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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Comparative Evaluation for Seasonal CO
Flows Tracked by GOSAT in Northeast Asia
Choi, Jin Ho ; Um, Jung-Sup ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.001
This study intends to evaluate the seasonal flow direction of carbon dioxide in Northeast Asia by using GOSAT, the first Greenhouse Observing SATellite, in an attempt to overcome costly, laborious and time consuming ground observation which has been frequently pointed out in existing studies. For this purpose, missing values were supplemented by applying the Kriging interpolation and the overall flow direction of carbon dioxide was determined through anisotoropy semi-variogram. As a result, it was found that the overall spatial distribution of carbon dioxide in Northeast Asia varies depending on the latitude, and that carbon dioxide mainly flows southeast or east in spring, autumn and winter, but northeast or north in summer. Similar to the flow of monsoons in Northeast Asia, these results show that carbon dioxide flows mainly from the west to the east, which proves that carbon dioxide discharged from China is influencing even the Korean Peninsula and Japan. However, as the flow of carbon dioxide varies depending on a variety of factors such as artificial sources, plant respiration, and the absorption and discharge of the ocean, follow-up studies are requested to evaluate such variables and the correlations.
A Study on the Measurement Methods of the Cognitive Effects of Map Use
Cho, Hyun-Jeong ; Shin, Hyu-Seok ; Park, Key-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.015
The purpose of this study was to establish an analytical framework and quantitative methodologies to analyze 'the cognitive effects of web map use' and to empirically test it. This experimental design was established based on the literature about spatial cognition. Accuracy, reaction time, and confidence within each participant were compared to measure the cognitive effects of web map use for wayfinding. Geometric accuracy of the cognitive maps was estimated and calculated based on the bidimensional regression. The experimental results showed that characteristics of map users and repetition of map use rather than types of map representation did significantly affect accuracy and reaction time of spatial cognition by using web maps. And confidence appeared to be low when the participants referred to both 2D and 3D maps for wayfinding tasks on the web maps. Understanding spatial cognition of web map users, which was suggested in the study, will help cartographers make more effectively-communicated maps.
The Comparison of Water Quality of Daecheong-Dam basin According to the Data Sources of Land Cover Map
Lee, Geun Sang ; Park, Jin Hyeog ; Choi, Yun Woong ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 25~35
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.025
This study compared the influence of water quality according to the data sources of spatial information. Firstly, land cover map was constructed through image classification of Daecheong-dam basin and the accuracy of image classification from satellite image showed high as 88.76% in comparison with the large-scaled land cover map in Ministry of Environment, to calculate Event Mean Concentration (EMC) by land cover that impact on the evaluation of nonpoint source pollutant loads. Also curve number and direct runoff were calculated by spatial overlay with soil map and land cover map from image classification. And Seokcheon and Daecheong-Dam basin showed high in the analysis of curve number and direct runoff. Samgacheon-Joint and Sokcheon-Downstream basin showed high in the nonpoint source pollutant loads of BOD from direct runoff and EMC. And Samgacheon-Joint and Bonghwangcheon- Downstream basin showed high in the nonpoint source pollutant loads of TN and TP. Nonpoint source pollutant loads from image classification were compared with those by the land cover map from Ministry of Environment to present the effectivity of nonpoint source pollutant loads from satellite image. And Daecheong-Dam Upstream basin showed high as 10.64%, 11.70% and 20.00% respectively in the errors of nonpoint source pollutant loads of BOD, TN, and TP. Therefore, it is desirable that spatial information including with paddy and dry field is applied to the evaluation of nonpoint source pollutant loads in order to simulate water quality of basin effectively.
