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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Oct 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Genetic Relatedness by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) in Pecan Taxa
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~10
Pecan is deciduous tree and belongs to the Julandaceae family. Pecan is an economically important as a nut and timber crop. Heterozygosity is expected to be high for typically cross-pollinated. Yet little is known about the nature of genetic variation within this species. In addition, the pedigree of many pecan cultivars remains unknown or is questionable. In this study, the phylogenetic relationships between 22 pecan cultivars and its analyzed by RAPD (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA). PCR Amplification used 40 randomly selected oligoes as primers. Based on their genetic similarities derived from the RAPD data, the 22 pecan cultivars were classified into different five groups in agarose gel. The 22 pecan cultivars were classified into five sectional groups by UPGMA clustering analysis, too. C. flacra and Black walnut showed the 0.9 of similarity index and Farley, Pawnee showed the 0.85 of similarity index. The 22 pecan cultivars were classified into different five groups by analysis of the 4% polyacrylamide gel fraction. (Group I : 1, 2, 3, 4, 13, 16, 17, 20, 21 Group II : 14,18 GroupIII : 6,12 GroupIV : 5, 11, 15, 19, 22 CroupV : 7, 8, 9, 10) Group V show the 1.0 of similarity index and Farley, Sturya, Clarke, Pawnee show the 0.98 of similarity index and Kiowa, Schley show the 0.92 of similarity index. Results from this study indicated that RAPD can be used to establish the genetic relationships among the 22 pecan cultivars. Similarity coefficients generally agreed with what would be predicted in cultivars with known pedigrees, and we could accurately construct relationships among cultivars. In addition, we have shown that RAPD provides useful information on the origin of unknown cultivars.
Effect of Mulching Materials on Growth and Agronomic Characteristics of Angelica gigas in Southern Area
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 11~17
In an effort to produce high quality Angelica gigas in the southern area of Korea, a variety of mulching materials were used to prevent withering during the summer. The experimental results are summarized as follows. Soil water content and temperature under various mulching materials were higher than those without mulching, in all the cases studied. Among various mulching materials P. E.(polyethylene) mulching material showed the highest effect. The appearance of weeds was the lowest when using the black P. E. mulching, while growth of weeds was the greatest when using transparent mulching. Growth and development of the plant were better with P. E. mulching than straw mulching or no mulching, allowed for more and bigger leaves. The bolting rate was about 2∼5%, with a slightly larger value under P. E. mulching. Under P. E. mulching, probably due to good physical properties of the soil the number of roots was large, and the length and diameter were good. Active growth of roots under P. E. mulching resulted in a yield increase of the plant. The black P. E. mulching material showed a prominent effect on suppression of weed growth, and the black P. E. material was considered to be the most recommendable among various P. E. mulching materials when there is a lack of labor.
Effect of Light Quality during Priming and Germination Temperature on Pepper Seed Germinability
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 18~24
Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) used as a spice or fruit vegetable has been transplanted for cultivation to accompany the production of its seedlings in general. The experiment was done to measure the effect of its cultivars (Daemyng; Wanggochu), priming (chemicals; concentration; period), light quality (red; far-red; blue; dark) during priming, and germination temperature (25 or 15
alternating) on the rate of germination done under incandescent lamps until 9 days after sowing. Seed germination was better when primed with Ca(NO
than with KNO
. Priming for 6 to 12 days using the former chemical enhanced the final germination rate and shortened the elapsed days to 50% germination,
, compared to no-priming. Under
constant germination temperature, primed seeds at darkness or far-red light showed the highest rate until 5 days after sowing or the lowest one since 7 days after sowing, respectively. The germination response at 25/15
alternating temperature did not followed the lowest rate of 15
constant germination temperature but inclined to that of
constant recorded the greatest one. Under 3 germination temperature red light treated during priming elevated the rate since 7 days after sowing compared to the other light treatments, and the germination rate of each cultivar was affected by no-priming or priming, light quality during priming. which imply their interaction to the seed germination.
