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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Oct 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Utilization of NTRIP Data Delivery and Virtual RINEX from Seoul Metro Government Network-RTK System
Gwak, In-Sun ; Nam, Dae-Hyun ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 1~11
Since January 2009, Seoul Metro Government(SMG) is operating own Network RTK Systems connecting four(4) GNSS Reference Stations which are installed inside Seoul Metro City area. SMG is currently providing VRS data service via wireless internet for Network-RTK and RINEX data observed from GNSS Reference Stations. This paper will discuss utilization of data available from SMG Network-RTK System for various applications, and present the test results on practicalities of Virtual RINEX data. For the utilization of data available from SMG Network- RTK system, 1)NTRIP data delivery of GNSS realtime observables streaming and converting to RINEX at receiving side, 2) monitoring deformation of bulky structures using GNSS observation were discussed. In addition to those discussion, 3) broadcasting VRS correction data for job site via radio modem after acquiring such correction data on-line using NTRIP based GNSS Internet Radio from SMG Network-RTK System were introduced. For the test results on practicalities of Virtual RINEX data, 1) the post-processing results of the GNSS observation data on a certain point with GNSS Reference Station data have been compared to the post-processing results of Virtual RINEX data on the same point generated from SMG Network-RTK System, and 2) VRS RTK positioning results for a certain point and post-processing results of Virtual RINEX data for the point were compared. The results showed only a few mm difference, and the high possibility for using Virtual RINEX data for post-processing applications.
A Dynamic Variable Window-based Topographical Classification Method Using Aerial LiDAR Data
Sung, Chul-Woong ; Lee, Sung-Gyu ; Park, Chang-Hoo ; Lee, Ho-Jun ; Kim, Yoo-Sung ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 13~26
In this paper, a dynamic variable window-based topographical classification method is proposed which has the changeable classification units depending on topographical properties. In the proposed scheme, to im prove the classification efficiency, the unit of topographical classification can be changeable dynamically according to the topographical properties and repeated patterns. Also, in this paper, the classification efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method are analyzed in order to find an optimal maximum decision window-size through the experiment. According to the experiment results, the proposed dynamic variable window-based topographical classification method maintains similar accuracy but remarkably reduce computing time than that of a fixed window-size based one, respectively.
Vegetation Spatial Distribution Analysis of Tundra-Taiga Boundary Using MODIS LAI Data
Lee, Min-Ji ; Han, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 27~36
This study observed distribution of vegetation to confirm change of tundra-taiga boundary. Tundra-taiga boundary is used to observe the transfer of vegetation pattern because it is very sensitive to human activity, natural disturbances and climate change. The circumpolar tundra-taiga boundary could observe reaction about some change. Reaction and confirmation about climate change were definite than other place. This study used Leaf Area Index(LAI) 8-Day data in August from 2000 to 2009 that acquire from Terra satellite MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS) sensor and used K
ppen Climate Map, Global Land Cover 2000 for reference data. This study conducted analysis of spatial distribution in low density vegetated areas and inter-annual / zonal analysis for using the long period data of LAI. Change of LAI was confirmed by analysis based on boundary value of LAI in study area. Development of vegetation could be confirmed by area of grown vegetation(
) than area of reduced vegetation (
) in tundra climate. Also, area was increased with the latitude
N as the center and around the latitude
N through area analysis by latitude. Vegetation of tundra-taiga boundary was general increase from 2000 to 2009. While area of reduced vegetation was a little, area of vegetation growth and development was increased significantly.
Utilization of Ground Control Points using LiDAR Intensity and DSM
Lim, Sae-Bom ; Kim, Jong-Mun ; Shin, Sang-Cheol ; Kwon, Chan-O ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 37~45
AT(Aerial Triangulation) is the essential procedure for creating orthophoto and transforming coordinates on the photographs into the real world coordinates utilizing GCPs (Ground Control Point) which is obtained by field survey and the external orientation factors from GPS/INS as a reference coordinates. In this procedure, all of the GCPs can be collected from field survey using GPS and Total Station, or obtained from digital maps. Collecting GCPs by field survey is accurate than GCPs from digital maps; however, lots of manpower should be put into the collecting procedure, and time and cost as well. On the other hand, in the case of obtaining GCPs from digital maps, it is very difficult to secure the required accuracy because almost things at each stage in the collecting procedure should rely on the subjective judgement of the performer. In this study, the results from three methods have been compared for the accuracy assessment in order to know if the results of each case is within the allowance error: for the perceivable objects such as road boarder, speed bumps, constructions etc., 1) GCPs selection utilizing the unique LiDAR intensity value reflected from such objects, 2) using LiDAR DSM and 3) GCPs from field survey. And also, AT and error analysis have been carried out w ith GCPs obtained by each case.
