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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Nov 2009
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jul 2009
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2009
Selecting the target year
Utilizing Spatial-data to Provide for U-Service Based on U-GIS
Lee, Seok-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ; Kim, Hyong-Bok ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 405~416
According to the changes of the city's paradigm, the demand on u-City increases rapidly. u-City has been built at 54 areas in Korea (as of May 2009). One of the important determinants of success or failure in the increasing of u-City is how to provide u-Services. Most current u-Services are Sensor Network-based monitoring services to manage urban infrastructure. u-GIS is one of fundamental requirements to implement 'any time and any where' u-Service which covers the essential meaningful term "ubiquitous". Hence, in this paper, we 1) describe the definition of the spatial awareness, 2) discuss how to converge (Spatial Embedding) among different spatial data : topographic spatial data, sensor spatial data, and more, 3) bring forth an advanced form of u-Service, 4) analyze the state-of-the-art u-GIS techniques.
A Study on Using U-Service to Strengthen Urban Competitiveness
Shin, Jin-Dong ; Lee, Jae-Won ; Lee, Sang-Hun ; Kim, Hyong-Bok ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 417~430
This study examined correlations between U-Service for U-City and assessment indicators for urban competitiveness. The results of this study show that U-Service is used as a means of strengthening urban competitiveness in six types of cities, despite the differences in degree of contribution. The proper use of U-Service in Safety & Health City and Vitality (Economy) City has significantly contributed to strengthening the competitiveness of such cities. Of the assessment items for urban competitiveness, common items and Culture City type show that U-Service has not contributed much to strengthening urban competitiveness. The analysis shows that because common items are part of the assessment items for urban policies, these items are not suitable to the character of a U-City that implements U-Service through intelligent physical facilities. On the other hand, U-Service related to the Culture City type is relatively less developed. This study found out that U-Service could be used to reinforce urban competitiveness.
The Analysis of Reduction Efficiency of Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield by a Ginseng Area using GIS Tools
Lee, Geun-Sang ; Jeon, Dae-Youn ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 431~443
Recently, turbidity problem is one of the hot issues in dam and reservoir management works. Main reason to bring about high density turbid water is sediment yield by rainfall intensity energy. Because existing researches didn't consider diverse types of crops, it was difficult to calculate more accurate soil erosion and sediment yield. This study was evaluated the reduction efficiency of soil erosion and sediment yield using ginseng layer extracted from IKONOS satellite image, and the area and the ratio of ginseng area represented
and 0.94%. The reduction efficiency of soil erosion considering ginseng area represented low value in 0.9% using GIS-based RUSLE model, because the area of ginseng was small compared to areas of other agricultural lands. To reflect future land use change, this study was calculated the reduction efficiency of soil erosion and sediment yield by considering many scenarios as kinds of crops of paddy, dry field, orchard, and other agricultural areas convert to the ginseng district. As result of analysis of them according to scenarios, scenario (1) in which dry field was converted to ginseng area and scenario (2) in which fully agricultural lands were converted to ginseng area showed high reduction efficiency as 31.3% and 34.8% respectively, compared to existing research which didn't consider ginseng area. Methodology suggested in this study will be very efficient tools to help reservoir management related to high density turbid water.
Location Based Concierge Service with Spatially Extended Topology for Moving Objects
Lee, Byoung-Jae ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 445~454
Beyond simple transfer of information through sensor network, this study will provide the insights about the way to embody the real context aware location based service in an ubiquitous computing environment. In this paper, a new formal approach is introduced to derive knowledge about the scope of influence for a point object. A scope of influence is defined as the conceptual area where there is a possibility of the phenomenon or event occurring because of this point object. A point object can be spatially extended by considering this scope of influence in conjunction with the point. These point objects are called Spatially Extended Point (SEP) objects. Compositions of gradual changes of topological relations between a SEP and the environment near the SEP show how to represent the qualitative spatial behaviors of a SEP objects. These qualitative spatial behaviors will be good standards for Location Based Service (LBS) to provide more subdivided and suitable information to the users.
Wavelet Compression Experiments of the Remotely Sensed Images for Three Kinds of Wavelet Families
Jin, Hong-Sung ; Han, Dong-Yeob ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 455~462
A method to find the nearly optimal PSNR values for compression was tried to remotely sensed images. There is no rule to find the best wavelet pairs for image processing. The expected wavelet pairs following the suggested algorithm showed the optimal result for various kinds of images. Firstly, the PSNR variations with three wavelet families were analyzed. In many cases the longer wavelet filter shows the higher PSNR value, but the rate is getting less in orthogonal wavelet families. Wavelets with moderate filter length are suggested at the point of computational cost. For biorthogonal families it was hard to predict from the length of filters. Multiresolution wavelet analysis was used up to level 3 with three kinds of wavelet families. Biorthogonal wavelet family showed irregular pattern to get the maximum PSNR values, while orthogonal wavelet families showed regular pattern. In orthogonal wavelet families the nearly optimal wavelet pair can be predicted from the level 1.
Geospatial Data Catalogue Service ; Status and Issues
Chang, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 463~468
Geospatial interoperability has been pursued by propagating international standards and OGC standards. The NGIC, GeoConnection and other catalogue services are reviewed with aspect to metadata and search functions. Detailed metadata could be driven to users after finding what they want to have. Criteria for search were not fully overlapped with metadata, as simple and typical searches are prevailing. OGC catalogue service standards were made but catalogue services in Korea have been implemented in their own ways, not fully compliance-tested. Different domain technologies have been developed regardless of geospatial service, the relationship and integration methods between catalogue services and other core technologies are reviewed in the form of a pair table. Other issues in geospatial service were discussed in the level of raising issues.
3D Cadastre Data Model in Korea ; based on case studies in Seoul
Park, So-Young ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ; Li, Hyo-Sang ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 17, issue 4, 2009, Pages 469~481
Due to the increasing demands on the efficient use of land and the fast growth of construction technologies, human living space is expanded from on the surface to above and under the surface. By recognizing that the current cadastre system based on 2D was not appropriate to reflect the trend, the researchers are interested in a 3D cadastre. This paper proposed the 3D cadastre data model that is appropriate to protect ownership effectively in Korea. The 3D cadastre data model consists of a 3D cadastre feature model and a 3D cadastre geometry model, and the data are produced by a 3D cadastre data structure. A 3D cadastre feature model is based on 3D rights and features derived from case studies. A 3D cadastre geometry model based on ISO19107 Spatial Schema is modified to be good for 3D cadastre in Korea. A 3D cadastre data structure consists of point, line, polygon and solid primitives. This study finally purposes 1) serving and managing land information effectively, 2) creating rights and displaying ranges about infrastructures above and under surface, 3) serving ubiquitous-based geoinformation, 4) adapting ubiquitous-based GIS to urban development, and 5) regulating relationships between rights of land and registration and management systems.