A Study on the Effect of Changes in Lifestyle on Urban Space with the Advent of the U-City
Lee, Jin Hui ; Shin, Dong Bin ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 37~47
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.037
This study analyzes the changes of lifestyle and urban spaces with the advent of U-City and tries to propose a direction of urban policies reflecting them. For this, it investigates lifestyle changes to predict the phase of urban spaces in the future. In a survey on urban functionalities with downtown as the main space of activities, it was expected that traffic for the use of these functionalities would be reduced. Traffic reduction was predicted to restrain downtown from growing and weaken the concentration of downtown activity. For the reorganization of existing spaces, in particular, public spaces would be changed to multi-purpose spaces in which various urban activities can be carried out using ubiquitous technologies. With the advent of U-City and the various changes of conditions, it is expected that the demand for land use and urban planning facilities would be altered by downtown and peripheries. A planning tool with a more concrete demand estimation of the future demand in individual areas of usage should be developed and it should be reflected in urban planning. Also, with the integration of functionalities so that more efficient land use will be possible, flexible designation of usage areas is necessary. Along with this, to prevent the decline of old downtown areas and provincial cities, the balanced installation of IT-related infrastructures will precede.
A Study on The Correlation Analysis Between IFC and CityGML for Efficient Utilization of Construction Data and GIS Data
Hwang, Jung Rae ; Kang, Tae Wook ; Hong, Chang Hee ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.049
Recently, various researches have been attempted to link or integrate BIM and GIS. In particular, some of the researches were progressed to convert the data model between the BIM standard model IFC and the GIS standard model CityGML. However, it is hard to utilize the previous research results yet because characteristics and domains of between two data models are very different, In order to obtain the correlation between BIM and GIS, in this research, we analyzed the characteristics between IFC and CityGML objects of each LOD, And, we analyzed the correlation of IFC and CityGML by performing mapping between IFC and CityGML objects from view point of building with these characteristics. In this research, based on these correlation analysis results, we proposed the efficient interrelation plan between IFC and CityGML.
Road Network Distance based User Privacy Protection Scheme in Location-based Services
Kim, Hyeong Il ; Shin, Young Sung ; Chang, Jae Woo ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.057
Recent development in wireless communication technology like GPS as well as mobile equipments like PDA and cellular phone makes location-based services (LBSs) popular. However, because users request a query to LBS servers by using their exact locations while moving on the road network, users' privacy may not be protected in the LBSs. Therefore, a mechanism for users' privacy protection is required for the safe and comfortable use of LBSs by mobile users. For this, we, in this paper, propose a road network distance based cloaking scheme supporting user privacy protection in location-based services. The proposed scheme creates a cloaking area by considering road network distance, in order to support the efficient and safe LBSs on the road network. Finally, we show from our performance analysis that our cloaking scheme outperforms the existing cloaking scheme in terms of cloaking area and service time.
Flash-aware Page Management Policy of the Mobile DBMS for Incremental Map Update
Min, Kyoung Wook ; Choi, Jeong Dan ; Kim, Ju Wan ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.067
Recently the mobile DBMS (Database Management System) is popular to store and manage large data in a mobile device. Especially, the research and development about mobile storage structure and querying method for navigation map data in a mobile device have been performed. The performance of the mobile DBMS in which random data accesses are most queries if the NAND flash memory is used as storage media of the DBMS is degraded. The reason is that the performance of flash memory is good in writing sequentially but bad in writing randomly as the features of the NAND flash memory. So, new storage structure and querying policies of the mobile DBMS are needed in the mobile DBMS in which a flash memory is used as storage media. In this paper, we have studied the policy of the database page management to enhance the performance of the frequent random update and applied this policy to the navigation-specialized mobile DBMS which supports incremental map update. And also we have evaluated the performance of this policy by experiments.