Establishment Strategy of 3D Spatial Information from 2D Facility Drawing Related to Fire Fighting
Lee, Yun ; Kim, In-Hyun ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Oh, Kyu-Shik ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 47~54
Until recently, GIS technology was mainly based on 2D for disaster management. Necessity of 3D spatial information came to the fore with a speedy and accurate response system in disaster management. However, most fire-fighting facilities presently use CAD with 2D formation, Image drawings, and conception of construction data's formation. It is not about the drawings in map production. It's about varieties of construction ways or contents. In this study, we are proposing the ways on analyzing the existing disaster management targets for 2D technology drawings, designing the 3D spatial information data model, and transforming the effective 3D spatial information into algorithm and dimension spatial information construction for easily building on mass 2D architectural drawings to 3D spatial information effectively in disaster management. We can maxim ize efficient construction time and expenses. Then what is proposed in this study about constructing 3D spatial information for manual work, and it's significance for improving decisive decisions and utilizing the tasks to prevent, prepare, respond and restore steps in disaster management.
A Study on Classification of Bed rock over Antarctic Terra Nova Bay using Hyperspectral Image
Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Hong, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 55~61
This study was started for providing the application method of hyperspectral im age over extreme cold area as the Antarctic. Study area was Terra Nova Bay area which was decided as the candidate of 2nd Antarctic base station. For deciding last location of base station, many researchers tried to analyze the suitability of this study area. Among many suitability indicators, the location and stability of extracted bed rock area were very important. Using many spectral information of hyperspectral data, we tried detecting of bed rock and classifying four rock types. As additionally data, international spectral library of rock were used in this study. At the results, short-infrared wavelength bands were useful in the detection and classification of bed rock.
A Preliminary Study for Implementation of Digital Geographic Information in Non-Urban Area
Kim, Jae-Myeong ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Seo, Chang-Wan ; Cho, Han-Keun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 63~74
The construction of digital geographic information of Non-Urban Area have been needed to build a nationwide information infrastructure for the balanced development of nation to reduce a gap between city and Non-Urban Area due to the emphasis on a large scale digital map (1/1,000) implementation for cities. In this research, we researched the basic long-term blueprint for establishing digital geographic information in non-urban area. From the proposed institutional foundation, we want to build this information for Non-Urban Areas and to make a long-term plan to strengthen the national com petitiveness dealing with the globalization, liberalization, and information based on the digital geographic information in non-urban area. This study suggested 3 alternatives to implement digital geographic information of Non-Urban Area as follow. Firstly central government fund whole cost, secondly central government and local government fund a cost half and half, lastly combining first and second alternative. This study can be a basis on building national information infrastructure, provide core information for national projects and revitalize the use of spatial information for Non-Urban Area.
A Study on the Standardization of the Urban Planning Information System
Kim, In-Hyun ; Oh, Kyu-Shik ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 75~81
The Urban Planning Information System is the core system in urban planning field which should operate at the national level of network, and requires a close inspection from the initial level of development. Therefore, this study analyzes international standards, domestic laws, preceding plans, as well as the standard system established in 2008, in order to identify the problems and propose directions for the future direction of the Urban Planning Information System. Suggestions from this study can be summarized as follows: (1) to take initiatives to create standards for the development of the Urban Planning Information System, followed by the establishment as international standards, (2) to have the system developed as an open structure, and (3) to comply w ith the preceding plans of related national GIS system to enable integration.
Development of a Geo Semantic Web System
Kim, Joung-Joon ; Shin, In-Su ; Han, Ki-Joon ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 83~92
Recently, as the Geospatial Web is combined with the Semantic Web in order to keep pace with the recent trends of information technology emphasizing interoperability, intelligence and individualization, the Geo Semantic Web was proposed, which is an intelligent geographical information Web service technology that can provide users with suitable information by connecting and integrating various types of spatial information and extensive aspatial information on the Web efficiently. For the Geo Semantic Web service, we need to develop Geo Ontology processing technologies that enable computers to process knowledge and information scattered around in the Web environment automatically. However, standards for Geo Ontology processing technologies have nod been established yet, and standardization organizations and various groups and agencies are conducting relevant studies. This paper analyzed various base theories and technologies related to Geo Ontology and developed a Geo Semantic Web system. The Geo Semantic Web system comprises Query Processing Manager that analyzes and processes Geo Semantic queries and manages sessions, Ontology Manager that generates and queries Geo Ontology and extracts spatial/aspatial data, and Clients. Finally, this paper proved the utility of the Geo Semantic Web system by applying it to a hypothetical scenario where Geo Semantic queries are required.