A Study on the Screening of Antimicrobial Activity and the Isoflavonoids in Korean Arrowroot
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~28
The experiments were carried out to investigate the antimicrobial activity and the content of isoflavonoids each fraction of the methanol extract from Korean arrowroots. The strongest antimicrobical fraction of the methanol extract was the etylacetate fraction and the other fraction was not detected antimicrobial activity. The yield of the ethylacetate fractation was 7~9% of the methanol extract of Korean arrowroot TLC was carried out using silical gel plate and CH
OH(7 : 3) and puerarin, daizin were detected by spraying 10% H
and Rf was 0.60 and 0.69, respectively. Puerarin, daidzin and daidzein contents were determined of the ethylacetate fraction of the sample Puerarin and daidzin contents were abundant in the samples of November, while daidzein content was abundant in the sample of Februery.
Effect of NaCl concentration and Temperature on the Germination of Soybean (Glysine max L.) Cultivars
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 29~34
In order to obtain fundamental information for developing new salinity tolerance soybean cultivars, the germination rate was evalulated with a total of 28 soybean varieties. The germination rate of soybean cultivars was decreased as the NaCl concentration was higher and that by temperature difference was the lowest at 35
. the germination rate of 1.2% NaCl treatment of seed shape and size was the highest at 15
but was the lowest at 35
in small seed groups. The germination rates of Gumjungkong, Alchankong, Gumgangkong, Hayumkong, Hwasungpukong, Janmikong cultivars were higher when treated with 1.2% NaCl at 35
, but those of Dawonkong, Hannamkong, Kwangankong, Daebaekkong, Danwonkong, Sukwyangputkong, Keunolkong, Bokwangkong, Jangyoupkong cultivars were lower. The germination rate of soybean cultivars was significantly decreased by higher temperature and NaCl concentration.
Chemical Compositions of Schizandra nigra Maxim.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 35~40
The results from the determination of contents of components in Schizandra nigra are as follows. The contents of malic acid and citric acid in Schizandra nigra was 38,691 and 3,330 ppm/dry weight 100g. The contents of total phenolic compounds in Schizandra nigra was 1.560%. The predominating phenolic acid was cinnamic acid, gentisic acid, coumalic acid, chlorogenic acid and ferulic acid. Contents of crude lipids in Schizandra nigra was 160.5mg/g. Most of fatty acid in lipids was oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid as a unsaturated fatty acid, and palmitic acid as a saturated fatty acid. In case of essential oils, The predominating components in Schizandra nigra was caryophyllene, calarene, cubebene, acoradiene and
Characteristics of Pellet Seed on Germination and Emergence in Onion(Allium cepa L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 41~47
This study was conducted to evaluate development of seed pellet technique such as pellet polymer search, the shape formation and hardness, the germination and emergence rate of the pellet seeds for labor-saving and reducing production cost in onion(Allium cepa L.) cultivation. The pellet seeds shape formation was good such as kaolin, clay, ash, and gypsum, and clay was good shape formation but surface of pellet seed was cracked during the drying. PG(pearlite + gypsum) as pellet material and PVA as binder were the best among the material in consideration with shape and hardness together. The hardness of the pellet seeds was affected by polymers, the kinds and concentration of binders, and that degree was large at polymer. The high hardness polymers were gypsum and coal ash, but burned lime was the lowest hardness among the pellet material. The germination(GP) and emergence percentage(EP) of pellet seed with PG in vitro were the highest among the material, and that was 93.6, 91.8%, respectively. The EP of pellet seed with PG at 20,
were 91.3, 92.0%, respectively, The EP of pellet seed were over the 91%, and those did not show difference with field moisture capacity , and that of 5 and 6mm size seed were the highest as 92%, respectively. and other size seeds showed over 90%, too. The EP of pellet seed with PG was decreasing as increasing the sowing depth, and that of at 10mm sowing depth was the highest as 92.7%. The time to 50% emergence of that under 70% field moisture capacity was 158h, and that was delayed at 20h compare to control seed.
Development of Aspceptic Seedling by In Vitro Germination in Lacquer Tree Seed
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 48~53
Lacquer tree can be proliferated by root or stem cutting, and seed. In case of proliferation by seed, however, the germination rate is very low. Thus, the present study was carried out to obtain aspceptic lacquer plant in vitro from seed because natural tissue culture was highly defiled by unknown fungi and bacteria. First seed grading on distilled water was 50.7% and second seed grading was 20.8% after 98% sulfuric acid treatment for 2 hours. Removal of inner seed coat was higher with 32.4% than non-removal of outer seed coat and removal outer seed coat in rooting rate. In germination rate according to pre-treatment, growth regulators were not effective at all, but sulfuric acid was effective a little with 3%. Removal outer seed coat was increased about 4%, that germinated about 10% in MS medium supplemented with 1.0mg/L BA and 0.05mg/L NAA, 1.0mg/L BA. Lacquer tree seeds germinated after 10 days in MS medium, and aspceptic seedling of lacquer tree were obtained after 3 weeks in vitro. Germination rate, however, was lower about 10%.