Analysis of Subway Adjacent Area Pedestrian Networks using Weighted Accessibility based on Road Slope
Ha, Eun Ji ; Jun, Chul Min ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 77~89
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.077
Walking is the most basic personal mobility and its importance and concern is ever increasing with the highlighting of a new paradigm, such as transit oriented development, sustainable development and revitalization of green transport. The existing analytical research on pedestrian network is using a pedestrian's moving distance to a destination and integration in space syntax theory as its representative accessibility factors. However, the uniplanar network moving distance fails to reflect topographic characteristics, so the moving distance could show a similar result value in case of the regions for analysis that have a similar network structure to each other. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to suggest a new analytical methodology on pedestrian network accessibility in consideration of the grade in pedestrian sections and a pedestrian's size. this study, in its analysis of a uniplanar pedestrian network moving distance, analyzed the pedestrian network moving distance in consideration of the grade in pedestrian sections, and even the pedestrian network moving distance in consideration of a pedestrian's size, and suggested the methodology on pedestrian network accessibility analysis in consideration of a more substantive pedestrian's characteristics. It is hoped that the methodology used by this study will be used as the methodology on pedestrian network analysis which can reflect topographic characteristics in the pedestrian network analysis, and take a more substantive pedestrian's movement into account.
The External BIM Reference Model Suggestion for Interoperability Between BIM and GIS
Kang, Tae Wook ; Hong, Chang Hee ; Hwang, Jung Rae ; Choi, Hyun Sang ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.091
The purpose of the present study is to suggest the extern BIM reference model for interoperability between BIM and GIS. After we surveyed the research progress and usecases related to the interoperability to do this, we analyzed the architecture of the neutral model such as IFC, CityGML to identify the differences between these and expand CityGML model. By using this result, we proposed the external BIM reference model including the metadata which defines mapping rules from IFC to CityGML.
The Method for Real-time Complex Event Detection of Unstructured Big data
Lee, Jun Heui ; Baek, Sung Ha ; Lee, Soon Jo ; Bae, Hae Young ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 99~109
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.099
Recently, due to the growth of social media and spread of smart-phone, the amount of data has considerably increased by full use of SNS (Social Network Service). According to it, the Big Data concept is come up and many researchers are seeking solutions to make the best use of big data. To maximize the creative value of the big data held by many companies, it is required to combine them with existing data. The physical and theoretical storage structures of data sources are so different that a system which can integrate and manage them is needed. In order to process big data, MapReduce is developed as a system which has advantages over processing data fast by distributed processing. However, it is difficult to construct and store a system for all key words. Due to the process of storage and search, it is to some extent difficult to do real-time processing. And it makes extra expenses to process complex event without structure of processing different data. In order to solve this problem, the existing Complex Event Processing System is supposed to be used. When it comes to complex event processing system, it gets data from different sources and combines them with each other to make it possible to do complex event processing that is useful for real-time processing specially in stream data. Nevertheless, unstructured data based on text of SNS and internet articles is managed as text type and there is a need to compare strings every time the query processing should be done. And it results in poor performance. Therefore, we try to make it possible to manage unstructured data and do query process fast in complex event processing system. And we extend the data complex function for giving theoretical schema of string. It is completed by changing the string key word into integer type with filtering which uses keyword set. In addition, by using the Complex Event Processing System and processing stream data at real-time of in-memory, we try to reduce the time of reading the query processing after it is stored in the disk.
A Study on the Improvement of Management for Survey Control Points in Seoul City
Lee, Woo Sik ; Lee, Eun Young ;
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 20, issue 5, 2012, Pages 111~118
DOI : 10.12672/ksis.2012.20.5.111
Survey control points managed by national and local governments are associated with civilian's property and they are very important national facilities. Despite the importance of surveying results, Database and mark of survey control points, there are many problems noticed of the management aspects such as manpower, systems, and related law. Currently, each local government has built and operated Geographic Information System(GIS) independently by National Geographic Information Systems(NGIS) results. but it is still difficult to have the integration, linking and utilizing. Therefore, In this study proposed the functional improvement of GIS based control points integrated system for providing information and management and the establishment of first-payment system due to the moving of control points. Through this studies will be able to solve the problem of recovery charges according to unknown contractor and establish the basis of manager and user-centric one-stop integration system.