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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jul 2001
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
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The Reconstruction of topographical data using Height Sensitivity in SAR Interferometry
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~13
Nowadays, SAR Interferometry is actively being studied as a new technique in topographic mapping using satellite imagery. It extracts height values using phase information derived by two SAR imageries covering same areas. Unlike when using SPOT imagery, it is not affected by atmospheric conditions and time. So to speak, we can say that SAR Interferometry is flexible in imagery acquisitions and can get height data economically over wide area. So, it is expected that SAR Interferometry will be widely using in GIS applications. But, in some area occurring geometric distortion, height data are misjudged or not extracted depending on phase unwrapping algorithms. IN the case of ERS tandem data, the accuracy of height data was worst in mountain area. It is the because of the short incidence angle resulted in layover effect. Of the phase unwrapping algorithms, path-following was better in height accuracy but could not get data in layover area. In this area, we could get height data using Height Sensitivity. In concludion, we could get DEM that maintained the accuracy of path-following method and have overall data across imagery.
A Study on the Solid Waste Collection Districting and Vehicle Routing-Scheduling for Waste Collection Using GIS
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 15~30
Solid waste collection service is viewed as one of the most important public services in urban area. The purpose of this study is to apply the GIS based regional partitioning and arc routing methods for solid waste collection districting and vehicle routing-scheduling in order to provide waste collection service more efficiently. In this study, solid waste deposit sites are derived from the centroid of each building and the amount of solid waste is deduced based on the number of households and establishments. The regional partitioning procedure is performed based on waste collection zones which are constructed from waste deposit sites. The result of this study shows that solid waste collection districts which are delineated by regional partitioning method are able to increase efficiencies and cut costs in performing solid waste collection services. Also the output of vehicle-scheduling from the analysis of arc routing may provide more efficiently and quickly manage the scheduling of the residential solid waste collection routes, reducing costs with minimal deadheading costs. Therefore, the application of GIS based on regional partitioning and arc routing methods would be very useful to construct a solid waste management system by supplying the important and flexible informations for solid waste collection districts and vehicle routing-scheduling for waste collection.
Analyses on Standard Formats of Spatial Imagery Information
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 31~50
This study has analyzed GeoTIFF, SDTS, HDF, and BIIF as the representative formats of spatial imagery information with two parts. First is to compare 4 formats with each other based on 4 comparison criteria (extensibility, interchangeability, current widespread use, long-term stability) by analyzing specification of each format. Second is to estimate current use and interchangeability of 4 formats between 5 commercial softwares used commonly. The result shows that GeoTIFF is currently better than three other formats. However, the more various spatial imagery information are and the larger capacity they have, the more formats are developed and updated, which means that only one format should not be considered as a standard format continuously. It is better to provide a standard format proper to the time through continuous research and sustainable policy support should be followed.
Field Mapping based on Virtual Office for Real time GIS in Field Survey for Natural Environment
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 51~72
It is frequently pointed out that the conventional field survey for natural environment has may limitations in terms of positional accuracy, real-time GIS data acquisition, and economic efficiency. The aim of this research was to develop an on site real-time mapping technique that enables the surveyor to input data in the field. The idea is based upon the recent trends in the field of Telecommunication and Information Technology that uses a GPS, wireless network computing, moving computing, etc. A virtual office approach has been adopted, in which a portable computer is linked to a GPS and field workers record data on the computer at the site and analyse data on site. This field mapping system has shown to be much less susceptible to the positional accuracy than that of th conventional approach. The Graphic User Interface, in particular, were ideally suited to combining positional information with attribute data which changes with every survey points. This interface allows users to interactively display and query GIS layers reproduced from the past survey results. The GIS database stored in the virtual office will serve to carry out a highly reliable survey since it could play a crucial role in identifying temporal and spatial changes occurred in the site. It is expected that integrated utilization of field data among the related agencies would be increased much more than before since the virtual office survey would be a powerful tool to ensure geometric fidelity in GIS database creation process. This paper also discusses the limitations and future direction of the present prototype research.
