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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Oct 1997
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1997
Selecting the target year
A Guideline for Construction of Building Disaster Information System
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 133~146
While occasional disasters have occurred recently in urban facilities such as bridges, buildings, subways, roads and others, the systematic safety management of urban facilities is greatly needed to prevent the disaster or to minimize the damages. This study proposes the way of setting-up and managing an building disaster information system so that this experience can be applied to other urban facilities to minimize trials and errors. With such a purpose, this study presents a building safety management information system and utilizes it for the building disasten information system. This study includes research agendas as follows : building maintenance and management infonnation system, setting-up and utilization the building safety management infonnation system, building disaster infonnation system using GIS. The results suggest that the building safety management infonnation system which can be related to the urban disaster infonnation system should be constructed in advance in order to utilize the building disaster infonnation system, and that, under this condition, it proved to be easily connected to the related database, especially GIS. And, to utilize such an infonnation system, the application programs such as safety evaluation program, cost estimation program and documents management program should be readily available. In addition, other functional programs related with maintenance and management should be designed and established. The schemes or devices for practical usage should be supplemented through a standardization and a pilot project in central government or Seoul Metropolitan Government level in order to set up and utilize the building safety management infonnation system, and the related laws or regulations should be prepared or amended to support the system.
A Study on the Web-based Map Algebraic Processor
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 147~160
"The "Map Algebra", beeing recognized as a viable theoretical framework for GIS (Geographica Infonnation System), models map layers as "operands" which are the basic unit of geo-processing, and a variety of GIS commands as "operators." In this paper, we attempt at lifting some limitations of map algebras proposed in GIS literature. First, we model map layer as "function" such that we may employ the notion of meta operator (or, higher-order funtion) available in the functional programming paradigm. This approach provides map algebraic language with "programmability" needed in GIS user language. Second, we extend the semantics of, and improve on the sytactic structure of map algebraic language. Mer the data model and language associated with map algebra are formalized, we proceed to design and implement a prototype of map algebraic processor. The parser of the language in our prototype plays the role of transforming the native and heterogeneous user language of current GISs into a canonical map algebraic language. The prototype, named "MapSee" is a proof-of-concept system for the ideas we propsed in this paper. We believe that the uniform interface based on the map algebraic language will make promising infrastructure to support "Internet GIS." This is because the uniform but powerful interface through the Web clients allow access to both geo-data and geo-processing resources distributed over the network.to both geo-data and geo-processing resources distributed over the network.
A Landscape Information System for Managing the Urban Landscape
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 161~175
In spite of intense advances in the economy and technological progress which include massive and high-rise developments, landscape resources have either been destroyed or left to deteriorate. In recent years, efforts towards landscape management have emerged in the form of legislation and policies. However, relevant computer tools have unfortunately been insufficient in the field of landscape management. In addition, although there has been much research conducted for urban landscape management, pertinent information has not been recorded or managed efficiently. Therefore, this study developed a Landscape Information System for the purpose of managing urban landscape infOlmation and analyzing visual impacts in relation to urban development projects. Main functions of the Landscape Information System consist of the following: inputting and managing the attribute data as well as graphic data, querying attributes of urban landscape, and analyzing landscape impacts of developments. A case study was conducted for downtown Seoul. Using the system, a series of visual impact analyses were implemented at major viewpoints in the area. The results have shown that valuable landscape resources could be damaged by proposed development projects. Thus, the Landscape Information System developed in this study can be used as a major tool to manage urban landscape information efficiently and as the basis for decision-making regarding landscape simulation and visual impact analysis.
A Study on Statistical Modeling of Spatial Land-use Change Prediction
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 177~183
S1he concept of a class in the land-use classification system can be equally applied to a class in the land-use-change classification. The maximum likelihood method using linear discriminant function and Markov transition matrix method were integrated to a synthetic modeling effort in order to project spatial allocation of land-use-change and quantitative assignment of that prediction as a whole. The algorithm of both the multivariate discriminant function and the Markov chain matrix were discussed and the test of synthetic model on the study area was resulted in the projection of '90 year as well as '95 year land -use classification. The accuracy and the issue of modeling improvement were discussed eventually.
Generating Alternative Sewers Based on GIS and Simulation Technique
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 185~194
Spatial decision support systems(SDffi), a new class of decision support system(DSS), result from the melding together of GIS and DSS, Planning support systems(PS5) add more advanced spatial analysis functions than GIS and intertemporal functions to the functions of SDSS. This paper reports the development of a planning support system providing a framework that facilitates urban planners and civil engineers in conducting coherent deliberations about the generation of satisficing sewers. 1he planning support system for the generation of satisficing sewers(PS5/GSS) was designed from the understanding that land use and development drive the demand for storm and sanitary sewers. Through four stages of supply, demand, alternative generation, and evaluation, PSS/GSS integrates basic planning, preliminary design, and engineering design of sewer. GIS and graphic user interface are excellent toolboxes for designing sewer networks, estimating the quantity of wastewater, and showing generated alternative sewers. A sewer model using simulation tedmique can generate an initial sewer. Users can define alternative sewers by the direct manipulation of sewer networks or by the manipulation of parameters in the sewer model. The sewer model evaluates the performance of the user defined alternatives.
The Construction and Search of Environment GIS Data for WEB
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 5, issue 2, 1997, Pages 195~198
The his paper describes Management System of Environment GIS Data using JVM, JDBC, Oracle DB. Environment GIS data using the system are satellite Image, Thematic Map, GIS Data. The data have spatial information and attribute information. The search supplies spatial search using viewing-map on Web browser, nonspatial search using the attributes of data. The registration of data use the registration system of data on Web browser.