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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Flooding Area Estimation and Evacuation Path Analysis
Park, Jong-Duk ; Choi, Jin-Mu ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~11
Recently urban area has suffered from frequent flood event by local heavy rain. This study performed flood tests for the Jungnang river using HEC-RAS model. Based on 1m LiDAR data, river geometry data were produced using HEC-GeoRAS. For 100-year frequency flood, 200-year frequency flood, and PMF, flooding areas were estimated. Ten sub-zones of the entire flooding area were identified based on the nearest refugees and used to analyze evacuation paths to the refugees. The results showed that approximately 70% of flooded area were residential, commercial, and transportation areas so that much loss of life and property could be possible. Path analysis showed that the shortest path distances to refugees were about 1000m average. Evacuation warning given at a proper period could minimize loss of life and property. This study provides the guideline for flood evacuation plan in urban area.
Estimation of Velocity Pressure Exposure Coefficient using GIS
Seong, Min-Ho ; Choi, Se-Hyu ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 13~19
As an urbanization is in progress, the change of the planimetric features and topography including high-rise residential buildings commonly occur. The change of the planimetric features and topography causes occurrence of the strong wind and wind speed increase or decrease due to the effect of planimetric features and topography on the windward side even though the wind blows with the same speed. In the design standard, this change by wind speed is defined as the velocity pressure exposure coefficient, the value of coefficient is estimated and reflected by ground surface roughness, but in a reality, ground surface roughness is determined in accordance with the subjective judgement of designer and then the velocity pressure exposure coefficient is estimated, moreover the research and data for classification of ground surface roughness are insufficient. In this paper, we will estimate the velocity pressure exposure coefficient by the quantified method for classifying ground surface roughness by using GIS according to the height of a building targeting area where high-rise residential buildings are built lately. When the structure subjected to wind load is designed, reasonability of design and safety of structure will be more improved by using the estimation method of velocity pressure exposure coefficient presented in this study.
The Influence of Geographical Features on Analyzing the Right to Daylight
Kim, Ji-Sook ; Kim, Ho-Yong ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 21~28
With the recent overcrowding of metropolitan cities and people's increasing interest in housing environment, there are frequent disputes occurring over the right to daylight. In order to determine whether daylight has been encroached accurately. we need to consider the daylight change by the effect of the geographical features of the surrounding areas but most of the previous relevant studies overlooked this consideration. Thus, in order to determine the encroachment of daylight accurately, this study analyzed the change in the duration of daylight according to geographical features by applying the Hemispherical Viewshed Algorithm to Busan Metropolitan City. According to the results of the analysis, the minimum and average duration of daylight decreased with an increase of altitude by 50m. Second, according to the time bound designated by law, up to 78.6% of the area was influenced by the duration of daylight. Third, the geographical features of the surrounding areas had a significant effect on the duration of daylight. Accordingly, in order to analyze the right to daylight accurately, it is essential to consider the geographical features of the surrounding areas. Furthermore, the Hemispherical Viewshed Algorithm used in this study and the visible area of the sky obtained from the algorithm are considered helpful to analyze the influence of the geographical features of surrounding areas on the legal duration of daylight before analyzing the practical right to daylight.
An Efficient Super Resolution Method for Time-Series Remotely Sensed Image
Jung, Seung-Kyoon ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Jung, Hyung-Sup ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 29~40
GOCI the world first Ocean Color Imager in Geostationary Orbit, which could obtain total 8 images of the same region a day, however, its spatial resolution(500m) is not enough to use for the accurate land application, Super Resolution(SR), reconstructing the high resolution(HR) image from multiple low resolution(LR) images introduced by computer vision field. could be applied to the time-series remotely sensed images such as GOCI data, and the higher resolution image could be reconstructed from multiple images by the SR, and also the cloud masked area of images could be recovered. As the precedent study for developing the efficient SR method for GOCI images, on this research, it reproduced the simulated data under the acquisition process of the remote sensed data, and then the simulated images arc applied to the proposed algorithm. From the proposed algorithm result of the simulated data, it turned out that low resolution(LR) images could be registered in sub-pixel accuracy, and the reconstructed HR image including RMSE, PSNR, SSIM Index value compared with original HR image were 0.5763, 52.9183 db, 0.9486, could be obtained.