3D Adjacency Spatial Query using 3D Topological Network Data Model
Lee, Seok-Ho ; Park, Se-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 93~105
Spatial neighborhoods are spaces which are relate to target space. A 3D spatial query which is a function for searching spatial neighborhoods is a significant function in spatial analysis. Various methodologies have been proposed in related these studies, this study suggests an adjacent based methodology. The methodology of this paper implements topological data for represent a adjacency via using network based topological data model, then apply modifiable Dijkstra's algorithm to each topological data. Results of ordering analysis about an adjacent space from a target space were visualized and considered ways to take advantage of. Object of this paper is to implement a 3D spatial query for searching a target space with a adjacent relationship in 3D space. And purposes of this study are to 1)generate adjacency based 3D network data via network based topological data model and to 2)implement a 3D spatial query for searching spatial neighborhoods by applying Dijkstra's algorithms to these data.
A Comparative Study on the Genetic Algorithm and Regression Analysis in Urban Population Surface Modeling
Choei, Nae-Young ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 107~117
Taking the East-Hwasung area as the case, this study first builds gridded population data based on the municipal population survey raw data, and then measures, by way of GIS tools, the major urban spatial variables that are thought to influence the composition of the regional population. For the purpose of comparison, the urban models based on the Genetic Algorithm technique and the regression technique are constructed using the same input variables. The findings indicate that the GA output performed better in differentiating the effective variables among the pilot model variables, and predicted as much consistent and meaningful coefficient estimates for the explanatory variables as the regression models. The study results indicate that GA technique could be a very useful and supplementary research tool in understanding the urban phenomena.
Development of Geospatial Simulation Framework for WebGIS-based Simulation System
Lee, Seong-Kyu ; Kim, Young-Seup ; Choi, Chul-Uong ; Suh, Yong-Chul ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 119~131
Researchers require repetitive works such as data format analysis, reformatting and map reprojection in order to use geospatial data. To solve above problems, they are building web-based simulation systems with web developers. But the web-based systems are not efficiently developed because there is not the appropriate simulation framework for a web-based system using geospatial data. In this study, the geospatial simulation framework that can be effectively applied to the web-based system was designed and proposed. Also, the framework was composed of 7 modules; web mapping service, GIS mapping, statistics, model, processing,graphics, and geospatial datasets. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the framework, a case study of urban growth has been verified. Experts who are not specialized in geospatial information disciplines expect to build easily a web-based system using geospatial data.
An Indoor Pedestrian Simulation Model Incorporating the Visibility
Kwak, Su-Yeong ; Nam, Hyun-Woo ; Jun, Chul-Min ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 133~142
Many pedestrian or fire evacuation models have been studied last decades for modeling evacuation behaviors or analysing building structures under emergency situations. However, currently developed models do not consider the differences of visibility of pedestrians by obstacles such as furniture, wall, etc. The visibility of pedestrians is considered one of the important factors that affect the evacuation behavior, leading to making simulation results more realistic. In order to incorporate pedestrian's visibility into evacuation simulation, we should be able to give different walking speeds according to differences of visibility. We improved the existing floor field model based on cellular automata in order to implement the visibility. Using the space syntax theory, we showed how we split the indoor spaces depending on the different visibilities created by different levels of structural depths. Then, we improved the algorithm such that pedestrians have different speeds instead of simultaneous movement to other cells. Also, in order for developing a real time simulation system integrated w ith indoor sensors later, we present a process to build a 3D simulator using a spatial DBMS. The proposed algorithm is tested using a campus building.
Development of Earth-Volume Estimation Program using the precise LiDAR DEM
Lee, Jin-Nyoung ; Lee, Done-Ha ; Lee, Young-Kyun ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 18, issue 5, 2010, Pages 143~161
In this study, EWS (Earth Work System), the earth-volume estimation program was developed in a way that could enhance efficiency of civil engineering construction through precise earth-volume modeling based on the 3D geospatial information. In this program, it is possible to estimate the precise earth-volume using LiDAR DEM and to establish the earth work plans based on the unit workload of the construction equipments. Also, EWS program can support the 3D visualization of the final results through Google Earth in order to understand intuitively or share the results of earth-volume estimation in the construction project. For verifying the possibility of appling EWS program to construction project, the construction site of Shin-Pochun substation in Shinbuk-myun, Pochon-City, Kunggi Province was selected as a study area and the results of earth-volume and earth work plans estimated from EWS program were compared with those of DAS program. As a result of comparison between EWS and DAS program, the more accurate earth-volume can be estimated by using 3D geospatial information and more reasonable earth work plan can also be established when use the EWS program was developed in this study. Thus, EWS program can enables improvement of productivity by establishing efficient construction plan in the construction site.