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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
The optimum material mixture rate of the pressing media in Pleurotus ostreatus
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 171~178
The purpose of this study was to investigate the optimal mixture ratio for the mycelial culture of the Pleurotus ostreatus. The chief cultural media in this study were cotton hull, sawdust and rice straw and the supplemental media were zeolite, corn cob, defatted rice bran, white cotton, tobacco trash powder, rice hull and peat. The results of this study were as follows; the optimal mixture ratio of the chief cultural media were effective in 6 : 3 : 1(V/V, %), and the mycelial growth and density in the supplemental media were considerably better 1% zeolite,3% corn cob, 5% defatted rice bran, 1% white cotton, 1% tobacco trash powder, 7% rice hull in good order. The optimal mixture ratio be to the mixed supplemental media in the chief cultural media were as follows ; 2 : 2(V/V, %) at the conditions of mixed zeolite and corn cob; 3 : 2(V/V, %) at the conditions of mixed defatted rice bran and white cotton; 1 : 3(V/V, %) at the conditions of mixed tobacco trash powder and rice hull. At the conditions of the whole cultural media mixed, the mycelial growth and density were in good conditions ; cotton hull, sawdust, rice straw, zeolite, corn cob, defatted rice bran, white cotton, tobacco trash powder, rice hull, and peat were mixed 43.0 : 17.2 : 25.8 : 2.0 : 2.0 : 3.0 : 2.0 : 1.0 : 3.0 : 1.0 (V/V, %).
Mulching Cultivation Method and Harvesting Implement of Pleurotus ostreatus
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 179~185
The study which was conducted to determine the effects of the polyethylene film on the culture of Pleurotus ostreatus is summarized in the following: 1) The fresh weight of Pleurotus ostreatus cultured by the box culture method mulching with black polyethylene film was 2,237g/box and, 2,028g/box by white polyethylene film mulching, and 1,695g/box at the conventional culture which was by 24.2% and 16.4% higher than that of the conventional culture.2) The fresh weight of P. ostreatus cultured by the shelf culture method mulching with the black polyethylene film was 17.4kg/m
at the white polyethylene film culture, 14.6kg/m
at the conventional culture which was by 16.2%, 7.5% higher than that of the conventional culture. 3) The best shape appearance in terms of the diameter in P. ostreatus was 5~30mm and the intervals were 10cm respectively. 4) The black polyethylene film mulching in P. ostreatus observed in good protection against Pseudomonas spp., Trichoderma, or mushroom flies. 5) The black polyethylene film mulching method for the culture of P. ostreatus was much better than that of the shelf-culture, box-culture or the sack culture in terms of total yield and quality. 6) The length of harvesting implement of P. ostreatus was suitable for 45~120cm in order to use on the harvest of the mulching.
Variation of Characteristics and Principal Component Analysis of Collected Colored Rice Cultivars
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 186~191
This study was conducted to evaluate the growth characteristics and grain component of 10 collected colored rice cultivars to find out the possibilities of using the agronomically usefull characters to provide information for colored rice breeding and cultivation. The coefficients of variation of culm length, grains number, ripening rate, maturity time, and coat color of grain and seed were higher than those of other characters. The positive correlations were observed among heading dates, grain numbers per panicle, and 1000 grain weight, as well as between culm length and panicle length, panicle length and grain numbers per panicle, 1000 grain weight and darkness of seed coat color, while negative correlations were observed between heading dates and panicle numbers per hill, grain yield and seed coat color as well as among culm length, length, number per hill and seed coat color of brown rice, respectively. The first component of principal component analysis was consist of panicle numbers per hill, 1000 grain weight, and grain yield showing higher correlations among them which explained the variance of the sink size of respective cultivars. The second component of principal component analysis was consist of heading date, grain numbers per panicle and maturing date showing higher correlations among them which explained the variance of maturity of respective cultivars.
Contents of Total Lipids and Their Composition in Colored and Aromatic Rices Cultivars
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 192~197
The contents of total lipids and their components of brown rice grain were studied for 5 colored rice cultivars, 1 aromatic rice cultivar and 1 normal rice cultivar grown in Korea. The total lipid contents ranged 2.04 to 4.69% based on total dry weight. The Tohoku #149 showed the highest content which was followed by Hansanheukmi and Sanghaehyang-hyeolna. The lowest content were observed in three cultivars, Heuknambyeo, Hyangnambyo and Dongjinbyeo which showed no difference among cultivars. The main classes of the total lipid were triglyceride, diglyceride, free sterol, free fatty acid and sterol esters in all cultivars examined. The ratio of triglyceride in total lipid was high in colored rice and aromatic rice compared to Dongjinbyeo which is normal rice cultivars, but the ratio of diglyceride was high in Dongjinbyeo. The major fatty acid compositions in the cultivars examined were linoleic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid. There was a varietal difference in fatty acid composition, for example, erucic acid was detected in aromatic and colored rices cultivars, while none of this compound was found in Dongjinbyeo.