Development of Land Management Information System(LMIS)
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 73~89
In the recent rapidly changing technology environment the computerization of administration business using GIS is driven or will be driven to give improved information services for the people by local government or central government with huge budget. Development of GIS for local governments is investigated with huge budge. Development of GIS for local governments is investigated to prevent local government from investing redundant money and to reuse the existing investment at this time. The purpose of this study is finding the development method of Land Management Information System (LMIS) to give service and share data in various computing environment of local governments. To do this, we have to develop LMIS as open system with interoperability and we explain it with a focus to framework of Open LMIS. According to recent trend of technology we developed Open LMIS for convenient maintenance with nationwide LMIS expansion at hand. This system was developed at the
Land Management Information System Development
project which was managed by Ministry of Construction and Transportation (MOCT). GIS application was based on OpenGIS CORBA specification for development of standard interface and RUP(Rational Unified Process) for development method and LML(Unified Modeling Language) for system design. Developed systems were land administration system for local government, spatial planning support system for regional government, and land policy support system for MOCT.
Development of a GIS-based Decision Support System for the Locational Decision of Urban Parks
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 91~105
This study aimed to develop an effective decision support system for the locational decision of urban parks through integrating decision analysis techniques with spatial analysis functions of GIS, and by doing so, to improve the efficiency and quality of the decision-making process. The system provides an efficient management process by integrating analysis, alternative generation and evaluation procedures into a coherent system environment. Evaluation criteria used in the system includes Equity, Efficiency, Service population, Land cost, Park ratio buildings, and Connectivity of greenery. The system also improves the efficiency and rationality of the decision-making process by incorporating various decision analysis techniques such as MAUT, AHP, and ELECTRE into a decision-making process. The analysis and decision support methods used in the system can be utilized for the locational decisions of other urban public facilities, and the system can also be expanded to a comprehensive park management system by incorporating general management functions for urban parks.
Development of Spatial Database Management System for Land Management Information System(LMIS)
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 107~124
The purpose of this research is to develop system and to establish methodology for managing spatial Database in Land Management Information System(LMIS). Spatial Database which is used by a various public department such as parcel survey and registry, land use planning and Land value appraisal in local government, is composed of parcel map, topographic map and zoning map. Spatial data has been constructed and managed by various department and then hard to maintain accuracy and coinsistency. So, it is important to establish the basic data management concept that source data(ex : parcel map, topographic map, zoning map, etc.) should be managed by responsible department. at the same time, application data for bussiness (ex : individual parcel price map) must be recomposed from base map by it's own objects. This is, Spatial data management system (SDMS) should be designed, developed according to this concept for managing consistency among data, reducing construction and management cost of database. Our SDMS was developed based on Open LMIS middleware architecture using OpenGIS CORBA specification for standard interface, RUP(Rational Unified Process) for development methodology, UML(Unified Modeling Language) for system design and VisiBroker, C++, CAD system for system implementation.
Development of Spatial Information System for Regional Ground Stability Assessment near Dam area
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 125~135
Ground failure such as landslide, rock fall land subsidence by heavy rainfall have damaged to people and property. Especially, the damage to important facility such as dam, bridge, tunnel and industrial complex may be possible. Therefore the ground failure must be assessed and counter plan must be prepared. So, the object of this study is to develop the spatial information system for regional ground stability assessment. For this, the topographic, geologic, soil, forest, land use, rainfall frequency map, and satellite image near 40 dams were collected and constructed to the spatial information system. The spatial information system was developed using Avenue in ArcView 3.2 environment and consists of pull down menus and icons. For application of the spatial information system, regional ground stability was assessed in Andong dam. The assessment was ground failure susceptibility and possibility. The spatial information can be used for regional ground stability assessment, prevention and mitigation of hazard, and management of ground as basic data.
A Process Evaluation of GIS Construction in Local Government in Local Government
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 137~154
Process models are concerned with determining the key phases in the adoption process. therefore, process approaches strive to analyze the key steps or decisions in understanding how the innovation is successfully adopted. Objective in this study was to complement variance procedures with a process evaluation. Following are the major findings of this research. First, simply acquiring a new system does not automatically guarantee its successful adoption throughout the local government Second, problems with the adoption of a new technology is often based on human and organizational issues rather than on technical concerns.
A Study of the status and development strategy for national geospatial data framework in germany
Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society, volume 9, issue 1, 2001, Pages 155~169
Although the strategies and experiences of GIS leading countries are considered for the implementation of NGIS-Development in Korea, the western european nations cases are not analysed. Based on this study focused on German approaches to establish and implement the construction of national geospatial data framework. The goals, construction strategies and contexts of german national framework data, it called authoritative topographic-cartographic information system(ATKIS) in germany, are presented in detail. As a result, some lessons are suggested that can be learned by german approaches. Because we are now standing on the phase of "A Second Master Plan for National Geographic Information System", the german approach can be very for the development of the national framework database in Korea.