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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Oct 2000
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 2000
Selecting the target year
GIS Viewed from Oriental Philosophical Perspective
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 183~189
According to Oriental perspective on Universe, all systems become complete when three elements namely time, space, and human are all present. The only computer technology which can integrate these three elements is GIS. The current GIS database and system architecture, however, mainly concentrate on managing and analyzing spatial data without considering temporal and human elements. Despite the limitations, it is certain that GIS technology will develop into a unity within which the three elements of time, space and human are integrated. On the other hand, with the rapid acceptance of Internet technology, a new small universe that can be called "cyber world" is emerging. However, the current small univers created by internet is only a half-universe which does not include the concept of space. The creation of "cyber nation" which truly reflects our living environment in computer and information communication networks can only be achievedthrough the integration of GIS and Internet. Currently, many countries are heavily investing in GIS. Based on the magnitude of investments, we can expect that the concept of "cyber nation" will further develop into "cyber world" where the search for information on any part of global village is possible with the simple use of mobile phone regardless of time or location. If so, it might be possible to create a "Digitopia", a digital utopia in cyber space. A new world is opening by the integration of GIS and Internet.is opening by the integration of GIS and Internet.
A Study on the Development of Tourism Itinerary Using Historical and Cultural Resources Information System
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 191~201
Recently, tourism industry is on the trend of expanding its activity arena, boosted by revitalization of regional economy and reorganization of urban environment, undertaken for the purpose of place marketing. However, Korea has not been able to develop a variety of tourism itineraries that can attract the interest of tourists because most tourism resources are isolated with single function. This constraint has prevented tourism industry in Korea from attaining competitiveness. In attempting to overcome this constraint, this study seeks to develop tourism itineraries by constructing and utilizing database on historical and cultural tourism resources based on the case of Kangneung City. Through the construction of information system on historical and cultural resources and tourism support facilities, optimal tourism itineraries that take into account maintenance conditions, types, values, lodging availabilities and accessibility of tourism resource areas can be developed. Moreover, it is expected that this information system will have a high level of usage in the future, for it can provide a wide range of tourism services on the internet and education materials as well as facilitate resources management.
A Study on the Benefits of GIS Implementation in the Local Authorities
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 203~211
In the GIS literature, evaluation efforts have also been rare and unsystematic because of the difficulties in measuring impacts, and the lack of developed methodologies and evaluation criteria. Using a survey of the an ten local authorities in Korea, this research examines the benefits of using GIS and analyze the factors which affect the benefits of GIS in local authorities. Following are the major findings of this empirical research. First, most of the local authorities employees surveyed report improvements in operational and decision-making benefits. Second, factors influencing the benefits of GIS include political support and performance of the GIS system.
Design and Implementation of Crime Analysis GIS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 213~232
It is important to scrutinize spatial patterns in crime analysis since crime data has geographical attribute in itself. We focus on the development of ¨Crime Analysis GIS¨ prototype which can discover spatial patterns in crime data by integrating mapping functions of GIS and spatial analysis techniques. The structure of this system involves integration of DBMS and GIS, and the major functions of the system include (i) exploring spatial distribution of point data, (ii) mapping hot-spot, (iii) clustering analysis of crime occurrence, and (iv) analyzing aggregated areal data. The process of design and implementation of this system is based on object-oriented methodologies. A web-based extension of the prototype using 3-tier architecture is currently under development.
Landscape Scale Ecosystem Assessment Modelling Using Spatial Pattern Analysis of GIS: A Case Study of Yongin, Korea
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 233~241
The objective of this study were to develop landscape scale ecosystem assessment model, and apply the model for the assessment of the state and change of ecosystem of the study area, Yongin, Korea. Since natural ecosystem of the site has been deteriorated significantly during recent extensive residential development, it is essential to correctly assess ecosystem of the study site. Traditional ecosystem assessment mainly utilizing intensive field survey requires high cost, but the outcome rarely represents spatial pattern of the regional ecosystems. Ecosystem assesment of landscape scale based on landscape ecology can resolve most of the shortfalls of the traditional approach. The research method can be summarized as follows. First, extensive literature review on such topics as spatial pattern of ecosystem, ecosystem assessment of landscape scale, ecological analysis was carried out. Second, a model for the ecosystem assessment of landscape scale emphasizing spatial pattern of ecosystem was developed. This model evaluates three indicators; ecological integrity and biological diversity, watershed integrity, and landscape resilience of 11 watersheds in the study area. Finally, ecological assessment utilizing two sets of indicators, enhancement of and disturbance of ecosystem stability, was carried out. This assessment method is based on Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program´s Landscape component(EMAP-L) of EPA(1994). The results of this study are as follows. First, the ecosystem assessment of landscape scale of the study area of Yongin, Korea, showed that escosystems of Tanchun01 and Chungmichun01 watersheds had the worst state in the study site in 1991. On the other hand, the ecosystems of Jinwechun01, Kyunganchun02, and Bokhachun01 watersheds had the most stable ecosystem in 1991. Second, ecosystems of Tanchun01, Shingal reservoir, and Kyunganchun01 watersheds were evaluated to be the worst state in the study site in 1996. And, ecosystems of Jinwechun01 and Gosam reservoir watersheds had the most stable ecosystem. Third, ecosystem of Tanchun01 watershed which incudes Suji residential development project site changed the most drastically between 1991 and 1996. The ecosystem of the watershed the most drastically deteriorated due to it´s proximity to Seoul and Bundang new town.
