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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Effect of Light Quality during
Imbibition and Germination Temperature on Pepper Seed Germinability
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 95~101
Higher and uniform germination should be necessary because many commercial pepper (Capsicum annum L.) seedlings were nowadays sold to farmer. The experiment was carried out to determine the effect of its cultivars (Daemyung; Wanggochu), GA
(concentration; period), light quality (red; far-red; blue; dark) during GA
imbibition, and germination temperature (GT: 25 or 15
alternating) on the rate of germination done under incandescent lamps until 9 days after sowing. Final seed germination was not different between GA
0 to 1.0 mM concentrations but the elapsed days to 50% germination
were more reduced by GA
treatment than water imbibition. Under
constant germination temperature, earlier germination was enhanced by GA
treatment showing the lowest rate at darkness, although the final germination rates of water imbibition and GA
treatments were same. The final germination rates of alternating and 25
constant GT in cv. Daemyng was also equal, while the germination rates of
constant GT were the highest and the lowest regardless of cultivars. There was no difference between light quality treatments impelled during GA
imbibition when light treated seeds were germinated at alternating and
constant GT. At 15
constant GT, however, red light or dark treatment during GA
imbibition increased the germination rate since 5 days after sowing.
Study on analysis of components and artificial cultural practice on several culture media of Paecilomyces japonica
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 102~106
This experiment was carried out to find the method for mass production by artifical cultivition and to analyze the components of Paecilomyces japonica according to several media. Time of inoculation of the Paecilomyces japonica using silkworm was on first day of five molting and infection rate was 72.0%. Optium medium for mass production of the Paecilomyces japonica was known effective for increasing dry weight and fruitbody at brown rice 80g plus pupa powder 20g. Dry weight of Paecilomyces japonica using fungus of silkworm was 1.2g including pupa and length of fruitbody was appeared 3.0cm to 3.5cm. Content of
- glucan was very high as 40.5% at inoculation on the first day of the five molting while 16.4% at brown rice, 20.7% at pupa, 23.1% at brown rice plus pupa powder, and 28.7% at pine sawdust plus wheat bran. Mycelium was poor and pinkly conidiospore was formed on media of centipede, maggot and powder of silkworm.
In vitro regeneration and the change of anatomical appearance in Poncirus trifoliata RAFIN.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 107~119
In this study, the induction regeneration of callus from immature embryo in trifoliata orange (Poncirus trifoliata RAFIN.) were accomplished. The embryogenic calli were induced from the immature embryo derived from seed when the calli were irradiated for 16hr at about 2,000 Lux in
MS medium supplemented with 3% sucrose, and 44.4
M BA. Regeneration to whole plants was the most successful in MS medium containing 5.0
M BA. The yellowish callus was developed at 2 to 3 weeks of culture and the callus was changed from yellow to green at 5 to 6 weeks culture. In vitro regeneration was directly induced from embryogenic callus in MS medium containing 3% sucrose and 5.0
M BA. Multishoot was formed at 16 weeks culture. Moreover, when the root-formed plantlet was transplanted to soil, they grew to a whole plant. The compact cultured-cells were observed by light microscope after 4 weeks of cultivation and the embryogenic clumps were formed about the 5 weeks. At the same time, the neighboring cells were liquefied. In addition, differentiation of leaf and stem from the callus was observed after 12 weeks. The developed oil sacs and the profacicular cambium of the immature leaf were observed after 18 weeks. Therefore, we can see the considerable changes of cell arrangements according to the developmental stages of calli from trifoliata orange.
Study on Growth Characteristics of Saururus Chinensis Baill.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 120~124
This experiment was carried out to get basic information on growth characteristics in the cultivation of Saururus Chinensis Baill. The results obtained were summarized as the follows. Growth of shoot was highest at 165 days after planting, percentage of dry matter and leaf area index(LAI) were highest 29% and 4.04 at 165 days after planting. Growth of root tuber was increased until 165 days after planting, after diminished. Dry matter weight of root tuber was highest of 961g/m
at 180 days after planting and percentage of dry matter was highest of 26% at 150 days after planting, after was stabilized. CGR, RGR, and NAR were higher at 150 days afterplanting. After 165 days after planting, increment of CGR and RGR diminished and NAR decreased.
