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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
The simple assay of phosphinothricin acetyltransferase gene on the transgenic potato
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 253~259
In this study, three simple methods were established to confirm the transgenic potato plants. The leaf disc was used in the first method. After leaf discs of transgenic and non-transgenic potato were transfered into the liquid MS medium with bialaphos 5mg/l, 25 days, the chlorosis occurred in the non-transgenic leaf discs while it could not find in the transgenic leaf discs, In the second method, shoot tips of potato were transferred into MS medium supplemented with 0.5mg/l bialaphos and 0.6% agar. After 7-10 days, a lot of roots developed from the transgenic shoot tip, but the non-transgenic shoot tip was dead. The third method was using chlorophyll contents. Leaf discs were transferred into the liquid MS medium with bialaphos 0.5 mg/l. After 15 days, the content of chlorophyll A in transgenic plant was at least 2.5 times higher than in non-transgenic plant. In addition, the PAT enzyme activity were detected in the transgenic potato, but not detected in normal potato.
Antifungal Activity or Coptis japonica Root-stem extract and Identification of Antifungal Substances
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 260~268
Crude extract of Coptis japonica root-stem was evaluated for antifungal activity against Phytophthora capsici, Fusarium oxysporum, Colletotrichum dematium, Colletotrichum truncatum, Botrytis cinerea, Botryosphaeria dothidea and Alternaria porri, and antifungal active compound from the extract was identified. In addition, the usefulness of the extract for some plants disease control was investigated. Crude extract of C. japonica root-stem exhibited antifungal activity against P. capsici, F. oxysporum, C. dematium, B. cinerea, B. dothidea and A. porri. Antifungal activity of the substance isolated from C. japonica root-stem was similar to a standard chemical berberine-Cl. Red-pepper fruit rot, sesame stem rot and welsh-onion alternaria leaf spot were effectively controlled by the crude extract of C. japonica root-stem. Phytotoxicity was not observed in the red-pepper and welsh-onion leaves and red-pepper and strawberry fruits with exogenous foliage application of the crude extract. Seeds germination and radicle growth of red-pepper and sesame were inhibited by the crude extract of C. japonica root-stem. 4.24g of yellowish compound per 100g of C. japonica root-stem was obtained. The compound was identified as berberine-Cl by HPLC.
Effect of sweet potato source control by planting density and defoliation on dry weight matter
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 269~275
For the purpose of sweet potato varietal improvement, yulmi, shinyulmi, gunmi, hongmi, and seonmi, whose source and sink are different, were cultivated at different planting densities, and then defoliation at initial stage of tuberous root weight increase on the relation of source and sink was observed as follows. The response of stem and leaf and tuberous root weight by planting density and defoliation rate of sweet potato varieties was different. Stem and leaf weight per m
increased along with dense planting by the following order; shinyulmi> seonmi> hongmi> gunmi> yulmi. Tuberous root number per m
was the most at 75
20cm planting density, showing seonmi the most number. The number of stem and leaf and tuberous root increased along with the lowered rate of defoliation. In case of 75
10cm and 75
20cm planting density, tuberous root weight increased by increase of stem and leaf weight up to 50% defoliation and the difference of stem and leaf and tuberous root number was low as defoliation rate increases. The tuberous root and total dry weight matter was the most at 75
20cm planting density. The increase and decrease of source synchronized with those of sink at 75
10cm and 75
20cm, however the relationship occurred less at 75
The Effect of Transplanting Time on Growth and Yield of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 276~281
This study was conducted to determine the appropriate transplanting time for growing one year old rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. Transplanting on March 20 and April 5 showed the highest in plant height and shoot fresh weight but dry rhizome weight was the highest in the transplanting time of April 5. As the growth time of 209 days showed was the highest yield of dry rhizome. As a result, it seemed that the appropriate planting time was April 5 to 10 in the north area of the Kyongsangbuk-do. The shortest emergence time was that the accumulated temperature of early growth period was 267
, and that of highest dry rhizome yield was 3
for whole growth period.
The effects of soil condition on the agronomic characters and aromatic substances in cultivated Codonopsis Lanceolata
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 282~288
The experiment was carried out to determine the effects of soil condition on the agronomic characters and aromatic substances in cultivated Codonopsis Lanceolata. An increase of planting densities of Codonopsis Lanceolata. from 1 to 5 plant per pot resulted in the smaller root width, but root yield increased from 109.8g to 286.9g per 1/200pot. The width growth as soil water contents were higher in surplus soil water than that of cultivated deficit soil water. The contents of water, reducing sugar, crude protein and malic acid were higher in cultivated wild than in cultivated upland soil. The higher contents of volatile essential oils as 3-rnethylpentanoic acid and squalene was obtained at the normal soil moisture.
Incubational Characteristics of Bacillus polymyxa 'HB26-5' Antagonistic to Ginger Rhizome Rot and Its Formulation
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 289~296
The availability of Bacillus polimyxa 'HB 26-5' as a biological control agent was investigated. The antagonistic bacteria Bacillus polymyxa 'HB 26-5' grew well on the media at pH 7.0 and the optimum growth temperature was
. The pH of the media changed to weak acid(pH 6.1~6.5) at the beginning of incubation, but to weak alkali(pH 7.8~8.2) at 7days after incubation. The best carrier to enhance colonization of the bacteria were the mixture of rice bran and peat, or rice bran and kaoline, in those formulation the density of the bacteria was changed slightly, though the density was beginning to decrease 3 weeks after application at field. In view of the physical characteristics of the formulation for the density maintenance during storage such as the hardness and the size, the best one was the formulation consisted of sodium alginate 2%, kaolin 15% and rice bran 3%.
