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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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The Study on Optimal Image Processing and Identifying Threshold Values for Enhancing the Accuracy of Damage Information from Natural Disasters
Seo, Jung-Taek ; Kim, Kye-Hyun ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1~11
This study mainly focused on the method of accurately extracting damage information in the im agery change detection process using the constructed high resolution aerial im agery. Bongwha-gun in Gyungsangbuk-do which had been severely damaged from a localized torrential downpour at the end of July, 2008 was selected as study area. This study utilized aerial im agery having photographing scale of 30cm gray image of pre-disaster and 40cm color image of post-disaster. In order to correct errors from the differences of the image resolution of pre-/post-disaster and time series, the prelim inary phase of image processing techniques such as normalizing, contrast enhancement and equalizing were applied to reduce errors. The extent of the damage was calculated using one to one comparison of the intensity of each pixel of pre-/post-disaster im aged. In this step, threshold values which facilitate to extract the extent that damage investigator wants were applied by setting difference values of the intensity of pixel of pre-/post-disaster. The accuracy of optimal image processing and the result of threshold values were verified using the error matrix. The results of the study enabled the early exaction of the extents of the damages using the aerial imagery with identical characteristics. It was also possible to apply to various damage items for imagery change detection in case of utilizing multi-band im agery. Furthermore, more quantitative estimation of the dam ages would be possible with the use of numerous GIS layers such as land cover and cadastral maps.
Development of the UGC Support WebGIS System for Marine Spatial Data
Oh, Jung-Hee ; Choi, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Sung-Dae ; Lee, Charm ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 13~25
Until now, most of the Web GIS system has been developed with one-sided service type that provides pre-built spatial information to users. Recently, however, interactive web system is getting attention because users can create directly spatial information contents that meet their needs. In line with this trend, this study had a aim to develop a UGC(User Generated Contents) support system for marine science researchers who can generate spatial data by themselves on the web. The main advantage of this system is that it provides marine survey data and marine spatial information that needed to work for marine science research. Furthermore, it provides the functions of extracting of coastline as point data for their marine study area, and making of the spatial planning map for marine field survey work and marine science thematic maps for exploratory analysis after research survey. Such kinds of interactive UGC support system gives researchers a chance for utilizing marine spatial information more easily. Therefore, it is expected that the improving of the efficiency of research works, as well as increasing of the utilization of marine spatial data.
A Study on Present Conditions and Characteristics of Cadastral Surveying Accuracy in Korea
Yoon, Ha-Su ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Son, Jong-Young ; Kim, Jae-Myeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 27~35
The current cadastral surveying is used digital cadastral map. This map is no local confirmation. Besides, Base cadastral map drawn up 100 years ago. And Graphical cadastral characteristic is difficult to ground boundary points restoration. Due to the lack of ground boundary points can cause land dispute and Cadastral Non-Coincidence. In this Study, Understand the concept of accuracy and error, Analyzing the current regulations. Also Comparative analysis of current cadastral regulations and other surveying regulations to suggest improvements to the cadastral surveying. The results indicated a clear definition of accuracy and error and The installation of permanent ground boundary points are needed. Uniform and consistent reference point system is needed. In addition, the accuracy provided by the landowner should understand. Cadastral Surveying Regulations require specific and detailed procedures.
Analysis of the Possibility for Practical Use of MSI/ MidIR/ II Vegetation Indices for Drought Detection of Spring Season
Kim, Sung-Jae ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ; Chang, Eun-Mi ; Hong, Seong-Wook ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 37~46
In recent years, utilizations of satellite imagery have been extensively conducted in order to obtain accurate information on drought detection in spring season. This research also carried out utilization of satellite imagery through the various vegetation indices such as NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegeation Index), MSI(Moisture Stress Index), MidIR Index, II(Infrared Index) to find better methodology to detect drought phenomena, especially occurring in spring season. For this purpose, Landsat TM(Thematic Mapper) images were used and applied on the Yeong-cheon city. In this study, the characteristics of DN(Digital Number) for each vegetation index is analyzed, and the correlation analysis between indices and DN according to the number of days with no rain is performed. The results shows high correlation between NDVI and MSI and II with positive correlation on MSI, and negative correlation on II. This indicates the possibility for practical use of MSI, II indices with NDVI to obtain better credibility for detecting spring droughts.