Genetic variation of 7S and 11S globulins in soybean seed
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 198~203
7S and 11S globulins are two major storage proteins in soybean seed. For improving the quality of soybean seed protein, an increase of 11S/7S ratio would be a desirable objective because 11S globulin contains much more sulfur-containing amino acids than 7S globulin. In this study, six soybean varieties grown at three locations were used for genetic variation analysis of 7S and 11S globulins. It was possible to screen the soybean genotypes having aberrant subunit compositions of the two globulins by a sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). So, heritabilities, genotypic and phenotypic correlations among eight globulin fraction contents of soybean seeds were estimated. The mean value of 7S and 11S globulin fraction contents were 38.9% and 61.1%, respectively, and the ratio of 7S to 11S globulin ranged from 0.58 to 0.74. The high heritability value was found in
subunits but the values of acidic and basic subunits were relatively low. Genotypic correlations were higher than the corresponding phenotypic correlations in most of globulin subunit contents.
subunits was negatively correlated with
' subunits among 7S fractions, while no significant correlation between
' subunits could be found In case of 11S fractions, acidic and basic subunits exhibited no genotypic but negative phenotypic correlation.
Labor-saving Cultivation of Cynanchum wilfordii using Support Crops
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 204~208
We carried out this study to confirm the possibility of C. wilfordii cultivation using crop as a substitute for stake or net, and tested sit support crops, i.e., soybean, peanut, Perilla frutescens var. acuta Kudo, Job's tears, sorghum, and corn compared with net support. Effects of support crops on growth and root yield of C. wilfordii were as follows. Attracting efficiency of vine showed 94∼100% among crops. The number of branches per plant was 1 or 2 more in p. frutescens var. acuta Kudo, Job's tears, and sorghum support than in net support. Fresh root yield per 10a was 919kg in net support, while it was 717kg in P. frutescens var. acute Kudo, 656kg in Job' tears, and 652kg in sorghum support. However, the problem of decreased yield in these support crops could be overcome by cost saving of staking installation and by harvesting support crops. Therefore, C. wilfordii cultivation using P. frutescens var. acute Kudo, Job's tears, and sorghum as support crops showed most effective in labor and cost saving.
Effects of Rhizome Size and Planting Space on the Growth and Yield or Ginger(Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in Greenhouse Cultivation
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 209~214
This experiment was carried out to investigate the influence of rhizome size and planting space on some agronomic characters and rhizome yield of ginger in greenhouse cultivation. The average air temperature was 9
higher in greenhouse cultivation than in field. The average soil temperature also was 2-4
higher in greenhouse. Plant height, leaf area, stem number and rhizome yield were significantly increased when cultivated at greenhouse compared to field. Under greenhouse the yield of rhizome in 30
30cm planting space were appeared to be increase 121-183% compared with field cultivation. At the planting space of 60
30cm, harvests were increased 76-82% comparing field cultivation. The most suitable rhizome size for planting at 30
30cm planting space found to be 40g in greenhouse cultivation.
Chemical compositions of the sap of Acer mono MAX in Cheonnam region.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 215~220
To find out the temporal and spatial variations in contents of sugar, phenolic compounds and mineral, the sap of Acer mono MAX. were harvested from several regions and periods, and those contents were determined by solvent fractionation, TLC, HPLC and atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Most of all the free sugar contained in the sap of Acer mono MAX. was sucrose, with range of 1.35 to 3.41%. The content of total phenolic compound in the sap of Acer mono MAX. was distributed from 0.034 to 0.151 mg/100m1, and most of phenolic acid was phloroglucinol. The contents of Na, K, Ca and Mg were ranged from 24.11 to 33.15, from 13.75 to 22.10, from 47.19 to 88.00 and from 2.48 to 6.31 ppm, respectively. Contents of sugar, phenolic compounds and mineral decreased sharply at the later harvest. Comparing two different methods of the sap harvest, bore method and groove method, the contents of compounds in the study were determined higher with groove method.
