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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Nov 2009
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jul 2009
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2009
Selecting the target year
A Spatial Decision Support System for Establishing Urban Ecological Network ; Based on the Landscape Ecology Theory
Oh, Kyu-Shik ; Lee, Dong-Woo ; Jung, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Chang-Suk ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 251~259
As a result of the current trend towards promoting conservation of the ecosystem, there have been various studies conducted to determine ways to establish an ecological network. The development of analytical methods and an environmental database of GIS has made the creation of this network more efficient. This study focuses on the development of an urban spatial decision support system based on 'Landscape Ecology Theory'. The spatial decision support system suggested in this study consists of four stages. First, landscape patch for the core areas, which are major structures of the ecological network, was determined using the GIS overlay method. Second, a forest habitat was investigated to determine connectivity assessment. Using the gravity model, connectivity assessment at the habitat forest was conducted to select the needed connecting area. Third, the most suitable corridor routes for the eco-network were presented using the least-cost path analysis. Finally, a brief investigation was conducted to determine the conflict areas between the study result and landuse. The results of this study can be applied to urban green network planning. Moreover, the method developed in this study can be utilized to control urban sprawl, promote biodiversity.
Analysis of Korea Soil Loss and Hazard Zone
Kim, Joo-Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Lee, Hyo-Jeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~268
This study accomplished to draw a soil erosion map and a grade map of soil loss hazard in Korea. RUSLE and Rainfall-runoff (R) factor, which was estimated by using the rainfall data observed in 59 meteorological stations from 1977 to 2006 (for 30 years). FARD was used to analyze the frequency, and the whole country R factor was estimated according to the frequency. In the analysis of estimating the whole country R factor, Nakdong river has the smallest vaule, but Han river has the biggest value. According to the result of analyzing soil loss, soil loss occurred in a grass land, a bare land and a field in size order, and also approximately 17.2 ton/ha soil loss happened on the whole area. The average soil loss amount by the unit area takes place in a bare land and a grass land a lot. The total amount of soil loss in 5-year-frequency rainfall yields 15,000 ton and, what is more, a lot of soil loss happens in a paddy field, a forest and a crop field. The grade map of soil loss hazard is drawn up by classifying soil loss hazard grade by 5. As a result of analyzing soil loss, the moderate area which is the soil loss hazard grade 2 takes up the largest part, 72.8% of the total soil loss hazard area, on the contrary, the severe soil loss hazard area takes up only
(1.1%) of the whole area. The severe soil loss hazard area by land cover shows
in a bare land,
in a grass land and
in a crop field respectively.
Study on the Legal Establishment of u-City Management Center ; Focusing on its Function and Location
Cho, Chun-Man ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 269~276
For the development and management of u-City(ubiquitous city), Ubiquitous City Construction Law was enacted(March 3, 2008) to form the legal basis of u-City plan, construction and managements afterwards. Among u-City elements, the u-City Management Center has its own meaning and importance in roles which are crucial to the u-City developments, and its legal establishment is one of the core u-City realization factors. The purpose of this study is to analyse its overall problem issues regarding the function and location of u-City Management Center and then to suggest the basic direction and enforcement strategies to form its legal basis. As a result, in order to enhance the possibility of successful realization of u-City Management Center, the classification and standardization of function type, allocation of detailed functions based on u-City project hierarchy, and practical definition and relationships among basic u-City components such as u-City Service and Infrastructure were suggested. Also, practical execution devices on revenue sources and private sector participation, as well as the legal basis stipulating the mandatory inclusion of u-City Management Center development for u-City projects, were suggested.
