multi-buffered zone analysis or so-called distance analysis along main road features in the study area.