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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Nov 2008
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jul 2008
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Slope Fracturing using a Terrestrial LiDAR
Yoo, Chang-Ho ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Kim, Jae-Myeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 279~290
Landslide, one of the serious natural disasters, has Incurred a large loss of human and material resources. Recently, many forecasting or alarm systems based on various kinds of measuring equipment have been developed to reduce the damage of landslide. However, only a few of these equipments are guaranteed to evaluate the safety of whole side of land slope with their accessibility to the slope. In this study, we performed some experiments to evaluate the applicability of a terrestrial LiDAR as a surveying tool to measure the displacement of a land slope surface far a slope collapsing protection system. In the experiments, we had applied a slope stability method to a land slope and then forced to this slope with a load increasing step by step. In each step, we measured the slope surface with both a total station and a terrestrial LiDAR simultaneously. As the result of Slope Fracturing analysis using all targets, the LiDAR system showed that three was 1cm RMSE on X-axis, irregularity errors on Y-axis and few errors on Z-axis compare with Total Station. As the result of Slope Fracturing analysis using continuous targets, the pattern of Slope Fracturing was different according to the location of continuous targets and we could detect a continuous change which couldn't be found using Total station. The accuracy of the LiDAR data was evaluated to be comparable to that of the total station data. We found that a LiDAR system was appropriate to measuring the behaviour of land slope. The LiDAR data can cover the whole surface of the land slope, whereas the total station data are available on a small number of targets. Moreover, we extracted more detail information about the behavior of land slope such as the volume and profile changes using the LiDAR data.
Similarity measures for trajectories of moving objects in cellular space
Kang, Hye-Young ; Kim, Joon-Seok ; Hwang, Jung-Rae ; Lee, Ki-Joune ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 291~301
While most GIS are based on Euclidean space, cellular space can be used as an alternative type of space for a large number of GIS applications. In order to analyze the pattern of moving objects in cellular space, we need new definitions of similarity between their trajectories since the trajectory in cellular space significantly differs from those in Euclidean space. In this paper, we study the properties of moving objects in cellular space. Based on these observations, we propose several similarity measures between trajectories in cellular space. We analyze the difference of the proposed measures by experiments.
A Study on the Distribution Map Designs for the Construction of Cultural Properties GIS - Focusing on Regional Cultural relics information -
Jang, Mun-Hyun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 303~315
This study is aimed at the surveys of cultural relics and GIS based searching system which have been partially performed in each region. The goal of this research is to construct the cultural relics management system of region and to present the plan for a nationwide data integration. Consequently, based on the standard which presents from Cultural Properties Administration constructed a spatial and attribute data. And presented the model which matches national standard for a cultural property GIS integration. Also minimized a damage possibility about the cultural ruins, confirmed an application possibility about cultural ruins information of the local government.
Generation of Digital Orthoimage using ADS40 Images
Lee, Jun-Hyuk ; Lee, Young-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 317~330
In this paper, the acquisition of digital imagery and the orthoimage generation were performed to set up working process. And another purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the accuracy of orthoimage by overlapping digital topographic map and digital cadastral map on it. The digital topographic map and digital cadastral map were superimposed on the orthoimage to check the accuracy as another approach of evaluation. The RMSE is
in X direction and
in Y direction with digital topographical maps(1/5,000). And the RMSE is
in X direction and
in Y direction with digital cadastral map. It is necessary for the application of a newly developed digital aerial camera to make an exact synchronization between GPS/IMU data and image data, use a technology for setting a standard image resolution and the number of ground control points.
The study on the Base point and baseline in Korea, Japan, and China
Kim, Baek-Su ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Park, Byung-Moon ; Jeon, Chang-Dong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 331~342
The countries are trying to expand the sea limit such as the territorial sea, fishing zone or the exclusive economic zone as far as the Law of the Sea permit to do for the benefit of their national interest. Especially, they are eager to claim the base point where it locates far from the coastline even if it is uninhabited island or reef under the sea. The baseline has been claimed to maximize the territorial sea. Another way to expand the sea limit is to lower the vertical datum to change the land limit. China claimed Dongdo which is located about 79 miles far from the coast as the base point. Japan also claimed many uninhabited island or the reef which is located very far from the coast such as Okino Dorishima. As Korea is the party who negotiate the maritime limit with Japan and China, we should be keen and sensitive on the issues claimed by neighboring countries in terms of base point and the baseline. This paper is to review the characteristics of the base points or baselines of neighboring countries and to suggest the views how to maintain and to relocate our base points. As western coast of Korean peninsula is one of the largest tide fluctuation zone in the world, with long tidal record to prove the vertical datum adjustment, Korea can find the way to lower the vertical datum especially in Yellow Sea. So, major and critical tidal station has to be set up along the western coast to verify tide fluctuation record which can be met with international standard.
Otter Habitat Analysis and Regional Development Strategies in Dadohae National Park Using GIS Techniques
Chang, Eun-Mi ; Park, Kyeong ; Chae, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 343~357
Hongdo and Huksando belong to the Dadohae national park parks in Korea and are famous sightseeing spots in Shinahn-gun. One of the keystone species in this area is otter (Lutra lutra). We accomplished field works for finding its present habitat and condition analyses for the potential habitat in the area via spatial analyses with digital elevation model and satellite imagery. Isolated condition with coastal cliffs was one of the superior conditions over habitat in the main land, but the road kills of small animals were also observed. Three underground eco-corridors were suggested for the protection of otter habitat in the Shinahn-gun area. Regional development strategies of Shinahn-gun should be focused on the protection of safe and pristine habitat for otter population.
Analysis of relationship between spatial distribution of Pinus densiflora and topographical factors
Kim, Tae-Min ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Jung, Sung-Eun ; Kwak, Han-Bin ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 359~372
This research estimated Pinus densiflora distribution and suggested an optimal grid size of DEM for ecologically better explaining spatial distribution and appearance pattern of Pinus densiflora and analyze appearance frequency of Pinus densiflora by topographical factors. And this work ultimately aimed at topographically analyzing spatial distribution of Pinus densiflora by comparing impact of topographical factors. The aspect was analyzed in detail, east, west, south, north, from DEM with 1m grid size, and simply, east, west, south or east, south from DEM with bigger grid size. As a result of distribution of Pinus densiflora by aspect, Pinus densiflora appeared in all aspect with smaller grid size, while distribution in specific aspect decreased with bigger grid size. The analysis of appearance frequency with 100m grid size represented spatial distribution characteristics of Pinus densiflora as visual interpretation showed. The results of comparing impact of aspect, slope, TWI proved that aspect have more impact on distribution of Pinus densiflora than slope and there was not enough a difference between impact of slope and TWI.
3D based Classification of Urban Area using Height and Density Information of LiDAR
Jung, Sung-Eun ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Kwak, Doo-Ahn ; Choi, Hyun-Ah ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 16, issue 3, 2008, Pages 373~383
LiDAR, unlike satellite imagery and aerial photographs, which provides irregularly distributed three-dimensional coordinates of ground surface, enables three-dimensional modeling. In this study, urban area was classified based on 3D information collected by LiDAR. Morphological and spatial properties are determined by the ratio of ground and non-ground point that are estimated with the number of ground reflected point data of LiDAR raw data. With this information, the residential and forest area could be classified in terms of height and density of trees. The intensity of the signal is distinguished by a statistical method, Jenk's Natural Break. Vegetative area (high or low density) and non-vegetative area (high or low density) are classified with reflective ratio of ground surface.