Comparative Analysis of 3D Spatial Data Models
Park, Se-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 277~285
Each system should have a suitable data model about their purpose for efficiently managing, analyzing, and manipulating data. And the usable range of application is determined by the data model, and suitable data models are being developed for each application. In GIS, diversity spatial data model is being developed too. The accuracy and update of the spatial data would be important for applying efficient application as well as the data modeling is important as constructing the spatial data structure. Therefore, the purposes of this research are to 1)compare domestic spatial data models with oversea spatial data models about their geometry model, topology model and visualizing method of 3D spatial data 2)to compare the features of the data model by analyzing each data structures. We 3)compare and analyze features of each spatial data models via the quantitative analysis of each spatial data models.
Study on the Relationship Establishment among u-City Service, Technology and Infrastructure
Cho, Chun-Man ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 287~299
For the development and management of u-City(ubiquitous city), Ubiquitous City Construction Law was enacted(March 3, 2008) to form the legal basis of u-City plan, construction and managements afterwards. The ultimate goal of the u-City construction is the advancement of national territory utilization and management using Korea's high level of IT and spatial information infrastructure. Based on the definition of the u-City Construction Law, the u-City refers to a city where u-City services are provided through the u-City infrastructure applying u-City technology. But, based on the current level of relationship model among u-City service, technology and infrastructure, it is not enough to guide the local municipalities to plan and provide the successful u-City services in its vicinity. So as one of the core issues for the legal arrangements of successful u-City services, the purpose of the study is to suggest the basic directions and execution strategies for the relationship establishment among u-City service, technology and infrastructure.
Motion Monitering of Long Span Bridge using GPS
Choi, Yun-Woong ; Jang, Young-Woon ; Hong, Tae-How ; Cho, Gi-Sung ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 301~307
Recently, the various studies has been focused on evaluating the damage and stability of long span bridge through measuring and monitoring to ensure the stability and usability. But, even if various studies are performed, it is hard to predict and evaluate the real motion of structure. The aim of this study is check the application of GPS to the motion monitoring of long span bridge by comparing data acquired form RTK-GPS and laser displacement meter.
A study of Technical Reference Model of Intelligent Geospatial Information
Park, Dong-Youn ; Lee, Yong-Ik ; Choi, Hoon-Sung ; Park, Jae-Min ; Jung, Yeun-J. ; Park, Soo-Hong ; Kim, Byoun-Guk ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 309~317
Recently, convergence phenomena among industries are appeared with the rapid development of information and communication technology and technology convergence also is emerging as a key issue. Especially, geospatial information industry may be expected to conduct a role as a pioneer in this convergence era. In order to do this, all fields of geospatial information should be classified systematically and interoperability and compatibility among geospatial information systems should be acquired. In this paper, a technical reference model of intelligent geospatial information is proposed to show a hierarchical technical system in the field of geospatial information. The model is developed with five core research projects of Korean Land Spatialization Group (KLSG) and includes also the scope and importance of core technology in the system. The model would be helpful to manage and control all projects of KLSG.
Improvement in Underground Facilities Management Process ; Focused on the District Heating Facility
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Lim, Si-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 319~328
The growth of sensor and wireless communication technology enable us to monitor the status of things in real-time. There are many attempts to apply the real-time monitoring in various fields. Especially, the real-time monitoring in facility management fields has attracted much attentions recently. But it is difficult to apply recent technologies including sensor, wireless communication and Geospatial information technologies, etc, to the real situation directly. One of the reasons is that facility managers who are familiar with existing processes may resist the change induced by new technologies. So it is necessary to close the gap between new technologies and existing processes by improving the existing processes prior to putting them in the field. In this paper, we suggest the management process improvement focused on the district heating facilities.
