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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Oct 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
Selecting the target year
The Construction of 3D Spatial Imagery Information of Dam reservoir using LiDAR and Multi Beam Echo Sounder
Lee, Geun-Sang ; Choi, Yun-Woong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~11
Recently, the construction of three dimensional spatial information of Dam reservoir area is very important part in Dam management work such as sediment survey, but it is difficult to acquire detailed terrain data because totalstation and single beam echo sounder are applied to terrain survey. This study presented method to construct detailed terrain data of Dam reservoir area using LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder. First, LiDAR survey was carried out in land zone and calibration process was applied by ground control point. And also the DEM of land zone was constructed by using algorithm, which eliminated building and vegetation class. As the result of validation of LiDAR DEM using GPS terrain survey, it was possible to construct three dimensional terrain data that was satisfied with the tolerance error of LiDAR, which was the standard error of LiDAR DEM showed as 0.108m. Also multi beam echo sounder was applied to the survey of water zone and it could construct spatial information that was satisfied with bathymetry surveying tolerance error of International Hydrographic Organization by validation with terrain survey data. And LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder data were integrated and it was possible to construct three dimensional spatial imagery information that can be applied to Dam management work such as the estimation of sediment amounts or the monitoring of terrain change by linking with high resolution orthophoto.
Estimation of Topographic Factor of Wind Speed Using Geographic Information
Seong, Min-Ho ; Park, Kyung-Sik ; Choi, Se-Hyu ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 13~22
Due to the frequent gales and typhoons by anomaly climates and its subsequent loss of life and property, the importance of the research estimating wind load is being emphasized when structure is designed. It is necessary to measure geographical information exactly to estimate topographic factor of wind speed because the increase of topographic factor of wind speed means the increase of wind velocity and the increase of wind velocity has an influence on wind load proportionate to a square. Therefore, the accurate and reasonable estimation method of topographic factor of wind speed is presented in this study using ArchiCAD, an architectural BIM(Building Information Modeling) software. When the structure subjected to wind load is designed, reasonability and economic performance of design will be more improved by using the proposed method.
Detection of Forest Areas using Airborne LIDAR Data
Hwang, Se-Ran ; Kim, Seong-Joon ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 23~32
LIDAR data are useful for forest applications such as bare-earth DEM generation for forest areas, and estimation of tree height and forest biomass. As a core preprocessing procedure for most forest applications, this study attempts to develop an efficient method to detect forest areas from LIDAR data. First, we suggest three perceptual cues based on multiple return characteristics, height deviation and spatial distribution, being expected as reliable perceptual cues for forest area detection from LIDAR data. We then classify the potential forest areas based on the individual cue and refine them with a bi-morphological process to eliminate falsely detected areas and smoothing the boundaries. The final refined forest areas have been compared with the reference data manually generated with an aerial image. All the methods based on three types of cues show the accuracy of more than 90%. Particularly, the method based on multiple returns is slightly better than other two cues in terms of the simplicity and accuracy. Also, it is shown that the combination of the individual results from each cue can enhance the classification accuracy.
A Study on Modeling for Urban Growth Management using GIS -The Case of Pa-Ju City-
Chung, II-Hoon ; Cho, Kyu-Young ; Chung, Won-Mo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 33~40
Many cities have provided growth management measure for preventing urban sprawl and disordered development by rapid urbanization. Many Korean cities also, have been pressed by development issues as well as the Seoul Metropolitan Area. This study aims to predict urban growth and develop Urban Growth Management Model with Geographic Information System and quantitative method. Especially, this study provides reasonable management method by presenting prediction scenario considered institutional-oriented and demand-oriented. This study also, provides a scientific basis using GIS and quantitative analysis, and present decision making of planning and implementation process through simulation.
An Analysis of Relocation of SW Industries using GIS Flow Map
Choi, Jun-Young ; Oh, Kyu-Shik ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 41~52
This paper analyzed the interregional flow changes of software (SW) industries using a GIS Flow Map. Employment data for SW enterprise headquarters from 1999 until 2008 were constructed according to the Origin-Destination Matrix, and were mapped and analyzed using the Flow Mapper and ArcGIS Flow Data Model. From the result we can identify the decentralization of interregional flow in SW industries and recognize the possibilities of the larger SW enterprises' employment, the higher locational footlooseness. The GIS Flow Map was identified as useful tool for researching growth, decline and spatial movement of industrial clusters that experience business relocation. This method can be applied to understand and visualize urban spatial changes.