Economic Valuation for The Available land in National and Public General Property
Lee, Ji-Soo ; Lee, Seung-Wook ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 41~50
In Chilgok, industrial complex and agro-industrial complex has facilitated with the population growth rate of 2.79% since 1995. And the city should be apparently required more additional land for agriculture and industrial complex due to the demands of developments. However, many experts has pointed out that utilization of national and public property might be declined recently because the property management office owns too many unnecessary idle lands. So the city is being faced with the necessity of establishing an efficient system for the management of available lands. Therefore, this study evaluated the economic value of available national and public land in Chilgok city. Rental or sale of economic value by separating the target has been also assessed. As a result, each town has totally different characteristics of available lands and the economic values and the numerical change of economic values can measure when merge lots.
Accuracy Assessment Geoposition of Airborne Line-Scanner Image
Cho, Han-Kun ; Wie, Gwang-Jae ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~59
We produced true ortho images after interpolating occlusion areas and relief displacement of building as well as producing ortho-images to use backward image of ADS which is a aerial digital camera of line type. Also, I was able to produce high quality ortho-images using a small mount of Ground Control Points(GCP) relatively to compare to frame type camera from the evaluation of horizontal position accuracy using ground check points, photo control points for the verification of ortho-images and true-ortho images. Also, I was able to verify the effectiveness in interpolating occlusion areas cause the length overlap was 100% when producing true-ortho images of line type camera.
An Analysis of Relationship between Carbon Emission and Urban Spatial Patterns
Kim, In-Hyun ; Oh, Kyu-Shik ; Jung, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~72
Greenhouses gas emission due to usage of fossil fuel has been known as one of the main causes of global warming. Fundamentally, greenhouse gas is a by-product of economic activity. Since majority of economic activity happens in an urban setting, a countermeasure in an urban setting is needed. Therefore, an analysis of relationship between carbon dioxide emission and urban form will be investigated for urban planning and management in the future. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between carbon dioxide emission and urban spatial patterns, and suggesting an urban form with low carbon dioxide emission. In order to achieve this, first theoretical analysis was carried out on urban spatial patterns related to physical size, usage rate, and activity level. Secondly, Seoul's dam on electricity, natural gas, local heating, petroleum, and water usage and mapping a carbon dioxide emission map. Thirdly, relationship between carbon dioxide emission and urban spatial patterns are analyzed and urban spatial patterns that affects energy usage in urban setting was elucidated, and elicited implications on future directions on urban planning based on our analyses above.
The Map Generalization Methodology for Korean Cadastral Map using Topographic Map
Park, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Eun ; Yu, Ki-Yun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 73~82
Recently, demand for the use of cadastral map is increasing in both public and private area. To use cadastral map in web or mobile environment, construction of the multi-representation database(MRDB) that is the compressed into multiple scale from the original map data is recommended. In this study, the map generalization methodology for the cadastral map by applying overlay with topographic map and polygon generalization technique is suggested. This process is composed of three steps, re-constructing the network data of topographic map, polygon merging of parcel lines according to network degree, and applying line simplification techniques. Proposed methodologies are applied to the cadastral map in Suwon area. The result map was generalized into 1:5,000, 1:20,000, 1:100,000 scale, and data compression ratio was shown in 15% 8% 1% level respectively.
A New Route Guidance Method Considering Pedestrian Level of Service using Multi-Criteria Decision Making Technique
Joo, Yong-Jin ; Kim, Soo-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 83~91
The route finding analysis is an essential geo-related decision support tool in a LBS(Location based Services) and previous researches related to route guidance have been mainly focused on route guidances for vehicles. However, due to the recent spread of personal computing devices such as PDA, PMP and smart phone, route guidance for pedestrians have been increasingly in demand. The pedestrian route guidance is different from vehicle route guidance because pedestrians are affected more surrounding environment than vehicles. Therefore, pedestrian path finding needs considerations of factors affecting walking. This paper aimed to extract factors affecting walking and charting the factors for application factors affecting walking to pedestrian path finding. In this paper, we found various factors about environment of road for pedestrian and extract the factors affecting walking. Factors affecting walking consist of 4 categories traffic, sidewalk, network, safety facility. We calculated weights about each factor using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Based on weights we calculated scores about each factor's attribute. The weight is maximum score of factor. These scores of factor are used to optimal pedestrian path finding as path finding cost with distance, accessibility.
