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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Oct 1999
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
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A Study on the Accuracy of Calculating Slopes for Mountainous Landform in Korea Using GIS Software - Focused on the Contour Interval of Source Data and the Resolution -
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~12
The DTM(Digital Terrain Model) in GIS(Geographical Information System) shows the elevation from interpolation using data points surveyed. In panoramic flat landform, pixel size, resolution of source data may not be the problem in using DTM However, in mountainous landform like Korea, appropriate resolution accuracy of source data are important factors to represent the topography concerned. In this study, the difference in contour interval of source data, the resolution after interpolation, and different data structures were compared to figure out the accuracy of slope calculation using DTM from the topographic maps of Togyusan National Park Two types of GIS softwares, Idrisi(grid) ver. 2.0 using the altitude matrices and ArcView(TIN) ver. 3.0a using TIN were used for this purpose. After the analysis the conclusions are as follows: 1) The coarser resolution, the more smoothing effect inrepresenting the topography. 2) The coarser resolution the more difference between the grid-based Idrisi and the TIN-based ArcView. 3) Based on the comparison analysis of error for 30 points from clustering, there is not much difference among 10, 20, 30 m resolution in TIM-based Airview ranging from 4.9 to 6.2n However, the coarser resolution the more error for elevation and slope in the grid-based Idrisi. ranging from 6.3 to 10.9m. 4) Both Idrisi and ArcView could net consider breaklines of lanform like hilltops, valley bottoms.
Development of Seoul Environmental Information System
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 13~27
This is a pilot study to develop an environmental information system, that is a compute. system for managing various urban environments data of S.M.C(Seoul Metropolitar City), and is also supporting the environmental policy decision-making for the city government. With 2 times of business analysis, the present status of environmental information management in S.M.C. and the major business processes and the data required to computerization were produced. As a result of this study, the model of S.E.I.S.(Seoul Environmental Information System) was developed, which includes the purpose of system, basic system components, and functions of subsystems. Finally a comprehensive strategy for developing the S.E.I.S which includes action plans and annual plans, organizaions for operation, and for project management was provided.
Estimating of High-rise Apartment Openness by 3D Simulation program
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~37
Pursuing a higher quality of life, citizens are becoming mere interested in the urban landscape surrounding therm. A well maintained landscape provides visual aesthetics for people who appreciate it. However, because of the difficulty in measuring landscape value quantitatively, establishing proper strategies for the landscape management has always been a problem For these circumstances, this study was conducted with the following purposes : estimating of openness and the other useful purposes by 3D simulation program. This study also provides information useful for builder s rational price strategy.
Development of GRld-eased Soil MOsture Routing Model (GRISMORM) Applied to Bocheongchun Watershed
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 39~48
A GRId-based Soil MOsture Routing Model(GRISMORM) which predicts temporal variation and spatial distribution of water balance on a daily time step for each grid element of the watershed was developed. The model was programmed by C-language which aims for high flexibility to any kind of GIS softwares. The model uses ASCII-formatted map data supported by the irregular gridded map of the GRASS(Geographic Resources Analysis Support System)-GIS and generates daily or monthly spatial distribution map of water balance components within the watershed. The model was applied to Ipyunggyo watershed(75.6
) ; the part of Bocheongchun watershed. Predicted streamflows resulting from two years(95 and 96) daily data were compared with those observed at the watershed outlet. The results of temporal variation and spatial distribution of soil moisture are also presented by using GRASS.
A Study on the GIS Methodologies to Appraise the Parcel Prices and to Estimate the Compensation Expenditures according to Road Expansions.
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 49~61
The purpose of this study is to find out the methodologies, using GIS techniques, to appraise the parcel prices and to estimate the compensation expenditures according to road expansions. This study consists of 2 parts. The first pare is to find out the ways for appraisal of patrol prices in certain area by the publicly announced land prices. The second part is to estimate the differences of compensation expenditures according to road expansion methods. The conclusions are as follows. First, to appraise the target parcel prices, a comparison to the publicly announced land prices should be used. For this, 19 items of land characteristics of existing land information should be analyzed and compared using GIS techniques. Second, the compensation expenditure could be easily estimated using GIS techniques too. In this process, if necessary, we have to apply the minimum parcel size in Building Codes.
Development of Precision Measuring Systems for Structural Deformation Measurements
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~79
In this research, the operational principle and the internal algorithm of theodolite measuring systems are studied and coded for a new software, and the feasibility of the laser system for the above mentioned usage is studied by simulation set-up of the system in the laboratory environment, and for the theodolite system modules for the communication between theodolite and computer is implemented, the data collection and storage, the simultaneous photogrammetric ' bundle ' adjustment for the theodolite position and the target points are coded, compiled and tested. for the simulation set-up of the laser system extensive studies on laser sources and laser detectors are performed, the system composition for the system simulation in the laboratory environment is studied and implemented, and the beam fluctuation due to the environmental changes in the course of the laser beam, such as changes in current of wind or in temperature is experimented. According to Experiment on the Source of 17 meters interval and the Detector, Laser beam is almost doesn't depend on air How, but it is effected by variations of temperature and light. Selecting cloudy day and time without change of temperature, it was realized that it is possible to perform deformation measurement more than approximately 2mm precision.precision.
