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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Free Sugar and Amino Acids in Korean Arrowroot
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~5
Proximate composition and the contents of free sugar and amino acid of Korean arrowroot were invesigated to develop and produce the high quality processed products. A higher content of moisture, protein, and fiber were found in male arrowroot than in those of female. Among the total free sugars, sucrose was the highest components and fructose and glucose were follwed. In Korean arrowroot, 17 amino acids were determined and proline of male arrowroot and aspartic acid of female arrowroot were found to be the major components. Arginine was abundant in male arrowroot, while aspartic acid was abundant in female arrowroot on the samples of November. Leucine was abundant in male arrowroot and glutamic acid was in female arrowroot in the samples of February. Among the free amino acid of Korean arrowroots, proline was the most plentiful and major components were histidine, alanine and serine.
Chemical Study on the Leaf of Prunus davidiana
Park, Jong-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Lee, Jun-Do ; Park, Hee-Juhn ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 6~10
From the leaf of Prunus davidiana, naringenin and its glucoside, kaempferol and its glucoside, kaempferide glucoside, quercetin glucoside and d-catechin were isolated.
Effects of Calcium Fertilization on the Occurrence of the Internal Brown Spot in Solanum tuberosum cv. Atlantic
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 11~16
Effects of calcium on the total tuber yield, dry matter content, internal brown spot and hollow heart of a processing potato cv. Atlantic were investigated to obtain some basic informations in summer cropping. The occurrence rate of the internal brown spots in cv. Atlantic tubers were highly decreased with the significant differences in the Ca-treated plots compared to the Ca-nontreated plots. However, no significant differences amongs Ca-treated plots were shown. Plant height and the number of main stems were not affected by the changes of the calcium levels, but top fresh weight was the highest in the plots of Ca(200kg/ha) level. In addition to its total yield, dry matter content, hollow heart was not affected by calcium fertilization. Therefore, the causal factor of the internal brown spot is attributed to the calcium deficiency in the tubers of cv. Atlantic.
Effects of Planting Data and Planting Density on Growth and Tuber Yield of Yacon in the Middle Region
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 17~23
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of planting date and planting density on the growth and yield characters of yacon (Polymnia sonchifolia POEPP) and to establish cultivation method in the middle region of Korea. An introduced variety of yacon was used. Seeding dates were from April 5 to April 7,and seedlings were trasplanted three times on the May 25, june 5, and June 15 with the intervals of 10 days. Planting densities were 80(width)
35(distance) cm, 80
45cm, and 80 $\times$ 55cm. Plant height was not significant among planting dates, but was longer in the order of 80
35cm, and 80
35cm among planting densities. Fresh weight of top part was heavier as the planting dates were faster and planting densities were narrower. Total yeid of tuber had no significant among planting dates and was higher in the density with 80
45cm and had the same tendency in the yeild of commercial goods. Correlation coefficient between plant height and yeild of commercial goods was highly positive(r= 0.927**).
Establishment and Growth of Different-aged Aster scaber Thunb. Seedlings in Mountainous Areas
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 24~29
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of locations and nursing days on the cstablishment and the first-year growth of Aster scaber seedlings in mountainous areas. Survival rates of the seedlings ranged from 72% in Bukbang to 27% in Mt. Yeonyup B. Survival rate of 90 days-seedlings was 65%. 150days-and 120days- seedling had 2 or 3 leaves but it was almost same as that of native plants. The plants grown in Mt. Yeonyup A averaged 10.7cm high and 90 days-seedlings grew best. Dry weight of plants grown from 120 days- and 90days- seedlings was respectively 215mg and 205mg.