The Vegetation and Plant Resources of Paeknokdam, the Crater of Mt. Halla
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 221~233
The vegetation and plant resources of Paeaknokdam, the crater of Mt. Halla, was investigated from 1996 to 1998. The vegetation was classified into Diapensia lapponica var. obovata-Tofieldia fauriel association and Festuca ovina-Carex erythrobasis association. The latter was divided into Rhododendron mucronulatum var. ciliatum-Empetrum nigrum var. japonicum subassociation, which was composed partly of Abies koreana-Betula ermani var. saitoana variant. The plant resources of 162 taxa were composed of 49 families, 122 genera, 127 species, 2 subspecies, 30 varieties and 3 formae, of which 63 taxa were newly found in this area. Among the investigated plants, 27 taxa were endemic to Korea or Cheju islands, 39 taxa were rare or endangered, and 65 taxa were identified as alpine plants. One hundred and twenty-one taxa(75.6%) were identified to be useful: 82 for ornament, 75 for medice, 66 for food, 17 for nectar-producing, 15 for pasture, and 10 for industry.
Identification and Characterization of SOD Isoenzymes in Acanthopanax koreanum Plants
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 234~239
The isoenzyme patterns and activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) were investigated from leaves of Araliaceae plants. Of the eight isoenzymes, two isoenzymes(SOD 4 and SOD 6) were prevalent to leaves of Araliaceae plants. The patterns of these two isoenzymes were most various in the leaves of Acanthopanax senticosus for. inermis, while their activity was highest in the leaves of A. koreanum. These two isoenzymes were respectively identified as Fe-SOD and CuZn-SOD, based on selective inhibition with KCN or
. The SOD isoenzyme patterns did not differed among stem barks, root barks and leaves of A. koreanum. However, the activities of Fe-SOD and CuZn-SOD were higher in the root bark and in leaves, respectively. Both of Fe-SOD and CuZn-SOD were stable for 1 hr at 30-4
, while unstable above 5
Flora and Vegetation of the Southern Slope Area at Mt. Chongok and Mt. Tuta(Kangwon-do)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 3, 1999, Pages 240~252
Floristic composition and phytosociological studies of Mt. Chongok and Mt. Tuta were investigated, and that was compared with the previously published report in 1993. Vascular plants were composed of 100 families, 358 genera, 573 species, 95 varieties, and 18 formae, totaling 686 taxa. The vegetation was relatively well conserved based on Pteridophyta calculation (Pte-Q), 1.13. Compared with the vascular plants of the southern and northern slope area, the vascular plants of the southern slope area were composed of 87 families, 287 genera, 419 species, 73 varieties, and 11 formae, totaling 503 taxa, and those of the northern slope area consisted of 94 families, 293 genera, 427 species, 73 varieties, and 12 formae, totaling 512 taxa, respectively. Also, compared with the taxa in each side, both sides were composed of 332 species in common, southern sides, 172 species and northern sides, 182 species, respectively. The number of species of 11 families belonged to the higher level among total families taxa was composed of 328 species(47.8%). Among them, Compositae and Rosaceae were included much more species than remnant families. Korean endemic species were composed 16 families, 24 genera, 20 species, 8 varieties and 2 formae, totaling 30 species(4.4%). Compared with the Korean endemic taxa in each side, both sides were composed of 14 species in common, southern sides, 11 species and northern sides, 5 species, respectively. A naturalized plants were 20 species, correspond to 9.2% of totaling 218 species appeared in South Korea. Among them,12 species were appeared commonly in both sides, southern sides, 16 species and northern sides, 16 species, respectively. Life form spectra was H-D1-R5-e type and, useful resources plants are as follows; edible source(42.4%), medicinal source(31.5%), ornamental source(15.6%) and pasture source (13.3%) in the total region. The forest vegetation of the southern slope was classified into 1 order, 1 alliances and 5 communities; Rhododendro-Quercetalia mongolicae, Lindero-Quercion mongolicae, Quercus mongolica Typical community, Populus davidiana-Quercus mongolica community, Pinus koraiensis-Taxus cuspidata community, Pinus densiflora-Carex humilis var. nana community, Betula costata-Betula ermanii community. It is considered that the slight difference of the flora and vegetation in the northern and southern slope is mostly due to the topographical and climatic difference. Even closer investigation is required for the more accurate comparison in this area.