Development of Data Management System for Irrigation Facilities on World Wide Web
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 81~87
This paper describes the development of a data management system which manages the database on World Wide Web(WWW). It is the pa.0 of WISIF(Web-based geographic Information System for Irrigation Facilities) which is a prototype of an information management system for irrigation facilities. This system includes a web serve. and a RDBMS(Relational DataBase Management System). Netscape Enterprise Server 3.0 is used for a web server and for the latter, Oracle DBMS 7.3 for NT is used for a RDBMS. Users can cornet the database through a web browser, such as Netscape Communicator, to insert, update, delete and search data they want
Calculation of Buildlng Heights from a Single Satellite Image
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 89~101
This paper represents methods to calculate heights of buildings by estimating their shadow lengths in a single and panchromatic image of the KVR-1000 camera system Shadows are identified Com brightness intensity of each pixel, and their lengths are measured. Two methods are implemented to estimate heights from shadows. One method is to use a ratio of shadow s lengths with respect to heights of reference buildings measured on site. The other method uses sun elevation angles calculated from various camera s parameters at the exposure time. The estimated heights of 20 buildings are compared with heights measured on site, and the RMS errors for each method are 1.70m and 1.75m, respectively. When a resampling method to enhance identification of shadows is used and their lengths are accordingly re-calculated, the estimated errors for each method are significantly reduced to 1.17m and 1.16m, respectively. Meanwhile, effects of land slope on shadows can be hardly obtained unless detailed DTM(digital terrain model) are available, and they introduce additional errors up to 25m.
GIS Application to Urban Hydrogeological Analysis of Groundwater System in Seoul Area
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 103~117
During the last several years, the geographic information system(GIS) technology has emerged as a very effective tool for analyzing complicated groundwater system Linking GIS to spatially distributed hydrogeological data and groundwater models offers many advantages in the analysis of urban groundwater system. This paper describes the urban hydrogeological application of GIS in Seoul area. This study constructs an urban hydrogeological database via pre- and post-processing of various types of urban hydrogeological data, such as groundwater-level fluctuation, topogaphic data, water chemistry data, subway pimping station data, tidal effect of the Han River, and hydrogeological parameters. A hydrogeological model has been designed to enable importing data from the database and providing the model output for the repetitive manipulation and display in GIS.
A method for Measuring Positional Accuracy of Road Objects in Digital Topographic Maps
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 119~131
Various digital topographic maps including 1:1,000 and 1:5,000 have been produced for years and these digital maps are expected to serve a wide range of purposes. Most previous research about measuring positional accuracy for digital topographic maps depends int a method that acquires sample points from the tested map and compares to the corresponding known true locations using some statistics. Recently, a simple method for measuring positional accuracy for linear features is introduced but it has substantial problems applying to the spatial features such as roads, railroads, streams represented with double lines on the recently produced 1:1,000 and 1:5,000 digital topographic maps. This study develops and implements an effective method that measures road objects represented in the 1:5,000 digital topographic maps using a conventional GIS software. We also apply this method to a small study area located in Kangnam Gu, Seoul and illustrate the usefulness of this method.
Building and Utilizing the Geographic Information for Analyzing the Change of Regional Environment in Dam Construction Area
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 133~146
Generally, to carry out environmental impact assessment(EIA) for a dam construction, enormous environment data should be collected and managed using scientific methods. But greatness of the area, hugeness of environmental data and deficiency of proper analysis tool caused a trouble in environmental data management and EIA More efficient assessment tool is needed in EIA Therefore this research uses GIS for systematic management of the environment factors, and ante-assessment and post-assessment for environmental impact of dam construction. For this purpose, environmental database of related environmental factors were built and by using GIS more efficient EIA was carried out. The results of this research show that systematic EIA data management and efficient environment analysis can be possible by using GIS. Graphic representation of the analysis results makes it possible for more easy understanding to the residents and decision-makers. This development of environmental information system has showed the methodology of more efficient EIA.
Geological Map Database Construction Using GIS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 7, issue 1, 1999, Pages 147~153
Geological map and data are needed for land use planning, resources development, geological hazard prevention, environment protection and education, Since the nationwide geological database in Korea has not been constructed yet, there are many problems in using the geological map and data. There are many problems such a stratigraphy unestablishment, map conservation and edge matching in geological paper map. Therefore it is difficult to construct the geological map database, but the geological map database must be constructed as soon as possible as one of national thematic map. In this study, geological maps of pilot area such as Ansung geological map on a scale of 1:50,000, Busan on a scale of 1:250,000, Namchang on a scale of 1:25,000 and the whole Korean peninsula on a scale of 1:1,000,000 were designed and constructed to database using Geographic Information System(GIS). In addition the geological map management program was developed by GIS program. The digital geological maps were produced using the constructed geological database. The database could be of access through Internet World Wide Web(WWW) environment and be distributed in Compact Disk(CD).