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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Nov 2008
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jul 2008
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
Selecting the target year
GIS-based Fire Evacuation Simulation using CA Model
Park, In-Hye ; Jun, Chul-Min ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 157~171
With emerging technologies on wireless networks and mobile computing environment, a number of researches have been carried out for ubiquitous computing. An important functional requirement of ubiquitous computing is to handle location data with ease. With the increase of accidents in large complex buildings. move attention is being paid to indoor spaces and evacuation. However, most currently used evacuation-related applications are simulation based on hypothetical data. Also, since they use non-georeferenced CAD data, it is not easy to integrate them with indoor positioning devices. With the recent progress of indoor positioning systems, the simulators can be enhanced to real-time evacuation systems. As a preliminary stage to make such systems possible, this study proposes using a georeferenced data and evacuation simulation. This study used GIS data and Cellular Automata theory an the algorithm for the movement of the evacuee.
Current status and Prospects on the Aerial Monitoring
Shin, Hyu-Seok ; Park, Chung-Ki ; Kim, Yeon-Mi ; Hwang, Sun-Young ; Park, Key-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 173~192
Recent climate fluctuation and environmental change at global scale are causing more incidences of disasters and calamities over the world. In a response to this environmental crisis, international collaboration for Earth Observation(EO) is obtaining more significance in order to understand, watch, and forecast changes in the earth system. As such, aerial monitoring based on remotely sensed data, indispensable for EO, is also drawing more attentions. In this context, we discuss diverse aspects of future developments in the Korean domestic system for aerial monitoring. This paper first thoroughly examines current status of national and international collaboration system arid research of aerial monitoring. It then suggests specific development plans for four critical dimensions such as research, organization, institutional systems, and strategies. Our study would facilitate systematically establishing policies for aerial monitoring in Korea and creating a domestic GEOSS(Global Earth Observation System of Systems) in the near future.
Automatic generation of reliable DEM using DTED level 2 data from high resolution satellite images
Lee, Tae-Yoon ; Jung, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Tae-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 193~206
If stereo images is used for Digital Elevation Model (DEM) generation, a DEM is generally made by matching left image against right image from stereo images. In stereo matching, tie-points are used as initial match candidate points. The number and distribution of tie-points influence the matching result. DEM made from matching result has errors such as holes, peaks, etc. These errors are usually interpolated by neighbored pixel values. In this paper, we propose the DEM generation method combined with automatic tie-points extraction using existing DEM, image pyramid, and interpolating new DEM using existing DEM for more reliable DEM. For test, we used IKONOS, QuickBird, SPOT5 stereo images and a DTED level 2 data. The test results show that the proposed method automatically makes reliable DEMs. For DEM validation, we compared heights of DEM by proposed method with height of existing DTED level 2 data. In comparison result, RMSE was under than 15 m.
The Optimization of Vector Data for Mobile GIS
Youn, Geun-Jung ; Kim, Hye-Young ; Jun, Chul-Min ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 207~218
Providing services in a wireless environment with existing wired-based GIS solutions have many limitations such as slow communication, processing rates and screen size. This study suggested data optimization techniques in a mobile environment to overcome those limitations in four steps. In order to test the methods suggested in the study, experiments are conducted using Gangnam-gu as a test site. An existing GIS engine built in a wired environment was compared with the optimized GIS engine from the study in terms of performance in the same environment. They were also compared and analyzed in terms of response data size, number of requests processed per second, and average time to process a request. The results proved that the proposed engine shows significant improvements in performance compared with the wired GIS.
Causality join query processing for data stream by spatio-temporal sliding window
Kwon, O-Je ; Li, Ki-Joune ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 219~236
Data stream collected from sensors contain a large amount of useful information including causality relationships. The causality join query for data stream is to retrieve a set of pairs (cause, effect) from streams of data. A part of causality pairs may however be lost from the query result, due to the delay from sensors to a data stream management system, and the limited size of sliding windows. In this paper, we first investigate spatial, temporal, and spatio-temporal aspects of the causality join query for data stream. Second, we propose several strategies for sliding window management based on these observations. The accuracy of the proposed strategies is studied by intensive experiments, and the result shows that we improve the accuracy of causality join query in data stream from simple FIFO strategy.
Applying the L-index for Analyzing the Density of Point Features
Lee, Byoung-Kil ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 237~247
Statistical analysis of the coordinate information is regarded as one of the major GIS functions. Among them, one of the most fundamental analysis is density analysis of point features. For analyzing the density appropriately, determining the search radius, kernel radius, has critical importance. In this study, using L-index, known as its usefulness for choosing the kernel radius in previous researches, radius for density analysis of various point features are estimated, and the behavior of L-index is studied based on the estimated results. As results, L-index is not suitable to determine the search radius for the point features that are evenly distributed with small clusters, because the pattern of the L-index is depends on the size of the study area. But for the point features with small number of highly clustered areas, L-index is suitable, because the pattern of the L-index is not affected by the size of study area.
Extracting Building Geomety from BIM for 3-D City Model
Goh, Il-Du ; Choi, Joong-Hyun ; Kim, E-Doo ; Jeong, Yeon-Suk ; Lee, Jae-Min ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 249~261
This study proposes a method for acquiring and managing basic information on building, which is continuously updated through construction and re-construction, in order to implement 3D-GIS based on geometric shape information and building information. First of all, distinctions between BIM and GIS information models are described, and then an overview of CityGML for virtual city and its Level of Detail are introduced. At last, a prototype for extracting building geometry from BIM data in accordance with CityGML is presented for demonstration. By using IFC data from BIM, this approach enables a lot of firms and contractors in building industry to utilize their 2D/3D, data on sites and buildings, and also to save many effects for generating exterior and interior building models which are inevitable for implementing National GIS.
A Study on the Priority Order Evaluation of the Water Supply Monitoring Technology Development for the Intelligent Underground Facility Management
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Yi, Mi-Sook ; Han, Jay-Il ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2008, Pages 263~278
Nowaday, local governments have planned to manage intelligent underground facilities through the u-City project. But, the intelligent underground facilities are in need of the progressive approach because of the required huge financial resources. Therefore, the objectives of this research are (1) to prioritize the monitoring items of sensing technology developments, (2) to study technological feasibilities, and (3) to discover the killer application which expands ripple effects on economy. To achieve these objectives, final monitoring items were derived from the business analysis of the water supply, the local government survey, the hearing expert opinions and so on. The priority order of final monitoring items were technology developments of (1) the flowmeter flux, (2) the water leakage/crack, (3) the pressure of water supply pipes, and (4) the flux of filtration plants. The research significance is obtained from the derivation and the evaluation of the priority order and the actual demand for the water supply facility management. And, the research results will contribute to the strategic planning for the underground facility intelligence.