Effect of Oenanthe javanica Sap on Plasma Lipid Composition in Rats with High-Fat Diet
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 54~60
To investigate the effects of Oenanthe javanica sap (OJS) on plasma lipid composition, several biochemical parameters such as total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, GOT, GPT and malodialdehyde were compared in the four groups as follows: a normal group with basal diet, a control group with high-fat diet, a treatment group with high-fat diet and OJS 1 ml/kg, and the other treatment group with high-fat diet and OJS 1.5 mg/kg. In addition, the body weight change, food intake and food efficiency ratios were measured. In this study, treatment groups decreased plasma total cholesterol levels.
Studies on Herbal Resources Plants in Chollabuk-do Area
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~65
It was investigated 91 families, 305 genera, 470 species, 1 subspecies, 30 varieties, 2 forma and total 503 taxa of herbal resources plants in Chollabuk-do area in this study. Among them 45 taxa belong to Compositae, 30 taxa belong to Rosaceae and 23 taxa belong to Leguminosae in order were occurred frequently. In general the herbal resources plants were distributed abundantly in Togyusan, Naejangsan, Changansan and Taedunsan area. Comparatively high frequent species was surveyed as follows: Schizandra chinensis, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, C. simplex, Asarum sieboldii, Arisaema amurense var. serratum, Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum, Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina and Veratrum patulum etc. There was growing 30-50 individuals of Codonopsis lanceolata in 5m
5m quadrat, 90 Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum plant in 1m
1m and 100 Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum plant in 1m
1m quadrat from Togyusan quantitatively. Rare and herbal worth species were observed to distribute such as Gastrodia elata in Naejangsan and Togyusan and Acanthopanax senticosus in Mandoksan, Chinan-gun, respectively. Cultivating species in the farm now and/or favorable species in the future will be recommended here, for example, Codonopsis pilosus, A. senticosus, G. elata, Rubus coreanus, C. lanceolata and Pleuropterus multiflorus.
A Taxonomic study of the Ophelia D. Don(Gentianaceae) in Korea -Anatomical and ultrastructure-
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 66~79
Anatomical characters such as stem, leaf, ovary, calyx lobe, ultrastructure of stigma, epidermis of leaf blade and midvein, corolla lobe, nectary, seed coat and pollen were examined on 6 taxa of Korean Ophelia, including 5 taxa distributed in south Korea and one taxon considered to be the variation type of Ophelia wilfordi, in order to clarify the limits of intersection and interspecies and to establish the taxonomic position. One taxon distributed in north Korea was also included in the description of species by observation of herbarium specimen of the University of Tokyo in Japan. The two sections were successfully distinguished by internal structure of ovary, morphology of nectary, surface sculpturing of corolla lobe and pollen, ultrastructure of seed and seed coat, which were useful characters to distinguish taxa higher than species. The variation type of Ophelia wilfordi was not distinguished with other species except for absent or present of purple spot in corolla lobe.
External Morphology and Numerical Taxonomy of Hanabusaya asiatica Populations in Different Habitats
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 80~88
External morphology and numerical taxonomy by principal component analysis and cluster analysis were investigated to understand the taxonomic relationships on the populations of Hanabusaya asiatica from 6 different habitats. Additionally H. latisepala was used as a outgroup. The distinct characters to each habitat were not present in the measurement of 21 qualitative characters except for some native individuals in the top of Mt. Sorak and Hyangrobong based on leaf shape and bracts. This results were recognized as the continuous variations of external morphology. The populations of H. latisepala and H. asiatica were identified by calyx lobe shape. The results obtained based on the principal component(PC) analysis of treated 78 OTU were divided into two groups by PC 1,2,3, and the sums of contributions for the total variance were 50.07% (PC1 22.3% , PC2 15.7%, PC3 12.0%, respectively), and six populations were not distinctly identified as illustrated in two dimensions with PC1 and PC2. In cluster analysis based on average linkage cluster analysis and Ward's method, there were similarities in the composition of clustered taxa, and each populations were not identified.