Variation of Flower Type Characteristics and Distribution in Mixed Population of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 297~302
This study was carried out to find morphological characters of flower and its distribution in mixed population of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas. In distribution of flowering periods, early, medium, and late matured type were 18%, 56%, and 26%, respectively. Flowering duration was less than eight days in 9% of flowers. In next 9 to 11 days, 12 to 14 days and more than 15 days showed, 50%, 37% and 4% respectively. For flower sizes, small size below 9cm diameter were 11%, medium size between 9 to 13cm diameter and large size above 13cm diameter were 65% and 24%, respectively. Among six kinds of flower colors - red, red pink, pink, light pink, pale yellow and white, pink color flowers was dominant, showed 56%. In flower types, single flower was 76%, and anemone, crown, bomb and japanese types were also present. Flower stem diameter were positively correlated with flowering duration, flower size and number of stamens, and negatively correlated with number of stamens and pistils, number of pistils and petals.
Distribution of specific plants and Hydrophytes in the wetland of Youngsan River
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 303~311
This study had been performed to clarify the distribution of specific plants and hydrophytes in the 27 sites of drainage basins located in Youngsan River at the period of June 1997 to July 1999. Hydrophytes were composed of 32 familis 86 species and hygrophytes 36 familis 135 species. Among hydrophytes, emerged plant, floating-leaved plant, submerged plants and free floating hydrophytes were 52, 15, 12, and 7 species respectively in this investigation. Threatened species were Drosera rotundifolia, Utricularia racemosa, Utricularia bifida, Utricularia japonica, Hydrocharis dubia, Endangered species were Brasenia schreberi and Euryale ferox.
External morphology and vegetation of Megaleranthis saniculifolia populations in four different habitats
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 312~323
External morphology, principal component analysis, cluster analysis, and vegetation were investigated to understand the taxonomic relationships and native environmental characters of Megaleranthis saniculifolia populations in four different habitats. Morphological characters such as calyx length and width, calyx index, presence or absence of serrate in calyx lobe, length of peduncle, branch of peduncle and fruit characters were useful for the identification of four different habitats. But, characters of plant height, bract and seed in four habitats were similar. The results obtained based on the principal component(PC) analysis of treated 96 OTU were divided into two groups by PC 1, 2, 3, and the sums of contributions for the total variance were 66.79%(PC1 31.3%, PC2 20.7%, PC3 15.8%, respectively), and only Mt. Taeki population was distinctly different from populations of other three habitats. In cluster analysis based on average linkage cluster analysis and Ward's method, there were similarities in the composition of clustered taxa, and each populations were not identified. Importance value by relative coverage and frequency appeared in M. saniculifolia(50.81%), Aruncus dioicus(12.64%), Corydalus turtschanovii(11.62%), Veratrum oxysepalum(11.45%), Anemone koraiensis(8.96%), Meehania urticifolia(8.76%), Filipendula palmata(7.06%), Aconitum pseudo-laeve(5.66%), Pseudostellaria palibiniana(5.45%) and Smilacina japonica(5.25%), respectively. These species were considered to be highly similar with M. saniculifolia. The highest importance value in all investigated sites was M. saniculifolia, but specific composition of high level different from each habitat. Average diversity of species was 1.40, and the highest in Mt. Kwangdeok(1.31), lowest in Mt. Jumbong(1.17). Average soil pH was 5.25 and similar in each habitat. Although the lowest content of K ion, but the highest the EC, water capacity, organic compound, Ca content were found in soil of Mt. Sobaek. Soils in Mt. Kwangdeok had the lowest content of EC, organic compound, Ca. Soils of Mt. Jumbong showed the highest of Mg content, but the lowest of water capacity,
, and K contents.
A taxonomic study of the Ophezia(Gentianaceae) in Korea 1. External morphology and distribution
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 324~339
Morphological reinvestigation, external characters and discriminant functional analysis(44 qualitative characters) were examined on 6 taxa of Korean Ophelia, including 5 taxa distributed in south Korea, and one taxon considered to be the variation type of Ophelia wilfordi in order to clarify the limit of intersection and interspecies. And to establish the taxonomic position. One taxon distributed in north Korea was included in the description of species by observation of herbarium specimen of the University of Tokyo in Japan. The two sections were successfully distinguished by internal structure of ovary, morphology of nectary, number of corolla lobe and calyx lobe, and species were also distinguished by morphology of cauline leaf, and color and spot of corolla, respectively. The variation type of Ophelia wilfordi was not distinguished with other species except for absent or present of purple spot in corolla lobe. The results of the discriminal functional analysis indicated that characters of corolla were the most important qualitative characters to distinguish the Ophelia taxa, and morphology of seed and seed coat was useful characters to distinguish taxa higher than species. Therefore the difficult problems of identification of species were successfully solved, and the taxonomic position in intrageneric level was clarified on Korean Ophelia.