Studies on the Quality of Processing Potatoes grown at Different Locations
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 30~38
Influence of different cultivated areas on the processing-grade tuber yield, specific gravity, reducing sugar content and tuber qualities of five promising varieties was studied to get the basic information for selecting potato varieties with good processing quality under the different cultivated conditions on Korea. The average total tuber yields of 5 tested varieties at the 2nd harvest time was 3,.051kg/10a in Daekwallyoung. The processing-grade tuber yield of the late-maturing variety of Gemchip was over 3.2 tons per 10a, whereas that of late-maturing variety, NS1 was 2.8 tons per 10a. The dry matter content of the tubers produced from Daekwallyoung was the highest, followed by the order of Bosung, atlantic was the highest in dry matter content, followed by the order of NS1, NS2, Superior and Gemchip. Degrees of change in glucose content as affected by change of cultivated areas were different among varieties. Atlantic and NS1 showed less change of glucose content as compared with other varieties.
Effects of Growth Regulators, Temperature, and Light on the Germination in Wild Vegetable (Chwinamul) Seeds
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 39~44
This study was conducted to determine the effects of growth regulators, temperature, and light on the germination of Chwinamul(Aster scaber, Aster tataricus, Synurus deltoides, Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica, Ligularia fisheri) seeds. Compared to GA, IAA, and kinetin, BA (150ppm) stimulated best seed germination of all five species under the both light and dark condition at
. The effect of growth regulators was not observed significantly under the light condition except of Ligularia fisheri and Synurus deltoides while it was shown markedly under the dark condition. Germination rates of Ligularia fisheri and Synurus deltoides in different concentration of BA were relatively higher under the light at
while those of other species varied in different concentration and temperature.
Effect of Aerial Part Cutting on Growth and Root Yield of Achyranthes japonica
Jang, Kye-Hyun ; Lee, Young-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 45~49
This experiment was carried out to know the effects of aerial part cutting on the growth and root yield of Achyranthes japonica. The various cutting treatments were tested. Cutting treaments were 20cm and 30cm cutting from the apical part of plant, when plant height was 30cm and 50cm, respectively. The seed amount was the largest at non-cutting, indication that cutting treatment inhibits fruiting. The most effective treatment for the root growth was 30cm cutting just before flowering time. Cutting just before flowering time increased root diameter, length and root weight comparing with non-cutting.
Ecophysiological Studies on Growth and Enlargement of Tubers in Yam III. Detection of activity of the endogenous substances related to the growth and enlargement of tubers.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 50~57
Using a bioassay for tuber enlargement activity, which was carried out with culture of microtuber of nodal stem segments in vitro, the endogenous substances was detected from leaves of yam(Diosorea alata L., cv. Solo Yam) treated under the short and the long day length condition. Tuber enlargement activity was found in both the aqueous and ethyl acetate phase of extract obtained from leaves of yams. Those activity was found in both the aqueous and ethyl acetate phase of extract obtained from leaves of yams. Those activities increased under the short day length, whereas not increased under the long day length. Guided by bioassay, the active substances in the ethyl acetate phase were purified by charcoal adsorption chromatography. The result obtained indicated that the 40% ethanol fraction contained the most prominent tuber enlargement activity. In seasonal changes of the leaves, tuber enlargement activity remained almost constant during summer(June-August), but after. the middle of September, the activity increased gradually and then reached a maximum in early October. Jasmonic acid (JA) was isolated with the guidance of microtuber test and identified by gas chromatography. The level of endogenous JA in the leaves of plants was more than
at the 10 hr day length. These results seem evidences for the occurrence of the tuber enlargement activity which is formed in leaves under the short days and transmitted to under ground part to induce growth and enlargement of tuber.
Effect of Storage Temperature and Keeping Materials on Storability and Quality of Chinese Yam
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 58~63
The experiment was done to clarify the effect of keeping material and storage temperature on weight and quality of Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) tuber. After the yam tubers were placed into the plastic boxes filled with different keeping materials [polyethylene (PE) film, hull, soil, sand, vermiculite], they were stored under different storage temperature(room, cold) from Oct. 15 to Mar. 15 when all the characters related to the tubers were measured. Soil or PE film as keeping materials was the lowest sound tuber rate when stored at room or cold temperature, respectively, while vermiculite was the highest in both storage temperature. When PE film and vermiculite in both storage temperatures were used as keeping materials, tuber weight were less reduced than the others. Brightness of chromaticity and moisture content were lower in room temperature storage than in cold temperature storage although the characteristics related to marketability were not affected by storage temperature. PE film had greater brightness and value 'a' of chromaticity but lower its 'b' value in the latter temperature than in the former temperature. Vermiculite, however, did the reverse result in comparison with PE film.