Grid-based Cloaking Area Creation Scheme supporting Continuous Query Processing for Location-based Services of Peer-to-Peer Environment
Kim, Hyeong-Il ; Lee, Ah-Reum ; Chang, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 53~62
Recent development in wireless communication technology, like GPS, and mobile equipments, like PDA and cellular phone, make location-based services (LBSs) popular. However, because, users continuously request a query to a server in the LBSs by using their exact locations, privacy information could be in danger. Therefore, a mechanism for users' privacy protection is required for the safe and comfortable use of LBSs by mobile users. For this, we, in this paper, propose a grid-based cloaking area creation scheme supporting continuous LBSs in peer-to-peer environment. The proposed scheme creates a cloaking area by using Chord protocol, so as to support the continuous LBSs in peer-to-peer environment. Finally, we show from a performance analysis that our cloaking scheme outperforms the existing cloaking schemes, in terms of service time.
A Location-based Real-time Re-routing Heuristic to Solve the VRPSPD
Cha, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Kee-Sung ; Yu, Young-Hoon ; Jo, Geun-Sik ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 63~72
The vehicle routing problem with simultaneous pick-up and delivery (VRPSPD) is a variant of the vehicle routing problem (VRP) that customers require simultaneously a pick-up and delivery service. The main objective of VRPSPD is to minimize a cost of routes satisfying many constraints. Traditional VRPSPD have been dealt with a static environment. The static environment means that a routing data and plan cannot be changed. For example, it is difficult to change a vehicle's routing plan so that a vehicle serves the pick-up demands of new customers during the delivery service. Therefore, traditional approach is not suitable for dynamic environments. To solve this problem, we propose a novel approach for finding efficient routes using a real-time re-routing heuristics based on the Location Based Service (LBS). Our re-routing heuristics can generate a new route for vehicle that satisfies a new customer's demand considering the current geographic location of a vehicle. Experimental results show that our methodology can reduce the traveling cost of vehicles comparing with other previous methods.
Image Segmentation based on Statistics of Sequential Frame Imagery of a Static Scene
Seo, Su-Young ; Ko, In-Chul ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 73~83
This study presents a method to segment an image, employing the statistics observed at each pixel location across sequential frame images. In the acquisition and analysis of spatial information, utilization of digital image processing technique has very important implications. Various image segmentation techniques have been presented to distinguish the area of digital images. In this study, based on the analysis of the spectroscopic characteristics of sequential frame images that had been previously researched, an image segmentation method was proposed by using the randomness occurring among a sequence of frame images for a same scene. First of all, we computed the mean and standard deviation values at each pixel and found reliable pixels to determine seed points using their standard deviation value. For segmenting an image into individual regions, we conducted region growing based on a T-test between reference and candidate sample sets. A comparative analysis was conducted to assure the performance of the proposed method with reference to a previous method. From a set of experimental results, it is confirmed that the proposed method using a sequence of frame images segments a scene better than a method using a single frame image.
A Study on Allocation of Additional RFID Reader Sites for the Weekly No Driving Day Program; in Daegu Metropolitan City
Heo, Kyung-Jin ; Seo, Su-Young ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 85~94
This study presented a method to allocate RFID reader sites for the weekly no driving day program. In resent years, three metropolitan cities begin to operate the system to resolve the traffic jam, air pollution, and oil cost, which is expected to be operated across the country in a few years. In this regard, the accurate verification of the observance of the cars which are participated in the system is needed so that the more benefits are rewarded to observing participants but not violating ones. Thus, this study distinguished road sections where the system of the Daegu metropolitan city cannot determine the observance of the participated cars when the cars detour the RFID readers by employing a set of data from the traffic census, digital maps, and terrestrial photographs of the superstructures on the roads. Then, the appropriate sites for additional RFID readers were determined based on those sections in the road network and the types of the road superstructures.