A Study on the Implementation of Historical and Cultural Information System based on Web GIS for Youngsan River Area
Jang, Mun-Hyun ; Lee, Jeong-Rock ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 329~339
A historical and cultural map needs an overall reflection of the links based on time and space among the various composite factors, instead of requiring a simple collection of the respective relics in a particular region. The study of history, culture and living environment of river system area, a place that is known to as a cradle of civilization, will be able to undertake a role in the research and comparison with other cultural regions, reaching beyond the regional units until now and moreover investigation the international and intercontinental history of civilization. In this context, this research focuses on the establishment of a cultural information system for the public use and the insight to the regional identity and materialization of culture based on Korea's peculiar history and culture. Thus, the information system for Youngsan River area aims to create a form of electronic map that contains various cultural and historical information on river system area, which is a integrated information system based on Web GIS that is open to public use through the internet. The above mentioned system is a combined product from the basic research data on various fields of study, including archaeology, architecture, arts, ecological environment, history, folk customs, literature, and food, while it aims for not only its utilization in interdisciplinary studies but also creating new value as a public database. As a result, the expected effects due to the establishment of historical and cultural information system based on Web GIS of Youngsan River area are as follows: First, the study can contribute to verify a road map of the study on Youngsan River area. Second, it will take a role to stimulate the academical research on the dynamic structure and characteristics of the Youngsan River area. Third, we can also expect an effect of gaining a full foothold in providing an electronic academic source specialized for the study of the historical and cultural map.
Estimation of Inundation Damages of Urban area Around Haeundae Beach Induced by Super Storm Surge Using Airborne LiDAR Data
Han, Jong-Gyu ; Kim, Seong-Pil ; Chang, Dong-Ho ; Chang, Tae-Soo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 341~350
As the power and scale of typhoons are growing due to global warming and socioeconomic damages induced by super-typhoons are increasing, it is important to estimate inundation damages and to prepare proper adaptation plans against an attack of the super-typhoon. In this paper, we estimated the inundation damages of urban area around Haeundae beach induced by super-typhoons which follow the route of Typhoon Maemi with the conditions of Typhoon Vera (Ise Bay in Japan, 1959), Typhoon Durian (Philippine, 2006) and Hurricane Katrina (New Oleans in U.S.A, 2005). The coastal area around the Haeundae beach (Busan and Gyeongnam province) is expectedly damaged by severe storm surges. In this study we calculated the rise of sea level height after harmonizing the different datum levels of land and ocean and estimated the inundation depth, inundation area and the amount of building damages by using airborne LiDAR data and GIS spatial analysis techniques more accurately and quantitatively. As many researchers are predicting that super-typhoon of overwhelming power will occur around the Korean peninsula in the near future, the results of this study are expected to contribute to producing coastal inundation map and evacuation planning.
Establishment Error Calibration Method on MBES
Roh, Jeong-Sig ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Yoon, Ha-Su ; Lee, Yoo-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 351~359
Nowadays, a precision multiple-beam epoch sounder is a depth-sounding apparatus, which is widely used especially for the mapping of bottom of the sea in the coastal area and the bed of river. However, there has been no attempt to verify the accuracy of the depth-sounding apparatus with the data obtained through the actual measurement. As a consequence, the efficient and systematic evaluation of the survey results cannot be performed. In this paper, the accuracy of the multiple beam echo sounder is analyzed by comparing the in-situ measurements and reference data. The test results show that the highest level of accuracy, indicated by IHO, can be achieved even though the magnitude of error increases with the depth of water.
Time-Dependent Optimal Routing in Indoor Space
Park, In-Hye ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 361~370
As the increasing interests of spatial information for different application area such as disaster management, there are many researches and development of indoor spatial data models and real-time evacuation management systems. The application requires to determine and optical paths in emergency situation, to support evacuees and rescuers. The optimal path in this study is defined to guide rescuers, So, the path is from entrance to the disaster site (room), not from rooms to entrances in the building. In this study, we propose a time-dependent optimal routing algorithm to develop real-time evacuation systems. The network data that represents navigable spaces in building is used for routing the optimal path. Associated information about environment (for example, number of evacuees or rescuers, capacity of hallways and rooms, type of rooms and so on) is assigned to nodes and edges in the network. The time-dependent optimal path is defined after concerning environmental information on the positions of evacuees (for avoiding places jammed with evacuees) and rescuer at each time slot. To detect the positions of human beings in a building per time period, we use the results of evacuation simulation system to identify the movement patterns of human beings in the emergency situation. We use the simulation data of five or ten seconds time interval, to determine the optimal route for rescuers.