만덕봉 일대의 자원식물상과 식생
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 64~85
This study was to establish the floristic composition and vegetation of resources vascular plants of Mt. Mandukbong(1,035.3 m;
36'53'N). This work were investigated during the period of 1996. Resources vascular plants were composed of 97 families, 298 genera, 406 species, 70 varieties and 8 formae, Totaling 484 taxa. Among the investigated resources plants. 15 taxa(2.6%) were Korean endemic species. The forest were comparatively well conservated by Pteridophyta calculation(Pte-Q), 1.1 Useful of resources plants were Edible source(46.7%), Pasture source(37.2%), Medicinal source(35.5%), Ornamental source(12.1%)and Timber source(5.9%) respectively. The forest vegetion was classified into 1 order, 1 alliances, 1 suballiances and 4 communities; Rhododendro - Quercetalia mongolicae Kim 1990 Lindero - Quercion mongolicae Kim 1990 A. Typical community B. Quercus variablilis - Quercus mongolica Community Callicarpo - Quercenion serratae Kim 1990 C. Carex humilis v. nana - Pinus densiflora Community D. Juglans mandshurica - Urtica angustifloia community
Development of Somatic Embryos from Stem Segments and Anthers in Kalanchoe daigremontiana
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 86~93
In order to induce somatic embryogenesis from the stem explants and anther of Kalanchoe daigremontiana, the explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with auxin (2,4-D, IAA, NAA) and/or cytokinin (BAP) for 8 weeks. Callus from explants was induced most efficiently on MS medium containing. 2.0mg/L NAA and 0.2mg/L BAP. Somatic embryogenesis in stem callus was formed by transfering embryogenic callus from induction media containing growth regulators to medium without growth regulators and then to the medium containing auxin and cytokinin (0.1 mg/L IAA and 1.0mg/L BAP). Callus formation occurred actively in the anthers at early uninucleate stage, and by low temperature pretreatment at
for 3days. Somatic embryogenesis from the anther callus was induced on MS medium containing 1.0mg/L NAA and 1.0mg/L BAP, 2.0mg/L NAA and 0.2mg/L BAP. The tetraploid of 5.4% was obtained among plants regenerated from anthers.
Effects of Medium , Plant Growth Regulators , and Explant Sources on Plant Regeneration of Rehmannia glutinosa
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 94~99
When the leaf and stem tissues of Rehmannia glutinosa were cultured on MS medium with plant growth regulators, shoots were regenerated on MS medium with TDZ(0.01 to
), and root initiation was better on MS medium treated with NAA(0.01 to 2.0mg/
medium, shoot regeneration was better on medium with TDZ than those with Quincrac, NAA, and 2.4-D. The addition of Quincrac, NAA, and 2.4-D inhibited shoot regeneration on MS medium, but promoted shoot regeneration on
medium. Shoot regeneration and growth was better on MS medium with the combination treatments of 2.4-D 0.01mg/
and TDZ 0.01, 0.1 and
compared with other treatments. Also shoot regeneration and growth on B_5 medium showed the similar results to that on MS medium.
Growth Characteristics and Yield of "Baeck Ji 1" a New High Variety of Angelica dahurica
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 10, issue 1, 1997, Pages 100~104
A new baekji(Angelica dahurica Bentham et Hooker) variety, Baekji l, was developed through a pure line selection at the Gyeongbug Provincial RDA during the period of 1990 to 1995. The variety was characterized to have high plant height. Long root length and large root diameter as compared with a check varicty of Bonghwa baekji but emergence date, flowering date and leaf number of Baekji l was similar to that of the check variety, and it was also more tolerant to nematode and heat stress. Peeled root color of Backji l was yellowbrown but number of the lateral root of the variety was greater. The dried-root yield of Baekji l in yield trial, regional adaptation trial and farmer's field trial was always
higher than that of the check variety.