Growing features and Vegetation at natural growth area of ristics of Acanthopanax chiisanensis and Acanthopanax koreanum
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 125~132
This study has investigated the growing features and vegetation of Acanthopanax chiisanensis and Acanthopanax koreanum in Mt. Jiri and Halla from Sep. 1997 to Aug. 1998. As to Acanthopanax chiisanensis, it occupied surrounding areas of Nogodan in Mt. Jiri of the height of 1,507m, ImgeolyoungJae of 1,300m and the Mt. Halla. of 1,100m of There were rather high constancy degree with Quercus mongolica, Schizandra chinensis, Hydrangen serrate for. acuminata, Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Dryopteris crassirhizoma, Actaea asiatica, Thalictrum filamentosum, Abies koreana, Arundinella hirta from the sorts. The common species in Mt. Jiri and Halla are Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Dryopteris crassirhizoma, Callicarpa japonica, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Acer mono, Ligularia fischeri, Disporum smilacinum, Viola acuminata Aconitum kusnezofii. On the other hand, concerning of Acanthopanax koreanum community, it possessed the small areas of wedo weoltae village in Chejudo. In this area, a liana e.g. Dioscorea tenuipes, Hedera rhombea, Lygodium japonicum, Akebia quinata, Vitis thunbergii, Dunbaria villosa, Trachelospermum asiaticum var. intermedium, Vitis amurensis, Paederia scandens, lives with Pinux thunbergii, Celtis aurantiaca, Mallotus japonicus and so forth in tree layer and subtree layer. There is artificial change no move in the researching sites, Acanthopanax chiixanensis will be transformed into Abies koreana - Acanthopanax chiisanensis community. Soil characteristics showed the high value such as pH 6.56 and conductivity 0.258mmho/cm in Acanthopanax koreanum community of Mt. Jiri, they also indicated digit as follows: the content of organic matter and total nitrogen are from 25.16 through 25.35% and 7.58 through 9.30mg/g respectably. The soil characteristics at Acanthopanax chiisanensis community in Mt. Jiri and Halla, was high as like pH 5.76, conductivity 0.238mmho/cm, total nitrogen 9.30mg/g, total phosphorus 0.126mg/g in Mt. Halla.
Structural Characteristics of Shoot Apex Developed from Somatic Embryos of Daucus carota L.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 133~138
The structure of shoot apex in zygotic and somatic embryos of Daucus carota L. cv. Hongshim was observed by using SEM and longitudinal sections. Shoot apex of zygotic embryo was of an inverted boat shape, and these of two, three and four cotyledon somatic embryos were of an inverted boat shape, a pyramid shape and a convex diamond shape, respectively. In zygotic embryo shoot apex is consisted of small cells which are arranged in layers (tunica) and show corpus in central region. In somatic embryos shoot apices are consisted of somewhat large cells which are arranged in irregularly or slight regularly.
Growth Characteristics of Tissue Cultured Plantlets by Lighting Direction and tight Intensity
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 139~144
The present study was carried out to determine the effects of lighting directions and light intensities on the growth of in vitro plantlets of strawberry, potato and lily. The growth of plantlets was affected by two different lighting systems, downward and sideward lighting system. There were no difference for the plantlets of strawberry regardless of lighting directions. However, leaf area, fresh weight and dry weight have increased as the light intensity increased. Also, plant height and root length on node culture of potato decreased at high intensity of the sideward lighting, while thickness of stem and root was thicker, fresh weight and dry weight were heavier, and leaf area was increased. Also, bulblet formation on scale culture of lily has been abundant, and fresh weight and dry weight were increased. Thus, the sideward lighting system which loaded three stories for culture vessels with raising light intensity into culture vessels instead of conventional downward lighting system promoted growth and raised the efficiency of production of high quality microplant.