Estimation of the Topographic Factor of Wind Speed Using GIS Information
Seong, Min-Ho ; Choi, Se-Hyu ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 47~52
Recently damage scale by local winds and typhoon has dramatically increased. Korea has the terrain over 70% of the land and the planning of the wind load is necessary to estimate reflecting appropriately the change of the wind-speed according to the characteristic of the terrain and in the Korean Building Code(2009), this is stated and it reflects to the design process. However, in order to estimate the topographic factor of the wind speed considering the topographic characteristics in the structure design actually, it has many difficult points including the local topographic survey, etc. In this paper, the Digital Elevation Model(DEM) is created using TIN interpolation method in the form of the digital map and then the interface was designed and implemented which can automatically estimate the topographic factor of wind speed by using ESRI(R)ArcObjectTM and the Visual Basic programing language. By applying it to the terrain which positioned in the downtown area, the practicality of the topographic factor of wind speed estimation interface was checked.
A Study of How to Improve of Building Waste Management Systems Using by 'BIM / GIS'
Kim, Hye-Mi ; Son, Byeung-Hun ; Kim, Young-Chan ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 53~62
Recently environmental pollution and resource depletion have been rapidly progressing in the world. Construction Industries discharge tones of wastes and consumes heavy resource as compared with the production activities of other industries, so it is the main reason of increasing of the Earth's environment. In Korea, as people become aware of the need of technical and institutional infrastructure for the recycling of construction wastes, they manage Allbraro system which is Total Management System in the wastes. Therefore, they promote the handling of standardized information, processing construction waste of transparency procure and promotion of the efficiency of task about the disposal of occurrence and movement of real-time construction waste. However, objective information for dismantling building did not construct in the organization of the system, so the emission of system randomly produces and discharges information of the waste. Because of that reasons, the exact value of waste abandonment is difficult to measure and recycling after waste disposal has the limit point. Therefore, in this study, advantages and disadvantages of the existing waste management system are analyzed, and we improved solution of construction building and environment of the city when BIM / GIS are utilized.
The GR-tree: An Energy-Efficient Distributed Spatial Indexing Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks
Kim, Min-Soo ; Jang, In-Sung ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 63~74
Recently, there has been much interest in the spatial query which energy-efficiently acquires sensor readings from sensor nodes inside specified geographical area of interests. The centralized approach which performs the spatial query at a server after acquiring all sensor readings, though simple, it incurs high wireless transmission cost in accessing all sensor nodes. In order to remove the high wireless transmission cost, various in-network spatial indexing schemes have been proposed. They have focused on reducing the transmission cost by performing distributed spatial filtering on sensor nodes. However, these in-network spatial indexing schemes have a problem which cannot optimize both the spatial filtering and the wireless routing among sensor nodes, because these schemes have been developed by simply applying the existing spatial indexing schemes into the in-network environment. Therefore, we propose a new distributed spatial indexing scheme of the GR-tree. The GR-tree which form s a MBR-based tree structure, can reduce the wireless transmission cost by optimizing both the efficient spatial filtering and the wireless routing. Finally, we compare the existing spatial indexing scheme through extensive experiments and clarify our approach's distinguished features.
Navigable Space-Relation Model for Indoor Space Analysis
Lee, Seul-Ji ; Lee, Ji-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 75~86
Three-dimensional modeling of cities in the real-world is an essential task for city planning and decision-making. And many three-dimensional city models are being developed with the development of wireless Internet and location-based services that identify the location of users and provide the information increases for consumers. Especially, in case of urban areas of Korea, indoor space modeling as well as outdoor is needed due to the high-rise buildings densities. Also location-based services should be provided through spatial analysis such as the shortest path based on a space model. Many studies of three-dimensional city models are feature models. In a feature model, space is represented by combining primitives, and relationships among spaces are represented only if shared primitives are detected. So relationships between complex three-dimensional objects in space is difficult to be defined through the feature models. In this study, Navigable space-relation model(NSRM) is developed, which is topological data model for efficient representation of spatial relationships between objects based on the network structure.
Development of Android Smartphone App for Camera-based Remote Monitoring System
Lee, Seong-Kyu ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Young-Seup ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 19, issue 5, 2011, Pages 87~96
Recently mobile users can access to internet using smart phone at any place and any time, through which they can search and share information. In addition, as the sensors with high-tech functions become cheaper and miniaturized along with the development of MEMS (micro-electo mechanical systems) technology, the extent to utilize smart phone is increasing. Smart phone is equipped with various sensors such as high-resolution camera, GPS, gyroscope and magnetic sensor, which is an appropriate system configuration for remote monitoring research using camera. The remote monitoring system requires camera for video and internet network to send video, for which it has a limitation that it is influenced by the monitoring location. This study is aimed to design and develop the monitoring app. which can be remotely monitored using smart phone technology. The developed monitoring app was designed to take images of ROI (region of interest) within the specified time and to automatically send the images to the server. The developed app. is also possible to be remotely controlled by SMS (short message service). The monitoring proposed in this study can take high-resolution images using CMOS built in the smart phone and send the images and information to the server automatically at any place and any time using 3G and Wi-Fi networks.