An Efficient Technique for Processing of Spatial Data Using GPU
Lee, Jae-Il ; Oh, Byoung-Woo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 371~379
Recently, GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) has been improved rapidly on the need of speed for gaming. As a result, GPU contains multiple ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit) for parallel processing of a lot of graphics data, such as transform, ray tracing, etc. Therefore, this paper proposed a technique for parallel processing of spatial data using GPU. Spatial data consists of multiple coordinates, and each coordinate contains value of x and y axis. To display spatial data graphics operations have to be processed to large amount of coordinates. Because the graphics operation is identical and coordinates are multiple data, SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) parallel processing of GPU can be used for processing of spatial data to improve performance. This paper implemented SIMD parallel processing of spatial data using two kinds of SDK (Software Development Kit). CUDA and ATI Stream are used for NVIDIA and ATI GPU respectively. Experiments that measure time of calculation for graphics operations are carried out to observe enhancement of performance. Experimental result is reported that proposed method can enhance performance up to 1,162% for graphics operations. The proposed method that uses parallel processing with GPU for spatial data can be generally used to enhance performance for applications which deal with large amount of spatial data.
Analysis Possibility of the Landslide Occurrence in Kangwon-Do using a High-resolution LiDAR-derived DEM
Lee, Dong-Ha ; Kim, Young-Seup ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 381~387
This study investigates the use of geomorphic analysis results obtained from high-resolution LiDAR-derived DEM. The results of analysis, slope angle and eigenvalue ratio (ER) were derived from the DEM for 3 landslide and 1 non-landslide occurrence area. Results of this study highlighted the importance of geomorphic analysis in characterizing landslide feature as well as the various contents in their future occurrence and activity. The relationship between the results of geomorphic analysis and landslides are well expressed in this paper.
Study on the Numerical Simulation of Debris Flow due to Heavy Rainfall
Kim, Jung-Han ; Min, Sun-Hong ; Kang, Sang-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 389~395
In spite of many numerical analysis of debris flow, a little information has been found out. In this paper the watershed is divided to apply rainfall runoff and to estimate debris flow integrating flow and soil article. We use the contour data to extract spatially distributed topographical information like stream channels and networks of sub-basins. A Quasi Digital Elevation Model (Q-DEM) is developed, integrated, and adopted to estimate runoff based on marked one. As a results, it has been found out that the debris flow was close to observed flow hydrograph. Because debris flow is finished in 30 second, it is important that we have to prepare its prior countermeasure to minimize the damage of debris flow. The GIS-linked model will provide effective information to plan river works for debris flow.
Determination of the Optimal Parameters in Data Processing for the Precision Geoid Construction
Lee, Ji-Sun ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 3, 2009, Pages 397~404
To solve the problems of distribution and quality on land gravity data, airborne gravity survey was performed in 2008 obtaining the airborne gravity data with accuracy of 1.56mGal. Since airborne gravity data is the obtained at the flight height, it is necessary to convert the airborne gravity data to the surface to combine various gravity data and compute precision geoid. In addition, Stokes' integral radius, Stokes' kernel and the radius of terrain effect computation should be optimally determined to calculate precision geoid. In this study, we made an effort to decide the optimal parameters based on the distribution and the characteristic of gravity data. Then, two geoid models were calculated using the selected parameters and the difference of geoid was calculated with mean of -16.95cm and the standard deviation of
. We consider that this difference is due to the distribution and errors on the gravity data. For future work, the study on the effect of geoid with newly obtained land gravity data ship-borne gravity data and GPS/Leveling data should be conducted. Furthermore, the study on the downward continuation and terran effect calculation should be studied in detail for better precision geoid construction.