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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Nov 2006
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jul 2006
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 2006
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Non-point Source Critical Area Analysis and Embedded RUSLE Model Development for Soil Loss Management in the Congaree River Basin in South Carolina, USA
Rhee, Jin-Young ; Im, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 363~377
Mean annual soil loss was calculated and critical soil erosion areas were identified for the Congaree River Basin in South Carolina, USA using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model. In the RUSLE model, the mean annual soil loss (A) can be calculated by multiplying rainfall-runoff erosivity (R), soil erodibility (K), slope length and steepness (LS), crop-management (C), and support practice (P) factors. The critical soil erosion areas can be identified as the areas with soil loss amounts (A) greater than the soil loss tolerance (T) factor More than 10% of the total area was identified as a critical soil erosion area. Among seven subwatersheds within the Congaree River Basin, the urban areas of the Congaree Creek and the Gills Creek subwatersheds as well as the agricultural area of the Cedar Creek subwatershed appeared to be exposed to the risk of severe soil loss. As a prototype model for examining future effect of human and/or nature-induced changes on soil erosion, the RUSLE model customized for the area was embedded into ESRI ArcGIS ArcMap 9.0 using Visual Basic for Applications. Using the embedded model, users can modify C, LS, and P-factor values for each subwatershed by changing conditions such as land cover, canopy type, ground cover type, slope, type of agriculture, and agricultural practice types. The result mean annual soil loss and critical soil erosion areas can be compared to the ones with existing conditions and used for further soil loss management for the area.
Design and Implementation of Map Databases for Telematics and Car Navigation Systems using an Embedded DBMS
Joo, Yong-Jin ; Kim, Jung-Yeop ; Lee, Yong-Ik ; Moon, Kyung-Ky ; Park, Soo-Hong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 379~389
Map databases for CNS (Car Navigation System) can be accessed quickly and compressed efficiently due to that these are usually recorded as in a PSF (Physical Storage Format). However, it is difficult to create and manage data storage based on a file-system. To solve these problems, DBMS needs to be combined with spatial data management. Therefore, we developed an embedded DBMS with which to store data and conduct quick searches in CNS. Spatial data could be easily managed and accessed using the compression method, Multi-Link, spatial index, and spatial division. In the result, the proposed embedded DBMS searched quickly and stably supported data management. If synchronization is applied in DBMS, it is expected to utilize the advantages of an embedded DBMS.
Visualizing Geographical Contexts in Social Networks
Lee, Yang-Won ; Kim, Hyung-Joo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 391~401
We propose a method for geographically enhanced representation of social networks and implement a Web-based 3D visualization of geographical contexts in social networks. A renovated social network graph is illustrated by using two key components: (i) GWCMs (geographically weighted centrality measures) that reflect the differences in interaction intensity and spatial proximity among nodes and (ii) MSNG (map-integrated social network graph) that incorporates the GWCMs and the geographically referenced arrangement of nodes on a choroplethic map. For the integrated 3D visualization of the renovated social network graph, we employ X3D (Extensible 3D), a standard 3D authoring tool for the Web. An experimental case study of regional R&D collaboration provides a visual clue to geographical contexts in social networks including how the social centralization relates to spatial centralization.
A Geocoding Method Implemented for Hierarchical Areal Addressing System in Korea
Lee, Ji-Yeong ; Kim, Hag-Yeol ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 403~419
The well-blown address matching technology developed by the U.S. Census Bureau was applicable only for street addresses. However, many other addressing systems on the basis of a hierarchy of areas (hierarchical areal addressing system), such as Korean or Japanese addressing system, cannot be suitable for the existing address matching method. This paper, therefore, develops an areal address matching method, especially for Korean addressing system, in order to geocode 2D and 3D locational data of human activities. Thus, this study explains a new approach to dealing with 3D positioning method composed of two geocoding methods, which are a '2D Korean Address Matching' technique and a '3D Address Matching' technique.
A Bridge Monitoring System on Web-GIS Linking with UFID and BMS
Pyeon, Mu-Wook ; Koo, Jee-Hee ; Nam, Sang-Gwan ; Park, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 421~431
Nowadays, the importance of safety monitoring for facilities is increasing. Therefore, the introduction of ubiquitous technology to replace the existing manually-operated methods is required. In this study, a web-based GIS system that provides monitoring information of bridges in real-time for the application of a bridge management system through the use of ubiquitous technology is constructed. Particular attention is given to the effective interconnection of bridge monitoring information and bridge management system and, through a ubiquitous environment, how to connect this with the UFID and the GIS-based bridge management system (BMS) operated by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation. In addition, data expression methods are also suggested that state the detailed locations and attributes of structures in bridge management by using GIS.
Cognitive Distance Mapping: a Survey-Based Experiment Using GPS and GIS
Park, Sun-Yurp ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 14, issue 4, 2006, Pages 433~449
Two primary objectives of this study were to determine important personal factors in performing cognitive distance mapping, and to understand how human's cognitive distance mapping capabilities were influenced by reference and subjects' locations using Global Positioning System (GPS). Undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Kansas, USA were interviewed and surveyed throughout the campus area giving them a paper-and-pencil test. Study results showed that females had more accurate cognitive mapping capability than males regardless of ethnic background and academic levels. Generally, subjects with longer affiliation with the university, higher ages and academic levels had less variability in their mapping accuracy. Subjects tended to more accurately map the target locations closer to the reference points than those located farther away, and subjects who were closer to a reference point performed their distance mapping better than those farther away. A correlation analysis reported that male subjects used reference-to-target and subject-to-reference distances more sensitively than females to estimate the locations of the targets. This result indicates that males might have used the reference point-based map scale more strenuously than females.