Validation of Efficient Topological Data Model for 3D Spatial Queries
Lee, Seok-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 93~105
In recent years, large and complex three-dimensional building has been constructed by the development of building technology and advanced IT skills, and people have lived there and spent a considerable time so far. Accordingly. in this sophisticatcd three-dimensional space, emergencies services or convenient information services have been in demand. In order to provide these services efficiently, understanding of topological relationships among the complex space should be supported naturally. Not on1y each method of understanding the topological relationships but also its efficiency can be different depending on different topological data models. B-rep based data model is the most widely used for storaging and representing of topological relationships. And from early 2000s, many researches on a network based topological data model have been conducted. The purpose of this study is to verify the efficiency of performance on spatial queries. As a result, Network-based topological data model is more efficient than B-rep based data model for determining the spatial relationship.
A Lossless Vector Data Compression Using the Hybrid Approach of BytePacking and Lempel-Ziv in Embedded DBMS
Moon, Gyeong-Gi ; Joo, Yong-Jin ; Park, Soo-Hong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 107~116
Due to development of environment of wireless Internet, location based services on the basis of spatial data have been increased such as real time traffic information as well as CNS(Car Navigation System) to provide mobile user with route guidance to the destination. However, the current application adopting the file-based system has limitation of managing and storing the huge amount of spatial data. In order to supplement this challenge, research which is capable of managing large amounts of spatial data based on embedded database system is surely demanded. For this reason, this study aims to suggest the lossless compression technique by using the hybrid approach of BytePacking and Lempel-Ziv which can be applicable in DBMS so as to save a mass spatial data efficiently. We apply the proposed compression technique to actual the Seoul and Inchcon metropolitan area and compared the existing method with suggested one using the same data through analyzing the query processing duration until the reconstruction. As a result of comparison, we have come to the conclusion that suggested technique is far more performance on spatial data demanding high location accuracy than the previous techniques.
Spatial Filtering Techniques for Geospatial AR Applications in R-tree
Park, Jang-Yoo ; Lee, Seong-Ho ; Nam, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 117~126
Recently, AR applications provide location-based spatial information by GPS. Also, the spatial information is displayed by the angle of the camera. So far, traditional spatial indexes in spatial database field retrieve and filter spatial information by the minimum bounding rectangle (MBR) algorithm.(ex. R-tree) MBR strategy is a useful technique in the geographic information systems and location based services. But MBR technique doesn't reflect the characteristics of spatial queries in AR. Spatial queries of AR applications have high possibility of the dead space area between MBRs of non-leaf node and query area. We propose triangle node filtering algorithm that improved efficiency of spatial retrieval used the triangle node filtering techniques by exclusion the dead space. In this paper, the proposed algorithm has been implemented on PostgreSQL/PostGIS. Experimental results show the spatial retrieval that using the proposed algorithm better performance than the spatial retrieval that of the minimum bounding rectangle algorithm.
Design and Implementation of a USN Middleware for Context-Aware and Sensor Stream Mining
Jin, Cheng-Hao ; Lee, Yang-Koo ; Lee, Seong-Ho ; Yun, Un-il ; Ryu, Keun-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2011, Pages 127~133
Recently, with the advances in sensor techniques and net work computing, Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) has been received a lot of attentions from various communities. The sensor nodes distributed in the sensor network tend to continuously generate a large amount of data, which is called stream data. Sensor stream data arrives in an online manner so that it is characterized as high-speed, real-time and unbounded and it requires fast data processing to get the up-to-date results. The data stream has many application domains such as traffic analysis, physical distribution, U-healthcare and so on. Therefore, there is an overwhelming need of a USN middleware for processing such online stream data to provide corresponding services to diverse applications. In this paper, we propose a novel USN middleware which can provide users both context-aware service and meaningful sequential patterns. Our proposed USN middleware is mainly focused on location based applications which use stream location data. We also show the implementation of our proposed USN middleware. By using the proposed USN middleware, we can save the developing cost of providing context aware services and stream sequential patterns mainly in location based applications.