Analysis of Spatial Structure in Geographic Data with Changing Spatial Resolution
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 243~255
The spatial distribution characteristics and patterns of geographic features in space can be understood through a variety of analysis techniques. The scale is one of most important factors in spatial analysis techniques. This study is aimed at identifying the characteristics of spatial data with a coarser spatial resolution and finding procedures for spatial resolution in operational scale. To achieve these objectives, this study selected LANSAT TM imagery for Sunchon Bay, a coastal wetland for a study site, applied the indices for representing scale characteristics with resolution, and compared those indices. Local variance and fractal dimension developed by previous studies were applied to measure the textual characteristics. In this study, Moran s I was applied to measure spatial pattern change of variance data which were generated from the process of coarser resolution. Drawing upon the Moran s I of variancedata was optimum technique for analysing spatial structure than those of previous studies (local variance and fractal dimension). When the variance data represents maximum Moran´s I at certainly resolution, spatial data reveals maximum change at that resolution. The optimum resolution for spatial data can be explored by applying these results.
The application of GIS and RS for extracting Sumjin Watershed hydrologic-parameter
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 257~274
Recently, natural environment is being forced by the quick increasing of population and industrialization, and especially, capacity and pollution of water resource is being come to the front. It needs to extract the accurate topological and hydrological parameters of watershed in order to manage water resource efficiently. But, these data are processed yet by manual work and simple operation in hydrological fields. In this paper, we presented algorithm that could extract topological any hydrological parameters over Sumjin watershed using GIS and RS and it gives the saving of data processing time and the confidency of data. The extraction procedure of topological characteristics and hydrological parameters is as below. First, watershed and stream are extracted by DEM and curve number is extracted throughout the overlay of landcov map and soil map. Also, we extracted surface parameters like watershed length and the slope of watershed length by Grid computation into watershed and stream. And we gave the method that could extract hydrologic parameters like Muskingum K and sub-basin lag time by executing computation into surface parameters and average SCS curve number being extracted.
A Study on distribution and change of NDVI with Land-Cover change in City of Sungnam
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 275~288
The purpose of this study is to analyze relationship between the NDVI change pattern and landcover change pattern in the City of Sungnam during 1985 and 1996. The results of this study are as follows; (1) NDVI of the level 6 and 7 is decreased and the level 5 is increased in the area where Forst area changed to the other land cover during 1985 and 1996. (2) In the area where Agricultural-Pasture changed to forest, NDVI level became higher certainly during that time. But in the area where there has been changed from Agricultural-Pasture to Urban or built-up, Agricultural-Pasture to Barren land, the level of NDVI is decreased. (3) In the Urban or built-up to other land, or built-up the level of NDVI is increased. (4) In the area where Barren land changed to other land cover, the level of NDVI is increased.
Identification of the Major Auditing Elements for the Development of Sewage Management System -Focusing Inchon UIS-
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 289~300
The development of a UIS driven by muncipal governments has been expanding through the wide application of GIS since NGIS project initiated. City of Inchon has developed a sewage management system as the first-year product of the long-term UIS project. GIS auditing process has been adopted to secure the credibility and stability, and to minimize the critical failure factors for building the sewage management system. So far, the auditing method generally used for developing information system in general purposes has been applied to the GIS field due to the absence of proper method for GIS auditing only. This study proposes major differentials in terms of the auditing between GIS and general information system based on the results from auditing Inchon´s sewage management system. The major results from this study would contribute to the establishment of the methodology and accompanying documents for the proper GIS auditing.
Development of a Subsurface Exploration Analysis System Using a Clustering Technique on Bore-Hole Information
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 301~315
Every, year, a great amount of site investigation data is collected on site to obtain sufficient conditions. Investigation of subsurface conditions is prerequisite to the design and construction of structures and also provides information on ground properties such as geologic formation and types of soil. This data set, which portrays real representation of ground conditions over the existing geologic and soil maps, could be further utilized for analyzing the subsurface conditions. It is therefore necessary to develope a subsurface exploration analysis system which is able to extract the valuable information from the heterogeneous, non-normalized subsurface investigation data. This paper presents the overall design scheme and implementation on a subsurface exploration analysis system. The analysis system employs one of data set such as bore-hole data. The clustering technique employed in the developed system makes a large volume of bore-hole data into several groups in terms of ground formation and geographical vicinity. As a result of clustering, each group or cluster consists of bore-hole data with similar characteristics of subsurface and geographical vicinity. In addition, each clustered data is displayed on digital topographical map with different color so that the analysis of site investigation data could be performed in more sensible ways.
Groundwater Pollution Analysis Using GIS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 8, issue 2, 2000, Pages 317~328
It is a well-known fact that groundwater is difficult to be recovered, once it is polluted. Since its damage may continue for a long time, its management is very much necessary. For groundwater pollution managemet, current groundwater quality should be analyzed and its diffusion should be estimated. Such analysis and estimation are greatly enhanced by a GIS. In order to build the GIS, groundwater information management system, various database related to groundwater should be constructed. The system can be utilized to analyze groundwater quality and to help administrative processes of groundwater management. In this study, we analyze No3N diffusion in the groundwater under the study area, a part of Jung-Gu area, by using groundwater analysis subsystem and create the 1/5,000 scale map for the diffusion prediction of groundwater pollution. Although Seoul Metropolitan Government has constructed the 1/25,000 scale hydrogeology map of Seoul area through basic groundwater survey in 1996, the survey data are not sufficient for local groundwater pollution management. The large scaled map constructed in this study is expected to be utilized for the management. The GIS softwares, Arc/Info and Arc/View, are used. MODFLOW and MT3D programs are extensively used to analyze groundwater pollution.