Yield and Chemical Component of Grain as Affected by Transplanting Dates in the Colored Rice Varieties
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 145~151
This study was conducted to know the influence of transplanting dates on yield and chemical component of colored rice varieties at Taejon area in middle part in Korea. The late transplanting led to late heading in which the latest transplanting on June 18 headed on August 9 in Heugiinjubyeo and on August 24 in Heugnambyeo, respectively, which in the safe latest heading date at Taejon area. The highest yield was attained by middle of June transplanting in Heugjinjubyeo, while that for the Heugnambyeo was transplanting from end of May to beginning of June. The relative optical density(ROD) of the pigment measured at 530 nm was higher in Heugjinjubyeo than that of Heugnambyeo. The late transplanting increased the ROD in Heugnambyeo, while later than May 28 decreased the ROD in Heugjinjubyeo. There was a varietal difference in cation contents such as K, Ca, Mg and Fe. The Contents of the former three was not influenced by different transplanting dates, while the Fe content was increased by early transplanting.
Population Density Changes of Bacteria and Soybean Sprout Rotting Bacteria on Soybean Leaves
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 152~160
Bacterial population density on soybean leaves was
. Bacterial population density was increased by progress of plant growth stage. Population density of soybean sprout rotting bacteria on soybean leaves was
. Population density of soybean sprouts rotting bacteria was related to cultivating area, but not related to plant growth stage. Cultivar and population density of soybean sprout rotting bacteria were less corelated, and varied by plant growth stages and plant parts. Erwina cypripedii, E. carotovora subsp. carotovora, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines, Staphylococcus sp., and Micrococcus sp. were identified as pathogenic bacteria causing soybean sprout rot. In generally population density of E. cypripedii, E. carotovora subsp. carotovora, Micrococcus sp., and X. campestris pv. glycines were high.
Comparison of Yield Characteristics of Hybrids in Tillering Maize (Zea mays L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 161~165
The objective of this research was to find a useful genetic information for yield characteristics of tillering maize hybrids. Fls were planted under three plant densities at the experimental field of Agricultural College of Chungnam National University. The fresh yield of P1213749//FR805/IK3, FR805/IK3//Waesungri and IK/LE/FR805/IK3 was 7,862kg/10a, 8,290kg/10a and 7,746kg/10a, respectively. The fresh yield of tillering maize hybrids was higher than that of P3394 hybrids. The dry matter yield of P3394 hybrid was 1,430kg/10a with low plant density(4,800p1an1s) and that of PI213749//FR805/IK3 was 1,834kg/10a, the dry weight of FR805/IK3//Waesungri was 1,836kg/10a and that of IK/LE/FR805/IK3 was 1,810kg/10a. Grain yields per 10a of IK/LE//FR805/IK3(783kg) was the highest in 4,800plants/10a, and that of check hybrid was higher than the tillering maize hybrids in 3,600plants/10a, but grain yield per 10a of IK/LE/FR805/IK3 was 752kg, and that of P1213749/Dangjin//IK/LE(699kg) was higher than P3394 hybrid(680kg) with 2,400plants/10a.
Effects of Manganese Chloride on Chlorophyll, Free Proline and SOD Activity of Rice Seedling
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 166~169
The experiment was conducted to find the changes of early growth and chemical components such as chlorophyll content, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity, free proline content on the different manganese chloride concentration(2,500, 3,500 and 4,500ppm) in rice seedling. Root growth was decreased in highest concentration, 4,500 ppm of Mn compared with the control and germination rate was also decreased 43% at 4,500 ppm of Mn. Chlorophyll content was decreased at Mn 4,500ppm with 1.16mg. Free proline content at 3 day after germination in Mn 4,500ppm was highest relative to the other manganese chloride concentrations. SOD activity was gradually increased as manganese chloride concentration was increased. As a result, it was suggested that an increment of free proline and SOD activity results from the higher manganese chloride concentration.